Science Current Events | Science News |

American Thoracic Society publishes new statement on pulmonary function testing in children

June 25, 2007

The ATS and European Respiratory Society (ERS) published a new statement on pulmonary function testing in preschool children. The document, which appears in the June 15 issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, addresses the clinical, technical and epidemiological implications of pulmonary function testing in children aged 2 to 6.

"Preschoolers present a number of special challenges," said Stephanie Davis, M.D., co-chair of the 33-member ATS/ERS working group that produced the guidelines. "The children are generally too old to sedate, as is done with infants, and less cooperative than an older child. However, investigators have demonstrated that preschool lung function testing is now feasible."

The working group hopes its recommendations-which focus on spirometry, tidal breathing measurements, the interrupter technique, forced oscillation, gas washout techniques and bronchial responsiveness tests-will serve as a resource for healthcare professionals and facilitate good laboratory practices by providing guidelines on how to perform the various techniques and how to interpret the measurements.

"Evaluating lung function in this age group is important, not only for clinical reasons, but also due to the considerable growth and development of the respiratory system that occurs with associated changes in lung mechanics," said Dr. Davis. "The working group envisions that these guidelines will help facilitate multi-center collaboration using these pulmonary function testing techniques," said Dr. Davis.

American Thoracic Society

Related Pulmonary Function Current Events and Pulmonary Function News Articles

One in four patients with COPD suffer from depression
Although there have been discussions about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a condition impacting 24 million Americans, and depression, there has been little research showing the impact depression has on patients with COPD.

Case report finds acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis in patient using e-cigarettes
Researchers from VA Hospital in White River Junction, Vermont will present a case report of acute inhalation lung injury related to the use of e-cigarettes and a flavored e-cigarette liquid containing diacetyl.

Namaste, yogis: Yoga as effective as traditional pulmonary rehab in patients with COPD
Researchers from the Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders and All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India, studied the effects of yoga as a form of pulmonary rehabilitation on markers of inflammation in the body.

Hookah tobacco smoking seems to be increasing in both prevalence and frequency
Nearly 1 in 5 recently surveyed high school seniors report having smoked tobacco from a hookah in the past year, and more than a third of them reported smoking hookahs often enough to be considered regular users, an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health (CRMTH) revealed.

Inspiratory muscle training improves lung function in ankylosing spondylitis
The results of a study presented today at the European League Against Rheumatism Annual Congress (EULAR 2015) showed that inspiratory muscle training (IMT) significantly improves lung strength and efficiency in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), a condition often associated with breathing difficulties.

Pneumonectomy or lobectomy?
For patients in the early stage of non-small cell lung cancer, surgical resection yields optimal outcomes. Prior investigations have shown that different resection procedures have very different outcomes, with pneumonectomy associated with three-fold higher mortality than other resection types.

Moderate lifetime marijuana smoking linked to airway irritation but not lung function
A research study based on analysis of publicly available data has found that recent marijuana use was associated with symptoms of airway inflammation, but that moderate lifetime use was not associated with clinically significant changes in measures of lung function.

Small study shows beetroot juice improves exercise function of COPD patients
A Wake Forest University study to investigate the effects of acute beetroot juice ingestion on the exercise capacity of COPD patients shows some promise, but a larger clinical trial is needed to verify results.

Vitamin C may help people who suffer from respiratory symptoms after exercise
Physical activity increases oxidative stress, and therefore, as an antioxidant vitamin C might have particularly evident effects on people who are participating in vigorous exercise.

Study finds inconsistent achievement of guidelines for acute asthma care in hospital EDs
A study comparing the care delivered to patients coming to hospital emergency departments (EDs) for acute asthma attacks in recent years with data gathered more than 15 years earlier finds inconsistencies in how well hospitals are meeting nationally established treatment guidelines.
More Pulmonary Function Current Events and Pulmonary Function News Articles

Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests

Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests
by Robert E. Hyatt MD (Author), Paul D. Scanlon MD (Author), Masao Nakamura MD (Author)

Interpretation of Pulmonary Function Tests, 4th edition provides practical, clinically relevant coverage of all types of pulmonary function testing as it applies to a host of disease conditions. It is aimed at any reader with a basic knowledge of pulmonary physiology and provides a solid basis for administering and interpreting these tests. The authors provide valuable guidance for day-to-day clinical work, e.g., in chapters entitled "When to Test and What to Order" and "Approaches to Interpreting Pulmonary Function Tests."  The book also features over 40 illustrative cases that readers can use for self-testing and for reinforcing the principles discussed elsewhere in the book.

FeaturesA new focus on interpretation of complex disordersCoverage of impulse oscillometrySolution...

Ruppel's Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing, 11e

Ruppel's Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing, 11e
by Carl Mottram BA RRT RPFT FAARC (Author)

Use this authoritative guide as an on-the-job reference - and to prepare for the CPFT and RPFT credentialing examinations! Ruppel's Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing, 11th Edition provides comprehensive coverage of common pulmonary function tests, testing techniques, and the pathophysiology that may be evaluated by each test. It also includes information on equipment, computers, and quality assurance, so you can develop the testing skills you need to find and assess lung abnormalities and conditions including asthma, COPD, emphysema, and cystic fibrosis. Written by Carl Mottram, a well-known expert in pulmonary function procedures, this bestselling guide helps you get accurate test results every time.Entry- and Advanced-Level objectives prepare you for success on the Certified...

