Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Ophthalmologists urged to be alert for signs of child abuse

April 25, 2012

It has been estimated that roughly 4% to 6% of child abuse victims present first to an ophthalmologist. In a case study in the April issue of the Journal of American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, doctors at the University of Washington and the Seattle Children's Hospital describe a case of a 13-month-old girl who was initially diagnosed with corneal abrasion and a mild infection. She was eventually identified as a victim of child abuse.

"In retrospect, there were clinical and laboratory findings that might have raised concerns about child abuse earlier in the course of the condition," says senior author Avery H. Weiss, MD, Roger Johnson Clinical Vision Laboratory, Division of Ophthalmology, Seattle Children's Hospital. "This troubling case is a reminder to be vigilant for the possibility of child abuse in chronic or recurrent keratoconjunctivitis with dermatitis of an uncertain etiology."

The child presented with left lower eyelid swelling, sensitivity to light, and increased tearing. Her vision was reduced compared with normal for children her age. She was treated with topical and oral antibiotics, but her condition progressively worsened over the course of two weeks. During a three-day stay in the hospital, her condition improved and she was discharged. Despite continued therapy, the irritation and inflammation persisted. She was then brought to a local trauma hospital a brain hemorrhage and bruising consistent with child abuse. The patient's antibacterial eye drops were confiscated, and found to have been laced with household bleach. Criminal charges are pending.

Dr. Weiss notes that looking back, several features of the examination were more consistent with a locally applied irritant than with infection, including the isolated lower eyelid swelling, the inferior corneal abrasion, and inflammation confined to the lower conjunctiva.

Journal of AAPOS Editor-in-Chief David G. Hunter, MD, PhD, of the Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School, comments, "This tragic story of an unexpected manifestation of mental illness serves as a reminder to physicians in all specialties to remain vigilant for child abuse whenever a patient fails to improve despite what appears to be appropriate therapy."

Elsevier Health Sciences


Related Child Abuse Current Events and Child Abuse News Articles


Forensic research on modern child abuse can shed light on past cultures
Biological anthropologists look at skeletal remains of past cultures to gain insight into how earlier peoples lived, and forensic anthropologists work with modern-day law enforcement to decipher skeletal evidence and solve crimes.

Threats against children during the separation process for women in abusive relationships
Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a study by Sam Houston State University found.

Shaken baby prevention effort reduces crying-related calls to nurse advice line
A new evaluation of a statewide shaken baby prevention effort found that the number of calls to a nurse advice line from North Carolina parents who called because of a crying baby were reduced in the first 2 years after the intervention was implemented in 2007.

Gene magnifies the psychological impact of life events, for better and for worse: Study
People with a certain type of gene are more deeply affected by their life experiences, a new study has revealed.

Behaviors linked to adult crime differ between abused boys and girls, study finds
The signs that an abused child might later commit crimes might not be obvious -- that boisterous playground behavior from a third-grade boy, for example, or the 10-year-old girl who seems a little anxious or withdrawn.

Sexting and internet safety climb top 10 list of child health concerns
With more kids online and using cell phones at increasingly younger ages, two issues have quickly climbed higher on the public's list of major health concerns for children across the U.S: sexting and Internet safety.

Continued domestic abuse facilitated by post-separation contact -- new Trinity research
Contact between children and fathers following parental separation facilitates the continued abuse of women and children, according to new research focusing on the experiences of families with a prior history of domestic abuse conducted by social work experts at Trinity College Dublin.

'Fracture' prints, not fingerprints, help solve child abuse cases
Much like a finger leaves its own unique print to help identify a person, researchers are now discovering that skull fractures leave certain signatures that can help investigators better determine what caused the injury.

Youths evaluated for sexual abuse at risk for revictimization online
Many suspected victims of child sexual abuse are sharing sexually explicit photos and videos via their cell phones and social media, and are receiving online sexual solicitations, according to a study to be presented Tuesday, April 28 at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in San Diego.

The Lancet Psychiatry: Childhood bullying has worse effects on mental health in young adulthood than being maltreated
Being bullied in childhood has a greater negative impact on teenager's mental health than being maltreated, according to new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.
More Child Abuse Current Events and Child Abuse News Articles

Child Abuse True Stories: DOCTOR'S ORDERS (The child abuse scandal they tried to cover up!)

Child Abuse True Stories: DOCTOR'S ORDERS (The child abuse scandal they tried to cover up!)
by Child Abuse True Stories


HERE IT IS: The much-anticipated expose of the child abuse scandal that almost got swept under the carpet!

Under the cover of anonymity, "Hannah Wingfield" bravely tells her shocking true story of how she was repeatedly abused at the hands of a senior medical professional - and how the subsequent fallout impacted her life.

It doesn't make for "easy" reading, but since when did ignoring an issue make it disappear? After all, this is the world we all live in. Isn't it time we did something about it?


DISCLAIMER: This book is based upon a true story of child abuse, and as such contains passages that some readers may find disturbing.

ANELISSE: A True Story of Child Abuse

ANELISSE: A True Story of Child Abuse
by Adriana Bellini (Author)


ANELISSE: A True Story of Child Abuse

"The first few hits hurt terribly on impact, but after repeated punches, I feel numb and faint as my head is thrown left and right from the force of the blows."
- Anelisse


Author Adriana Bellini chillingly captures the fear and dread of growing up in an abusive home. Through the eyes of Anelisse "Lissy" Adams, the reader lives the daily traumas of a home that isn't safe - a place where violence flares unexpectedly - with tragic consequences for an entire family.

When Lissy's mother marries Ed, a respected member of his community, her life, and the lives of her loved ones change forever. Drunkenness, physical and emotional abuse, skepticism and denial - it's impossible for young Lissy to understand this violent world in...

