Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Americans still not eating enough fruits and vegetables, according to two recent studies

March 19, 2007
"Eat your vegetables" has been heard at the dinner tables of America for a long time. Has the message gotten through? Since 1990 the Dietary Guidelines for Americans has recommended consuming at least two servings of fruits and three servings of vegetables daily. However, two studies published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine clearly show that Americans are not meeting the mark. This is a serious public health concern because consuming a diet high in fruits and vegetables is associated with decreased risk of obesity and certain chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and some cancers.

Researchers from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research in Baltimore analyzed NHANES data (National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys) to determine trends over time for fruit and vegetable consumption among American adults. The answers are not encouraging. Despite campaigns and slogans, Americans have not increased their consumption, with 28% and 32% meeting USDA guidelines for fruits and vegetables, respectively, and less than 11% meeting the current USDA guidelines for both fruits and vegetables.

The study included 14,997 adults ( ≥18 years) from 1988 to 1994 and 8,910 adults from 1999 to 2002 with complete demographic and dietary data. Approximately 62% did not consume any whole fruit servings and 25% of participants reported eating no daily vegetable servings. There was no improvement in Americans' fruit consumption during this period and there was a small decrease in vegetable intake.

In the article, Tiffany Gary, PhD, states, "Low fruit and vegetable consumption with no indication of improvement between 1988 and 2002 as well as consumption disparities across ethnic, income, and educational groups should alarm public health officials and professionals. With two thirds of the U.S. adult population overweight or obese, the implications of a diet low in fruits and vegetables are extensive... New strategies, in addition to the 5-A-Day Campaign, are necessary to help Americans make desirable behavioral changes to consume a healthy diet that includes a variety of fruits and vegetables."

Previous studies have shown a disparity in the diets of blacks and whites, as well as a more serious disparity in the incidence of heart disease, cancer and stroke. A second article published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examined whether the diets of non-Hispanic blacks have improved relative to the diets of whites.

Also working with the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) I (1971-75); II (1976-1980); III (1988-1994); 1999-2000; and 2001-2002, researchers found that little progress has been made in closing the gap between blacks and whites. In fact, the authors point out that the results are remarkable for similarity of trajectories in all race-gender groups. The quantity of food, total energy intake, energy from carbohydrate, and energy density increased, and energy from total and saturated fat and cholesterol intake decreased across the board. These results suggest a population-wide shift in intake of energy and macronutrients over the 3-decade span of the four surveys and may reflect changes in diet that were adopted by all race-gender groups.

Dr. Ashima Kant, PhD, Queens College of the City University of New York, concludes, "Dietary intake trends in blacks and whites over the past several decades appear to be similar - suggesting that previously identified dietary risk factors that differentially affect black Americans have not improved in a relative sense. The differences observed need to be confirmed with biomarkers, but would seem sufficiently strong to warrant intensified study and action to better understand the sociocultural or environmental factors that anchor these persistent differentials and identify approaches to effect change while building on strengths of current dietary patterns where possible."

Emphasizing the need to encourage proper diet, Linda C Nebeling, PhD, MD, RD, FADA, of the National Cancer Institute, NIH, states in a commentary in the same issue, "The majority of U.S. adults continue to consume fewer than five servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Increases in public awareness of the importance of and recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption are yet to be accompanied by increased intake, demonstrating the need for a reinvigorated effort to promote fruit and vegetable consumption. On March 19, 2007 'Fruits & Veggies-More Matters' will be launched. This effort will build on the strong public-private partnership begun in 1991 by the 5-A-Day for Better Health Program."

Elsevier Health Sciences


Related Vegetable Consumption Current Events and Vegetable Consumption News Articles


Low Income Kids Eat More Fruits and Vegetables When They are in School
The fruits and vegetables provided at school deliver an important dietary boost to low income adolescents, according to Meghan Longacre, PhD and Madeline Dalton, PhD of Dartmouth Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center and The Hood Center for Children and Families.

Theory or not? Best study designs for increasing vegetable intake in children
Researchers try to develop interventions that are most likely to work. Some times that involves deciding which activities should be included, such as whether to have cooking classes or be involved in a garden.

Spices and herbs: Improving public health through flavorful eating -- a call to action
Spices and herbs can play a significant role in improving America's health by helping to reduce sodium, calorie and fat intake while making healthy eating more appealing, conclude the authors of a scientific supplement published this month in the peer-reviewed journal Nutrition Today.

Mindfulness associated with better health
A new study that measured "dispositional mindfulness" along with seven indicators of cardiovascular health found that persons reporting higher degrees of awareness of their present feelings and experiences had better health.

US college students eat their vegetables. Really?!
U.S. college students do better than their counterparts in the United Kingdom when it comes to physical activity, a healthy diet and less smoking, according to new research published in the latest issue of the journal Education and Health.

