Iraq Troops' PTSD Rate as High as 35%, Says Management Insights StudyLawrence M. Wein
September 15, 2009
HANOVER, MD, September 14, 2009 - The Veterans' Administration should expect a high volume of Iraq veterans seeking treatment of post traumatic stress disorder, with researchers anticipating that the rate among armed forces will be as high as 35%, according to the Management Insights feature in the current issue of Management Science, the flagship journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®).
Management Insights, a regular feature of the journal, is a digest of important research in business, management, operations research, and management science. It appears in every issue of Management Science.
"A Dynamic Model for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among U.S. Troops in Operation Iraqi Freedom" is by Michael P. Atkinson of the Naval Postgraduate School and Adam Guetz and Lawrence M. Wein of Stanford University.
The tempo of deployment cycles in the Iraq War is higher than for any war since World War II, the authors write, and military survey data suggest that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among service members.
To assure ample mental health resources to care for returning troops, the authors argue that it is important for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to forecast the timing and number of new PTSD cases over the coming years, which is complicated by the fact that many cases have delayed onset.
The authors combine a dynamic mathematical operations research model with deployment data and PTSD data from the Iraq War, and estimate that the PTSD rate among Iraq War veterans will be approximately 35%, which is roughly double the rate from the raw survey data. This doubling is due to the time lag between the PTSD-generating event and the onset of symptoms and to the fact that many surveyed troops will do subsequent deployments.
Consequently, the authors write, the VA system, which is already experiencing significant delays for PTSD treatment provision, urgently needs to ramp up its mental health resource capacity.
The current issue of Management Insights is available at http://mansci.journal.informs.org/cgi/reprint/55/9/iv.
The full papers associated with the Insights are available to Management Science subscribers. Individual papers can be purchased at http://institutions.informs.org.
Additional issues of Management Insights can be accessed at http://www.informs.org/site/ManSci/index.php?c=11&kat=Management+Insights.
The other Insights in the current issue are:
* Cause Marketing:Spillover
Effects of Cause-Related Products in a Product Portfolio by Aradhna Krishna, Uday Rajan
* Impact of Workload on Service Time and Patient Safety:An
Econometric Analysis of Hospital Operations by Diwas S. Kc, Christian Terwiesch
* Service Interruptions in Large-Scale Service Systems by Guodong Pang, Ward Whitt
* Quality Disclosure Formats in a Distribution Channel by Liang Guo
* Labor Market Institutions and Global Strategic Adaptation: Evidence from Lincoln Electric by Jordan I. Siegel, Barbara Zepp Larson
* Poker Player Behavior After Big Wins and Big Losses by Gary Smith, Michael Levere, Robert Kurtzman
* Revenue Driven Resource Allocation: Funding Authority, Incentives, and New Product Development Portfolio Management by Raul O. Chao, Stylianos Kavadias, Cheryl Gaimon
* A General Interindustry Relatedness Index by David J. Bryce, Sidney G. Winter
* Competing Retailers and Inventory: An Empirical Investigation of General Motors' Dealerships in Isolated U.S. Markets by Marcelo Olivares, Gérard P. Cachon
INFORMS journals are strongly cited in Journal Citation Reports, an industry source. In the JCR subject category "operations research and management science," Management Science ranked in the top 10 along with two other INFORMS journals.
The special MBA issue published by BusinessWeek includes Management Science and three other INFORMS journals in its list of 20 top academic journals that are used to evaluate business school programs. Financial Times includes Management Science and four other INFORMS journals in its list of academic journals used to evaluate MBA programs.
