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Earth Science News

Earth science current events. The latest breaking earth science current events, news stories, scientific discoveries, articles, studies and research from Brightsurf Science News.

Hydrothermal vents, methane seeps play enormous role in marine life, global climate

The hydrothermal vents and methane seeps on the ocean floor that were once thought to be geologic and biological oddities are now emerging as a major force in ocean ecosystems, marine life and global climate. (2016-06-01)

High blood pressure linked to short-, long-term exposure to some air pollutants

Both short- and long-term exposure to some air pollutants commonly associated with coal burning, vehicle exhaust, airborne dust and dirt are associated with the development of high blood pressure, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension. (2016-06-01)



Tiny probe could produce big improvements in batteries and fuel cells

A team of American and Chinese researchers has developed a new tool that could aid in the quest for better batteries and fuel cells. (2016-06-01)

UM researcher embarks on field campaign to study effects of smoke on Earth's climate

A scientist at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science is leading an upcoming international research campaign to study a significant contributor to regional climate warming - smoke. (2016-06-01)

Shifting bird distribution indicates a changing Arctic

Shifts in the distribution of Spectacled Eiders, a predatory bird at the top of the Bering Sea's benthic food web, indicate possible changes in the Arctic's marine ecosystem, according to new research in The Condor: Ornithological Applications. (2016-06-01)

Better combustion for power generation

In the United States, the use of natural gas for electricity generation continues to grow. The driving forces behind this development? (2016-06-01)

Ecologists advise an increase in prescribed grassland burning to maintain ecosystem

Kansas State University researchers have found a three-year absence of fire is the tipping point for the tallgrass prairie ecosystem and advise an increase in burning. (2016-06-01)

Attosecond physics: Attosecond camera for nanostructures

Physicists based at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics have observed a nanoscale light-matter phenomenon which lasts for only attoseconds. (2016-06-01)

Deep, old water explains why Antarctic Ocean hasn't warmed

The waters surrounding Antarctica may be one of the last places to experience human-driven climate change. (2016-05-31)

Arctic Ocean methane does not reach the atmosphere

250 methane flares release the climate gas methane from the seabed and into the Arctic Ocean. (2016-05-31)

Organism responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning may affect fisheries

The toxic dinoflagellate, Alexandrium fundyense, is a photosynthetic plankton--a microscopic organism floating in the ocean, unable to swim against a current. (2016-05-31)

Spin glass physics with trapped ions

One of the most striking discoveries of quantum information theory is the existence of problems that can be solved in a more efficient way with quantum resources than with any known classical algorithm. (2016-05-31)

Appalachian coal ash richest in rare earth elements

A study of the content of rare earth elements in U.S. coal ashes shows that coal mined from the Appalachian Mountains could be the proverbial golden goose for hard-to-find materials critical to clean energy and other emerging technologies. (2016-05-31)

PNNL helps lead national microbiome initiative

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are playing a central role as the nation devotes more than $500 million to understand communities of microorganisms and their role in climate science, food production and human health. (2016-05-31)

Spring snow a no-go?

Spring snowpack, relied on by ski resorts and water managers throughout the Western United States, may be more vulnerable to a warming climate in coming decades, according to a new University of Utah study. (2016-05-27)

Mars is emerging from an ice age

Radar measurements of Mars' polar ice caps reveal that the mostly dry, dusty planet is emerging from an ice age, following multiple rounds of climate change. (2016-05-27)

SwRI scientists discover evidence of ice age at martian north pole

Using radar data collected by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, a Southwest Research Institute-led team found evidence of an ice age recorded in the polar deposits of Mars. (2016-05-27)

Underwater grass beds have ability to protect and maintain their own health

An expansive bed of underwater grass at the mouth of the Susquehanna River has proven it is able to "take a licking and keep on ticking." (2016-05-27)

Researchers identify critical factors that determine drought vulnerability of wheat, maize

Researchers led by Lixin Wang, assistant professor of earth sciences in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, have identified critical information about the environmental variables and agronomic factors that determine the vulnerability of maize and wheat production to drought. (2016-05-27)

A planet 1,200 light-years away is a good prospect for a habitable world

A distant planet known as Kepler-62f could be habitable, a team of astronomers reports. (2016-05-27)

Harnessing solar and wind energy in one device could power the 'Internet of Things'

The "Internet of Things" could make cities "smarter" by connecting an extensive network of tiny communications devices to make life more efficient. (2016-05-26)

Scientists discover how supermassive black holes keep galaxies turned off

An international team of scientists has identified a common phenomenon in galaxies that could explain why huge numbers of them turn into cosmic graveyards. (2016-05-26)

Supermassive black hole wind can stop new stars from forming

Scientists have uncovered a new class of galaxies with supermassive black hole winds that are energetic enough to suppress future star formation. (2016-05-26)

Supermassive black holes in 'red geyser' galaxies cause galactic warming

An international team of scientists, including the University of Kentucky's Renbin Yan, have uncovered a new class of galaxies, called "red geysers," with supermassive black hole winds so hot and energetic that stars can't form. (2016-05-26)

Ecosystems with many and similar species can handle tougher environmental disturbances

How sensitive an ecosystem is to unforeseen environmental stress can be determined, according to Daniel Bruno, previous visiting researcher at UmeƄ University. (2016-05-26)


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