Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Fiber protects against cardiovascular disease -- especially in women

April 17, 2012

Foods high in fibre provide good protection against cardiovascular disease, and the effect is particularly marked in women. This is shown in a new study from Lund University in Sweden.

The study, which was recently published in the scientific journal PLOS One, involved the study of the eating habits of over 20 000 residents of the Swedish city of Malmö, with a focus on the risk of cardiovascular disease. The importance of 13 different nutrient variables (aspects of fibre, fats, proteins and carbohydrates) was analysed.

"Women who ate a diet high in fibre had an almost 25 per cent lower risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease compared with women who ate a low-fibre diet. In men the effect was less pronounced. However, the results confirmed that a high-fibre diet does at least protect men from stroke", says Peter Wallström, a researcher at Lund University and the primary author of the article.

The exact reason for the difference between the sexes is unclear. However, a probable explanation is that women consume fibre from healthier food sources than men do. Women ate a lot of fibre in the form of fruit and vegetables, whereas the most important source of fibre for men was bread.

"The difference in the results for men and women shows that we need to pay more attention to gender when we conduct research on diet", says Peter Wallström.

However, the researchers did not identify any definite links between the other nutrients in the study and cardiovascular disease, for example the proportion of saturated fat or sugar in the diet.

"These results should be interpreted with a certain amount of caution. Almost everyone eats more saturated fat than recommended, including the participants in many other population studies. It is therefore difficult to compare recommended and high fat intake. Other types of study that have been carried out have shown that those who limit their fat and sugar intake are at lower risk of cardiovascular disease", says Peter Wallström.

Peter Wallström is sceptical of 'extreme' diets and says that the dietary recommendations from the National Food Administration are good, despite having received criticism:

"The National Food Administration's dietary advice, which is based on extensive research, is well balanced. In the short term, most weight-loss diets achieve their aim as long as you follow them. However, we know too little about the long-term effects to be able to recommend more drastic changes to one's diet", says Peter Wallström.

Data for the study has been taken from the Malmö Diet and Cancer population study, which has involved 30 000 Malmö residents since the start of the 1990s. The participants have given blood samples and detailed information about their diet.

Lund University


Related Cardiovascular Disease Current Events and Cardiovascular Disease News Articles


Cochrane news: Have national smoking bans worked in reducing harms in passive smoking?
The most robust evidence yet, published today in the Cochrane Library, suggests that national smoking legislation does reduce the harms of passive smoking, and particularly risks from heart disease.

Connective tissue disease increases risk for cardiovascular problems
A study based on medical records from more than a quarter million adult patients found that African-American patients with connective tissue diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis were twice as likely as white patients to suffer from narrowed or atherosclerotic blood vessels, which increase the risk of a heart attack, stroke or death.

Height influences risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer
Height is largely genetically determined, but in recent decades the height of children and adults has steadily increased throughout the world: In adulthood the children are almost always significantly taller than their parents.

Reduced anxiety and depression for women participating in women-only cardiac rehab programs
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for women globally. Women who have an acute coronary heart event may be more likely to die or to suffer complications during the initial recovery period than men, but are less likely to make use of cardiac rehabilitation programs.

Paper highlights best practices for omega-3 clinical trials with cardiovascular outcomes
A paper published this week in the journal Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids sheds new light on recent neutral studies questioning the benefits of omega-3s for heart health.

Community lifestyle intervention reduces cardiovascular disease risk in diabetes patients
It took just 16 two-hour classes on the basics of a healthy lifestyle to substantially reduce cardiovascular risks associated with type 2 diabetes and elevated fasting blood glucose levels for 110 patients, according to a study published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Study shows minorities had lower risk of coronary heart disease than whites
In a study of more than 1.3 million Kaiser Permanente members in Northern California that stretched over 10 years, researchers found that blacks, Latinos and Asians generally had lower risk of coronary heart disease compared to whites.

