Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Neurological assessment of older adults: A crystal ball to the future

June 24, 2008
INDIANAPOLIS -- Standard neurological exams of older adults are good predictors of future brain health and quality of life. These tests should become part of the physician's routine examination of older adults say faculty from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research in an editorial in the June 23, 2008 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

The editorial accompanies a study by Italian researchers who used data obtained from standardized neurological exams to devise a simple scale measuring the total number of subtle neurological abnormalities found among disability-free older adults. The Italian study found that a higher number of subtle neurological abnormalities in patients without cognitive impairment at baseline predicted both cognitive and functional declines.

"The Italian study confirms that looking at subtle neurological abnormalities in healthy older adults gives the doctor an insight into factors that contribute to impairment of functional cognition which lead to disability and poor quality of life," said editorial co-author Malaz Boustani, M.D., M.P.H, an assistant professor of medicine at Indiana University School of Medicine, an Indiana University Center for Aging Research investigator and a Regenstrief Institute research scientist.

"Until now we haven't had proof of value of the standard neurological exam. We now know that the test is a good value for older adults and could even be used as a "cheap biomarker" of future cognitive decline because it appears to have predictive value similar to biomarkers," said Dr. Boustani.

More than 12 percent of the U.S. population is aged 65 and older. This percentage will increase to 20 percent by 2030.

Someone in the United States develops Alzheimer's disease every 72 seconds, according to the Alzheimer's Association. The average primary care physician, the doctors who see most older adults, sees 2,000 patients per year of whom 300 are aged 65 or older. Of these 24 will develop dementia.

Indiana University


Related Older Adults Current Events and Older Adults News Articles


Older adults who walk out of necessity are at highest risk for outdoor falls
Older adults are at a greater danger of falling when walking for utilitarian purposes such as shopping and appointments than when walking for recreation, according to a study from UMass Medical School.

The Mediterranean Diet Has Varied Effects on Cognitive Decline Among Different Race-Specific Populations, According to a BGU Researcher
While the Mediterranean diet may have broad health benefits, its impact on cognitive decline differs among race-specific populations, according to a new study published in the Journal of Gerontology.

Seeing the Glass as Half Full: Taking a New Look at Cognition and Aging
From a cognitive perspective, aging is typically associated with decline.

Fish oil supplements reduce incidence of cognitive decline, may improve memory function
Rhode Island Hospital researchers have completed a study that found regular use of fish oil supplements (FOS) was associated with a significant reduction in cognitive decline and brain atrophy in older adults.

Older adults nearly twice as likely to have memories affected by environmental distractions
Older people are nearly twice as likely as their younger counterparts to have their memory and cognitive processes impaired by environmental distractions (such as irrelevant speech or written words presented along with target stimuli), according to a new study from psychologists at Rice University and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Exercise is the best medicine: QUT study
Women would benefit from being prescribed exercise as medicine, according to a QUT study that revealed moderate to high intensity activity is essential to reducing the risk of death in older women.

Potential Alzheimer's disease risk factor and risk reduction strategies become clearer
Participation in activities that promote mental activity, and moderate physical activity in middle age, may help protect against the development of Alzheimer's disease and dementia in later life, according to new research reported today at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference® 2014 (AAIC® 2014) in Copenhagen.

Penn Study Finds Living Kidney Donation Does Not Increase Risk of Death or Heart Disease for Older Adult Donors
Previous studies linking older age with kidney and heart disease have raised concerns about the safety of living kidney donation among older adults.

Cinnamon May Be Used to Halt the Progression of Parkinson's disease
Neurological scientists at Rush University Medical Center have found that using cinnamon, a common food spice and flavoring material, can reverse the biomechanical, cellular and anatomical changes that occur in the brains of mice with Parkinson's disease (PD). The results of the study were recently published in the June 20 issue of the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

Hormones affect voting behavior, Nebraska researchers find
Researchers from the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO), the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) and Rice University have released a study that shows hormone levels can affect voter turnout.
More Older Adults Current Events and Older Adults News Articles

The Older Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner

The Older Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner
by Deborah W. Frazer (Author), Gregory A. Hinrichsen (Author), Arthur E. Jongsma Jr. (Author)


The Bestselling treatment planning system for mental health professionalsThe Older Adult Psychotherapy Treatment Planner, Second Edition provides all the elements necessary to quickly and easily develop formal treatment plans that satisfy the demands of HMOs, managed care companies, third-party payors, and state and federal agencies.New edition features empirically supported, evidence-based treatment interventionsOrganized around 30 behaviorally based presenting problems including depression, unresolved grief, life role transition, and substance abuseOver 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, and interventions—plus space to record your own treatment plan optionsEasy-to-use reference format helps locate treatment plan components by behavioral problemIncludes a sample treatment...

Functional Performance in Older Adults

Functional Performance in Older Adults
by Bette R. Bonder PhD OTR/L FAOTA (Author), Vanina Dal Bello-Haas PhD MEd BSc (PT) (Author)


“The contributors represent diverse disciplines, however their messages create a coherent, integrated work of universal interest and application. I highly recommend the use of this text for allied health students who are studying geriatric rehabilitation and for clinicians who wish to renew their knowledge.”—Carole Knight, MEd, OTR/L, Occupational Therapy in Health Care Journal, Volume 16, Number 2/3 February 2003, review of the 2nd Edition. The ideal resource for rehabilitation professionals who are working with or preparing to work with older adults! It describes the normal aging process, illustrates how health and social factors can impede an aging person’s abilities, and demonstrates how to develop mechanisms for maximizing the well-being of older...

