Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Driven to distraction

April 30, 2012

Anticipation of cell phone use may contribute to motor vehicle crashes

BOSTON - It's well-known that using a cell phone while driving can lead to motor vehicle crashes. New research - to be presented Sunday, April 29, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Boston - shows that even anticipating calls or messages may distract drivers, increasing the risk of a crash.

Jennifer M. Whitehill, PhD, postdoctoral fellow at Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center at the University of Washington, and her colleagues sought to determine whether compulsive cell phone use is associated with motor vehicle crashes. They enlisted undergraduate students to complete the Cell Phone Overuse Scale (CPOS), a 24-item instrument that assesses four aspects of problematic cell phone use: 1) frequent anticipation of calls/messages, 2) interference with normal activities (e.g., impacting friends/family), 3) a strong emotional reaction to the cell phone and 4) recognizing problem use.

The 384 students also took an online anonymous survey that included questions about driving history, prior crashes while operating a vehicle, and items assessing risk behaviors and psychological profile.

"Young drivers continue to use cell phones in the car, despite the known risk of crash. We were interested to explore how cell phone use contributes to distracted driving and to begin to understand the relationship between the driver and the phone," said senior author Beth E. Ebel, MD, MSc, MPH, FAAP, director of the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and associate professor of pediatrics at University of Washington.

Results showed that for each 1 point increase on the CPOS, there was an approximately 1 percent increase in the number of previous motor vehicle crashes. Of the four dimensions of compulsive cell phone use, a higher level of call anticipation was significantly associated with prior crashes.

"We know it is important to prevent young drivers from taking their hands off the wheel and eyes off the road to use a cell phone," Dr. Whitehill said. "This study suggests that thinking about future cell phone calls and messages may be an additional source of distraction that could contribute to crashes."

American Academy of Pediatrics


Related Vehicle Crashes Current Events and Vehicle Crashes News Articles


Stronger state policies reduce alcohol-related motor vehicle deaths among teens
Motor vehicle injuries are a leading cause of death among youth in the United States, and one in three deaths from automobile crashes are alcohol-related.

Crash risk soars among truck drivers who fail to adhere to sleep apnea treatment
Truck drivers who fail to adhere to treatment for obstructive sleep apnea are a public safety threat on U.S. roadways, according to results from the largest study of sleep apnea and crash risk among commercial motor vehicle drivers.

New guide from AGS, NHTSA a green light to promoting safe driving for older adults
A newly updated guide from the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is putting healthcare professionals on the road to success for assessing and counseling older drivers.

Reduced blood flow seen in brain after clinical recovery of acute concussion
Some athletes who experience sports-related concussions have reduced blood flow in parts of their brains even after clinical recovery, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Up to 27 seconds of inattention after talking to your car or smartphone
If you think it is okay to talk to your car infotainment system or smartphone while driving or even when stopped at a red light, think again.

University of Iowa studies impact of marijuana on driving
A new study conducted at the University of Iowa's National Advanced Driving Simulator has found drivers who use alcohol and marijuana together weave more on a virtual roadway than drivers who use either substance independently.

Survey: Many doctors misunderstand key facets of opioid abuse
Many primary care physicians - the top prescribers of prescription pain pills in the United States - don't understand basic facts about how people may abuse the drugs or how addictive different formulations of the medications can be, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.

Seniors don't bounce back fast from car crashes
Many seniors injured in motor vehicle crashes remain in pain for months afterwards, which negatively affects their quality of life, including the ability to live independently.

American Thoracic Society issues recommendations on healthy sleep
The American Thoracic Society has released a policy statement with recommendations for clinicians and the general public on achieving good quality sleep and getting an adequate quantity of sleep.

Outsmarting smartphones: Technology reduces distracted driving among teens
Technology can bolster efforts by parents, lawmakers and insurance companies to reduce distracted driving among novice teen drivers, according to a study to be presented Monday, April 27 at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in San Diego.
More Vehicle Crashes Current Events and Vehicle Crashes News Articles

After the Crash: Assessment and Treatment of Motor Vehicle Accident Survivors

After the Crash: Assessment and Treatment of Motor Vehicle Accident Survivors
by Edward B. Blanchard (Author), Blanchard (Author), Edward J. Hickling (Author)


Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are the most common type of trauma experienced by men and the second most common experienced by women. Moreover, MVAs are the single leading cause of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the general population. And yet, the psychological assessment and treatment of road crash survivors has been little studied in the United States. Drawing on the authors' extensive research, clinical care of MVA survivors and their five-year study of this unique population, "After the Crash" fills a gap in our clinical knowledge of this widespread phenomenon. Four broad conceptual themes present a comprehensive view of the survivors of serious MVAs: the scope of the problem, including what proportion of MVA survivors develop PTSD; the short-term psychosocial consequences...

Crash Course: The American Automobile Industry's Road to Bankruptcy and Bailout-and Beyond

Crash Course: The American Automobile Industry's Road to Bankruptcy and Bailout-and Beyond
by Paul Ingrassia (Author)


With an updated Afterword by the author

This is the epic saga of the American automobile industry’s rise and demise, a compelling story of hubris, missed opportunities, and self-inflicted wounds that culminates with the president of the United States ushering two of Detroit’s Big Three car companies—once proud symbols of prosperity—through bankruptcy. With unprecedented access, Pulitzer Prize winner Paul Ingrassia takes us from factory floors to small-town dealerships to Detroit’s boardrooms to the White House. Ingrassia answers the big questions: Was Detroit’s self-destruction inevitable? What were the key turning points? Why did Japanese automakers manage American workers better than the American companies themselves did? Complete with a new Afterword providing fresh...

