Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Fiber protects against cardiovascular disease -- especially in women

April 17, 2012

Foods high in fibre provide good protection against cardiovascular disease, and the effect is particularly marked in women. This is shown in a new study from Lund University in Sweden.

The study, which was recently published in the scientific journal PLOS One, involved the study of the eating habits of over 20 000 residents of the Swedish city of Malmö, with a focus on the risk of cardiovascular disease. The importance of 13 different nutrient variables (aspects of fibre, fats, proteins and carbohydrates) was analysed.

"Women who ate a diet high in fibre had an almost 25 per cent lower risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease compared with women who ate a low-fibre diet. In men the effect was less pronounced. However, the results confirmed that a high-fibre diet does at least protect men from stroke", says Peter Wallström, a researcher at Lund University and the primary author of the article.

The exact reason for the difference between the sexes is unclear. However, a probable explanation is that women consume fibre from healthier food sources than men do. Women ate a lot of fibre in the form of fruit and vegetables, whereas the most important source of fibre for men was bread.

"The difference in the results for men and women shows that we need to pay more attention to gender when we conduct research on diet", says Peter Wallström.

However, the researchers did not identify any definite links between the other nutrients in the study and cardiovascular disease, for example the proportion of saturated fat or sugar in the diet.

"These results should be interpreted with a certain amount of caution. Almost everyone eats more saturated fat than recommended, including the participants in many other population studies. It is therefore difficult to compare recommended and high fat intake. Other types of study that have been carried out have shown that those who limit their fat and sugar intake are at lower risk of cardiovascular disease", says Peter Wallström.

Peter Wallström is sceptical of 'extreme' diets and says that the dietary recommendations from the National Food Administration are good, despite having received criticism:

"The National Food Administration's dietary advice, which is based on extensive research, is well balanced. In the short term, most weight-loss diets achieve their aim as long as you follow them. However, we know too little about the long-term effects to be able to recommend more drastic changes to one's diet", says Peter Wallström.

Data for the study has been taken from the Malmö Diet and Cancer population study, which has involved 30 000 Malmö residents since the start of the 1990s. The participants have given blood samples and detailed information about their diet.

Lund University


Related Cardiovascular Disease Current Events and Cardiovascular Disease News Articles


High blood pressure linked to short-, long-term exposure to some air pollutants
Both short- and long-term exposure to some air pollutants commonly associated with coal burning, vehicle exhaust, airborne dust and dirt are associated with the development of high blood pressure, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Hypertension.

Women with migraines have higher risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality
Women diagnosed with migraines have a slightly increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes, and are somewhat more likely to die from these conditions than women who do not have migraine, according to findings of a large study published in The BMJ today.

ADHD medication linked to slightly increased risk of heart rhythm problems
Use of methylphenidate in children and young people with ADHD is associated with a slightly increased risk of abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) shortly after the start of treatment, suggests research published by The BMJ today.

Study finds one third of children have higher levels of cardiometabolic risk factors due to family history
A new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that children with a strong family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and/or type 2 diabetes were found to have cholesterol levels significantly higher than children with no family history of those conditions.

Gut bacteria may contribute to poor health in patients with kidney disease
In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the accumulation of a gut bacterial metabolite that's normally excreted in urine may contribute to serious health problems.

Smoking may increase kidney disease risk in African-Americans
Cigarette smoking is considered a universal health hazard, but it may be particularly damaging to kidney function among African-Americans smokers, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

Antiretroviral therapy may not be enough to reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation
Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) soon after diagnosis of an HIV infection did not prevent the progression of significant arterial inflammation in a small group of previously untreated patients.

Higher salt intake may increase risk of CVD among patients with chronic kidney disease
In a study appearing in the May 24/31 issue of JAMA, Jiang He, M.D., Ph.D., of the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, and colleagues evaluated more than 3,500 participants with chronic kidney disease (CKD), examining the association between urinary sodium excretion and clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.

Lipid testing underutilized in adults taking antipsychotic medications
Too few adults taking antipsychotic medications are being screened for abnormalities in lipids, which include cholesterol and triglycerides, new research from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus finds.

Study finds childhood fitness reduces long-term cardiovascular risks of childhood obesity
A new study from a group of international researchers has identified a potentially effective tool to reduce the long-term health risks of childhood obesity--aerobic exercise.
More Cardiovascular Disease Current Events and Cardiovascular Disease News Articles

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)


Specifically designed to prepare medical students for their initial encounters with patients with heart disease, this award-winning text bridges basic cardiac physiology with clinical care. Written by internationally recognized Harvard Medical School faculty and select medical students, Pathophysiology of Heart Disease, Sixth Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge regarding diseases of the heart and circulation. Under the experienced editorial guidance of Dr. Leonard S. Lilly, this best-selling monograph has an outstanding reputation among medical students and faculty worldwide.

Student-friendly features of the Sixth Edition include a new, full-color design and illustrations; end-of-chapter summaries; updated content, including recent technological advances; and access...

Understanding cardiovascular diseases

Understanding cardiovascular diseases
by The Open University


This 15-hour free course explained the nature of cardiovascular disease, how it affects the heart's function and the treatments that are available.

Reverse Heart Disease Now: Stop Deadly Cardiovascular Plaque Before It's Too Late

Reverse Heart Disease Now: Stop Deadly Cardiovascular Plaque Before It's Too Late
by Stephen T. Sinatra (Author), James C. Roberts (Author), Martin Zucker (Contributor)


While most books focus solely on the role of cholesterol in heart disease, Reverse Heart Disease Now draws on new research that points to the surprising other causes. Two leading cardiologists draw on their collective fifty years of clinical cardiology research to show you how to combine the benefits of modern medicine, over-the-counter vitamins and supplements, and simple lifestyle changes to have a healthy heart.