For breast cancer patients, never too late to quit smoking
Documenting that it's never too late to quit smoking, a large study of breast cancer survivors has found that those who quit smoking after their diagnosis had a 33 percent lower risk of death as a result of breast cancer than those who continued to smoke.

Cardiac and metabolic risk factors significantly more likely in severely obese teens
Compared to normal weight adolescents, severely obese teens had at least a 2-fold greater risk of having high total cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting glucose levels, and a greater than 5-times increased risk of elevated blood pressure.

Pharmacists key to detecting chronic kidney disease in at-risk patients
Pharmacists who screened at-risk patients for chronic kidney disease (CKD) found previously unrecognized disease in 1 of every 6.4 patients tested, according to a study to be published in the January/February 2016 issue of the Canadian Pharmacists Journal.
More Cardiovascular Disease Current Events and Cardiovascular Disease News Articles

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)


Specifically designed to prepare medical students for their initial encounters with patients with heart disease, this award-winning text bridges basic cardiac physiology with clinical care. Written by internationally recognized Harvard Medical School faculty and select medical students, Pathophysiology of Heart Disease, Sixth Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge regarding diseases of the heart and circulation. Under the experienced editorial guidance of Dr. Leonard S. Lilly, this best-selling monograph has an outstanding reputation among medical students and faculty worldwide.

Student-friendly features of the Sixth Edition include a new, full-color design and illustrations; end-of-chapter summaries; updated content, including recent technological advances; and access...

The Lancet: Cardiovascular Disease 2012 - Clinical Series

The Lancet: Cardiovascular Disease 2012 - Clinical Series
by The Lancet


This book, featuring content from the Aug 11, 2012, issue of The Lancet, has been released to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) meeting in Munich, Germany, which is to be held on Aug 25–29, 2012. The Lancet is strongly supportive of cardiology as can be seen from the substantial relevant content in this compilation. In 2011, The Lancet published more papers in this specialty than any other: cardiovascular research contributed about one in four of all published research papers. Featured within are three research articles on lipids and cardiovascular disease which provide balance on the role of high density lipoproteins in cardiovascular disease, and on statins in prevention of cardiac events. There are also three commissioned reviews being presented at the joint...

Heart (Quickstudy: Academic)

Heart (Quickstudy: Academic)
by Inc. BarCharts (Author)


Complete, labeled illustrations of the sections of the heart and their functions.

Illustrations by award-winning medical illustrator Vincent Perez.

  Chart includes detailed diagrams of:
· circulation
· anterior heart
· posterior heart
· interior heart
· nerves & arteries
· beginning of diastole
· end of diastole
· systole
· end of systole
· heart in diastole
· heart in systole


Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, Single Volume, 10e (Heart Disease (Braunwald) (Single Vol))

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, Single Volume, 10e (Heart Disease (Braunwald) (Single Vol))
by Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author)


2015 BMA Medical Book Awards 1st Prize Award Winner in Cardiology Category! Ideal for cardiologists who need to keep abreast of rapidly changing scientific foundations, clinical research results, and evidence-based medicine, Braunwald’s Heart Disease is your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. It helps you apply the most recent knowledge in personalized medicine, imaging techniques, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more! In keeping with the rapid pace of advances in the field of cardiovascular medicine, the Expert Consult eBook is updated frequently with the results of late-breaking clinical trials, reviews of important new research publications, and updates on clinical practice...

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e
by Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author)


2015 BMA Medical Book Awards 1st Prize Award Winner in Cardiology Category! Ideal for cardiologists who need to keep abreast of rapidly changing scientific foundations, clinical research results, and evidence-based medicine, Braunwald’s Heart Disease is your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. It helps you apply the most recent knowledge in personalized medicine, imaging techniques, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more! In keeping with the rapid pace of advances in the field of cardiovascular medicine, the Expert Consult eBook is updated frequently with the results of late-breaking clinical trials, reviews of important new research publications, and updates on clinical practice...