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition
by Patrick J. Robins (Author)


Eyewitnesses, especially in testimony, can be a mess. Two witnesses can contradict one another over the same accident scene. Some acquire post-event misinformation. And human memory, always unreliable, plays a crucial role. Now you can be prepared with this book, exploring all the fallible aspects of eyewitness testimony. You will learn how a jury evaluates eyewitness testimony on the basis of witness confidence and personality. This book teaches you to counteract this by knowing what questions to ask your witnesses to get the most accurate information, where to undermine the eyewitness testimony against you, and how to avoid the pitfalls of eyewitness evidence. Dr. Robins cites case studies, research, and seminar demonstrations that are both interesting and educational. By learning from...

Vehicle Crash Mechanics

Vehicle Crash Mechanics
by CRC Press


Governed by strict regulations and the intricate balance of complex interactions among variables, the application of mechanics to vehicle crashworthiness is not a simple task. It demands a solid understanding of the fundamentals, careful analysis, and practical knowledge of the tools and techniques of that analysis.

Vehicle Crash Mechanics sets forth the basic principles of engineering mechanics and applies them to the issue of crashworthiness. The author studies the three primary elements of crashworthiness: vehicle, occupant, and restraint. He illustrates their dynamic interactions through analytical models, experimental methods, and test data from actual crash tests. Parallel development of the analysis of actual test results and the interpretation of mathematical models related...

Traffic Enforcement and Crash Investigation

Traffic Enforcement and Crash Investigation
by Ross Olmos (Author)


The first of its kind, TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT AND CRASH INVESTIGATION, 1/e presents comprehensive traffic related material that new police officers need to know. From the history of traffic laws to future trends, it helps officers understand the basic elements of traffic enforcement and crash investigation. Beyond just a traffic law manual, it includes social and ethical issues and hot topics such as dealing with official misconduct, quotas, tolerances and officer discretion.  Its strong coverage of DUIs and up-to-date guidelines help prepare officers for one of their primary responsibilities: traffic enforcement, DUI enforcement and crash related investigations.

Vehicle Crash Mechanics

Vehicle Crash Mechanics
by Matthew Huang (Author)


Governed by strict regulations and the intricate balance of complex interactions among variables, the application of mechanics to vehicle crashworthiness is not a simple task. It demands a solid understanding of the fundamentals, careful analysis, and practical knowledge of the tools and techniques of that analysis.

Vehicle Crash Mechanics sets forth the basic principles of engineering mechanics and applies them to the issue of crashworthiness. The author studies the three primary elements of crashworthiness: vehicle, occupant, and restraint. He illustrates their dynamic interactions through analytical models, experimental methods, and test data from actual crash tests. Parallel development of the analysis of actual test results and the interpretation of mathematical models related...

Crash: A Novel

Crash: A Novel
by J. G. Ballard (Author)


In this hallucinatory novel, an automobile provides the hellish tableau in which Vaughan, a "TV scientist" turned "nightmare angel of the highways," experiments with erotic atrocities among auto crash victims, each more sinister than the last. James Ballard, his friend and fellow obsessive, tells the story of this twisted visionary as he careens rapidly toward his own demise in an internationally orchestrated car crash with Elizabeth Taylor.A classic work of cutting-edge fiction, Crash explores both the disturbing implications and horrific possibilities of contemporary society's increasing dependence on technology as intermediary in human relations.

Vehicle Rescue and Extrication, 2e

Vehicle Rescue and Extrication, 2e
by Ronald Moore (Author)


Totally updated and revised, this book is crucial for fire, rescue, EMS and law enforcement personnel. It details the very latest in dealing with the challenges of vehicle rescue and extrication in today's environment. New information on vehicle technology and changes in vehicle fire fighting procedures are covered, as well as the most recent advances in extrication equipment. Case scenarios are used to offer readers a real-world example of crash scenes they're likely to encounter.The comprehensive scope of information ensures that students have everything they need in one easy-to-read text.Over 400 illustrations enhance the written text and better relay vital concepts.Utilizes case scenarios and algorithms to encourage problem solving and real-world application.Features a glossary of...

Memes: CAR FAILS & Funny LOL Vehicle Jokes, Wacky Crashes, Humor & Vroom Vroom Boom!: Fails & Memes Epic Super Sized Pack (Parody)

Memes: CAR FAILS & Funny LOL Vehicle Jokes, Wacky Crashes, Humor & Vroom Vroom Boom!: Fails & Memes Epic Super Sized Pack (Parody)
by LOLZ Publishing


CAR FAILS Meme and Joke Pack
* * Read for FREE using Kindle Unlimited * *
Welcome to the most hilarious and fresh CAR FAIL meme collection! You can’t help but turn your head and witness this hilarity. Oh, yeah. We did it. An epic jumbo super bundle for all your car joke needs. This collection will keep you entertained and smiling!

Fill up the gas tank, and let's roll... this collection is formatted specifically for the Kindle. So lay back, set cruise control, load the book (don't meme and drive), and enjoy some comedy. Plenty of it here when you need a laugh in one convenient place. Share with friends!

Adventures that await you inside:

Driving through houses... it happens
Frankenstein Cars
Accidents that leave you wondering, how did...

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition
by Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company, Inc.


A necessity for anyone involved with eyewitness reports. Eyewitnesses, especially in testimony, can be a mess. Two witnesses can contradict one another over the same accident scene. Some acquire post-event misinformation. And human memory, always unreliable, plays a crucial role. Now you can be prepared with this book, exploring all the fallible aspects of eyewitness testimony. You will learn how a jury evaluates eyewitness testimony on the basis of witness confidence and personality. This book teaches you to counteract this by knowing what questions to ask your witnesses to get the most accurate information, where to undermine the eyewitness testimony against you, and how to avoid the pitfalls of eyewitness evidence. Dr. Robins cites case studies, research, and seminar demonstrations...

© 2016 BrightSurf.com