Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Europe sees constant increase in gonorrhea infections

June 01, 2016

Since 2008, the overall rate of reported gonorrhoea infections has more than doubled across Europe, going up from 8 per 100 000 population to 20 cases per 100 000 persons in 2014.

In total, 66 413 gonorrhoea cases were reported in 27 countries of the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in 2014 - which constitutes an increase of 25% compared with 2013. The highest rates were observed in the United Kingdom (60 per 100 000), Ireland (28), Denmark (20) and Latvia (18). The majority of gonorrhoea infections were diagnosed among young adults aged 15-24 years who accounted for 38% of cases; followed by the 25-34-year-olds (34%).

Looking at ways of transmission, almost half (44%) of the reported gonorrhoea diagnoses in the EU/EEA in 2014 were reported to be among men who have sex with men (MSM). This is only slightly lower than the proportion of male and female heterosexuals combined (49%).

Rise in gonorrhoea cases among women

In 2014, for the first time since ECDC started collecting this data (2010), the number of cases among women was higher than the number of cases among heterosexual men.

Given the risk of reproductive tract complications, e.g. pelvic inflammatory disease or, if untreated, infertility, as well as possible transmission from mother to child, this trend among women is of particular concern.

A threat for treatment success: drug-resistant gonococci

The European treatment guidelines for gonorrhoea recommend use of two antimicrobials (ceftriaxone or cefixime together with azithromycin). The latest resistance data from the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme suggest stable levels of drug resistance to cefixime, and no significant increase in resistance to another key drug (ceftriaxone).

Resistance to azithromycin, however, appears to be increasing and the effectiveness of this recommended dual treatment might be under threat if resistance to third-generation cephalosporins (cefixime and ceftriaxone) also starts to increase again. As the control of gonorrhoea depends on effective antimicrobial treatment, even a small increase in drug resistance has a huge impact due to the risk of treatment failure.

The rising trend in the number of reported of gonorrhoea cases points at on-going condomless sex that also heightens the risk of transmission of other sexually transmitted infections, including HIV (11% of those infected with gonorrhoea were co-infected with HIV). The increasing number of cases among MSM highlight the need to further strengthen prevention activities which target specific groups by using effective, evidence-based messages and methods.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)


Related Gonorrhoea Current Events and Gonorrhoea News Articles


'Swingers' multiple drug use heightens risk of sexually transmitted diseases
These so called 'swingers' need to be offered more tailored interventions by sexual health services to help encourage safer sexual practices and prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Antibiotic crisis needs united global response, experts say
Growing resistance to antibiotics and other drugs demands a coordinated global response on the same scale as efforts to address climate change, experts say.

Researchers make a significant step forward in combating antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic resistance is a global problem. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that for tuberculosis alone multi-drug resistance accounts for more than 150,000 deaths each year. WHO warns of "a doomsday scenario of a world without antibiotics," in which antibiotic resistance will turn common infections into incurable killers and make routine surgeries a high-risk gamble.

Reproductive Health Matters announces publication of its themed issue
Sexual and reproductive morbidities are not a priority in health policy. They do not feature among donors favourite health initiatives and remain outside the global health agenda.

New research focuses on teen sexual health in Northern Ireland
Sex education at school is young people's preferred source of information about sex, according to a new report from Queen's University and the University of Ulster.

Sexually transmitted infections double in older population in 10 years
Sexually active adults aged 45 and over are being encouraged to pay more thought to safe sex in line with recent figures showing that STIs in 50-90 year olds have doubled in the past ten years.

Possible 'superbug' status for STI
The rise of multidrug resistance in gonorrhoea-causing bacteria is threatening to make this sexually-transmitted infection extremely difficult to treat.

Doubling of sexually transmitted infections among over-45s in under a decade
Rates of sexually transmitted infections have doubled among the over 45s in less than a decade, reveals research published ahead of print in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Researchers pilot new electronic system for infectious illness
Researchers at Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Harvard Medical School, Atrius Health, and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health have created and tested a set of computer programs that use electronic medical records to help clinicians detect contagious illness and automatically report them to public health departments.

Can condoms prevent sexually transmitted infections other than HIV?
Consistent condom use can reduce the spread of HIV, but are they the answer to rising rates of other sexually transmitted infections"
More Gonorrhoea Current Events and Gonorrhoea News Articles

The Irrigation Treatment of Gonorrhœa: Its Local Complications and Sequelæ (Classic Reprint)

The Irrigation Treatment of Gonorrhœa: Its Local Complications and Sequelæ (Classic Reprint)
by Ferd; C. Valentine (Author)


Excerpt from The Irrigation Treatment of Gonorrhœa: Its Local Complications and Sequelæ

Goldberg' was the first to subject the results of the irriga tion treatment of gonorrhoea to mathematical tests. He summed up the publications of all who had written favorably or other wise ou the method, and showed that these reported.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing...

