Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Medical School implements successful radiation protection program for undergraduate medical students

March 01, 2012

Reston, VA -- A medical school in Ireland has successfully implemented a radiation protection program, improving knowledge of radiation protection among medical undergraduates, according to a study in the March issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Although the increased use of diagnostic imaging has resulted in faster, more accurate diagnosis, better assessment of therapy response, and early detection of complications, there has been a great deal of scrutiny of its increasing use. As a result, there is a growing need for medical professionals to be educated in all aspects of diagnostic imaging to ensure a basic understanding of imaging technology, appropriate and efficient utilization of diagnostic imaging investigations, basic image interpretation and possible adverse effects of exposure to ionizing radiation.

An e-learning module in radiation protection was designed and presented to year four medical undergraduates at University Cork College in Cork, Ireland. All students were required to complete pre-module and post-module questionnaires.

Eighty-nine percent and 99 percent of the 127 medical students successfully completed and returned the pre-module and post-module questionnaires.

"After the e-learning module, students' post-module radiation protection knowledge had improved significantly," said Sum Leong, MB, lead author of the study.

Analysis of post-module radiation protection knowledge suggested that a favorable self-assessment of knowledge of radiation protection, perception of career prospects in radiology and completion of the e-learning module with an increased number of sessions were factor predictive of improved radiation protection knowledge.

"The undergraduate medical curriculum is undergoing constant review and modification in response to modern medical developments that are changing clinical practice. The introduction of radiation protection into undergraduate curriculum therefore requires careful planning to maximize the effectiveness of the course while avoiding overburdening undergraduates with unmanageable lecture and tutorial schedules," said Leong.

"Combining e-learning and more traditional educational programs such as a clinical radiology rotation is likely to improve student experience," he said.


American College of Radiology


Related Radiation Current Events and Radiation News Articles


Scientists discover potentially habitable planets
Is there life beyond our solar system? If there is, our best bet for finding it may lie in three nearby, Earth-like exoplanets.

Three Earth-sized planets found orbiting a tiny nearby star
An international team of astronomers composed of UC San Diego astrophysicists has discovered three Earth-sized planets orbiting near the "habitable zone" of an ultracool dwarf star, the first planets ever discovered around such a tiny and dim star.

A cleansing rain falls; a soil-filled mist arises
Most of us think of that sweet smell after a storm as the aftereffect of rain that has rinsed the air of pollutants and dust.

Three potentially habitable worlds found around nearby ultracool dwarf star
A team of astronomers led by Michaël Gillon, of the Institut d'Astrophysique et Géophysique at the University of Liîge in Belgium, have used the Belgian TRAPPIST telescope to observe the star 2MASS J23062928-0502285, now also known as TRAPPIST-1.

A long-noncoding RNA regulates repair of DNA breaks in triple-negative breast cancer cells
The discovery of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has dramatically changed the understanding of the biology of diseases such as cancer.

Is breast conserving therapy or mastectomy better for early breast cancer?
Young women with early breast cancer face a difficult choice about whether to opt for a mastectomy or breast conserving therapy (BCT).

Using oxygen to sterilize medical implants could save time and money
International researchers led by the University of Bath have demonstrated a cheap, effective and environmentally-friendly way to sterilise medical implants without changing their properties, in contrast to some techniques.

Light-powered 3-D printer creates terahertz lens
From visible light to radio waves, most people are familiar with the different sections of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Radiation and immunotherapy combination can destroy both primary and secondary tumors
Radiation therapy not only kills cancer cells, but also helps to activate the immune system against their future proliferation.

