Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Ophthalmologists urged to be alert for signs of child abuse

April 25, 2012
It has been estimated that roughly 4% to 6% of child abuse victims present first to an ophthalmologist. In a case study in the April issue of the Journal of American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, doctors at the University of Washington and the Seattle Children's Hospital describe a case of a 13-month-old girl who was initially diagnosed with corneal abrasion and a mild infection. She was eventually identified as a victim of child abuse.

"In retrospect, there were clinical and laboratory findings that might have raised concerns about child abuse earlier in the course of the condition," says senior author Avery H. Weiss, MD, Roger Johnson Clinical Vision Laboratory, Division of Ophthalmology, Seattle Children's Hospital. "This troubling case is a reminder to be vigilant for the possibility of child abuse in chronic or recurrent keratoconjunctivitis with dermatitis of an uncertain etiology."

The child presented with left lower eyelid swelling, sensitivity to light, and increased tearing. Her vision was reduced compared with normal for children her age. She was treated with topical and oral antibiotics, but her condition progressively worsened over the course of two weeks. During a three-day stay in the hospital, her condition improved and she was discharged. Despite continued therapy, the irritation and inflammation persisted. She was then brought to a local trauma hospital a brain hemorrhage and bruising consistent with child abuse. The patient's antibacterial eye drops were confiscated, and found to have been laced with household bleach. Criminal charges are pending.

Dr. Weiss notes that looking back, several features of the examination were more consistent with a locally applied irritant than with infection, including the isolated lower eyelid swelling, the inferior corneal abrasion, and inflammation confined to the lower conjunctiva.

Journal of AAPOS Editor-in-Chief David G. Hunter, MD, PhD, of the Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, comments, "This tragic story of an unexpected manifestation of mental illness serves as a reminder to physicians in all specialties to remain vigilant for child abuse whenever a patient fails to improve despite what appears to be appropriate therapy."

Elsevier Health Sciences


Related Child Abuse Current Events and Child Abuse News Articles


Childhood psychological abuse as harmful as sexual or physical abuse
Children who are emotionally abused and neglected face similar and sometimes worse mental health problems as children who are physically or sexually abused, yet psychological abuse is rarely addressed in prevention programs or in treating victims, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association.

Violence rates can be halved in just 30 years, say leading experts
New evidence will be presented at the first Global Violence Reduction Conference in Cambridge this week which shows that homicide rates have been declining since the mid-1990s in many parts of the world - in some cases dramatically.

Poverty, not bias, explains racial/ethnic differences in child abuse
Poverty-rather than biased reporting-seems to account for the higher rates of child abuse and neglect among black children, reports a study in the September Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, the official journal of the Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

Trauma before enlistment linked to high suicide rates among military personnel, veterans
High rates of suicide among military service members and veterans may be related to traumatic experiences they had before enlisting, making them more vulnerable to suicidal behavior when coping with combat and multiple deployments, according to the findings of several recent studies presented at the American Psychological Association's 122nd Annual Convention.

Avoiding abuse: Empathy, realistic expectations key to raising a child with disabilities
Children with developmental disabilities are at higher risk for abuse and neglect from parents than children developing at a typical rate.

Childhood maltreatment associated with cerebral grey matter abnormalities
An international study has analysed the association between childhood maltreatment and the volume of cerebral grey matter, responsible for processing information. The results revealed a significant deficit in various late developing regions of the brain after abuse.

Telehealth improves forensic examinations for sexual abuse
Researchers at UC Davis and other facilities have shown that telehealth consultations for clinicians at rural hospitals improve their ability to provide forensic examinations for sexual abuse.

Mothers' Symptoms of Depression Predict How They Respond to Child Behavior
Depressive symptoms seem to focus mothers' responses on minimizing their own distress, which may come at the expense of focusing on the impact their responses have on their children, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Video stories, other bonding exercises could help foster families connect
Teenagers and their foster families often say they don't feel connected and have trouble communicating, but few resources exist that nurture their bonding.

Emotional children's testimonies are judged as more credible
A new study from the University of Gothenburg, show that aspiring lawyers assess child complainants as more credible and truthful if they communicate their statement in an emotional manner.
More Child Abuse Current Events and Child Abuse News Articles

Child Abuse: What You Need to Know

Child Abuse: What You Need to Know
by Evin M. Daly (Author)


“Child Abuse: What You Need to Know is likely the best single source of child protection information for parents and child caregivers.”
John E. Wright, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Child Abuse Pediatrician The essential guide to understanding and preventing child abuse for parents and everyone who works with children. Child Abuse: What You Need to Know is the definitive guide to understanding every facet of child abuse—physical, emotional and sexual; and neglect. Providing an in-depth look at each type of abuse, including descriptions of often-unrecognized signs, illustrations that clarify complex concepts, and a comprehensive glossary of terms, Child Abuse: What You Need to Know offers a must-read, essential guide for parents, students, child caregivers, teachers, law enforcement,...

