Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Fiber protects against cardiovascular disease -- especially in women

April 17, 2012

Foods high in fibre provide good protection against cardiovascular disease, and the effect is particularly marked in women. This is shown in a new study from Lund University in Sweden.

The study, which was recently published in the scientific journal PLOS One, involved the study of the eating habits of over 20 000 residents of the Swedish city of Malmö, with a focus on the risk of cardiovascular disease. The importance of 13 different nutrient variables (aspects of fibre, fats, proteins and carbohydrates) was analysed.

"Women who ate a diet high in fibre had an almost 25 per cent lower risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease compared with women who ate a low-fibre diet. In men the effect was less pronounced. However, the results confirmed that a high-fibre diet does at least protect men from stroke", says Peter Wallström, a researcher at Lund University and the primary author of the article.

The exact reason for the difference between the sexes is unclear. However, a probable explanation is that women consume fibre from healthier food sources than men do. Women ate a lot of fibre in the form of fruit and vegetables, whereas the most important source of fibre for men was bread.

"The difference in the results for men and women shows that we need to pay more attention to gender when we conduct research on diet", says Peter Wallström.

However, the researchers did not identify any definite links between the other nutrients in the study and cardiovascular disease, for example the proportion of saturated fat or sugar in the diet.

"These results should be interpreted with a certain amount of caution. Almost everyone eats more saturated fat than recommended, including the participants in many other population studies. It is therefore difficult to compare recommended and high fat intake. Other types of study that have been carried out have shown that those who limit their fat and sugar intake are at lower risk of cardiovascular disease", says Peter Wallström.

Peter Wallström is sceptical of 'extreme' diets and says that the dietary recommendations from the National Food Administration are good, despite having received criticism:

"The National Food Administration's dietary advice, which is based on extensive research, is well balanced. In the short term, most weight-loss diets achieve their aim as long as you follow them. However, we know too little about the long-term effects to be able to recommend more drastic changes to one's diet", says Peter Wallström.

Data for the study has been taken from the Malmö Diet and Cancer population study, which has involved 30 000 Malmö residents since the start of the 1990s. The participants have given blood samples and detailed information about their diet.

Lund University


Related Cardiovascular Disease Current Events and Cardiovascular Disease News Articles


Gut bacteria may contribute to poor health in patients with kidney disease
In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the accumulation of a gut bacterial metabolite that's normally excreted in urine may contribute to serious health problems.

Smoking may increase kidney disease risk in African-Americans
Cigarette smoking is considered a universal health hazard, but it may be particularly damaging to kidney function among African-Americans smokers, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

Antiretroviral therapy may not be enough to reduce HIV-associated arterial inflammation
Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) soon after diagnosis of an HIV infection did not prevent the progression of significant arterial inflammation in a small group of previously untreated patients.

Higher salt intake may increase risk of CVD among patients with chronic kidney disease
In a study appearing in the May 24/31 issue of JAMA, Jiang He, M.D., Ph.D., of the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, and colleagues evaluated more than 3,500 participants with chronic kidney disease (CKD), examining the association between urinary sodium excretion and clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) events.

Lipid testing underutilized in adults taking antipsychotic medications
Too few adults taking antipsychotic medications are being screened for abnormalities in lipids, which include cholesterol and triglycerides, new research from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus finds.

Study finds childhood fitness reduces long-term cardiovascular risks of childhood obesity
A new study from a group of international researchers has identified a potentially effective tool to reduce the long-term health risks of childhood obesity--aerobic exercise.

Telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improves menopause symptoms
Chatting on the phone with a "sleep coach" and keeping a nightly sleep diary significantly improve sleep quality and reduce insomnia in women through all stages of menopause, according to a new study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Nanoscale Trojan horses treat inflammation
Nanosized Trojan horses created from a patient's own immune cells have successfully treated inflammation by overcoming the body's complex defense mechanisms, perhaps leading to broader applications for treating diseases characterized by inflammation, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

Telomere length in circulating blood cells does not predict asymptomatic atherosclerosis
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death in the world, killing 17.5 million people every year according to WHO figures.

Engineers take first step toward flexible, wearable, tricoder-like device
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed the first flexible wearable device capable of monitoring both biochemical and electric signals in the human body.
More Cardiovascular Disease Current Events and Cardiovascular Disease News Articles

Cardiovascular Disease: Fight it with the Blood Type Diet (Eat Right 4 (for) Your Type Health Library)

Cardiovascular Disease: Fight it with the Blood Type Diet (Eat Right 4 (for) Your Type Health Library)
by Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo (Author), Catherine Whitney (Author)


Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo, the author of the Eat Right 4 (for) Your Blood Type Diet series, with more than two million copies in print, has now created a targeted plan for fighting arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Using specific tools not available in any other book, sufferers can find their own, individualized battle plan for defeating the pain of these debilitating diseases.Here, D'Adamo offers individualized battle plans for preventing and treating heart conditions, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, vascular problems, and angina.

The Lancet: Cardiovascular Disease 2012 - Clinical Series

The Lancet: Cardiovascular Disease 2012 - Clinical Series
by The Lancet


This book, featuring content from the Aug 11, 2012, issue of The Lancet, has been released to coincide with the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) meeting in Munich, Germany, which is to be held on Aug 25–29, 2012. The Lancet is strongly supportive of cardiology as can be seen from the substantial relevant content in this compilation. In 2011, The Lancet published more papers in this specialty than any other: cardiovascular research contributed about one in four of all published research papers. Featured within are three research articles on lipids and cardiovascular disease which provide balance on the role of high density lipoproteins in cardiovascular disease, and on statins in prevention of cardiac events. There are also three commissioned reviews being presented at the joint...

