Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Choosing the right hospital may save your baby's life

April 26, 2012
Choosing the right hospital may make the difference between life and death for very low birth weight infants, according to research led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and released today in JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.

In a comprehensive study of 72,235 infants born in 558 hospitals across the nation, the researchers found that babies cared for in hospitals with the Magnet credential were less likely to die, acquire a hospital-based infection, or suffer severe brain hemorrhage. While only 1.5 percent of births nationally are very low birth weight babies, weighing between 1 and 3.3 pounds, they account for more than half of all infant deaths. Nearly 16,000 VLBW infants died in 2007, most within the first month of life.

"Babies born in Magnet hospitals had 13 percent lower odds of death within the first week of life, 14 percent lower odds of infection, and 12 percent lower odds of hemorrhage," said lead author and nursing professor Eileen Lake, PhD, RN. "Surviving hemorrhage may have serious lifelong consequences for these infants, and can result in cerebral palsy, lower IQ, and developmental delays." Babies born in for-profit hospitals showed higher rates of infection, the researchers found, which doubles the infants' chances of dying; brain hemorrhage results in a six times greater risk of death.

The Magnet designation is given to hospitals after an extensive review by the American Nurses Credentialing Center for "quality patient care, nursing excellence, and innovations in professional nursing practice," the researchers wrote, noting that these tiniest of infants require nurses to make "complex assessments, implement highly intensive therapies, and make immediate adjustments dependent on infant response."

While only seven percent of US hospitals have the Magnet designation, one in five hospitals (20 percent) with a NICU have been awarded the credential. However, the study noted that twice as many white infants as black infants were born in Magnet hospitals.

"In absolute terms, the outcomes are 1 to 2 percentage points lower in Magnet hospitals, which translates to 300 infants each year who could be spared each of these severe consequences," said Dr. Lake. "Access to Magnet hospitals can literally make a life or death difference." The Magnet designation which refers to a hospital's ability to attract and retain nurses, can usually be found on a hospital's website or on the ANCC website.

The researchers studied premature infants weighing from 500 to 1500 grams at birth with the average being 1036 (2.2 pounds). Forty-seven percent were white; 29 percent were black, and 24 percent Hispanic, Asian or American Indian and were born in 2007 and 2008.

###

The team of researchers conducted phases of the research under the auspices of a $2.1 million grant from the National Institute of Nursing Research, one of the National Institutes of Health, and $300,000 from The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing


Related Low Birth Weight Current Events and Low Birth Weight News Articles


Cow immune system inspires potential new therapies
To help people with hormone deficiencies, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have developed a potential new therapy based on an unlikely model: immune molecules from cows.

Preemies may have psychiatric problems as adults
The good news is that people born as extremely low birth weight babies are less likely than others to have alcohol or substance use disorders as adults.

Study finds variation of the interval between first and second pregnancy
In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral concurrent session at 8 a.m. PST, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, in San Diego, researchers will report that the variation of interval from delivery time to conception of the next pregnancy has a strong impact on the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight.

Study IDs risk factors linking low birthweight to diabetes
Studies consistently show that people born weighing 6 pounds or less face an increased risk for type 2 diabetes as adults.

Supplement could reduce heart disease risk in people of low birth weight
A simple supplement could be a safe and cost-effective way of reducing heart disease in individuals born with a low birth weight, suggests research from the University of Cambridge.

Higher birth weight indicates better performance in school
It's no secret that low-birth-weight babies face significantly greater risks for certain health problems early on, such as respiratory distress or infection.

Supplemental co-enzyme Q may prevent heart disease in some individuals
New research involving rats, and published in the December 2014 issue of The FASEB Journal, suggests that if you were born at a low birth weight, supplemental co-enzyme Q (CoQ) may lower your risk for heart disease.

Preterm birth now leading global killer of young children
For the first time in history, the complications of preterm birth outrank all other causes as the world's number one killer of young children.

Moms with rheumatoid arthritis more likely to give birth prematurely
Researchers from Denmark and the U.S. report that babies of women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or pre-clinical RA--the period prior to symptoms--are 1.5 times more likely to be born prematurely in Denmark.

