Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

A direct gaze enhances face perception

August 14, 2008
Gaze direction is significant for the processing of visual information from the human face. Researchers in an Academy of Finland funded research project have discovered that the visual system of the brain processes another person's face more efficiently when the person's gaze is straight ahead than when the gaze is averted. The research is part of the Academy's Research Programme on Neuroscience (NEURO).

This finding demonstrates the key importance of gaze direction in human interaction and shows how another person's gaze direction affects even the most basic facial perception. "Our studies also show that the eye contact between two persons and an averted gaze affect the functions of the neural mechanisms that regulate approach and avoidance behaviour. Another person's direct gaze prepares for an approach, an averted gaze for avoidance," said head of the research, Professor Jari Hietanen from the University of Tampere at the Academy's Science Breakfast.

The results of the research, which measured the function of the brain's frontal lobes by means of electroencephalography (EEG), indicate that during the observation of a direct gaze the left frontal lobe of the test subjects was more active than the right frontal lobe. During the observation of an averted gaze the situation was opposite. The left-dominated activation asymmetry is linked to an approach and the right-dominated to avoidance. This was the first time it was shown through physiological measurements that another person's gaze direction affects brain systems that are involved in the regulation of fundamental human motivational reactions.

New methods to diagnose autism and mental disorders

The results of the project shed useful light on emotional reactions related to the perception of human faces and how these reactions develop. "The deviations related to eye contact in people with autism are one of the earliest and most typical problems, and our studies make it possible to find out why people with autistic behaviour avoid eye contact," Hietanen said.

As atypical emotional reactions to various social stimuli, for instance other people's facial expressions, most likely play a key role in different types of mental disorders, the knowledge generated by the research project also provides an opportunity to develop efficient methods for the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.

Academy of Finland


Related Gaze Current Events and Gaze News Articles


Virtual reality promises new applications for sexual offending
Virtual reality may be the key to predicting both the behaviour of sex offenders and the effectiveness of the therapies they have undergone, according to a study undertaken by Massil Benbouriche of the University of Montreal's School of Criminology.

Whites of Their Eyes: Study Finds Infants Respond to Social Cues From Sclera
Humans are the only primates with large, highly visible sclera - the white part of the eye.

'Red Effect' sparks interest in female monkeys
Recent studies showed that the color red tends increase our attraction toward others, feelings of jealousy, and even reaction times. Now, new research shows that female monkeys also respond to the color red, suggesting that biology, rather than our culture, may play the fundamental role in our "red" reactions.

NuSTAR Discovers Impossibly Bright Dead Star
Astronomers working with NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), led by Caltech's Fiona Harrison, have found a pulsating dead star beaming with the energy of about 10 million suns.

Video blinds us to the evidence, NYU, Yale study finds
Where people look when watching video evidence varies wildly and has profound consequences for bias in legal punishment decisions, a team of researchers at New York University and Yale Law School has found. This study raises questions about why people fail to be objective when confronted with video evidence.

Babies Learn Words Differently as They Age, MU Researcher Says
Research has shown that most 18-month-olds learn an average of two to five new words a day; however, little is known about how children process information to learn new words as they move through the preschool years.

Visual Exposure Predicts Infants' Ability to Follow Another's Gaze
Following another person's gaze can reveal a wealth of information critical to social interactions and also to safety. Gaze following typically emerges in infancy, and new research looking at preterm infants suggests that it's visual experience, not maturational age, that underlies this critical ability.

Disney Research method automatically edits footage from cameras into coherent videos
Video cameras that people wear to record daily activities are creating a novel form of creative and informative media. But this footage also poses a challenge: how to expeditiously edit hours of raw video into something watchable.

Supportive moms and sisters boost female baboon's rank
A study of dominance in female baboons suggests that the route to a higher rank is to maintain close ties with mom, and to have lots of supportive sisters.

Early warning sign for babies at risk of autism
Some babies are at risk for autism because they have an older sibling that has the disorder.
More Gaze Current Events and Gaze News Articles

Fixing My Gaze: A Scientist's Journey Into Seeing in Three Dimensions

Fixing My Gaze: A Scientist's Journey Into Seeing in Three Dimensions
by Susan R. Barry (Author), Oliver Sacks (Foreword)


When neuroscientist Susan Barry was fifty years old, she took an unforgettable trip to Manhattan. As she emerged from the dim light of the subway into the sunshine, she saw a view of the city that she had witnessed many times in the past but now saw in an astonishingly new way. Skyscrapers on street corners appeared to loom out toward her like the bows of giant ships. Tree branches projected upward and outward, enclosing and commanding palpable volumes of space. Leaves created intricate mosaics in 3D. With each glance, she experienced the deliriously novel sense of immersion in a three dimensional world.Barry had been cross-eyed and stereoblind since early infancy. After half a century of perceiving her surroundings as flat and compressed, on that day she was seeing Manhattan in stereo...

Gaze

Gaze
by eXtasy Books


Gaze has recently discovered the joy of vision and the scientists gave her every type that they could think of. She is partnered with the Blue Fairy, and together, they retrieve Guardians in diplomatic service and drop them at their next destination.

Shiver is a multi-shifter who knows his ideal woman when he sees her. Too bad she has no idea what he truly is or has she seen straight through his disguise and his armour.

The Blue Fairy is a perky and helpful ship with her mind on getting her pilot a mate and keeping him in good working order. Work. Work. Work.

