Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Levels of coumarin in cassia cinnamon vary greatly even in bark from the same tree

November 04, 2010
A "huge" variation exists in the amounts of coumarin in bark samples of cassia cinnamon from trees growing in Indonesia, scientists are reporting in a new study. That natural ingredient in the spice may carry a theoretical risk of causing liver damage in a small number of sensitive people who consume large amounts of cinnamon. The report appears in ACS' bi-weekly Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Friederike Woehrlin and colleagues note that cinnamon is the second most popular spice, next to black pepper, in the United States and Europe. Cinnamon, which comes from the bark of trees, is sold as solid sticks and powder with the country of origin rarely declared on the package label. There are two main types: Ceylon cinnamon (also known as "true" cinnamon) and cassia cinnamon. Ceylon grows in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the Seychelles, and Madagascar. Cassia generally comes from China and Indonesia. Both types can contain coumarin, a natural flavoring found in plants. Studies have linked high coumarin intake to liver damage in a small number of sensitive people.

The scientists analyzed 91 cinnamon samples purchased from stores in Germany. They found that coumarin levels varied widely among different bark samples of Cassia cinnamon. Therefore they analyzed cassia bark samples of five trees received directly from Indonesia and found a huge variation even among samples collected from a single tree. The study confirmed that cassia cinnamon has the highest levels of coumarin, while Ceylon had the lowest levels. On average, cassia cinnamon powder contained up to 63 times more coumarin than Ceylon cinnamon powder and cassia cinnamon sticks contained 18 times more coumarin than Ceylon sticks. "Further research is necessary to identify factors influencing the coumarin levels in cassia cinnamon and to possibly allow the harvesting of cassia cinnamon with low coumarin levels in the future," the report notes.

Health officials say it is almost impossible for consumers to distinguish between Ceylon and cassia in cinnamon powder. Cinnamon sticks, however, do look different. Cassia cinnamon sticks consist of a thick layer of rolled bark, while Ceylon cinnamon sticks have thin layers of bark rolled up into a stick.

American Chemical Society


Related Cinnamon Current Events and Cinnamon News Articles


Preventing foodborne illness, naturally -- with cinnamon
Seeking ways to prevent some of the most serious foodborne illnesses caused by pathogenic bacteria, two Washington State University scientists have found promise in an ancient but common cooking spice: cinnamon.

Cinnamon May Be Used to Halt the Progression of Parkinson's disease
Neurological scientists at Rush University Medical Center have found that using cinnamon, a common food spice and flavoring material, can reverse the biomechanical, cellular and anatomical changes that occur in the brains of mice with Parkinson's disease (PD). The results of the study were recently published in the June 20 issue of the Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology.

South African Trauma Center Launches Portable Electronic Trauma Health Record Application
Electronic health records (EHRs) have become standard practice throughout hospitals in North America, but in countries with fewer resources many front-line clinicians are still collecting data on paper, if they are collecting it at all.

Archaeologists discover largest, oldest wine cellar in Near East
Would you drink wine flavored with mint, honey and a dash of psychotropic resins? Ancient Canaanites did more than 3,000 years ago.

Constructive conservation: last chance for biodiversity?
How can biodiversity be preserved in a world in which traditional ecosystems are increasingly being displaced by "man-made nature"?

UC Santa Barbara scientists discover cinnamon compounds' potential ability to prevent Alzheimer's
Cinnamon: Can the red-brown spice with the unmistakable fragrance and variety of uses offer an important benefit? The common baking spice might hold the key to delaying the onset of -- or warding off -- the effects of Alzheimer's disease.

Study on coumarin in cinnamon and cinnamon-based products
Many kinds of cinnamon, cinnamon-flavored foods, beverages and food supplements in the United States use a form of the spice that contains high levels of a natural substance that may cause liver damage in some sensitive people, scientists are reporting.

Do cells in the blood, heart and lungs smell the food we eat?
In a discovery suggesting that odors may have a far more important role in life than previously believed, scientists have found that heart, blood, lung and other cells in the body have the same receptors for sensing odors that exist in the nose.

Plant-Based Diets Can Remedy Chronic Diseases
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 63 percent of the deaths that occurred in 2008 were attributed to non-communicable chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, Type 2 diabetes and obesity-for which poor diets are contributing factors.