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences
Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Current Events and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder News ArticlesNoninvasive electrical stimulation may help relieve symptoms of PTSD and depression
A new study indicates that a noninvasive treatment that stimulates nerves through an electrical impulse many help patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression.Researchers' preclinical trial upends conventional wisdom about responses to fear
Fear. You've been there: Your heart races, even jumps to your throat. Your hands grow clammy and your stomach churns. Your mind goes blank.Electric patch holds promise for treating PTSD
An average of 30 years had passed since the traumatic events that had left them depressed, anxious, irritable, hypervigilant, unable to sleep well and prone to nightmares.Brain regions of PTSD patients show differences during fear responses
Regions of the brain function differently among people with post-traumatic stress disorder, causing them to generalize non-threatening events as if they were the original trauma, according to new research from Duke Medicine and the Durham VA Medical Center.Program that helps children cope after disasters could benefit refugees, at-risk youth
A social and emotional skills intervention developed to help children recover from the trauma of natural disasters is being adapted to help young Syrian refugees heal their psychological wounds. MRI shows 'brain scars' in military personnel with blast-related concussion
MRI shows brain damage in a surprisingly high percentage of active duty military personnel who suffered blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), according to a new study appearing online in the journal Radiology.Oxytocin has different effects on stress in male and female mice
Clinical trials are testing whether oxytocin, sometimes called the "love hormone" for its role in intimacy and social bonding, has potential as a treatment for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Study ranks six American cities on preparation for climate change
A new study assesses the factors that affect climate change adaptation and ranks six American cities, finding that Portland, Boston and Los Angeles are all in the advanced to middle stages of planning for extreme weather events linked to climate change while Raleigh and Tucson are in the early to middle stages. Military sexual trauma: Prevalent and under treated
Rates of military sexual trauma among men who served in the military may be as much as 15 times higher than has been previously reported, largely because of barriers associated with stigma, beliefs in myths about male rape, and feelings of helplessness, according to articles published by the American Psychological Association.Reduced activity of a brain protein linked to post-traumatic stress disorder
People with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have reduced activity of the protein serum and glucocorticoid regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) in their prefrontal cortices, and experimentally reducing the protein's activity in rats leads to PTSD-like behavior, according to a new study in PLOS Biology.
More Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Current Events and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder News Articles
The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook: A Guide to Healing, Recovery, and Growth|
by Glenn Schiraldi (Author)
The Definitive Resource for Trauma Survivors, Their Loved Ones, and Helpers Trauma can take many forms, from witnessing a violent crime or surviving a natural disaster to living with the effects of abuse, rape, combat, or alcoholism. Deep emotional wounds may seem like they will never heal. However, with The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook, Dr. Glenn Schiraldi offers a remarkable range of treatment alternatives and self-management techniques, showing survivors that the other side of pain is recovery and growth. Live your life more fully-without fear, pain, depression, or self-doubt Identify emotional triggers-and protect yourself from further harm Understand the link between PTSD and addiction-and how to break it Find the best treatments and techniques that are right for you ...
The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma|
by Bessel van der Kolk M.D. (Author)
• A New York Times Science Bestseller •
“Packed with science and human stories, the book is an intense read. . . . The struggle and resilience of [van der Kolk’s] patients is very moving.” —New Scientist
A pioneering researcher transforms our understanding of trauma and offers a bold new paradigm for healing
Trauma is a fact of life. Veterans and their families deal with the painful aftermath of combat; one in five Americans has been molested; one in four grew up with alcoholics; one in three couples have engaged in physical violence. Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, one of the world’s foremost experts on trauma, has spent over three decades working with survivors. In The Body Keeps the Score, he uses recent scientific advances to show how trauma literally...
The PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms (New Harbinger Self-Help Workbook)|
by Mary Beth Williams PhD LCSW CTS (Author), Soili Poijula PhD (Author)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an extremely debilitating anxiety condition that can occur after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal. Although many know that this mental health issue affects veterans of war, many may not know that it also affects victims of domestic violence, sexual violence, natural disasters, crime, car accidents and accidents in the workplace. No matter the cause of their illness, people with PTSD will often relive their traumatic experience in the form of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, and frightening thoughts. This is especially true when they are exposed to events or objects that remind them of their trauma. Left untreated, PTSD can lead to emotional numbness, insomnia, addiction, anxiety, depression, and even suicide.In The PTSD Workbook, Second...
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder For Dummies|
by Mark Goulston (Author)
As Dr. Mark Goulston tells his patients who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), "The fact that you’re still afraid doesn’t mean you’re in any danger. It just takes the will and the way for your heart and soul to accept what the logical part of your mind already knows." In Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder For Dummies, Dr. Goulston helps you find the will and shows you the way. A traumatic event can turn your world upside down, but there is a path out of PTSD. This reassuring guide presents the latest on effective treatments that help you combat fear, stop stress in its tracks, and bring joy back into your life. You'll learn how to: Identify PTSD symptoms and get a diagnosis Understand PTSD and the nature of trauma Develop a PTSD treatment plan Choose the ideal...