The Walls Talked But Nobody Listened: A Challenge to End Child Abuse

The Walls Talked But Nobody Listened: A Challenge to End Child Abuse


Locked in solitary confinement for 8 years, tortured, and sexually abused by his stepmother and father are just a few of the horrendous experiences that John D’Amico endured during his childhood. The Walls Talked but Nobody Listened- A Challenge to End Child Abuse is a remarkable true story of a man who was the recipient of extreme child abuse, but yet throughout all of his life struggles, somehow managed to accomplish the impossible. A must read heart-pounding memoir that will guarantee to keep readers intrigued to the last page.

Locked Away: Stolen Innocence: A Story of Horrific Abuse (Child Abuse Series Book 3)

Locked Away: Stolen Innocence: A Story of Horrific Abuse (Child Abuse Series Book 3)


Little Chrissy had it all: a mother she thought loved her more than life itself,and a father that doted on her. That is, until the night her mother abandoned her. With her mother gone, her father's life spiraled downward. And when it did, so did hers. He kept her locked up in her bedroom which became her little prison cell. When her father left town, he'd lock her in the tiny cellar with only the hot water heater for companionship. And, even worse, Chrissy was the unwilling victim of repeated rapes.

Excerpt:
His nose flared and his eyes blazed with anger. The man came closer. He raised a hand and backhanded me across my face. The pain exploded through my cheek. At the same time my legs folded beneath me and I crumpled to the floor.

From the floorboards, I...

Child Abuse: Through the Eyes of a Child (A true story of abuse and neglect) A Memoir

Child Abuse: Through the Eyes of a Child (A true story of abuse and neglect) A Memoir


This book is a courageously written raw account of a true story of child abuse and poverty in northern California. “Child Abuse: Through the Eyes of a Child” chronicles the journey of a little girl named Mouth as she strives to understand the injustices of the world she lives in; Injustices that lead to decisions that will change her life forever. A true testament to resilience and a MUST READ that is sure to capture the essence of the human spirit in all of us.

ANELISSE: A True Story of Child Abuse

ANELISSE: A True Story of Child Abuse
by Adriana Bellini (Author)


ANELISSE: A True Story of Child Abuse

"The first few hits hurt terribly on impact, but after repeated punches, I feel numb and faint as my head is thrown left and right from the force of the blows."
- Anelisse


Author Adriana Bellini chillingly captures the fear and dread of growing up in an abusive home. Through the eyes of Anelisse "Lissy" Adams, the reader lives the daily traumas of a home that isn't safe - a place where violence flares unexpectedly - with tragic consequences for an entire family.

When Lissy's mother marries Ed, a respected member of his community, her life, and the lives of her loved ones change forever. Drunkenness, physical and emotional abuse, skepticism and denial - it's impossible for young Lissy to understand this violent world in...

Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect (8th Edition)

Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect (8th Edition)
by Cynthia Crosson-Tower (Author)


This best-selling text offers a comprehensive look at child maltreatment and incorporates history, case vignettes, and the author's own experience as a child protection worker.             The author covers the history of child welfare, and neglect.  In addition, Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect explains case management procedures and focuses on how various professionals become involved in the child protection process and how treatment is undertaken.  The text concludes with an overview of functional and dysfunctional families, and contrasts healthy child development with development hampered by abuse sion of prevention and a consideration of the future.

Abused -- A Daughter's Story

Abused -- A Daughter's Story
by Polaris Press


Emily Miller knew her life was about to change forever the day her mother said, "I'm pregnant." She'd hear those words again and again--and with every pregnancy Emily's father changed from bad to worse. For years the Miller family suffered through his rages. It took a terrible loss for the family to regroup, and all the love Emily can muster to save her siblings.

Bartlett's powerful short story, "Abused: A Daughter’s Story," grabs hold immediately and doesn't let go. This heart-tugger's hero, Emily, displays amazing resilience and strength. I know I'll remember this story for a long, long time.
--Julie Hyzy, Barry- and Anthony-award winning author of the White House Chef Mysteries

L.L Bartlett is a New York Times bestselling author who writes the...

I Love You Baby Girl: A Heartbreaking True Story of Child Abuse (Not a Victim... But a Survivor) (Volume 1)

I Love You Baby Girl: A Heartbreaking True Story of Child Abuse (Not a Victim... But a Survivor) (Volume 1)
by Desire Night (Author), Melody Laughlin (Cover Design)


Sarah would classify herself as an average girl that grew up in the small city of Watertown, in Upstate New York. As you read about what Sarah went through in her childhood years, you will realize that Sarah is anything but "average".

Sarah's childhood memories are riddled with such visions as a young boy tied to a chair, watching her father beat her mother, the list goes on and on from physical abuse to sexual abuse, there are no limits to how far the predators in Sarah's life will go.

Experience the pain of child abuse and child sexual abuse through Sarah's eyes, watch as she demonstrates the strength to fight, cry with her as she feels defeated and wants to give up and rejoice, for in the end she was able to triumph.

© 2014 BrightSurf.com