Smoking: Quitting is tough for teens, too
A new study finds that relatively early into tobacco addiction, teens experience many of the same negative psychological effects during abstinence as adults do, with a couple of exceptions.
More Cinnamon Current Events and Cinnamon News Articles

Cinnamon Girl (Second Chance at Love Series, Book 1)

Cinnamon Girl (Second Chance at Love Series, Book 1)
by ePublishing Works!


Crime reporter Lacy Erikson struggles with the accidental death of her husband and the feeling that God betrayed her.

Then an unusual murder puts her in the path of former police officer Michael Lindahl. A gorgeous hunk of a man with a rocky past, Mike rekindles Lacy's desires, showing her a future she never imagined. How can she not love a man who makes his own marshmallows?

But first Mike and Lacy must learn to trust—in each other as well as the Lord.

Recipe included.

OTHER TITLES by S.J MacIver
Cinnamon Girl
Ghost of a Chance

MEET S.J. MacIver:
S. J. MacIver, in an unusual twist of order, is a native Californian now living in North Dakota. Between reading and writing, the author enjoys visits to a...

Cinnamon and Gunpowder: A Novel

Cinnamon and Gunpowder: A Novel
by Eli Brown (Author)


The year is 1819, and the renowned chef Owen Wedgwood has been kidnapped by a beautiful yet ruthless pirate. He will be spared, Mad Hannah Mabbot tells him, as long as he can conjure an exquisite meal every Sunday from the ship’s meager supplies. While Wedgwood attempts to satisfy his captor with feats such as tea-smoked eel and pineapple-banana cider, he realizes that Mabbot herself is under siege. Hunted by a deadly privateer and plagued by a saboteur, she pushes her crew past exhaustion in her search for the notorious Brass Fox. But there is a method to Mabbot’s madness, and as the Flying Rose races across the ocean, Wedgwood learns to rely on the bizarre crew members he once feared: a formidable giant who loves to knit; a pair of stoic martial arts masters, sworn to defend their...

Duck Hunting Teal: The Early Duck Hunting Season (Blue Winged Teal, Green Winged Teal and Cinnamon Teal)

Duck Hunting Teal: The Early Duck Hunting Season (Blue Winged Teal, Green Winged Teal and Cinnamon Teal)
by Blue Dun Publishing


Most states offer an early duck hunting season for teal. Teal hunting season is a great way for duck hunters to get out while the weather is still mild and it helps get us motivated for the upcoming duck hunting season.

The sound of these little winged rockets is one that many dedicated duck hunters never get to hear. That's because teal hunting usually occurs very early in the fall. It is so different in many respects from later season hunting that many waterfowl hunters simply aren't geared for it mentally.

It seems so out of place to wear lightweight, green-colored camo and to wear mosquito repellent on a duck hunt. It seems more like dove hunting than duck hunting.

It's also a lot cheaper to hunt the early teal season than it is to hunt ducks in cold...

Cinnamon: A Blood Nation Novel (Volume 3)

Cinnamon: A Blood Nation Novel (Volume 3)
by Derekica Snake (Author)


Year Two Xavier Von Drachenfeld is being hailed as the first Lord Emperor in four hundred years, and the Blood Nation is starting to break into factions. The red headed yearling has more on his plate than he can handle: a stalker,perplexing medical issues, and work, all while still trying to learn what it takes to be a Blue Blood vampire. However, a powerful Ancient, Hades, has brought his attention on the young assassin. When Hades speaks, the nation listens, whether it be affairs of state, matters of finance, or orders of assassination. What Hades wants, Hades gets, and Hades wants the redhead. Can a minor Ancient such as Claudius defy that authority? Can the broken lover stand up to protect his heart of hearts? Does the Brotherhood of Von Drachenfeld need outside protection? Then the...

Cinnamon Roll Murder (A Hannah Swensen Mystery)

Cinnamon Roll Murder (A Hannah Swensen Mystery)
by Joanne Fluke (Author)


April is a busy time for Hannah Swensen and her bakery; the warm weather makes folks in Lake Eden, Minnesota go wild for something sweet. When Hannah hears that the Cinnamon Roll Six jazz band will be playing at the town's Weekend Jazz Festival, she's more than happy to bake up a generous supply of their namesake confections to welcome the band to town. Before the festival even begins, tragedy strikes when the tour bus overturns. Among those injured is Buddy Neiman, the band's beloved keyboard player. Buddy's injuries appear minor, until his condition suddenly takes a turn for the worse - as in dead. Hannah's no doctor, but she suspects that the surgical scissors someone plunged into Buddy's chest may have something to do with it. Hannah isn't sure just how she'll unravel the mystery, but...