The Gaze of Caprice (The Caprice Trilogy Book 1)

The Gaze of Caprice (The Caprice Trilogy Book 1)
by Cole Reid


Codename Chessmaster is a smart and methodical project manager for the CIA but his career has stalled for seven years since the large-scale failure of the Agency’s most expensive project, Caprice. Now based in Venezuela, Chessmaster has found overwhelming evidence regarding the presence of a mole within the Agency. Chessmaster hasn’t been promoted since Caprice and doesn’t have access to information to track the mole. He reaches out to his former lover and mentor, Senior Officer Georgia Standing. Standing can track the mole but needs someone else to rescue Chessmaster, now imprisoned in Venezuela. She turns to a man she has been trying to find for seven years, the man who brought down Project Caprice, Reagan Lee. Lee was recruited by Chessmaster and Standing and holds a grudge...

Gaze

Gaze
by Christopher Howell (Author)


The counterpointed and imagistic work collected in Gaze reveals a poet uniquely concerned with the idea of vision: how the objective world (the world of time and memory), the world of the inner life, and the other world (the world of imagination and alternate life) may be seen, and how the experience of this seeing may alter itself and create meaning. Each of the book’s three sections examines one of these categories of seeing, moving between narrative and lyric modes, between the undisguised voice of the poet and the voices of a variety of characters, creatures, and ghosts.

Swinging between moments of delicate connection (touching a girl’s wrist) and striking brutality (a boy slamming a just-caught fish against a boat’s stern to kill it “as he was taught”), Howell turns...

Gaze Into Heaven: Near-Death Experiences in Early Church History

Gaze Into Heaven: Near-Death Experiences in Early Church History
by Marlene Bateman Sullivan (Author)


Gaze Into Heaven is a compilation of fifty documented near-death experiences of life beyond the veil, drawn from the early history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Filled with insight and inspiration, this book melds engrossing personal experiences with perceptive commentary, scripture, and quotes from latter-day Prophets. After reading this book, you won't ever think of life---or death---the same way.

The Gaze

The Gaze
by Elif Shafak (Author)


Winner of the Union of Turkish Writers' Best Novel Prize, Elif Shafak explores what it is to look and be looked at in the humorous and carnivalesque novel "The Gaze". An obese woman and her lover, a dwarf, are sick of being stared at wherever they go and so decide to reverse roles. The man goes out wearing make-up and the woman draws a moustache on her face. This elegant, unforgettable novel explores our desire to look at others. "Beautifully evoked". ("The Times"). "Original and compelling". (TLS). Elif Shafak has emerged as one of the most distinctive voices in both English and Turkish contemporary literature; her novels, "The Bastard of Istanbul", "The Flea Palace", "The Forty Rules of Love", and "Honour", are consistently at the top of bestseller lists across the globe. Elif Shafak's...

Beneath the Lion's Gaze: A Novel

Beneath the Lion's Gaze: A Novel
by Maaza Mengiste (Author)


"An important novel, rich in compassion for its anguished characters."—The New York Times Book Review This memorable, heartbreaking story opens in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1974, on the eve of a revolution. Yonas kneels in his mother’s prayer room, pleading to his god for an end to the violence that has wracked his family and country. His father, Hailu, a prominent doctor, has been ordered to report to jail after helping a victim of state-sanctioned torture to die. And Dawit, Hailu’s youngest son, has joined an underground resistance movement—a choice that will lead to more upheaval and bloodshed across a ravaged Ethiopia.

Beneath the Lion’s Gaze tells a gripping story of family, of the bonds of love and friendship set in a time and place that has rarely been explored in...

Gaze

Gaze
by Ellora's Cave Publishing Inc


The unexplained X-rated scenes in the crystal ball are slightly naughty and extremely erotic. They indicate that the black-eyed stranger who has become Leda's most frequent customer in her fortune telling tent is destined to add something *ahem* enormous to her life. Too bad Leda's not really psychic. Well, she hadn't thought so.While being tossed back and forth from the suspicion that she may be losing her mind to the hope that she will soon be losing her panties, Leda spends the most sexually frustrating week of her life telling mock fortunes to a man who seems hell bent on rewriting the future to make it look exactly as Leda sees it when she gazes into his eyes.

Gaze and Voice As Love Objects  (Series: SIC 1)

Gaze and Voice As Love Objects (Series: SIC 1)
by Renata Salecl (Editor), Slavoj Zizek (Editor)


The gaze entices, inspects, fascinates. The voice hypnotizes, seduces, disarms. Are gaze and voice part of the relationship we call love . . . or hate? If so, what part? How do they function? This provocative book examines love as the mediating entity in the essential antagonism between the sexes, and gaze and voice as love's medium. The contributors proceed from the Lacanian premise that "there is no sexual relationship," that the sexes are in no way complementary and that love—figured in the gaze and the voice —embodies the promise and impossibility of any relation between them.

The first detailed Lacanian elaboration of this topic, Gaze and Voice as Love Objects examines the status of gaze, voice, and love in philosophy from Plato to Kant, in ideology from early Christianity...

The Sacred Gaze: Contemplation and the Healing of the Self

The Sacred Gaze: Contemplation and the Healing of the Self
by Susan R. Pitchford (Author)


Eight hundred years ago, Clare of Assisi advised a correspondent to gaze into the mirror of the crucified Christ and study her own face within it. A hundred years ago, sociologist Charles Horton Cooley said we can know our self only as it is reflected to us by others. Contemplation is the choice to find our reflection in the divine Mirror. In The Sacred Gaze, Susan Pitchford explores how a false self is created by distortions in the mirrors around us. Drawing from the mystical and sociological traditions, and with practical suggestions for how to begin, Pitchford shows how gazing into the face of Christ can reveal to us who we really are. When the true self is known, and known as God’s beloved, the way is opened to radical freedom and joy.

© 2014 BrightSurf.com