Preterm, low birth-weight babies may need new hips in adulthood
Researchers from Australia report that low birth weight and preterm birth are linked to increased risk for osteoarthritis (OA)-related hip replacements in adulthood.
More Low Birth Weight Current Events and Low Birth Weight News Articles

Golden Hours: Care of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant

Golden Hours: Care of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant
by Robin L. Bissinger (Author)


Time is of the essence when dealing with the Golden Hours, that short window to intervene on behalf of a very low birth weight infant. Representing expertise from specialistsfrom around the country, Golden Hours: Care of the Very Low Birth Weight Infant is a comprehensive guide that can help you change the outcome for an at-risk infant. Find information quickly - each chapter is organized in an easy-to-follow, outline format for rapid review. Explore airway management, cardiac support, thermoregulation, respiratory diseases, pulmonary emergencies, hypoglycemia, sepsis, congenital anomalies, communications, ethical dilemmas, and many other topics of great interest to the neonatal care team. An indispensible resource - The book includes full-color illustrations, as well as quick reference...

Helping Low Birth Weight, Premature Babies: The Infant Health and Development Program

Helping Low Birth Weight, Premature Babies: The Infant Health and Development Program
by Ruth Gross (Editor), Donna Spiker (Editor), Christine Haynes (Editor)


Each year in the United States, 250,000 infants are born too soon, weighing too little. For these low birth weight, premature infants, the future is uncertain, since they are at risk for a variety of serious medical and developmental problems—including behavioral and learning disorders that may have damaging effects for the rest of their lives. The extent to which a comprehensive early intervention program could improve or prevent these adverse outcomes was examined in the Infant Health and Development Program, a randomized controlled trial involving almost 1,000 infants in eight cities in the United States. This book describes in detail the program, its research methodology, the progress of the program, and the results of the clinical trial.

The program was administered by an...

Annabell Playtime 1 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19 ins dolls/low birth weight babies

Annabell Playtime 1 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19 ins dolls/low birth weight babies


"Annabell/Chou Chou: Play Time 1"

is an outfit for 18/19ins dolls

Also suitable for other similar sized dolls and premature and low birth weight babies



To re-create these garments, you will need:

any double knitting weight yarn knitting to the required tension

And UK no.8/4mm, USA 5 knitting needles (approx.)

Patterns included to make


Cardigan



Plain stocking stitch with bands of contrast colour.

Skirt

A -line style in the main colour

Hat

Beanie style in bands of colour and with large pon-pom.
Bootees

Foot wear styled to look like shoes and socks



Just...

Annabell Playtime 2 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19 ins dolls/low birth weight babies

Annabell Playtime 2 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19 ins dolls/low birth weight babies


Annabell & Chou Chou
"Play Time 2"



An ensemble for Annabell, Chou Chou,
and other 18/19 ins dolls.
Also suitable for premature and low birth weight babies



To re-create these garments, you will need:

any double knitting weight yarn knitting to the required tension

And UK no.8/4mm, USA 5 knitting needles (approx.)

or needles and yarn to produce the stated tension


Comprising:

Floppy Hat
In main yarn colour with drawstring for adjustable sizing

T-Shirt

in contrast colour with main coloured bands
elbow length sleeves. Back neck opening.

Shorts
in main colour, with bib and brace top....

Annabell 4 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19ins doll/low birth weight baby

Annabell 4 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19ins doll/low birth weight baby


"Annabell & Chou Chou 4"


An ensemble for Annabell, Chou Chou,
and other 18/19 ins dolls.
Also suitable for premature and low birth weight babies



To re-create these garments, you will need:

any double knitting weight yarn knitting to the required tension

And UK no.8/4mm, USA 5 knitting needles (approx.)


Comprising:

Mobcap
In in main yarn colour with contrast edging.
Full, face framing, with drawstring to adjust to head size.


Onesie
Semi set in sleeves. Front buttoning.
Long sleeves with contrast edging, gathered at wrists with ribbon.
Roomy legs to cover nappy if used for babies.
Contrast contrast edging ...

