Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Algae biofuels: the wave of the future

April 04, 2012
Researchers at Virginia Bioinformatics Institute have assembled the draft genome of a marine algae sequence to aid scientists across the US in a project that aims to discover the best algae species for producing biodiesel fuel. The results have been published in Nature Communications.

The necessity of developing alternative, renewable fuel sources to prevent a potential energy crisis and alleviate greenhouse gas production has long been recognized. Various sources have been tried-corn for ethanol and soybeans for biodiesel, for example. But to truly meet the world's fuel needs, researchers must come up with a way to produce as much biofuel as possible in the smallest amount of space using the least amount of resources.

Enter algae. Unlike other crops like corn or soybeans, algae can use various water sources ranging from wastewater to brackish water and be grown in small, intensive plots on denuded land. While algae may still produce some C02 when burned, it can sequester C02 during growth in a way that fossil-fuel based energy sources obviously can't.

Scientists in VBI's Data Analysis Core (DAC), Robert Settlage, Ph.D., and Hongseok Tae, Ph.D., assisted in the assembly of the genome of Nannochloropis gaditana, a marine algae that may be capable of producing the lipid yields necessary for a viable fuel source.

"Getting the data is now the easy part. What we're doing in the DAC is enabling researchers to move beyond informatics issues of assembly and analysis to regain their focus on the biological implications of their research," said Settlage.

Further analysis revealed that with fairly straightforward genetic modification, N. gaditana should be capable of producing biofuel on an industrial scale, which may be the wave of the future in fuel research and production.

Citation:

Radakovits, R. et al. Draft genome sequence and genetic transformation of the oleaginous alga Nannochloropis gaditana. Nat. Commun. 3:686 doi: 10.1038/ncomms1688 (2012).

About the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute
The Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech is a premier bioinformatics, computational biology, and systems biology research facility that uses transdisciplinary approaches to science, combining information technology, biology, and medicine. These approaches are used to interpret and apply vast amounts of biological data generated from basic research to some of today's key challenges in the biomedical, environmental, and agricultural sciences. With more than 320 highly trained multidisciplinary, international personnel, research at the institute involves collaboration in diverse disciplines such as mathematics, computer science, biology, immunology, biochemistry, systems biology, statistics, economics, synthetic biology, and medicine. The large amounts of data generated by this approach are analyzed and interpreted to create new knowledge that is disseminated to the world's scientific, governmental, and wider communities.

Virginia Bioinformatics Institute


Related Biodiesel Current Events and Biodiesel News Articles


Reducing school bus pollution improves children's health
Use of clean fuels and updated pollution control measures in the school buses 25 million children ride every day could result in 14 million fewer absences from school a year, based on a study by the University of Michigan and the University of Washington.

A tool is created to improve the sustainability of the transport sector
Transport is responsible for a quarter of the greenhouse gas emissions in Europe, so the European Commission has developed various strategies and directives designed to reduce dependence on oil, and the transport gas emissions responsible for this effect, thus leading to an increase in air quality in cities.

Researchers produce two bio-fuels from a single algae
A common algae commercially grown to make fish food holds promise as a source for both biodiesel and jet fuel, according to a new study published in the journal Energy & Fuels.

Matched 'hybrid' systems may hold key to wider use of renewable energy
The use of renewable energy in the United States could take a significant leap forward with improved storage technologies or more efforts to "match" different forms of alternative energy systems that provide an overall more steady flow of electricity, researchers say in a new report.

TGen-Luxembourg scientific team conducts unprecedented analysis of microbial ecosystem
An international team of scientists from the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and The Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) have completed a first-of-its-kind microbial analysis of a biological wastewater treatment plant that has broad implications for protecting the environment, energy recovery and human health.

PhD thesis proposes use of ethanol and heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production
Biodiesel is an alternative fuel to conventional fossil ones. The EU policies of boosting biodiesel have achieved its implementation in the transport fuels market and increasingly its sustainable nature is being taken into account.

Waste, an alternative source of energy to petroleum
The Department of Chemical Engineering of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has developed fundamental processes for producing raw materials and fuels using biomass and tyres.

No need for water, enzymes are doing it for themselves
New research by scientists at the University of Bristol has challenged one of the key axioms in biology - that enzymes need water to function. The breakthrough could eventually lead to the development of new industrial catalysts for processing biodiesel.