Eating five a day may keep the blues away
Fruit and vegetable consumption could be as good for your mental as your physical health, new research suggests.

New Global Research Reveals Most Adults Need to Double Fruit and Vegetable Intake to Get Key Health, Nutrition Benefits
New research published in the September issue of the British Journal of Nutrition and featured in the just released Global Phytonutrient Report highlights a significant shortfall in fruit and vegetable consumption in people's diets around the world.

Farmers market vouchers may boost produce consumption in low-income families
Vouchers to buy fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers markets increase the amount of produce in the diets of some families on food assistance, according to research led by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

School scheme unable to boost healthy eating and activity among kids
A school-based scheme to encourage children to eat healthily and be active has had little effect, conclude researchers in a study published on bmj.com today.

Review says inexpensive food a key factor in rising obesity
A new review summarizes what is known about economic factors tied to the obesity epidemic in the United States and concludes many common beliefs are wrong.
More Vegetable Consumption Current Events and Vegetable Consumption News Articles

The Vegetable Spiralizer Cookbook: 101 Gluten-Free, Paleo & Low Carb Recipes to Help You Lose Weight & Get Healthy Using Vegetable Pasta Spiralizer - for Paderno, Veggetti & Spaghetti Shredders

The Vegetable Spiralizer Cookbook: 101 Gluten-Free, Paleo & Low Carb Recipes to Help You Lose Weight & Get Healthy Using Vegetable Pasta Spiralizer - for Paderno, Veggetti & Spaghetti Shredders
by Laura Moore (Author)


The spiralizing cooking revolution has began!

The Vegetable Spiralizer Cookbook looks to redefine spiralized cooking with inspirational meals that are everlastingly healthy and delicious.

With over 100 spiralized recipes, you will be taken by these specially created nutritious and tasty meals. The book is also beginner friendly and consists of straightforward guidelines and easy-to-follow instructions to kick-start your exciting spiralized cooking adventure. Readers are assured that the choice of ingredients used in these recipes were carefully chosen, based on a healthy gluten-free diet. Therefore, only the healthiest carbs, proteins, fats, fruits and vegetables are used in order to ensure that you are eating for a healthy advantage.

The recipes are suitable...

The Week-by-Week Vegetable Gardener's Handbook: Make the Most of Your Growing Season

The Week-by-Week Vegetable Gardener's Handbook: Make the Most of Your Growing Season
by Jennifer Kujawski (Author), Ron Kujawski (Author)


Knowing exactly when to start vegetable seeds indoors, transplant them into the ground, pinch off the blossoms, and pick for peak flavor is the secret to enjoying bountiful harvests all through the season. In Week-by-Week Vegetable Gardener’s Handbook, authors Ron and Jennifer Kujawski eliminate the guesswork with weekly to-do lists that break gardening down into easily manageable tasks. Suitable for all gardening zones, the book offers easy instructions for setting up a perfectly personalized schedule based on your last frost date. Whether you're wondering when to plant strawberries, check for tomato hornworm, or harvest carrots, you'll see at a glance exactly when and how to do it, for the biggest yields and the best vegetable-growing experiences ever.

Brassicas: Cooking the World's Healthiest Vegetables: Kale, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts and More

Brassicas: Cooking the World's Healthiest Vegetables: Kale, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts and More
by Laura B. Russell (Author), Rebecca Katz (Foreword)


A cookbook showcasing 80 recipes for the most popular of the world's healthiest vegetables--kale, cauliflower, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, leafy greens, and more--tailored to accommodate special diets such as gluten-free, dairy-free, vegetarian, and vegan.

For a long time, brassicas had a mixed reputation. While a small group of people staunchly adored them, most Americans were not as fond of the vegetables formerly known as "cruciferous" (who doesn't remember a plate of stinky boiled cabbage or President Bush's condemnation of broccoli?). But in recent years, a transformation has occurred. Kale has taken the world by storm and there's hardly a restaurant left that doesn't have cauliflower on the menu. The rising popularity of brassicas is not only due to their...

Organic Methods for Vegetable Gardening in Florida

Organic Methods for Vegetable Gardening in Florida
by Ginny Stibolt (Author), Melissa Contreras (Author)


A practical how-to guide for personal and local organic farming.

River Cottage Veg: 200 Inspired Vegetable Recipes

River Cottage Veg: 200 Inspired Vegetable Recipes
by Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall (Author)


A comprehensive collection of 200+ recipes that embrace vegetarian cuisine as the centerpiece of a meal, from the leading food authority behind the critically acclaimed River Cottage series.