Cardiovascular Physiology 8/E (Lange Medical Books)

Cardiovascular Physiology 8/E (Lange Medical Books)
by David Mohrman (Author), Lois Heller (Author)


The best cardiovascular physiology text for USMLE and exam review Cardiovascular Physiology is a concise and enjoyable way for you to gain a fundamental knowledge of the basic operating principles of the intact cardiovascular system and how those principles apply to clinical medicine. Succinct but thorough, it focuses on the facts and concepts you must know to get a solid "big picture" overview of how the cardiovascular system operates in normal and abnormal situations. No other text will prove more valuable in enhancing your ability to evaluate the myriad new information you will be exposed to throughout your career, than Cardiovascular Physiology. FEATURES NEW Includes a "Perspectives" section in each chapter that identifies important unresolved issues Clarifies the details of...

Epidemiology And Prevention Of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge

Epidemiology And Prevention Of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge
by Darwin R. Labarthe (Author)


This book provides a comprehensive epidemiological perspective on cardiovascular diseases and analysis of measures for their prevention and control in community and clinical settings. Perfect for both students and practitioners, the second edition includes over 300 tables, figures, and exhibits; and has been thoroughly updated to reflect the most recent research in the field. Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Global Challenge, Second Edition provides an in-depth examination of epidemiologic research and prevention measures for the full range of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This authoritative text on the world’s leading causes of death describes in detail the nature of atherosclerotic and hypertensive diseases―including their determinants, prevention and...

Pollock's Textbook of Cardiovascular Disease and Rehabilitation

Pollock's Textbook of Cardiovascular Disease and Rehabilitation
by J. Larry Durstine (Editor), Geoffrey E. Moore (Editor), Michael J. LaMonte (Editor), Barry A. Franklin (Editor)


Pollock's Textbook of Cardiovascular Disease and Rehabilitation honors the legacy of the late Michael L. Pollock, PhD (1936-1998). Pollock, an innovative and influential cardiac researcher and clinician, was highly regarded for his substantial educational and scientific contributions to the field of exercise science and sports medicine. This text presents an approach to cardiovascular disease rehabilitation as comprehensive as the vision that Dr. Pollock so passionately pursued during his 35-year career. Pollock's Textbook of Cardiovascular Disease and Rehabilitation addresses developing topics encompassing all aspects of the cardiovascular system. This text breaks away from Medicare-driven reimbursement paradigms for “cardiac rehabilitation” to discuss the entire cardiovascular...

Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment, 10e (Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease)

Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment, 10e (Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease)
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)


The 10th Edition of Braunwald’s Heart Disease Review and Assessment, by Dr. Leonard S. Lilly, provides an updated, clear, and concise overview of essential aspects of cardiovascular medicine. Offered in print and online, more than 700 review questions - derived from the 10th Edition of Braunwald's Heart Disease - test your knowledge of all important concepts in cardiology today. Detailed answers comprise "mini-reviews" of the material, and cross references to the main text make it easy to find definitive explanations for questions you may not have answered correctly, thus ensuring this medical reference book is the perfect review tool to prepare for subspecialty board exams in cardiovascular medicine.Assess your mastery of the latest topics in cardiovascular medicine, including...

Cardiovascular Disease in Small Animal Medicine

Cardiovascular Disease in Small Animal Medicine
by Wendy Ware (Author)


The softcover edition of this comprehensive and superbly illustrated book contains key updates to the text and references focused on common cardiovascular diseases and their management, including therapy for congestive heart failure and arrhythmias, reflecting the main developments in cardiology and in practice. Since publication Dr Ware’s authoritative yet user friendly guide to cardiovascular diseases and disorders in the dog and cat has been widely praised. It is richly illustrated throughout by clinical colour photos, imaging and diagrams of the highest quality. Coverage includes evaluation techniques, investigative procedures, diagnosis, medical and surgical management options and methods.

© 2016 BrightSurf.com