Ames Lab creates multifunctional nanoparticles for cheaper, cleaner biofuel
The U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has created a faster, cleaner biofuel refining technology that not only combines processes, it uses widely available materials to reduce costs.

Fueling aviation with hardwoods
A key challenge in the biofuels landscape is to get more advanced biofuels-fuels other than corn ethanol and vegetable oil-based biodiesel-into the transportation pool.
More Biodiesel Current Events and Biodiesel News Articles

Biodiesel: Homebrewers Guidebook

Biodiesel: Homebrewers Guidebook
by Mr. Timothy DeMartin (Author)


Biodiesel: Homebrew Guide shares the fascinating story of extraordinary innovation that occurred at the turn of the 20th Century, allowing regular vegetable ("cooking") oil to be converted into a replacement fuel for diesel engines. Presented in a clear, no nonsense style, this text provides any novice or intermediate home brewer with a easy, step-by-step analysis and production tips to make biodiesel at your home or ranch, no problem. In this book, DeMartin provides an accessible resource to the latest techniques and information, while also showing you just how easy it is to begin producing America's fastest growing alternative fuel!

Biodiesel Basics and Beyond: A Comprehensive Guide to Production and Use for the Home and Farm

Biodiesel Basics and Beyond: A Comprehensive Guide to Production and Use for the Home and Farm
by William H. Kemp (Author)


Biodiesel Basics and Beyond aims to separate fact from fiction and to educate potential home, farm, and cooperative manufacturers on the economic production of quality biodiesel from both waste and virgin oil feedstock. The book includes: detailed processes and equipment required to produce biodiesel fuel that meets North American standards how farmers can use excess oilseed as a feedstock for biodiesel production the use of the co-byproduct glycerin in the making of soap a guide to numerous reference materials and a list of supplier data This is North America’s definitive guide to responsibly producing biodiesel from waste vegetable oil while minimizing your environmental footprint in the process.

Do It Yourself Guide to Biodiesel: Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet

Do It Yourself Guide to Biodiesel: Your Alternative Fuel Solution for Saving Money, Reducing Oil Dependency, and Helping the Planet
by Guy Purcella (Author)


THE TRUTH ABOUT BIODIESEL

•Easy to make at home

•Cheaper than buying diesel

•Works in unmodified diesel engines

•Reduces the need for imported oil

•Decreases greenhouse gas emissions

If you are ready to start making your own biodiesel, then this book is for you. Do It Yourself Biodiesel provides up-to-date information, step-by-step instructions, and tried-and-true methods as well as helpful tips and tricks. With detailed photos, illustrations, and charts, this book makes it easy to understand the procedures and equipment you will need to make biodiesel at home—in small or large batches.


Biodiesel: Growing a New Energy Economy, 2nd Edition

Biodiesel: Growing a New Energy Economy, 2nd Edition
by Greg Pahl (Author), Bill McKibben (Foreword)


For anyone who is trying to keep up with the extremely rapid developments in the biodiesel industry, the second edition of Biodiesel: Growing a New Energy Economy is an invaluable aid. The breathtaking speed with which biodiesel has gained acceptance in the marketplace in the past few years has been exceeded only by the proliferation of biodiesel production facilities around the United States--and the world--only to confront new social and environmental challenges and criticisms. The international survey of the biodiesel industry has been expanded from 40 to more than 80 countries, reflecting the spectacular growth of the industry around the world. This section also tracks the dramatic shifts in the fortunes of the industry that have taken place in some of these nations. The detailed...

Backyard Biodiesel: How to Brew Your Own Fuel

Backyard Biodiesel: How to Brew Your Own Fuel
by Bob Armantrout (Author), Lyle Estill (Author)


Small-scale home biodiesel production holds a singular attraction for the do-it-yourself enthusiast. While perhaps it can't save the world, this unique renewable fuel is economical, fun to make, better for the environment, and will help you reduce your dependence on Big Oil. And getting started is easier than you think.
Backyard Biodiesel is written by two recognized experts in the field of small-scale biofuels. This comprehensive hands-on, practical, DIY guide includes:
The basics of small-scale brewing--recipes, strategies, and technologiesAdvanced backyard analytics and troubleshootingSafety considerations and regulatory issuesTopping up the tank--how to put your biodiesel to work for youMaking your own fuel is not only possible, it is rewarding. Designed to be accessible to...