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 2-Volume Set, 10e
by Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author)


2015 BMA Medical Book Awards 1st Prize Award Winner in Cardiology Category! Ideal for cardiologists who need to keep abreast of rapidly changing scientific foundations, clinical research results, and evidence-based medicine, Braunwald’s Heart Disease is your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. It helps you apply the most recent knowledge in personalized medicine, imaging techniques, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more! In keeping with the rapid pace of advances in the field of cardiovascular medicine, the Expert Consult eBook is updated frequently with the results of late-breaking clinical trials, reviews of important new research publications, and updates on clinical practice...

Reverse Heart Disease Now: Stop Deadly Cardiovascular Plaque Before It's Too Late

Reverse Heart Disease Now: Stop Deadly Cardiovascular Plaque Before It's Too Late
by Stephen T. Sinatra (Author), James C. Roberts (Author), Martin Zucker (Contributor)


While most books focus solely on the role of cholesterol in heart disease, Reverse Heart Disease Now draws on new research that points to the surprising other causes. Two leading cardiologists draw on their collective fifty years of clinical cardiology research to show you how to combine the benefits of modern medicine, over-the-counter vitamins and supplements, and simple lifestyle changes to have a healthy heart.

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty

Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)


Specifically designed to prepare medical students for their initial encounters with patients with heart disease, this award-winning text bridges basic cardiac physiology with clinical care. Written by internationally recognized Harvard Medical School faculty and select medical students, Pathophysiology of Heart Disease, Sixth Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge regarding diseases of the heart and circulation. Under the experienced editorial guidance of Dr. Leonard S. Lilly, this best-selling monograph has an outstanding reputation among medical students and faculty worldwide.

Student-friendly features of the Sixth Edition include a new, full-color design and illustrations; end-of-chapter summaries; updated content, including recent technological advances; and access...

Epidemiology And Prevention Of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge

Epidemiology And Prevention Of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge
by Darwin R. Labarthe (Author)


This book provides a comprehensive epidemiological perspective on cardiovascular diseases and analysis of measures for their prevention and control in community and clinical settings. Perfect for both students and practitioners, the second edition includes over 300 tables, figures, and exhibits; and has been thoroughly updated to reflect the most recent research in the field. Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Global Challenge, Second Edition provides an in-depth examination of epidemiologic research and prevention measures for the full range of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This authoritative text on the world’s leading causes of death describes in detail the nature of atherosclerotic and hypertensive diseases―including their determinants, prevention and...

Manual of Cardiovascular Medicine

Manual of Cardiovascular Medicine
by Brian P. Griffin MD FACC (Author)


Inside the Fourth Edition of the Manual of Cardiovascular Medicine, you’ll find practical and effective approaches to common clinical syndromes—including clear guidance on administration of commonly prescribed medications and descriptions of proven therapeutic procedures. This best selling manual’s concise outline format and colorful design make essential facts easy to find. An ideal reference for the resident, fellow, practicing cardiologist, or nurse-practitioner treating patients with cardiovascular disease. 

 Skill-building features include…
• Authoritative perspectives let you benefit from the experienced staff and fellows at the Cleveland Clinic
• Concise overview of cardiology helps build a firm grasp of fundamental cardiovascular anatomy, physiology, and...

Cardiac CT Imaging: Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiac CT Imaging: Diagnosis of Cardiovascular Disease
by Matthew J. Budoff (Editor), Jerold S. Shinbane (Editor)


This book collates all the current knowledge of cardiac CT and presents it in a clinically relevant and practical format appropriate for both cardiologists and radiologists. The images have been supplied by an experienced set of contributing authors and represent the full spectrum of cardiac CT.The field of Cardiovascular CT has experienced continued rapid evolution due to:  1)  advances in technology, 2) expanded spectrum of cardiovascular applications and 3)  significant growth in published data including large prospective multicenter studies.  
As increasing numbers have access to cardiac CT scanners, this book provides all the relevant information on this modality. This is an extensive update of the previous edition bringing the reader up-to-date with the immense amount of...

Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment, 10e (Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease)

Braunwald's Heart Disease Review and Assessment, 10e (Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease)
by Leonard S. Lilly MD (Author)


The 10th Edition of Braunwald’s Heart Disease Review and Assessment, by Dr. Leonard S. Lilly, provides an updated, clear, and concise overview of essential aspects of cardiovascular medicine. Offered in print and online, more than 700 review questions - derived from the 10th Edition of Braunwald's Heart Disease - test your knowledge of all important concepts in cardiology today. Detailed answers comprise "mini-reviews" of the material, and cross references to the main text make it easy to find definitive explanations for questions you may not have answered correctly, thus ensuring this medical reference book is the perfect review tool to prepare for subspecialty board exams in cardiovascular medicine.Assess your mastery of the latest topics in cardiovascular medicine, including...

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, Single Volume, 10e (Heart Disease (Braunwald) (Single Vol))

Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, Single Volume, 10e (Heart Disease (Braunwald) (Single Vol))
by Douglas L. Mann MD (Author), Douglas P. Zipes MD (Author), Peter Libby MD PhD (Author), Robert O. Bonow MD MS (Author)


2015 BMA Medical Book Awards 1st Prize Award Winner in Cardiology Category! Ideal for cardiologists who need to keep abreast of rapidly changing scientific foundations, clinical research results, and evidence-based medicine, Braunwald’s Heart Disease is your indispensable source for definitive, state-of-the-art answers on every aspect of contemporary cardiology. It helps you apply the most recent knowledge in personalized medicine, imaging techniques, pharmacology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, and much more! In keeping with the rapid pace of advances in the field of cardiovascular medicine, the Expert Consult eBook is updated frequently with the results of late-breaking clinical trials, reviews of important new research publications, and updates on clinical practice...

© 2016 BrightSurf.com