A Treatise on Gonorrhoea and Syphilis (Classic Reprint)

A Treatise on Gonorrhoea and Syphilis (Classic Reprint)
by Silas Durkee (Author)


Excerpt from A Treatise on Gonorrhoea and Syphilis

A new years since, the author of the following pages prepared an Essay on The Constitutional Treatment of Syphilis, which was honored by the award of a premium from the Boylston Prize Committee of Harvard University. That Essay constitutes a large portion of the present volume and, although it has been modified to a degree that deprives it of its original identity, it is believed that its intrinsic merits have been materially en hanced.'

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work,...

Gonorrhoea and urethritis

Gonorrhoea and urethritis
by G. Frank Lydston (Author)


This book was digitized and reprinted from the collections of the University of California Libraries. It was produced from digital images created through the libraries’ mass digitization efforts. The digital images were cleaned and prepared for printing through automated processes. Despite the cleaning process, occasional flaws may still be present that were part of the original work itself, or introduced during digitization. This book and hundreds of thousands of others can be found online in the HathiTrust Digital Library at www.hathitrust.org.

Gonorrhoea in women

Gonorrhoea in women
by Palmer Findley (Author)


This book was originally published prior to 1923, and represents a reproduction of an important historical work, maintaining the same format as the original work. While some publishers have opted to apply OCR (optical character recognition) technology to the process, we believe this leads to sub-optimal results (frequent typographical errors, strange characters and confusing formatting) and does not adequately preserve the historical character of the original artifact. We believe this work is culturally important in its original archival form. While we strive to adequately clean and digitally enhance the original work, there are occasionally instances where imperfections such as blurred or ...

The Systematic Treatment of Gonorrhoea (Classic Reprint)

The Systematic Treatment of Gonorrhoea (Classic Reprint)
by N. P. L. Lumb (Author)


Excerpt from The Systematic Treatment of Gonorrhoea

The commencement of an official campaign against Venereal Disease has led to the production of this book. Many of those assisting at Treatment Centres may have had little Opportunity, in the past, of gaining experience of this work, and for such it is intended.

It was planned more than a year ago with the object of providing a small volume which should contain a description of the methods which are found, in practice, to be most valuable in the treatment of gonorrhoea and its complications. Active service conditions have considerably delayed its production and somewhat limited its scope but, throughout, the aim has been to give practical details of methods which have been fully tested in many thousand cases with...

Virulentae Gonorrhoeæ Symptomata, Natura, Causa Et Curationes (Classic Reprint) (Latin Edition)

Virulentae Gonorrhoeæ Symptomata, Natura, Causa Et Curationes (Classic Reprint) (Latin Edition)
by William Cockburn (Author)


Excerpt from Virulentae Gonorrhoeæ Symptomata, Natura, Causa Et Curationes

Lutein humani Generis capienti 5 optabilius effe 'ducam quam' quod Puoi-111g, a lfieis laboribus diligdcna, macine t,0.t Caplat Incrementa,quog atuo ingenio atqué felicitate Lam dadam ait'ei'a pcrccperit.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do,...

  Gonorrhoea
by David Thomson (Author)




To-day's world problem in disease prevention; a non-technical discussion of syhilis and gonorrhoea

To-day's world problem in disease prevention; a non-technical discussion of syhilis and gonorrhoea
by John Hinchman Stokes (Author)


This book was originally published prior to 1923, and represents a reproduction of an important historical work, maintaining the same format as the original work. While some publishers have opted to apply OCR (optical character recognition) technology to the process, we believe this leads to sub-optimal results (frequent typographical errors, strange characters and confusing formatting) and does not adequately preserve the historical character of the original artifact. We believe this work is culturally important in its original archival form. While we strive to adequately clean and digitally enhance the original work, there are occasionally instances where imperfections such as blurred or ...

On the Pathology and Treatment of Gonorrhœa (Classic Reprint)

On the Pathology and Treatment of Gonorrhœa (Classic Reprint)
by John Laws Milton (Author)


Excerpt from On the Pathology and Treatment of Gonorrhœa

That such a work was needed is proved by its steadily increasing sale among the profession; that the mode Of examining the thera peutie action of remedies, adopted in it from the very first, was sound, is Shown by so many authors having testified to the accuracy of the results Obtained, as also by the British Medical Association having appointed a committee to carry out the same method, but, with all deference be it said, in a much less exact and complete shape.

About the Publisher

Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com

This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to...

© 2017 BrightSurf.com