Child Abuse: What You Need to Know

Child Abuse: What You Need to Know
by Evin M. Daly (Author)


Revised and updated for 2017 “Child Abuse: What You Need to Know is likely the best single source of child protection information for parents and child caregivers.”
John E. Wright, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Child Abuse Pediatrician A guide for parents and everyone who works with children Child Abuse: What You Need to Know is the definitive guide to understanding every facet of child abuse—physical, emotional, and sexual; and neglect. Providing an in-depth look at each type of abuse, including descriptions of often-unrecognized signs, illustrations that clarify complex concepts, and a comprehensive glossary of terms, Child Abuse: What You Need to Know offers a must-read, essential guide for parents, child caregivers, teachers, students, law enforcement, volunteers,...

Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect (9th Edition)

Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect (9th Edition)
by Cynthia Crosson-Tower (Author)


A comprehensive look at child maltreatment.   Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect, 9/e provides a comprehensive look at children’s services. This title explains case management procedures and focuses on how various professionals become involved in the child protection process and in turn how treatment is undertaken. This title concludes with an overview of functional and dysfunctional families, and contrasts healthy child development with development hampered by abuse.   Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Be familiar with the full range of services for children from the least intrusive to the mot comprehensive. Understand the effect that various services will have on children and families. Have a sense of what it might be...

Child Abuse and Culture: Working with Diverse Families

Child Abuse and Culture: Working with Diverse Families
by Lisa Aronson Fontes (Author)


This expertly written book provides an accessible framework for culturally competent practice with children and families in child maltreatment cases. Numerous workable strategies and concrete examples are presented to help readers address cultural concerns at each stage of the assessment and intervention process. Professionals and students learn new ways of thinking about their own cultural viewpoints as they gain critical skills for maximizing the accuracy of assessments for physical and sexual abuse; overcoming language barriers in parent and child interviews; respecting families' values and beliefs while ensuring children's safety; creating a welcoming agency environment; and more.

It Wasn't Your Fault: Freeing Yourself from the Shame of Childhood Abuse with the Power of Self-Compassion

It Wasn't Your Fault: Freeing Yourself from the Shame of Childhood Abuse with the Power of Self-Compassion
by Beverly Engel LMFT (Author)


Shame is one of the most destructive of human emotions. If you suffered childhood physical or sexual abuse, you may experience such intense feelings of shame that it almost seems to define you as a person. In order to begin healing, it’s important for you to know that it wasn’t your fault. In this gentle guide, therapist and childhood abuse expert Beverly Engel presents a mindfulness and compassion-based therapeutic approach to help you overcome the debilitating shame that keeps you tied to the past. By following the step-by-step exercises in this book, you’ll gain a greater understanding of the root cause of your shame. And by cultivating compassion toward yourself, you will begin to heal and move past your painful experiences. Recent studies show that trauma survivors,...

The Kurim Case: A Terrifying True Story of Child Abuse, Cults & Cannibalism (True Crime)

The Kurim Case: A Terrifying True Story of Child Abuse, Cults & Cannibalism (True Crime)
by Ryan Green (Author)



The Kurim Case: A Terrifying True Story of Child Abuse, Cults & Cannibalism

In May of 2007, in a small, quiet town in the South Moravia region of the Czech Republic, a technical glitch – a simple, accidental crossing of signals – revealed just such a case, and an entire nation watched transfixed with horror as the grisly extent of the perversion of the maternal instinct was revealed. Two small brothers named Jakub and Ondrej, nine and seven years old respectively, were revealed to have suffered confinement, mutilation, psychological brutality, and cannibalism at the hands of several people – foremost among them their own mother and her sister.

The ensuing investigation and trial captivated the country as a web of secrecy and manipulation was laid bare. That...

A Child of A Crack Head

A Child of A Crack Head
by Shameek a Speight (Author), kelly j klem (Editor)


He watched as she screamed and yelled with every strike that the man, made to her face. From her mouth, she spit blood that was rolling down her face. He continued to watch the 6'2" dark skin man repeatedly hit and kick the woman in the stomach, again and again. Noooo stop! please stop!" as she yelled his closed fist went upside her head. Michael knew he had to do something to stop the man from beating the beautiful brown skin woman, with tears running down his own face he yelled, Daddy stop! Daddy stop!, as he ran his 6 year old frame between his father and mother. "Daddy stop hitting mommy!", All he felt was his father's big black hands grasp him around his neck and squeeze until he couldnt breathe and threw him across the room. Micheal sat on the floor crying. Partly because of the...

Daddy's Wicked Parties: The Most Shocking True Story of Child Abuse Ever Told (Skylark Child Abuse True Stories) (Volume 2)

Daddy's Wicked Parties: The Most Shocking True Story of Child Abuse Ever Told (Skylark Child Abuse True Stories) (Volume 2)
by Kate Skylark (Author), Lucy Gilbert (Author)


The second of Kate Skylark's co-written true child abuse stories. Steve Gilbert is a charming, clever man. Lucy is his ten-year-old daughter. Lucy loves him to bits, just as all little girls love their daddies and she is delighted to hear he has organised a special party for her. After all, little girls love parties. But Steve Gilbert is also a sociopathic, manipulative sexual predator. Brainwashed into accepting her father’s twisted view of the world, Lucy trusts him implicitly. Daddy will keep her safe; he will keep her happy. Daddy would never betray his little girl, would he? But as time goes on, Steve Gilbert’s evil manipulations escalate and following a shocking string of events, Lucy’s innocent young life turns from simple happy childhood to an abusive nightmare. Only...

© 2017 BrightSurf.com