The Evil Hours: A Biography of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder|
by David J. Morris (Author)
“Provocative, exhaustively researched, and deeply moving . . . An essential book.” —New York Times Book Review
“Conveys the mysteries of trauma in a way that is unsurpassed in the literature . . . This is the most important book on the subject to come out in this century.” —Times Literary Supplement
“Compulsively readable.” —Los Angeles Times
Post-traumatic stress disorder haunts America today, its reach extending far beyond the armed forces to touch the lives of millions of us. In The Evil Hours, David J. Morris shares stories of people living with PTSD—including himself—and investigates the rich scientific, literary, and cultural history of the condition. The result is a humane, unforgettable book that has been hailed as a literary...
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder|
The purpose of this course is to provide primary care providers with the knowledge they need to effectively identify, engage, diagnose and treat patients with PTSD. In addition, members of the public may use this course to enhance their personal knowledge of the subject matter presented.
Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:
1. Review the historical conceptualization of trauma reactions and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
2. Analyze the models traditionally used to explain the PTSD disease process and to develop treatment modalities.
3. Define terms related to trauma and stress reactions.
4. Outline the epidemiology of PTSD and related comorbidities in various populations.
5. Review the natural history of PTSD.
Complex PTSD: From Surviving to Thriving: A GUIDE AND MAP FOR RECOVERING FROM CHILDHOOD TRAUMA|
by Pete Walker (Author)
I have Complex PTSD [Cptsd] and wrote this book from the perspective of someone who has experienced a great reduction of symptoms over the years. I also wrote it from the viewpoint of someone who has discovered many silver linings in the long, windy, bumpy road of recovering from Cptsd. I felt encouraged to write this book because of thousands of e-mail responses to the articles on my website that repeatedly expressed gratitude for the helpfulness of my work. An often echoed comment sounded like this: At last someone gets it. I can see now that I am not bad, defective or crazy…or alone! The causes of Cptsd range from severe neglect to monstrous abuse. Many survivors grow up in houses that are not homes – in families that are as loveless as orphanages and sometimes as...
The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook, Revised and Expanded Second Edition: A Guide to Healing, Recovery, and Growth|
by Glenn Schiraldi (Author)
How millions of PTSD suffers learned to live without fear, pain, depression, and self-doubtThe Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook, Revised and Expanded Second Edition introduces survivors, loved ones, and helpers to the remarkable range of treatment alternatives and self-management techniques available today to break through the pain and realize recovery and growth.This updated edition incorporates all-new diagnostics from the DSM-5 and covers the latest treatment techniques and research findings surrounding the optimization of brain health and function, sleep disturbance, new USDA dietary guidelines and the importance of antioxidants, early childhood trauma, treating PTSD and alcoholism, the relationship between PTSD and brain injury, suicide and PTSD, somatic complaints...
Treating Complex Traumatic Stress Disorders (Adults): Scientific Foundations and Therapeutic Models|
by Christine A. Courtois PhD (Editor), Julian D. Ford PhD (Editor), Bessel A. van der Kolk MD (Editor), Judith Lewis Herman MD (Editor)
Combining scientific and clinical perspectives, this volume brings together leading authorities on complex traumatic stress and its treatment in adults. Contributors review the research that supports the conceptualization of complex traumatic stress as distinct from PTSD. They explore the pathways by which chronic trauma can affect psychological development, attachment security, and adult relationships. Chapters describe evidence-based assessment tools and an array of treatment models for individuals, couples, families, and groups.
See also Drs. Courtois and Ford's authored book, Treatment of Complex Trauma, which presents their own therapeutic approach for adult clients in depth, and their edited volume Treating Complex Traumatic Stress Disorders in Children and...
When Someone You Love Suffers from Posttraumatic Stress: What to Expect and What You Can Do|
by Claudia Zayfert PhD (Author), Jason C. DeViva PhD (Author)
For trauma survivors struggling with intense memories and emotions, it often feels like life won't ever be "normal" again. Effective treatments are out there, but the needs of family members are often overlooked. Will the person you love ever get better? What can you do to promote healing? Where can you turn when you just can't cope? From experienced trauma specialists Drs. Claudia Zayfert and Jason C. DeViva, this compassionate guide is packed with information, support, vivid stories, and specific advice. Learn to navigate the rough spots day by day and help your loved one find a brighter tomorrow.
Mental health professionals, see also the related treatment manual, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for PTSD. Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT)...