Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Gobbling extra stuffing: Willpower no match for cheap food, big portions, say Cornell nutritionists

November 17, 2011
Ditching the diet for Thanksgiving? Turkey with all the fixings isn't the only temptation causing would-be dieters to miss their goals, according to a new Cornell University review article that finds powerful environmental cues are subconsciously bending willpower every day.

"We're slaves to our environment," said David Levitsky, professor of nutritional sciences and of psychology at Cornell, who co-authored the article with graduate student Carly Pacanowski.

The article, "Free Will and the Obesity Epidemic," will be published in an upcoming print edition of the journal Public Health Nutrition (http://bit.ly/sYl5hJ).

Levitsky and Pacanowski analyzed hundreds of articles on eating behavior and found forces that individuals have no control over are heavily influencing the obesity epidemic in the United States. These forces include cheap food prices and ease of access to unhealthy food. Social factors such as seeing others eat are also strong stimulants, Levitsky said, and have taken on more strength in the past 50 to 60 years, as restaurant dining becomes more frequent.

The article finds portion size emerged as one of the most powerful links to overeating. "And it's not just the amount you put on your plate, but also the package size from which the food comes determines how much you will eat," Levitsky said.

The article suggests dieters can weigh themselves and graph the results on a daily basis to counter these forces because it boosts one's awareness of unconscious eating. It also suggests that the government plays a role in combating the obesity epidemic by subsidizing fruits and vegetables, making low-calorie foods cheaper.

Cornell University


Related Obesity Current Events and Obesity News Articles


Weight gain in children occurs after tonsil removal, not linked to obesity
Weight gain in children after they have their tonsils removed (adenotonsillectomy) occurs primarily in children who are smaller and younger at the time of the surgery, and weight gain was not linked with increased rates of obesity.

Food shortages could be most critical world issue by mid-century
The world is less than 40 years away from a food shortage that will have serious implications for people and governments, according to a top scientist at the U.S. Agency for International Development.

Researchers: Obesity can amplify bone and muscle loss
Florida State University researchers have identified a new syndrome called "osteosarcopenic obesity" that links the deterioration of bone density and muscle mass with obesity.

Key milestone for brown fat research with a ground-breaking MRI scan
The first MRI scan to show 'brown fat' in a living adult could prove to be an essential step towards a new wave of therapies to aid the fight against diabetes and obesity.

Vitamin D deficiency contributes to poor mobility among severely obese people
Among severely obese people, vitamin D may make the difference between an active and a more sedentary lifestyle.

Body Mass Index associated with breast cancer, regardless of body shape
A study of predominantly white women finds a larger waist circumference is associated with higher risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, but not beyond its contribution to BMI.

Long-term antibiotic treatment for Q fever causes weight gain
Scientists have unearthed still more evidence that antibiotics can contribute to obesity. Research published ahead of print in the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy suggests that patients on long-term antibiotic treatment gained weight and had significant changes in their gut microbiota.

Women who gain too much or too little weight during pregnancy at risk for having an overweight child
Gaining both too much or too little weight during pregnancy appears to increase the risk of having an overweight or obese child, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Vigilance for Kidney Problems Key for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Rheumatoid arthritis patients are likelier than the average person to develop chronic kidney disease, and more severe inflammation in the first year of rheumatoid arthritis, corticosteroid use, high blood pressure and obesity are among the risk factors, new Mayo Clinic research shows.

Montréal researchers explain how our immune system kills abnormal blood cells
A team of researchers at the IRCM, led by André Veillette, MD, explains how our immune system kills abnormal blood cells.
More Obesity Current Events and Obesity News Articles

The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier

The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier
by Carl J. Lavie M.D. (Author)


Most of us think that longevity hinges on maintaining a normal Body Mass Index. But research conducted over the last decade hit the media in January with explosive news: Overweight and even moderately obese people with certain chronic diseases—from heart disease to cancer— often live longer and fare better than normalweight individuals with the same ailments.

In this groundbreaking book, Carl Lavie, MD, reveals the science behind the obesity paradox and shows us how to achieve maximum health rather than minimum weight. Lavie not only explains how extra fat provides additional fuel to help fight illness, he also argues that we’ve gotten so used to framing health issues in terms of obesity that we overlook other potential causes of disease. Picking up where the bestseller Fat...

Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials

Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials
by Michael G. Steelman (Editor), Eric Westman (Editor)


Addressing a growing epidemic in today’s world, Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials presents practical treatment protocols for obesity, including exercise, pharmacology, behavior modification, and dietary factors, from the point of view of the practicing physician. Encompassing a multidisciplinary audience of clinicians and researchers, this comprehensive resource is an invaluable, user-friendly tool for bariatric physicians and surgeons, endocrinologists, diabetologists, nutritionists, dieticians, and all those who treat obesity. Written by prominent members of the American Society of Bariatric Physicians, this text: Showcases successful treatment methods by including key points of various clinicians in each chapter Includes an up-to-date chapter on the pharmacology of...

Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success (How to Lose 100 Pounds)

Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success (How to Lose 100 Pounds)
by PKS Publishing


Losing 100 pounds is NOT easy! This book is NOT filled with the latest promises and solutions for fast weight loss. You can find plenty of other books on those topics if you're not ready to give up the roller coaster ride just yet.

What you will find here is a blueprint of tips and ideas for getting started...an outline of sorts for designing a plan that will work for YOU.

This is a quick read from a real woman who is on a journey to lose 100+ pounds. These ideas helped her to FINALLY start a weight loss plan that actually became fun and inspiring. This blueprint can help you too.

