Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

New South Asia network to tackle 'massive' climate adaptation challenge

April 24, 2012

Today, recognizing the knowledge gap between the existing evidence of climate change and adaptation on the ground, researchers in Asia launched a novel learning platform to improve agricultural resilience to changing weather patterns, and to reduce emissions footprint.

The Climate Smart Agriculture Learning Platform for South Asia, established by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), will improve communication between scientists, government officials, civil society and farmers on best "climate smart" farming policies and practices in a region that is home to one-third of the world's poor and malnourished.

"South Asian countries, which heavily depend on agriculture, are most vulnerable to the adverse impact of climate change-increased drought, unprecedented flooding, heat waves and decreasing farm yields," said Rt. Hon. Ram Baran Yadav, president of Nepal. "This learning platform provides a space for farmers to discuss the issues they face in the fields, for research scientists to share their findings on these issues, and for policy makers to respond and steer the agriculture sector from a more ground-based perspective."

"There is an increasing amount of data and scientific analysis available on projected changes in climate, observed and expected impacts on agriculture, and best practices for adaptation," said Pramod Aggarwal, CCAFS regional program leader for South Asia. "But this intelligence is often so scattered that farmers, researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders cannot access it to make informed decisions. South Asia's climate adaptation challenge is too immense for this knowledge gap to persist."

Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, particularly in Asia, where climate models project higher temperatures, rising sea levels and an increase in the intensity of severe weather events.

In South Asia, escalating populations and incomes are increasing food demand, placing enormous pressure on agricultural systems to produce more food from the same or less land and resources. According to experts from CCAFS and other institutions, the region needs to sustainably increase crop productivity and climate resilience while also reducing or removing greenhouse gas emissions.

The announcement follows a mid-April meeting in Bangkok on Climate Smart Agriculture in Asia, where researchers, economists and development experts from 14 countries in the region agreed that they could not meet the challenges of climate change and food security without helping and empowering farmers. Many of the countries have already moved forward with initiatives that address these challenges.

At the Climate Smart Conference, India's Agromet Advisory Service was held up as one of the information success stories. The service provides detailed weather forecasts to three million farmers through their mobile phones, and its economic impact has been valued at more than $10 billion. In addition, the service also broadcasts market data, pricing information and advisory services to farmers via mobile phone.

Nepal is well-known for its efforts in community-based management of agricultural resources. In the village of Rupandehi, farmers are provided crop diversification strategies that include stress tolerant crop and fodder varieties, resource conservation technologies, and other tactics that integrate crop and livestock systems. Farmers and communities have been evaluating these interventions and the feedback is incorporated into the next growing season's efforts.

Bangladesh has established a number of projects that look at diversifying aquaculture (fish farms) by integrating them with other forms of agriculture-digging channels in rice paddies, for example, to recreate "fish roads." Other efforts are looking at options for improved water management and rainwater harvesting to better account for the increasingly uneven availability of water for irrigation in India's Punjab.

"In 15 years, South Asia will become a major hotspot for both climate change impact and population growth," said Bruce Campbell of CCAFS "This will present major challenges for the farmers working the land, the governments responsible for feeding their people, and the global community that seeks to ensure the health and well-being of vulnerable people. But South Asia is also a region of innovation and opportunity. The Learning Platform can make sure that new developments in meeting this dual challenge can be accessed throughout the region and the world."

Agriculture accounts for roughly one-third of total greenhouse gas emissions, including those from deforestation that are related to agricultural expansion. This is more than emissions from the entire transportation sector.

"An international climate agreement that does not include agriculture could not pretend to be comprehensive or effective," said Campbell.

"Smallholder farmers will suffer the most from climate change as their uninsured crops face increasingly extreme weather," added Campbell. "They also contribute the majority of agriculture-related emissions. By simply closing the yield gap and increasing crop productivity, we can greatly reduce the food systems impact on greenhouse gas emissions that to some extent are driving climate change. A global climate change agreement that includes agriculture is critical to removing barriers for widespread adoption of climate smart agriculture across South Asia and in other regions dominated by poor, smallholder farmers."

The next meeting of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change will take place in Bonn in May, where policy makers will discuss technical options for including agriculture in a new climate deal.

Burness Communications


Related Climate Adaptation Current Events and Climate Adaptation News Articles


We need the full picture to plan for climate change impacts
How can society plan for the future if we only look at individual issues in isolation? Climate change impact studies typically focus on a single sector such as agriculture, forestry or water, ignoring the implications of how different sectors interact.

Team calls for integrated field research network in Midwest to address climate adaptation
From a global trade and agriculture perspective, the world heavily depends on the Midwest. The United States is the biggest exporter in the world of primary foodstuffs, such as corn and soybean, with most of that predominantly produced by Midwest farmers.

Countries on the rebound making significant climate adaptation progress
In the lead-up to 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP 21), 10 countries have come from behind to make marked progress in their ability to withstand the shocks and stresses of climate change, while five are distinctly less resilient.

