Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Gobbling extra stuffing: Willpower no match for cheap food, big portions, say Cornell nutritionists

November 17, 2011
Ditching the diet for Thanksgiving? Turkey with all the fixings isn't the only temptation causing would-be dieters to miss their goals, according to a new Cornell University review article that finds powerful environmental cues are subconsciously bending willpower every day.

"We're slaves to our environment," said David Levitsky, professor of nutritional sciences and of psychology at Cornell, who co-authored the article with graduate student Carly Pacanowski.

The article, "Free Will and the Obesity Epidemic," will be published in an upcoming print edition of the journal Public Health Nutrition (http://bit.ly/sYl5hJ).

Levitsky and Pacanowski analyzed hundreds of articles on eating behavior and found forces that individuals have no control over are heavily influencing the obesity epidemic in the United States. These forces include cheap food prices and ease of access to unhealthy food. Social factors such as seeing others eat are also strong stimulants, Levitsky said, and have taken on more strength in the past 50 to 60 years, as restaurant dining becomes more frequent.

The article finds portion size emerged as one of the most powerful links to overeating. "And it's not just the amount you put on your plate, but also the package size from which the food comes determines how much you will eat," Levitsky said.

The article suggests dieters can weigh themselves and graph the results on a daily basis to counter these forces because it boosts one's awareness of unconscious eating. It also suggests that the government plays a role in combating the obesity epidemic by subsidizing fruits and vegetables, making low-calorie foods cheaper.

Cornell University


Related Obesity Current Events and Obesity News Articles


Men fare worse than women in China regarding discrimination among obese workers
New research that analyzes economic disparity among obese Chinese adults shows that there is no wage disparity for obese women in China, but there is pay inequality among obese men.

New mouse model points to therapy for liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common affliction, affecting almost 30 percent of Americans, with a significant number suffering from its most severe form, called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH, which can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Do gut bacteria rule our minds?
It sounds like science fiction, but it seems that bacteria within us - which outnumber our own cells about 100-fold - may very well be affecting both our cravings and moods to get us to eat what they want, and often are driving us toward obesity.

IU study examines how genes, gender and environment influence substance abuse
Social integration, including strong family ties, can protect one's well-being and even reduce the impact high-risk genes have on health.

Message to parents: Babies don't 'start from scratch'
There's now overwhelming evidence that a child's future health is influenced by more than just their parents' genetic material, and that children born of unhealthy parents will already be pre-programmed for greater risk of poor health, according to University of Adelaide researchers.

Single enzyme is necessary for development of diabetes
An enzyme called 12-LO promotes the obesity-induced oxidative stress in the pancreatic cells that leads to pre-diabetes, and diabetes.

The Lancet: overweight and obesity linked to 10 common cancers and over 12,000 cases every year in the UK
A higher body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of developing 10 of the most common cancers, the largest study of its kind on BMI and cancer, involving more than 5 million adults in the UK, published in The Lancet shows.

Aspirin may slow recurrence in breast cancer patients
New findings published today in the journal Cancer Research reveal that some postmenopausal overweight breast cancer patients who use common anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin or ibuprofen have significantly lower breast cancer recurrence rates.

NSAIDs may lower breast cancer recurrence rate in overweight and obese women
Recurrence of hormone-related breast cancer was cut by half in overweight and obese women who regularly used aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

NSAIDs benefit overweight breast cancer patients, study finds
Researchers have determined that postmenopausal overweight or obese breast cancer patients receiving hormone therapy as part of their treatment and who use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen have significantly lower breast cancer recurrence rates and a sizable delay in time to cancer recurrence.
More Obesity Current Events and Obesity News Articles

Textbook of Obesity: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Influences

Textbook of Obesity: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Influences
by Sharon Akabas (Editor), Sally Ann Lederman (Editor), Barbara J. Moore (Editor)


Textbook of Obesity is designed to cover all of the essential elements concerning the etiology, prevention and treatment of obesity suitable for students in nutrition, dietetics and health science courses. Providing core knowledge for students is an essential and urgent requirement to ensure that those graduating will be properly equipped to deal with the high prevalence of overweight and obesity, currently affecting almost two-thirds of the population of the USA and with prevalence in much of the rest of the world rapidly catching up.This landmark text is organized into 5 parts comprising 27 chapters, each carefully written in a user-friendly style by experts in the area.  Part I helps the reader to understand the scope and complexity of the problem of obesity. Part II focuses on...

Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease

Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease
by Robert H. Lustig (Author)


New York Times Bestseller

Robert Lustig’s 90-minute YouTube video “Sugar: The Bitter Truth”, has been viewed more than three million times. Now, in this much anticipated book, he documents the science and the politics that has led to the pandemic of chronic disease over the last 30 years.

In the late 1970s when the government mandated we get the fat out of our food, the food industry responded by pouring more sugar in. The result has been a perfect storm, disastrously altering our biochemistry and driving our eating habits out of our control.

To help us lose weight and recover our health, Lustig presents personal strategies to readjust the key hormones that regulate hunger, reward, and stress; and societal strategies to improve the health of the next...

Addicted to Food: Understanding the obesity epidemic (Kindle Single) (Guardian Shorts Book 56)

Addicted to Food: Understanding the obesity epidemic (Kindle Single) (Guardian Shorts Book 56)
by Guardian Books


Obesity has hit epidemic levels. In the developed, and much of the developing world, it is now 'normal' to be overweight with a BMI of 25 or more. And the global population is getting fatter all the time as a powerful mix of cheap foods, social behaviours and commercial pressures drives us to the biscuit tin again and again and again.

But this is not the worst of it.

The sugars, salts and fats that are slowly killing us are at the same time essential for our survival. Our brains reward us when we eat them, filling us with feelings of pleasure. But modern abundance has pushed this too far - in this Guardian Short, James Erlichman lays out a frank argument in which we have become addicted to food. Full of diverse research and exploring the science of obesity and the...

The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier

The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier
by Carl J. Lavie M.D. (Author)


Most of us think that longevity hinges on maintaining a normal Body Mass Index. But research conducted over the last decade hit the media in January with explosive news: Overweight and even moderately obese people with certain chronic diseases—from heart disease to cancer— often live longer and fare better than normalweight individuals with the same ailments.

In this groundbreaking book, Carl Lavie, MD, reveals the science behind the obesity paradox and shows us how to achieve maximum health rather than minimum weight. Lavie not only explains how extra fat provides additional fuel to help fight illness, he also argues that we’ve gotten so used to framing health issues in terms of obesity that we overlook other potential causes of disease. Picking up where the bestseller Fat...

Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success (How to Lose 100 Pounds)

Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success (How to Lose 100 Pounds)
by PKS Publishing


Losing 100 pounds is NOT easy! This book is NOT filled with the latest promises and solutions for fast weight loss. You can find plenty of other books on those topics if you're not ready to give up the roller coaster ride just yet.

What you will find here is a blueprint of tips and ideas for getting started...an outline of sorts for designing a plan that will work for YOU.

This is a quick read from a real woman who is on a journey to lose 100+ pounds. These ideas helped her to FINALLY start a weight loss plan that actually became fun and inspiring. This blueprint can help you too.

If you're ready to lose the weight and change your life, whether it's 100 pounds or 20 pounds, then "Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success" is for you!

A Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind the Obesity Epidemic â and How We Can End It

A Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind the Obesity Epidemic — and How We Can End It
by M.D. Deborah Cohen (Author)



Obesity is the public health crisis of the twenty-first century. Over 150 million Americans are overweight or obese, and across the globe an estimated 1.5 billion are affected. In A Big Fat Crisis, Dr. Deborah A. Cohen has created a major new work that will transform the conversation surrounding the modern weight crisis. Based on her own extensive research, as well as the latest insights from behavioral economics and cognitive science, Cohen reveals what drives the obesity epidemic and how we, as a nation, can overcome it.