If you're ready to lose the weight and change your life, whether it's 100 pounds or 20 pounds, then "Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success" is for you!

Addicted to Food: Understanding the obesity epidemic (Kindle Single) (Guardian Shorts)

Addicted to Food: Understanding the obesity epidemic (Kindle Single) (Guardian Shorts)
by Guardian Books


Obesity has hit epidemic levels. In the developed, and much of the developing world, it is now 'normal' to be overweight with a BMI of 25 or more. And the global population is getting fatter all the time as a powerful mix of cheap foods, social behaviours and commercial pressures drives us to the biscuit tin again and again and again.

But this is not the worst of it.

The sugars, salts and fats that are slowly killing us are at the same time essential for our survival. Our brains reward us when we eat them, filling us with feelings of pleasure. But modern abundance has pushed this too far - in this Guardian Short, James Erlichman lays out a frank argument in which we have become addicted to food. Full of diverse research and exploring the science of obesity and the...

Textbook of Obesity: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Influences

Textbook of Obesity: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Influences
by Sharon Akabas (Editor), Sally Ann Lederman (Editor), Barbara J. Moore (Editor)


Textbook of Obesity is designed to cover all of the essential elements concerning the etiology, prevention and treatment of obesity suitable for students in nutrition, dietetics and health science courses. Providing core knowledge for students is an essential and urgent requirement to ensure that those graduating will be properly equipped to deal with the high prevalence of overweight and obesity, currently affecting almost two-thirds of the population of the USA and with prevalence in much of the rest of the world rapidly catching up.This landmark text is organized into 5 parts comprising 27 chapters, each carefully written in a user-friendly style by experts in the area.  Part I helps the reader to understand the scope and complexity of the problem of obesity. Part II focuses on...

The Obesity Epidemic: What Caused It? How Can We Stop It?

The Obesity Epidemic: What Caused It? How Can We Stop It?
by Zoe Harcombe (Author)


The Obesity Epidemic: What caused it? How can we stop it? does what it says in the title it answers those two critical questions. It takes you on the journey that the author, Zoë Harcombe went on to answer those questions and hopefully it will shock you as much as it shocked her. The starting point must be when did The Obesity Epidemic start? The graphs and tables show a stunning increase in obesity levels at the turn of the 1980 s and obesity literally takes off, like an aeroplane trajectory, from that point onwards. Obesity in the UK, as an example, increases almost 10 fold between the 1970 s and 1999 from 2.7% to 25%. So what happened? The short answer is we changed our diet advice. More accurately we did a U-turn in our diet advice. We used to believe (and our grandmothers still...

Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease

Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease
by Robert H. Lustig (Author)


New York Times Bestseller

Robert Lustig’s 90-minute YouTube video “Sugar: The Bitter Truth”, has been viewed more than three million times. Now, in this much anticipated book, he documents the science and the politics that has led to the pandemic of chronic disease over the last 30 years.

In the late 1970s when the government mandated we get the fat out of our food, the food industry responded by pouring more sugar in. The result has been a perfect storm, disastrously altering our biochemistry and driving our eating habits out of our control.

To help us lose weight and recover our health, Lustig presents personal strategies to readjust the key hormones that regulate hunger, reward, and stress; and societal strategies to improve the health of the next...

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Obesity: A Clinician's Guide

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Obesity: A Clinician's Guide
by Zafra Cooper (Author), Christopher G. Fairburn (Author), Deborah M. Hawker (Author)


The first cognitive-behavioral treatment manual for obesity, this volume presents an innovative therapeutic model currently being evaluated in controlled research at Oxford University. From leading clinical researchers, the approach is specifically designed to overcome a major weakness of existing therapies: posttreatment weight regain. The book details powerful ways to help patients not only to achieve weight loss, but also to modify the problematic cognitions that undermine long-term weight control. Drawing on strategies proven effective with such problems as binge eating, the manual contains everything needed to implement the treatment: intervention guidelines, case examples, and reproducible handouts and forms.


The Obesity Cure - How To Finally Overcome Obesity And Lose Weight For Life (Weight Loss, Weight Loss Motivation, How To Lose Weight)

The Obesity Cure - How To Finally Overcome Obesity And Lose Weight For Life (Weight Loss, Weight Loss Motivation, How To Lose Weight)


How To Overcome Obesity And Lose Weight For Life!
Today only, get this Kindle book for just $2.99. Regularly priced at $4.99. Read on your PC, Mac, smart phone, tablet or Kindle device.

You’re about to discover how to finally overcome obesity and lose weight to feel great and get healthy.

Obesity is a term applied to people who have too much body fat as evidenced by a weight which is 20% higher than the ideal body weight and a body mass index that is over 30. Obesity is usually confused with the terms “overweight” and “morbid obesity”.

Having difficulty losing weight? Do you often find yourself looking at the mirror and wishing that you were slimmer or muscular? Shake those negative thoughts out of your head! Here’s some good news...

The Evolution of Obesity

The Evolution of Obesity
by Michael L. Power (Author), Jay Schulkin (Author)


In this sweeping exploration of the relatively recent obesity epidemic, Michael L. Power and Jay Schulkin probe evolutionary biology, history, physiology, and medical science to uncover the causes of our growing girth. The unexpected answer? Our own evolutionary success.For most of the past few million years, our evolutionary ancestors' survival depended on being able to consume as much as possible when food was available and to store the excess energy for periods when it was scarce. In the developed world today, high-calorie foods are readily obtainable, yet the propensity to store fat is part of our species' heritage, leaving an increasing number of the world's people vulnerable to obesity. In an environment of abundant food, we are anatomically, physiologically, metabolically, and...

© 2014 BrightSurf.com