The Cinnamon Book

The Cinnamon Book
by Emily Thacker (Author)


Cinnamon Can Heal What? Researchers from all around the world agree – cinnamon is simply loaded with health benefits! From America to the Middle East, to China and all around the world, cinnamon is helping those with diabetes, obesity, arthritis, high cholesterol and a whole host of other ailments. Cinnamon, that tasty little spice, is most commonly known to be used on cookies, toast or in coffee. It is the top used seasoning in the world, second only to black pepper. A popular ingredient in lotions and fragrances, cinnamon adds a special sweetness to cereal, fruit and main courses. Who knew it packed such a health punch! And now over 350 health and beauty super remedies and tonics for cinnamon are available in the 208-page Cinnamon Book by noted natural health author, Emily Thacker....

Natural Cinnamon And Honey Cures: Cinnamon Health Benefits, Cures, Remedies, Treatments and Recipes. Boost Energy, Control Diabetes, Cure Arthritis, Prevent Alzheimer's, Colds, even Weight Loss!

Natural Cinnamon And Honey Cures: Cinnamon Health Benefits, Cures, Remedies, Treatments and Recipes. Boost Energy, Control Diabetes, Cure Arthritis, Prevent Alzheimer's, Colds, even Weight Loss!


Over 4600 downloads. That's a lot of healthy and happy readers!
Did You Know That Cinnamon Can Help Prevent and Cure Cancer, Diabetes, Alzheimer's, Help Lose Weight and Fight Off Colds and Flu?

Cinnamon lowers blood sugar, Cinnamon improves brain function, can inhibit tumor growth, decreases inflammation, and has been shown to prevent and stop the growth of harmful bacteria, fungi and yeasts.

Cinnamon has also been connected to weight loss, preventing unwanted blood clotting, and enhance ones cardiovascular health.

Author and Master Herbalist Patricia Gardner Explains The Many Health Benefits, Cures, and Remedies That Cinnamon and Honey Bring Us!

So many people around the world are experiencing, or just now discovering how...

Cinnamon Skin: A Travis McGee Novel

Cinnamon Skin: A Travis McGee Novel
by John D. MacDonald (Author), Lee Child (Introduction)


From a beloved master of crime fiction, Cinnamon Skin is one of many classic novels featuring Travis McGee, the hard-boiled detective who lives on a houseboat.
 
In the Florida Keys, a houseboat explodes in a giant white flash, instantly killing the honeymooners onboard. Travis McGee’s best friend, Meyer, loses not only his home and every single thing in it but his last living relative. Now he wants answers. And he and McGee plan to get them—or die trying.
 
“To diggers a thousand years from now, the works of John D. MacDonald would be a treasure on the order of the tomb of Tutankhamen.”—Kurt Vonnegut
 
If Travis McGee hadn’t arranged a lecture tour for his friend, Meyer would be dead. As it was, Meyer lent the John Maynard Keynes to his just-married...

Cinnamon

Cinnamon
by WinePress


A modern-day Cinderella story about one young woman who shops too much, preaches too much and can't hold onto her job. So when she meets Prince Charming, her friends doubt she can hold onto him. But Cinnamon Fairfield learns that God has valuable lessons in store if she will just open her mind and her heart.

Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon

Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
by Jorge Amado (Author)


Ilhéus in 1925 is a booming town with a record cacao crop and aspirations for progress, but the traditional ways prevail. When Colonel Mendonça discovers his wife in bed with a lover, he shoots and kills them both. Political contests, too, can be settled by gunshot...

No one imagines that a bedraggled migrant worker who turns up in town–least of all Gabriela herself–will be the agent of change. Nacib Saad has just lost the cook at his popular café and in desperation hires Gabriela. To his surprise she turns out to be a great beauty as well as a wonderful cook and an enchanting boon to his business. But what would people say if Nacib were to marry her?

Lusty, satirical and full of intrigue, Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon is a vastly entertaining panorama of small town...

© 2014 BrightSurf.com