Pioneering champion of sustainable foods Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall embraces all manner of vegetables in his latest cookbook, an inventive offering of more than two hundred vegetable-based recipes, including more than sixty vegan recipes. Having undergone a revolution in his personal eating habits, Fearnley-Whittingstall changed his culinary focus from meat to vegetables, and now passionately shares the joys of vegetable-centric food with recipes such as Kale and Mushroom Lasagna; Herby, Peanutty, Noodly Salad; and Winter Stir-Fry with Chinese Five-Spice. 
 
In this lavishly...

How Carrots Won the Trojan War: Curious (but True) Stories of Common Vegetables

How Carrots Won the Trojan War: Curious (but True) Stories of Common Vegetables
by Rebecca Rupp (Author)


How Carrots Won the Trojan War is a delightful collection of little-known stories about the origins, legends, and historical significance of 23 of the world’s most popular vegetables. Curious cooks, gardeners, and casual readers alike will be fascinated by these far-fetched tales of their favorite foods’ pasts. Readers will discover why Roman gladiators were massaged with onion juice before battle, how celery contributed to Casanova’s conquests, how peas almost poisoned General Washington, and why some seventeenth-century turnips were considered degenerate.

How Carrots Won the Trojan War is the perfect book for vegetable gardeners, foodies, and anyone else interested in the secret stories behind a salad.

The Vegetarian Flavor Bible: The Essential Guide to Culinary Creativity with Vegetables, Fruits, Grains, Legumes, Nuts, Seeds, and More, Based on the Wisdom of Leading American Chefs

The Vegetarian Flavor Bible: The Essential Guide to Culinary Creativity with Vegetables, Fruits, Grains, Legumes, Nuts, Seeds, and More, Based on the Wisdom of Leading American Chefs
by Karen Page (Author), Andrew Dornenburg (Photographer)


Throughout time, people have chosen to adopt a vegetarian or vegan diet for a variety of reasons, from ethics to economy to personal and planetary well-being. Experts now suggest a new reason for doing so: maximizing flavor - which is too often masked by meat-based stocks or butter and cream. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible is an essential guide to culinary creativity, based on insights from dozens of leading American chefs, representing such acclaimed restaurants as Crossroads and M.A.K.E. in Los Angeles; Candle 79, Dirt Candy, and Kajitsu in New York City, Green Zebra in Chicago, Greens and Millennium in San Francisco, Natural Selection and Portobello in Portland, Plum Bistro in Seattle, and Vedge in Philadelphia.

Emphasizing plant-based whole foods including vegetables, fruits,...

Fresh Vegetable and Fruit Juices

Fresh Vegetable and Fruit Juices
by Dr. N.W. Walker D.Sc. (Author), Dr. Norman W. Walker (Author)


Dr. Walker explains how the lack or deficiency of certain elements, such as vital organic minerals and salts, and consequently of vitamins, from our customary diet is the primary cause of nearly every sickness and disease. Following his recommendations to consume fresh vegetable and fruit juices, we can furnish our bodies with the enzymes needed for optimal health.

Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long, 2nd Edition

Four-Season Harvest: Organic Vegetables from Your Home Garden All Year Long, 2nd Edition
by Eliot Coleman (Author), Kathy Bray (Illustrator), Barbara Damrosch (Illustrator)


If you love the joys of eating home-garden vegetables but always thought those joys had to stop at the end of summer, this book is for you. Eliot Coleman introduces the surprising fact that most of the United States has more winter sunshine than the south of France. He shows how North American gardeners can successfully use that sun to raise a wide variety of traditional winter vegetables in backyard cold frames and plastic covered tunnel greenhouses without supplementary heat. Coleman expands upon his own experiences with new ideas learned on a winter-vegetable pilgrimage across the ocean to the acknowledged kingdom of vegetable cuisine, the southern part of France, which lies on the 44th parallel, the same latitude as his farm in Maine. This story of sunshine, weather patterns, old...

It Starts With Food: Discover the Whole30 and Change Your Life in Unexpected Ways

It Starts With Food: Discover the Whole30 and Change Your Life in Unexpected Ways
by Melissa Hartwig (Author), Dallas Hartwig (Author)


IMAGINE YOURSELF HEALTHIER THAN YOU EVER THOUGHT POSSIBLE.
IT STARTS WITH FOOD.

It Starts With Food outlines a clear, balanced, sustainable plan to change the way you eat forever—and transform your life in profound and unexpected ways. Your success story begins with the Whole30®, Dallas and Melissa Hartwig’s powerful 30-day nutritional reset.
Since 2009, their underground Whole30 program has quietly led tens of thousands of people to weight loss, enhanced quality of life, and a healthier relationship with food—accompanied by stunning improvements in sleep, energy levels, mood, and self-esteem. More significant, many people have reported the “magical” elimination of a variety of symptoms, diseases, and conditions in just 30 days.
diabetes high cholesterol...

© 2014 BrightSurf.com