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e
by Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD MAAC (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author)


2015 BMA Medical Book Awards 1st Prize Award Winner in Cardiology Category! Ideal for cardiologists who need to keep abreast of rapidly changing scientific foundations, clinical research results, and evidence-based medicine, Braunwald’s Heart Disease is your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. It helps you apply the most recent knowledge in personalized medicine, imaging techniques, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more! In keeping with the rapid pace of advances in the field of cardiovascular medicine, the Expert Consult eBook is updated frequently with the results of late-breaking clinical trials, reviews of important new research publications, and updates on clinical practice...

Cardiovascular Care Made Incredibly Easy (Incredibly Easy! Series®)

Cardiovascular Care Made Incredibly Easy (Incredibly Easy! Series®)
by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (Author)


Does your heart skip a beat every time you think about the complexities of providing cardio care? Well, not anymore!

Written in the award-winning Incredibly Easy! style, this completely updated Third Edition of Cardiovascular Care Made Incredibly Easy is the ideal reference for those entering or needing a refresher in cardiovascular nursing care.

This one-of-a-kind book brings together the broad knowledge nurses need to be confident in cardiovascular care, including cardiovascular anatomy and physiology; assessment; diagnostic testing; hemodynamic monitoring; electrocardiogram performance and interpretation; medications; synchronized cardioversion; care of patients with IABP counterpulsation, ICDs, pacemakers, and VADs; and preoperative and postoperative care for patients...

Disease & Drug Consult: Cardiovascular Disorders

Disease & Drug Consult: Cardiovascular Disorders
by Lippincott (Author)


Disease & Drug Consult is a unique new series: a body system's disease monographs plus monographs of the drugs used to treat them in a single handbook. In Cardiovascular Disorders, for example, the nurse can read a full description of heart failure, then turn to the drug monographs for a full discussion of each of the drugs used to treat that disease. Each book in the series is based on a specific body system and has two sections. Part 1 presents diseases alphabetically, with a description, causes & incidence, signs & symptoms, complications, diagnosis, treatment including drugs used to treat the disease, and the reason for using each drug, and special considerations. Part 2 offers--also in alphabetical order--complete drug monographs for each drug mentioned in the disease...

Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease: The Revolutionary, Scientifically Proven, Nutrition-Based Cure

Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease: The Revolutionary, Scientifically Proven, Nutrition-Based Cure
by Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr. (Author)


The New York Times bestselling guide to the lifesaving diet that can both prevent and help reverse the effects of heart disease Based on the groundbreaking results of his twenty-year nutritional study, Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease by Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn  illustrates that a plant-based, oil-free diet can not only prevent the progression of heart disease but can also reverse its effects.  Dr. Esselstyn is an internationally known surgeon, researcher and former clinician at the Cleveland Clinic and a featured expert in the acclaimed documentary Forks Over Knives. Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease has helped thousands across the country, and is the book behind Bill Clinton’s life-changing vegan diet.The proof lies in the incredible outcomes for patients who have followed Dr....

Cardiovascular Disease: Fight it with the Blood Type Diet: The Individualized Plan for Treating Heart Conditions, High Blood Pressure, High ... (Eat Right 4 (for) Your Type Health Library)

Cardiovascular Disease: Fight it with the Blood Type Diet: The Individualized Plan for Treating Heart Conditions, High Blood Pressure, High ... (Eat Right 4 (for) Your Type Health Library)
by Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo (Author), Catherine Whitney (Author)


Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo, the author of the Eat Right 4 (for) Your Blood Type Diet series, with more than two million copies in print, has now created a targeted plan for fighting arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Using specific tools not available in any other book, sufferers can find their own, individualized battle plan for defeating the pain of these debilitating diseases.Here, D'Adamo offers individualized battle plans for preventing and treating heart conditions, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, vascular problems, and angina.

Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment, 10e (Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease)

Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment, 10e (Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease)
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)


The 10th Edition of Braunwald’s Heart Disease Review and Assessment, by Dr. Leonard S. Lilly, provides an updated, clear, and concise overview of essential aspects of cardiovascular medicine. Offered in print and online, more than 700 review questions - derived from the 10th Edition of Braunwald's Heart Disease - test your knowledge of all important concepts in cardiology today. Detailed answers comprise "mini-reviews" of the material, and cross references to the main text make it easy to find definitive explanations for questions you may not have answered correctly, thus ensuring this medical reference book is the perfect review tool to prepare for subspecialty board exams in cardiovascular medicine.Assess your mastery of the latest topics in cardiovascular medicine, including...

Human Heart, Cosmic Heart: A Doctor's Quest to Understand, Treat, and Prevent Cardiovascular Disease

Human Heart, Cosmic Heart: A Doctor's Quest to Understand, Treat, and Prevent Cardiovascular Disease
by Dr. Thomas Cowan MD (Author)


Thomas Cowan was a 20-year-old Duke grad―bright, skeptical, and already disillusioned with industrial capitalism―when he joined the Peace Corps in the mid-1970s for a two-year tour in Swaziland. There, he encountered the work of Rudolf Steiner and Weston A. Price―two men whose ideas would fascinate and challenge him for decades to come. Both drawn to the art of healing and repelled by the way medicine was―and continues to be―practiced in the United States, Cowan returned from Swaziland, went to medical school, and established a practice in New Hampshire and, later, San Francisco. For years, as he raised his three children, suffered the setback of divorce, and struggled with a heart condition, he remained intrigued by the work of Price and Steiner and, in particular, with...

© 2017 BrightSurf.com