Radiotherapy for lung cancer patients is linked to increased risk of non-cancer deaths
Researchers have found that treating patients who have early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a type of radiotherapy called stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is associated with a small but increased risk of death from causes other than cancer.
More Radiation Current Events and Radiation News Articles

Radiation: What It Is, What You Need to Know

Radiation: What It Is, What You Need to Know
by Robert Peter Gale (Author), Eric Lax (Author)


The universe was born in a nuclear explosion. We live on a radioactive planet. Without radiation there would be not life. And yet radiation remains deeply misunderstood and often mistakenly feared. Now Dr. Robert Peter Gale—one of the world’s leading experts on the subject—and Eric Lax set the record straight about subjects like uranium, plutonium, iodine-131, X-Rays, CT scans, and the radiation of food, while lucidly debunking myths about radioactivity. In this fascinating book, the authors explore the science, benefits, and risks of radiation exposure, drawing on the most up-to-date research and Gale’s extensive experience treating victims of radiation accidents around the globe. Here is an illuminating and essential guide to our post-Chernobyl, post-Fukushima world.

Strange Glow: The Story of Radiation

Strange Glow: The Story of Radiation
by Timothy J. Jorgensen (Author)



More than ever before, radiation is a part of our modern daily lives. We own radiation-emitting phones, regularly get diagnostic x-rays, such as mammograms, and submit to full-body security scans at airports. We worry and debate about the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the safety of nuclear power plants. But how much do we really know about radiation? And what are its actual dangers? An accessible blend of narrative history and science, Strange Glow describes mankind's extraordinary, thorny relationship with radiation, including the hard-won lessons of how radiation helps and harms our health. Timothy Jorgensen explores how our knowledge of and experiences with radiation in the last century can lead us to smarter personal decisions about radiation exposures today.
...

A Slow Death: 83 Days of Radiation Sickness

A Slow Death: 83 Days of Radiation Sickness
by NHK TV Crew (Compiler)


Japan's worst nuclear radiation accident took place at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokaimura, northeast of Tokyo, on 30 September 1999. The direct cause of the accident was cited as the depositing of a uranyl nitrate solution--containing about 16.6 kg of uranium, which exceeded the critical mass--into a precipitation tank. Three workers were exposed to extreme doses of radiation.

Hiroshi Ouchi, one of these workers, was transferred to the University of Tokyo Hospital Emergency Room, three days after the accident. Dr. Maekawa and his staff initially thought that Ouchi looked relatively well for a person exposed to such radiation levels. He could talk, and only his right hand was a little swollen with redness. However, his condition gradually weakened as the ...

A Field Guide to Radiation

A Field Guide to Radiation
by Wayne Biddle (Author)


A comprehensive and accessible guide to understanding how radiation affects our everyday livesNuclear energy, X-rays, radon, cell phones . . . radiation is part of the way we live on a daily basis, and yet the sources and repercussions of our exposure to it remain mysterious. Now Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist Wayne Biddle offers a first-of-its-kind guide to understanding this fundamental aspect of the universe. From fallout to radiation poisoning, alpha particles to cosmic rays, Biddle illuminates the history, meaning, and health implications of one hundred scientific terms in succinct, witty essays. A Field Guide to Radiation is an essential, engaging handbook that offers wisdom and common sense for today's increasingly nuclear world.

Radiation Detection and Measurement

Radiation Detection and Measurement
by Glenn F. Knoll (Author)


This is the resource that engineers turn to in the study of radiation detection. The fourth edition takes into account the technical developments that continue to enhance the instruments and techniques available for the detection and spectroscopy of ionizing radiation. New coverage is presented on ROC curves, micropattern gas detectors, new sensors for scintillation light, and the excess noise factor. Revised discussions are also included on TLDs and cryogenic spectrometers, radiation backgrounds, and the VME standard. Engineers will gain a strong understanding of the field with this updated book.