Cohen argues that the massive increase in obesity is the product of two forces. One is the immutable aspect of human nature, namely the fundamental limits of self-control and the unconscious ways we are hard-wired to eat. And second is the completely...

Leptin Resistance: The Truth About The Leptin Hormone and Obesity and How To Overcome For Permanent Weight Loss (The Weight Loss Solution Series, Leptin Diet Book 1)

Leptin Resistance: The Truth About The Leptin Hormone and Obesity and How To Overcome For Permanent Weight Loss (The Weight Loss Solution Series, Leptin Diet Book 1)
by Symbol LLC


LEARN THE TRUTH ABOUT LEPTIN RESISTANCE AND WHY THE LEPTIN HORMONE MAY BE KEEPING YOU FROM LOSING WEIGHT
DOWNLOAD TODAY AND RECEIVE THE POPULAR "101 TIPS TO BURN BELLY FAT DAILY" FOR FREE!

Today only, get this Amazon top seller for just $2.99. Regularly priced
at $6.99. Read on your PC, Mac, smart phone, tablet or Kindle device.

DISCOVER THE SCIENCE BEHIND THE LEPTIN HORMONE AND WHAT YOU CAN DO TO TAKE CONTROL OF IT AND YOUR WEIGHT LOSS

Like most people in modern society you have probably struggled with weight loss and your body image. After a while you may just give up and begin to accept the fact that you might never achieve the body you desire to have. It has been said that the leptin hormone plays a huge role in the body and is one...

It's Not a Diet, It's a Lifestyle!

It's Not a Diet, It's a Lifestyle!
by Aleksandra Kadzielawski


Diets are not sustainable and often lead to malnutrition. They are hard to follow, encourage a sense of deprivation, and mood swings, only to result in frustration and weight gain.

"It’s Not a Diet, It’s a Lifestyle" teaches you how to slowly wean off processed foods, and incorporate nature’s best ingredients into your kitchen. Learn how to transform your current eating habits, retrain your tastebuds, and eliminate cravings by gradually incorporating nutrient-dense foods without having to follow a restrictive diet ever again.

This simple guide also gives you insights into what the U.S. food industry doesn’t want you to know, and unveils the truth about what’s really hiding in our food supply, giving you the right tools to protect yourself and your...

Why We Get Fat: And What to Do About It

Why We Get Fat: And What to Do About It
by Gary Taubes (Author)


Building upon his critical work in Good Calories, Bad Calories and presenting fresh evidence for his claim, Gary Taubes revisits the urgent question of what’s making us fat—and how we can change.
 
He reveals the bad nutritional science of the last century—none more damaging or misguided than the “calories-in, calories-out” model of why we get fat—and the good science that has been ignored. He also answers the most persistent questions: Why are some people thin and others fat? What roles do exercise and genetics play in our weight? What foods should we eat, and what foods should we avoid? Persuasive, straightforward, and practical, Why We Get Fat is an essential guide to nutrition and weight management.

Weighing In: Obesity, Food Justice, and the Limits of Capitalism (California Studies in Food and Culture)

Weighing In: Obesity, Food Justice, and the Limits of Capitalism (California Studies in Food and Culture)
by Julie Guthman (Author)


Weighing In takes on the “obesity epidemic,” challenging many widely held assumptions about its causes and consequences. Julie Guthman examines fatness and its relationship to health outcomes to ask if our efforts to prevent “obesity” are sensible, efficacious, or ethical. She also focuses the lens of obesity on the broader food system to understand why we produce cheap, over-processed food, as well as why we eat it. Guthman takes issue with the currently touted remedy to obesity—promoting food that is local, organic, and farm fresh. While such fare may be tastier and grown in more ecologically sustainable ways, this approach can also reinforce class and race inequalities and neglect other possible explanations for the rise in obesity, including environmental toxins. Arguing that...

© 2014 BrightSurf.com