Mental Disorders in Older Adults, Second Edition: Fundamentals of Assessment and Treatment

Mental Disorders in Older Adults, Second Edition: Fundamentals of Assessment and Treatment
by Steven H. Zarit PhD (Author), Judy M. Zarit (Author)


Illustrated with abundant clinical material, this book provides essential knowledge and skills for effective mental health practice with older adults. It demonstrates how to evaluate and treat frequently encountered clinical problems in this population, including dementias, mood and anxiety disorders, and paranoid symptoms. Strategies are presented for implementing psychosocial interventions and integrating them with medications. The book also describes insightful approaches for supporting family caregivers and addresses the nuts and bolts of consulting in institutional settings. Combining their expertise as a researcher and an experienced clinician, the authors offer a unique perspective on the challenges facing older adults and how to help them lead more fulfilling and independent...

ACSM's Exercise for Older Adults

ACSM's Exercise for Older Adults
by American College of Sports Medicine (Author), Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko PhD (Editor)


In ACSM’s Exercise for Older Adults world-renowned researchers and practitioners make a compelling case for older adults to engage in physical activity. Over the course of ten chapters, the text highlights the physiological, psychological, and social benefits of a physically active lifestyle.  Students and professionals will benefit from implementation strategies including motivation to initiate and maintain exercise; options for healthy older adults; options for older adults with special needs; and assessing progress and performance. The text completes its presentation by including practical information on integrating exercise into complete healthy lifestyles with consideration to helping individuals select a physical activity program that works. A frequently asked questions chapter...

Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults (Miller, Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults)

Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults (Miller, Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults)
by Carol A. Miller MSN RN-BC AHN-BC (Author)


Textbook provides a theory-based framework for nursing students and practicing nurses enabling them to address the unique health care needs of older adults. Features critical thinking exercises and abundant color illustrations.

Advanced Practice Nursing in the Care of Older Adults

Advanced Practice Nursing in the Care of Older Adults
by Laurie Kennedy-Malone PhD GNP-BC FAANP FGSA (Author), Kathleen Ryan Fletcher RN DNP GNP-BC FAAN (Author), Lori Martin-Plank PhD FNP-BC NP-C GNP-BC FAANP (Author)


Meet the diverse health care needs of older adults!
Explore effective ways to enhance the wellness and independence of older adults across the wellness-illness continuum. From an overview of the theories of aging and assessment through the treatment of disorders, including complex illnesses, this evidence-based book provides the comprehensive gerontological coverage you need to prepare for your role as an Advanced Practice Nurse. Understand how to easily identify factors that may affect the wellness of your patients and their families. Plus, enhance your critical-thinking skills with real-world case studies that bring concepts to life. Explore more online at DavisPlus!
Access your complete text online with the Davis Digital Version and gain extra practice with additional case...

Community Resources for Older Adults: Programs and Services in an Era of Change

Community Resources for Older Adults: Programs and Services in an Era of Change
by Robbyn R. Wacker (Author), Karen A. Roberto (Author)


Community Resources for Older Adults: Programs and Services in an Era of Change, Fourth Edition, by Robbyn Wacker and Karen Roberto, provides an in-depth review of policy and programs for the "aging network," answering such key questions as “How have programs for older adults evolved?” “Who uses these resources?” “How are they delivered?” and “What challenges do service providers face in meeting the needs of the aging baby-boom generation?” To give students the foundational knowledge they need to meet the needs of their older clients, the authors provide a theoretical framework for understanding the forces that shape older adults’ likelihood to seek assistance, include in-depth reviews of the current body of empirical literature in each program area, and discuss the...

The Nurse's Role in Promoting Optimal Health of Older Adults: Thriving in the Wisdom Years

The Nurse's Role in Promoting Optimal Health of Older Adults: Thriving in the Wisdom Years
by Jean W. Lange PhD RN FAAN (Author)


Awarded a 2012 AJN Book of the Year Award Why focus on the negative aspects of growing old while most older adults are leading positive, fulfilling, and active lives even while dealing with the changes associated with aging and chronic illnesses? Promote healthy aging; learn what it means to age successfully; and develop the tools and resources that can optimize well-being during the later years in life with the guidance you'll find inside. The author, a nationally recognized expert in the field of gerontology addresses the physical, psychosocial, and spiritual needs of older adults based on a holistic, mid-range nursing theory of successful aging. Contributions from healthcare professionals in exercise physiology, nutrition, pharmacy and elder law help you understand how these...

Psychotherapy with Older Adults

Psychotherapy with Older Adults
by Bob G. Knight (Author)


This Third Edition of the bestselling Psychotherapy with Older Adults continues to offer students and professionals a thorough overview of psychotherapy with older adults. Using the contextual, cohort-based, maturity, specific challenge (CCMSC) model, it draws upon findings from scientific gerontology and life-span developmental psychology to describe how psychotherapy needs to be adapted for work with older adults, as well as when it is similar to therapeutic work with younger adults. Sensitively linking both research and experience, author Bob G. Knight provides a practical account of the knowledge, technique, and skills necessary to work with older adults in a therapeutic relationship. This volume considers the essentials of gerontology as well as the nature of therapy in depth,...

Adult Piano Adventures All-in-One Lesson Book 1

Adult Piano Adventures All-in-One Lesson Book 1
by Nancy Faber (Composer), Randall Faber (Composer)


(Faber Piano Adventures ). For adult beginners, use Adult Piano Adventures. This comprehensive, "All-In-One" book includes lessons, solos, technique, and theory in a single volume for ease of use. Book 1 presents the fundamentals of music notation, chord playing, and musical form. Songs include: Amazing Grace * Merrily We Roll Along * Ode to Joy * Yankee Doodle * Clock Tower Bells * Catch a Falling Star * Russian Sailor Dance * Sleeping Beauty Waltz * Danny Boy * The Entertainer * and more. Spiral bound.

© 2014 BrightSurf.com