Understanding Radiation and Radioactivity: A Physics 101 Tutorial (Physics 101 Tutorials)

Understanding Radiation and Radioactivity: A Physics 101 Tutorial (Physics 101 Tutorials)


Do you need a quick tutorial on radiation and radioactivity? Understanding Radiation and Radioactivity: A Physics 101 Tutorial clearly explains the concepts underlying radioactivity and radiation. Written by a professor with a PhD in astrophysics and over 30 years experience teaching physics and astronomy, this tutorial will be useful for anyone who needs to know more about radiation. This tutorial is written for students from middle school through college who need help understanding the basic concepts of radiation, but it will also be useful for science teachers, other teachers, or home schoolers who need a quick refresher on the concepts of radiation. Anyone who wants to intelligently understand the risks posed by radiation and radioactivity will find this tutorial useful.

Radiation Protection in Medical Radiography, 7e

Radiation Protection in Medical Radiography, 7e
by Mary Alice Statkiewicz Sherer AS RT(R) FASRT (Author), Paula J. Visconti PhD DABR (Author), E. Russell Ritenour PhD DABR FAAPM FACR (Author), Kelli Haynes MSRS RT(R) (Author)


A full-color resource, Radiation Protection in Medical Radiography, 7th Edition makes it easy to understand both basic and complex concepts in radiation protection, biology, and physics. Concise coverage promotes the safe use of ionizing radiation in all imaging modalities, including the effects of radiation on humans at the cellular and systemic levels, regulatory and advisory limits for human exposure to radiation, and the implementation of radiation safety practices for patients and personnel. This edition includes NEW content on the impact of radiation levels during the nuclear power plant crisis that followed the 2011 earthquake/tsunami in Japan. From an author team led by well-known radiation protection expert Mary Alice Statkiewicz Sherer, this text has consistently helped students...

Effects of Ionizing Radiation: Atomic Bomb Survivors and Their Children (1945-1995) (Natural Hazards and Disasters)

Effects of Ionizing Radiation: Atomic Bomb Survivors and Their Children (1945-1995) (Natural Hazards and Disasters)
by Leif E. Peterson (Author), Seymour Abrahamson (Author)


In the decades since the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, economic and political trends have opened avenues for radiation research while breakthroughs in molecular biology have shed light on radiation's effect on the human body. This volume comprehensively reviews what is now known about human exposure to ionizing radiation, with emphasis on unifying the scientific disciplines that inform this topic. Today's most widely recognized experts in the field examine four broad areas:
Physics and dosimetry, including the various systems of A-bomb survivor dosimetry, the effect on survivors of subsequent medical radiation, and chromosome aberrations as biomarkers. Cancer statistics and epidemiology, including a historical review of leukemia risk in A-bomb survivors, the incidence of...

Disconnect: The Truth About Cell Phone Radiation

Disconnect: The Truth About Cell Phone Radiation
by Devra Davis (Author)


"As [Disconnect] shows, cell phones may actually be doing damage to far more than our attention spans-and could, in fact, be killing us." -Salon.com. Since the invention of radar, cell phone radiation was assumed to be harmless because it wasn't like X-rays. But a sea change is now occurring in the way scientists think about it. The latest research ties this kind of radiation to lowered sperm counts, an increased risk of Alzheimer's, and even cancer. In Disconnect, National Book Award finalist Devra Davis tells the story of the dangers that the cell phone industry is knowingly exposing us-and our children-to in the pursuit of profit. More than five billion cell phones are currently in use, and that number increases every day. Synthesizing the findings and cautionary advice of leading...

Radiation: The Invisible Menace

Radiation: The Invisible Menace
by Choice PH


In our literature and in the movies an apocalyptic earth is often depicted with human survivors. However, this is fiction. The fact is, in a radioactive Earth there would be few Mammalian survivors, as we do not have the anatomy to persist in such an environment.

No one wants radiation, but the truth is radiation can be useful when used in a judicious manner, as in nuclear medicine. Radiation cannot be completely avoided. We are going to be exposed to radiation, unless we live in a “lead lined cave”, as radiation comes to us from the sky, as well as the very ground we live on.Then of course, we have our own man made radiation, such as x-rays that adds to what nature gives us on a daily basis.

This eBook highlights what is...

© 2016 BrightSurf.com