PFT Notes: Pulmonary Function Testing Pocket Guide

PFT Notes: Pulmonary Function Testing Pocket Guide
by Gary C. White MEd RRT RPFT (Author)

Rely on this pocket-sized reference for all of the information you need in any clinical setting. It covers all aspects of pulmonary function testing, including which tests to order and why, and how to interpret the results.

Airtight Pulmonary Function Tests: Coaching Tips From Real Life Experiences

Airtight Pulmonary Function Tests: Coaching Tips From Real Life Experiences
by Rosemary McWilliams (Author)

Do you have COPD patients that dread these tests? Do you get frustrated when your patients can't seem to follow instructions? Do you give spirometry tests in a physician's office and sometimes wonder what makes a good test? How do I get someone with restrictive lung disease to blow out longer? My patients have trouble panting in the body box. Do you have any helpful tips? I've been told, "Please don't shout - I'm not deaf!" What should I do? How often should I calibrate? While Rosemary (R.K.) McWilliams, BAS, RRT, CPFT, worked for a pulmonologist, she saw a need for a practical, self-help manual for health care workers who administer pulmonary function tests in hospitals and clinics, and for the lay person who does simple spirometry in the physician’s office, or annual...

Pulmonary Function Test Pocketcard Set

Pulmonary Function Test Pocketcard Set
by Borm Bruckmeier Publishers (Corporate Author)

Book annotation not available for this title.Title: Pulmonary Function Test Pocketcard SetAuthor: Borm Bruckmeier Publishers (COR)Publisher: Borm Bruckmeier Pub LlcPublication Date: 2011/05/01Number of Pages: Binding Type: PAPERBACKLibrary of Congress:

Pulmonary Function Testing: A Practical Approach

Pulmonary Function Testing: A Practical Approach
by Jack Wanger (Author)

Pulmonary Function Testing: A Practical Approach, Third Edition covers the most commonly performed pulmonary function tests in an engaging and easily accessible format. This comprehensive resource is ideal for respiratory care students and is also a valuable reference for practitioners. The most commonly performed exercise tests are separated into individual chapters to allow a full overview of each test. Pulmonary Function Testing: A Practical Approach, Third Edition contains updated material including the latest guidelines and recommendations. The Third Edition also includes new expanded chapters covering Maximal Inspiratory Testing, Expiratory Pressures Testing, Pediatrics, Blood Gases, and Reference Values. This text is an ideal guide for both classroom learning and application in...

Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice

Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice
by Ali Altalag (Author), Jeremy Road (Author), Pearce Wilcox (Author)

This review of pulmonary function tests in clinical practice provides a simplified approach to interpreting most diagnostic tests in the field of respiratory medicine. It contains more than 125 illustrated diagrams, 50 tables, and 30 illustrative examples.

Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing, 9e (Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing (Ruppel))

Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing, 9e (Manual of Pulmonary Function Testing (Ruppel))
by Gregg L. Ruppel MEd RRT RPFT FAARC (Author)

The perfect text, on-the-job reference and certification exam review, MANUAL OF PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTING, 9th Edition includes a wealth of information on pulmonary function tests, techniques, pathophysiology, equipment, computers, and quality assurance to help you get the best results every time. Detailed information on the pulmonary function tests used to determine the presence, extent, and progression of lung disease and abnormality helps you reveal conditions including asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and cystic fibrosis. This new edition includes even more opportunities to apply your knowledge with additional Case Studies and Self-Assessment Questions.A "how to" approach to testing explains procedures step-by-step and provides a valuable on-the-job reference.UNIQUE! Objectives...

Airtight Pulmonary Function Tests Workbook: Coaching Tips from Real Life Experiences

Airtight Pulmonary Function Tests Workbook: Coaching Tips from Real Life Experiences
by Rosemary McWilliams (Author)

What's the maximum number of times for a person to attempt an FVC? My patient has COPD and dreads these tests. How can I make it a better experience? What's the best body position for pulmonary function testing? How can I tell if the patient blew out hard enough on his spirometry test? Find the answers to these and many more questions you may have as you administer pulmonary function tests. This Workbook is designed to work alongside its companion manual, Airtight Pulmonary Function Tests. It is filled with questions and answers which can be used as a teaching tool, or to simply improve your coaching skills by enhancing your knowledge of pulmonary function testing. Rosemary McWilliams, BAS, RRT, CPFT, saw a need for an improvement in the quality of pulmonary function tests and...

Paediatric Pulmonary Function Testing (Progress in Respiratory Research, Vol. 33)

Paediatric Pulmonary Function Testing (Progress in Respiratory Research, Vol. 33)
by J. Hammer (Editor), E. Eber (Editor), F.J.F. Herth (Editor)

A Karger 'Publishing Highlights 1890–2015' title
This book represents a comprehensive review of the most recent developments in paediatric pulmonary function testing and their clinical applications in common paediatric respiratory disorders. The first section reviews the current lung function tests used in infants and toddlers who are by nature unable to cooperate with most testing procedures. It describes the methodologies, provides normal values where available, and gives advice for data interpretation. The second section deals with the classic adult-type pulmonary function tests and their application in the semi-cooperative or cooperative older child. Age-related technical issues and the limitations of these tests are considered. Tests assessing the respiratory system beyond...

© 2017