The Starting Gate: Birth Weight and Life Chances

The Starting Gate: Birth Weight and Life Chances
by Dalton Conley (Author), Kate W. Strully (Author), Neil G. Bennett (Author)


Seven percent of newborns in the United States weigh in at less than five and one half pounds. These "low birth weight" babies face challenges that others will never know—challenges that begin with a greater risk of infant mortality and extend well into adulthood in the form of health and developmental problems. Because low birth weight is often accompanied by social risk factors such as minority racial status, low education, young maternal age, and low income, the question of causes and consequences—of precisely how biological and social factors figure into this equation—becomes especially tricky to sort out. This is the question that The Starting Gate takes up, bringing a novel perspective to the nature-nurture debate by using the starting point of birth as a lens to examine...

Thermoregulation of Sick and Low Birth Weight Neonates: Temperature Control. Temperature Monitoring. Thermal Environment

Thermoregulation of Sick and Low Birth Weight Neonates: Temperature Control. Temperature Monitoring. Thermal Environment
by Albert Okken (Editor), Jochim Koch (Editor)


In this book, the editors have succeeded in bringing together many renowned authors in the field. They discuss the physical principles of heat transfer in various heating devices used in neonatal care for temperature distribution throughout the body, such as incubators, open radiant warmers, and heated mattresses, as well as the significance of simultaneously monitoring core and periphal temperature. Alongside a treatment of extreme thermal conditions, contributions also pinpoint the optimal thermal environment. An invaluable aid for all those working in the field of neonatal care, including doctors, scientists, students, and nurses.

Annabell 3 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19ins doll/low birth weight baby

Annabell 3 - Hand Knit Pattern - 18/19ins doll/low birth weight baby


Annabell & Chou Chou

"Annabell 3"


Machine Knit Pattern: 9mm Chunky/Bulky machines



To re-create these garments, you will need:

UK double knitting yarn,with 9mm machine

USA Category 3 with 9mm machine

Or Australian 8 ply with 9mm machine

or yarn and machine capable of matching the required tension



An ensemble for Annabell, Chou Chou,
and other 18/19 ins dolls.

Also suitable for premature and low birth weight babies

Comprising:


Dress
with drawstring ribbon at waist.

Contrast hemline, sleeve edges, and collar

Jacket
in contrasting colours to match the...

Patient Citizens, Immigrant Mothers: Mexican Women, Public Prenatal Care, and the Birth Weight Paradox (Critical Issues in Health and Medicine)

Patient Citizens, Immigrant Mothers: Mexican Women, Public Prenatal Care, and the Birth Weight Paradox (Critical Issues in Health and Medicine)
by Alyshia Galvez (Author)


According to the Latina health paradox, Mexican immigrant women have less complicated pregnancies and more favorable birth outcomes than many other groups, in spite of socioeconomic disadvantage. Alyshia Gálvez provides an ethnographic examination of this paradox. What are the ways that Mexican immigrant women care for themselves during their pregnancies? How do they decide to leave behind some of the practices they bring with them on their pathways of migration in favor of biomedical approaches to pregnancy and childbirth?This book takes us from inside the halls of a busy metropolitan hospital’s public prenatal clinic to the Oaxaca and Puebla states in Mexico to look at the ways Mexican women manage their pregnancies. The mystery of the paradox lies perhaps not in the recipes...

The Food Babe Way: Break Free from the Hidden Toxins in Your Food and Lose Weight, Look Years Younger, and Get Healthy in Just 21 Days!

The Food Babe Way: Break Free from the Hidden Toxins in Your Food and Lose Weight, Look Years Younger, and Get Healthy in Just 21 Days!
by Vani Hari (Author), Mark Hyman (Foreword)


Cut hidden food toxins, lose weight, and get healthy in just 21 days.

Did you know that your fast food fries contain a chemical used in Silly Putty? Or that a juicy peach sprayed heavily with pesticides could be triggering your body to store fat? When we go to the supermarket, we trust that all our groceries are safe to eat. But much of what we're putting into our bodies is either tainted with chemicals or processed in a way that makes us gain weight, feel sick, and age before our time.

Luckily, Vani Hari - aka the Food Babe - has got your back. A food activist who has courageously put the heat on big food companies to disclose ingredients and remove toxic additives from their products, Hari has made it her life's mission to educate the world about how to live a clean,...

© 2015 BrightSurf.com