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Current Cancer Research News

Cancer research news and current events. Breaking cancer research news stories, scientific discoveries, articles, studies and research.

Ancient anti-inflammatory drug salicylic acid has cancer-fighting properties

Scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have identified a new pathway by which salicylic acid--a key compound in the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs aspirin and diflunisal--stops inflammation and cancer. (2016-06-01)

New class of protein could treat cancer and other diseases, study finds

A protein designed by researchers at Georgia State University can effectively target a cell surface receptor linked to a number of diseases, showing potential as a therapeutic treatment for an array of illnesses, including cancer, according to the research team. (2016-06-01)

The deadly toxin acrolein has a useful biological role

Scientists from RIKEN in Japan have discovered that acrolein--a toxic substance produced in cells during times of oxidative stress--in fact may play a role in preventing the process of fibrillation, an abnormal clumping of peptides that has been associated with Alzheimer's disease and other neural diseases. (2016-06-01)

Study shows patients require less painkilling medication after breast-cancer surgery if they have opiate-free anesthesia

New research presented at Euroanaesthesia 2016 (London 27-30 May) shows that patients undergoing breast cancer surgery need less painkilling medication post-surgery if they have anaesthesia that is free of opioid drugs. (2016-05-31)

Blood test supports use of potential new treatment for patients with stomach cancer

Testing cancers for 'addiction' to a gene that boosts cell growth can pick out patients who may respond to a targeted drug under development, a major new study reports. (2016-05-31)

A combined approach to treating metastatic melanoma

Oncologists at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have successfully treated a patient with metastatic melanoma by combining two different types of immunotherapy. (2016-05-31)

Identifying how Merkel cell polyomavirus infection can cause a lethal carcinoma

A benign virus normally found in the skin can lead to a type of rare, lethal skin cancer. Specifically, infection by the Merkel cell polyomavirus can lead to Merkel cell carcinoma in immune-compromised individuals. (2016-05-31)

Coping with active surveillance anxiety in prostate cancer

Men with prostate cancer who are under close medical surveillance reported significantly greater resilience and less anxiety over time after receiving an intervention of mindfulness meditation, according to a recently published pilot study from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. (2016-05-27)

Restoring chemotherapy sensitivity by boosting microRNA levels

By increasing the level of a specific microRNA (miRNA) molecule, researchers have for the first time restored chemotherapy sensitivity in vitro to a line of human pancreatic cancer cells that had developed resistance to a common treatment drug. (2016-05-27)

Palliative, hospice care lacking among dying cancer patients, Stanford researcher finds

Medical societies, including the American Society of Clinical Oncology, recommend that patients with advanced cancer receive palliative care soon after diagnosis and receive hospice care for at least the last three days of their life. (2016-05-27)

Women may be able to reduce breast cancer risk predicted by their genes

Women with a high risk of developing breast cancer based on family history and genetic risk can still reduce the chance they will develop the disease in their lifetimes by following a healthy lifestyle, new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests. (2016-05-27)

Surrogate endpoints poor proxy for survival in cancer drug approval process

Surrogate endpoints used to support the majority of new cancer drugs approved in the U.S. often lack formal study, according to the authors of a study published in the June issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings. (2016-05-27)

Slime mold reveals clues to immune cells' directional abilities

How white blood cells in our immune systems home in on and engulf bacterial invaders--like humans following the scent of oven-fresh pizza--has long been a mystery to scientists. (2016-05-27)

Faster, more efficient CRISPR editing in mice

University of California, Berkeley scientists have developed a quicker and more efficient method to alter the genes of mice with CRISPR-Cas9, simplifying a procedure growing in popularity because of the ease of using the new gene-editing tool. (2016-05-27)

Powering up the circadian rhythm

At noon every day, levels of genes and proteins throughout your body are drastically different than they are at midnight. (2016-05-27)

Alternative odor receptors discovered in mice

Smell in mammals turns out to be more complex than we thought. (2016-05-27)

Scripps Florida scientists show commonly prescribed painkiller slows cancer growth

Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that one of the most widely prescribed pain and anti-inflammation drugs slows the growth rate of a specific kind of cancer in animal models and suggests the medication could have the same effect on other types of tumors. (2016-05-26)

Differences in metabolism between androgen-dependent and castration resistant prostate cancer may lead to new therapies

Advanced prostate cancer is usually treated by removing androgen, the male hormone that helps it grow. (2016-05-26)

Study reveals protein that dials immune responses up and down

Research led by scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) has identified a new regulator of immune responses. (2016-05-26)

Researchers identify immune genes tied to common, deadly brain cancer

Researchers have identified a group of immune system genes that may play a role in how long people can live after developing a common type of brain cancer called glioblastoma multiforme, a tumor of the glial cells in the brain. (2016-05-26)

Monitoring sun exposure with a portable paper sensor

Summer is around the corner -- time for cookouts and sunbathing. But too much sun can result in sunburn, which is the main cause of skin cancer. (2016-05-26)

Out of tune: Mismatch of vascular and neural responses suggests limits of fMRI

In an article published online ahead of print on May 25, 2016 in Nature, investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) report that, during sensory stimulation, increases in blood flow are not precisely "tuned" to local neural activity, challenging the long-held view that vascular and local neural responses are tightly coupled. (2016-05-26)

Deep learning applied to drug discovery and repurposing

Deep learning, frequently referred to as artificial intelligence, a branch of machine learning utilizing multiple layers of neurons to model high-level abstractions in data, has outperformed humans in tasks including image, text and voice recognition, autonomous driving and others, and is now being applied to drug discovery and biomarker development. (2016-05-26)

Obese young adults unaware of kidney disease risk, study finds

Many young adults with abdominal obesity exhibit a readily detectable risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD), yet the vast majority don't know they're at risk, according to a study of nationwide health data led by Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers that was published online today in the journal PLOS ONE. (2016-05-26)

Antiretroviral therapy may not be enough to reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation

Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) soon after diagnosis of an HIV infection did not prevent the progression of significant arterial inflammation in a small group of previously untreated patients. (2016-05-26)

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