Global climate change
It comes as no surprise to geographer Chris Funk that East Africa has been particularly hard hit with back-to-back droughts this year and last.

Predicting plant responses to drought
A new U.S. Geological Survey study shows how plants' vulnerability to drought varies across the landscape; factors such as plant structure and soil type where the plant is growing can either make them more vulnerable or protect them from declines.

New approach can predict impact of climate change on species that can't get out of the way
When scientists talk about the consequences of climate change, it can mean more than how we human beings will be impacted by higher temperatures, rising seas and serious storms. Plants and trees are also feeling the change, but they can't move out of the way.

Climate change and the soil
The planet's soil releases about 60 billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere each year, which is far more than that released by burning fossil fuels.

Global survey: Climate change now a mainstream part of city planning
An increasing number of cities around the world now include preparations for climate change in their basic urban planning - but only a small portion of them have been able to make such plans part of their economic development priorities, according to a unique global survey of cities released today.

Coral Reefs are Critical for Risk Reduction & Adaptation
Stronger storms, rising seas, and flooding are placing hundreds of millions people at risk around the world, and big part of the solution to decrease those risks is just off shore.

Scientists propose amphibian protection
An ecological strategy developed by four researchers, including two from Simon Fraser University, aims to abate the grim future that the combination of two factors could inflict on many amphibians, including frogs and salamanders.
More Climate Adaptation Current Events and Climate Adaptation News Articles

Permaculture and Climate Change Adaptation: Inspiring Ecological, Social, Economic and Cultural Responses for Resilience and Transformation

Permaculture and Climate Change Adaptation: Inspiring Ecological, Social, Economic and Cultural Responses for Resilience and Transformation
by Dr. Thomas Henfrey (Author), Dr. Gil Penha-Lopes (Author)


Permaculture is a design system for sustainable human habitats and the basis of a worldwide citizen-led movement present in over 100 countries. For decades, permaculture practitioners have devised creative responses to changes in local climatic conditions. In doing so, they have developed a collective knowledge and experience invaluable to global efforts to address climate change. This book seeks to bring this expertise from the margins into the centre of policy debates and mainstream action. It describes in broad terms how permaculture’s underlying philosophy and perspective on climate change complements those of formal science and indigenous knowledge, provides detailed descriptions of practical applications drawing on case studies from around the world, and considers how global...

Successful Adaptation to Climate Change: Linking Science and Policy in a Rapidly Changing World

Successful Adaptation to Climate Change: Linking Science and Policy in a Rapidly Changing World
by Susanne C. Moser (Editor), Maxwell T. Boykoff (Editor)


What does successful adaptation look like? This is a question we are frequently asked by planners, policy makers and other professionals charged with the task of developing and implementing adaptation strategies. While adaptation is increasingly recognized as an important climate risk management strategy, and on-the-ground adaptation planning activity is becoming more common-place, there is no clear guidance as to what success would look like, what to aim for and how to judge progress. This edited volume makes significant progress toward unpacking the question of successful adaptation, offering both scientifically informed and practice-relevant answers from various sectors and regions of the world. It brings together 18 chapters from leading experts within the field to present careful...

Adaptation to Climate Change: From Resilience to Transformation

Adaptation to Climate Change: From Resilience to Transformation
by Mark Pelling (Author)


The impacts of climate change are already being felt. Learning how to live with these impacts is a priority for human development. In this context, it is too easy to see adaptation as a narrowly defensive task – protecting core assets or functions from the risks of climate change. A more profound engagement, which sees climate change risks as a product and driver of social as well as natural systems, and their interaction, is called for. Adaptation to Climate Change argues that, without care, adaptive actions can deny the deeper political and cultural roots that call for significant change in social and political relations if human vulnerability to climate change associated risk is to be reduced. This book presents a framework for making sense of the range of choices facing humanity,...

Retreat from a Rising Sea: Hard Choices in an Age of Climate Change

Retreat from a Rising Sea: Hard Choices in an Age of Climate Change
by Orrin H. Pilkey (Author), Linda Pilkey-Jarvis (Author), Keith C. Pilkey (Author)


Melting ice sheets and warming oceans are causing the seas to rise. By the end of this century, hundreds of millions of people living at low elevations along coasts will be forced to retreat to higher and safer ground. Because of sea-level rise, major storms will inundate areas farther inland and will lay waste to critical infrastructure, such as water-treatment and energy facilities, creating vast, irreversible pollution by decimating landfills and toxic-waste sites. This big-picture, policy-oriented book explains in gripping terms what rising oceans will do to coastal cities and the drastic actions we must take now to remove vulnerable populations.The authors detail specific threats faced by Miami, New Orleans, New York, and Amsterdam. Aware of the overwhelming social, political, and...