Grow Algae for Profit: How to Build a Photobioreactor for Growing Algae for Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Anti-Oxidants, Biofuels, Biodiesel, and Other Valuable Metabolites

Grow Algae for Profit: How to Build a Photobioreactor for Growing Algae for Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Anti-Oxidants, Biofuels, Biodiesel, and Other Valuable Metabolites
by Christopher Kinkaid (Author)


Algae is a miracle of Nature. Rich, in Amino acids, Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Anti-oxidants, phycobiliproteins, and other valuable products, algae is being tapped as the new feedstock across industries. This Book describes how to build your own Photobioreactor to grow pure algae species (taxa). Algae, are Earths “engine” to fuel the food web. As a “primary producer,” responsible for nearly half the oxygen production on Earth, the power of algae is being commercialized to produce valuable organic products. Build your own, Algae Photobioreactor (PBR) grow kit, to Cultivate valuable algal strains, and tap into the rapidly growing Algae Industry. Grow algae reliability, and repeatably, with Photobioreactor (PBR) Algae Grow Kits for controlled photosynthesis. Grow up to...

Making Algae Biodiesel at Home 2012 Edition: How To Make All the Fuel You'll Ever Need...At Home

Making Algae Biodiesel at Home 2012 Edition: How To Make All the Fuel You'll Ever Need...At Home
by David Sieg (Author)


The global bestseller has now come to Amazon.com! The New 2012 edition is here! The global bestseller is now in paperback. Over 350 pages, and over 80 pages of new material. Including... * Locating algal strains in your environment, * Where to buy algae strains world-wide. * Building a low-cost algae lab, * Building an algal "bio-pond", * Building a "Backyard Open Pond" * Building a low cost photo bio-reactor. *Commercial production concepts. And much, much more It's all here and more if you want to understand the concepts and how to get in on the cutting edge of 21st. century fuel making.

The Biodiesel Handbook, Second Edition

The Biodiesel Handbook, Second Edition
by Gerhard Knothe (Editor), Jon Van Gerpen (Editor)


Drawing on the expertise of researchers from around the world, the second edition of this invaluable handbook, now updated to cover the lastest advances across several areas of research, offers one of the most complete and respected references on biodiesel development, improvements, and applications. It covers the conversion of vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel.  The handbook delivers solutions to issues associated with biodiesel feedstocks, production issues, quality control, viscosity, stability, and applications, as well as emissions and other environmental impacts. In addition to technical material, it updates readers on the status of the biodiesel industry worldwide.

How To Make Your Own Biodiesel At Home Cheaply & Easily - A Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

How To Make Your Own Biodiesel At Home Cheaply & Easily - A Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners


Are you fed up with the ever-icreasing price of diesel fuel for your car?

Did you know that you can make your own biodiesel at home easily and cheaply using vegetable oil?

You may well be aware of biodiesel but feel that it would be too much trouble and complicated to make biodiesel at home. In fact, it is very simple to do - as thousands of diesel car owners have now discovered.

This guide has been specially written for complete beginners and describes in step-by-step detail how to go about making your own biodiesel.
The items you need are easily obtainable and you don't require any special skills.

The book covers two biodiesel production techniques - the first is the method to make quality batches of biodiesel. The second...

Make your own biodiesel : A Simple BioDiesel Handbook ( Learn to Make BioDiesel Step by Step The Easy Way): Make your own BioDiesel: The definitive step ... Bio Diesel Step by Step The Easy Way) 1)

Make your own biodiesel : A Simple BioDiesel Handbook ( Learn to Make BioDiesel Step by Step The Easy Way): Make your own BioDiesel: The definitive step ... Bio Diesel Step by Step The Easy Way) 1)
by Bull City Publishing


Finally Revealed.. The Amazing insider Secrets ofMaking your own Biodiesel Without Costly Equipment.Dear FriendWith this incredible e-Book you can make your own sustainable energy/ alternative fuel company in your backyard. It a simple and easy fashion the complexities and Science of Making bio Diesel are simplified.Learn just how easy it is to take advantage of the cutting edge Biodiesel technology( Where you can easily setup your own French fry grease processing system in your Garage. But this idea is only the beginning ….. A quick run down of what to expect inside our Kindle eBook are as follows:A Proven, Step-By-Step Method ToBiodiesel Basics: A Simple Bio Diesel HandbookCheck Out What Others Are Saying..."With rising fuel prices, who wouldn’t want to have more options when it...

© 2015 BrightSurf.com