Climate Risks, Gender Perspectives and Livelihoods in the Greater Horn of Africa

Climate Risks, Gender Perspectives and Livelihoods in the Greater Horn of Africa
by Dr. A A Oluoko-Odingo (Author), Prof L A Ogallo (Author), Dr. C Oludhe (Author), Prof R S Odingo (Author)


The book examines the link between climate risks, gender perspectives and livelihoods in Greater Horn of Africa (GHA), including Africa as a whole. Some of the necessary steps towards climate risk reduction and climate change adaptation in GHA are provided to ensure sustainable development in the region. In each section, the importance of gender in climate risk reduction and climate change adaptation is discussed with emphasis that no meaningful development can take place without full participation and voice of women. The major livelihoods, agriculture and livestock production, among other livelihood systems are examined. The book is important in providing direction for climate risk reduction and climate change adaptation and mitigation for all African countries to ensure...

Adaptation to Climate Change in Asia

Adaptation to Climate Change in Asia
by Sushil Vachani (Author), Jawed Usmani (Author), Sushil Vachani (Editor), Jawed Usmani (Editor)


The frequency and scale of damage inflicted by climate-related disasters, including floods, drought, heat waves and hurricanes, has been increasing at an alarming rate. This volume provides a timely and thoughtful discussion of strategies for adaptation to climate change, which can complement mitigation strategies being developed by other experts throughout the world.The book focuses on eight geographically diverse territories in Asia, which are among the areas that will experience the most severe impacts of climate change and are the most vulnerable in terms of capacity to cope with the damage. The authors discuss adaptation strategies to safeguard food and water supplies, address urban problems, support migrant workers, protect coastal cities and preserve biodiversity. They also offer a...

Climate in Context: Science and Society Partnering for Adaptation (Wiley Works)

Climate in Context: Science and Society Partnering for Adaptation (Wiley Works)
by Adam S. Parris (Editor), Dr. Gregg M. Garfin (Editor), Professor Kirstin Dow (Editor), Dr. Ryan Meyer (Editor), Dr. Sarah L. Close (Editor)


Society is increasingly affected by climate impacts, from prolonged water shortages to damaging coastal floods and wildfires. Scientists studying climate variations are eager to have their knowledge used in adaptive decision making. To achieve this, science and society must engage productively around complex management and policy challenges. For over 20 years, the science-society interface has been fertile ground for the Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments (RISA) programs sponsored by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 
 
Climate in Context describes what it takes to help scientists and stakeholders work together to “co-produce” climate science knowledge, policy, and action. This state-of-the art synthesis reflects on lessons learned by RISA...

Climate Change 2014 - Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects: Working Group ... to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

Climate Change 2014 - Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects: Volume 1, Global and Sectoral Aspects: Working Group ... to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report
by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Author)


This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) again forms the standard scientific reference for all those concerned with the environmental and social consequences of climate change, including students and researchers across the natural and social sciences, professionals in medicine and law, and practitioners in environmental planning, resource management, development, disaster risk reduction, and adaptation. It provides relevant material for decision makers and stakeholders at all levels of government, NGOs, and the private sector worldwide. This assessment provides information on: • Impacts of climate changes that have already occurred and risks of future impacts; • Vulnerabilities and interactions that make some climate events...

Climate Change Adaptation Manual: Lessons learned from European and other industrialised countries

Climate Change Adaptation Manual: Lessons learned from European and other industrialised countries
by Andrea Prutsch (Editor), Torsten Grothmann (Editor), Sabine McCallum (Editor), Inke Schauser (Editor), Rob Swart (Editor)


Due to the lack of success in climate change mitigation efforts, the importance of adaptation is becoming more and more apparent and is now one of the main imperatives of international research and action. However, research on adaptation is mostly not directly applicable to adaptation policy or practice, leaving a gap between scientific results and practical advice for decision makers and planners. This book seeks to address this problem and bridge the gap and should provide readers with practical and applicable information on climate change adaptation. Following an introduction, the book is organised into four main sections, each reflecting an essential component in the adaptation process. Climate change adaptation is an emerging subject area and has gained increased political and...

Handbook of Disaster Policies and Institutions: Improving Emergency Management and Climate Change Adaptation

Handbook of Disaster Policies and Institutions: Improving Emergency Management and Climate Change Adaptation
by John Handmer (Author), Stephen Dovers (Author)


Disasters both natural and human-induced are leading to spiralling costs in terms of human lives, lost livelihoods and damaged assets and businesses. Yet these consequences and the financial and human crises that follow catastrophes can often be traced to policies unsuited to the emerging scales of the problems they confront, and the lack of institutional capacity to implement planning and prevention or to manage disasters. This book seeks to overcome this mismatch and to guide development of a more strategic policy and institutional framework. This updated and revised second edition includes new coverage of climate change adaptation, which has rapidly become central to disaster and emergency planning and management. This is an essential handbook for practitioners across the world...

© 2016 BrightSurf.com