Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Driven to distraction

April 30, 2012
Anticipation of cell phone use may contribute to motor vehicle crashes

BOSTON - It's well-known that using a cell phone while driving can lead to motor vehicle crashes. New research - to be presented Sunday, April 29, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Boston - shows that even anticipating calls or messages may distract drivers, increasing the risk of a crash.

Jennifer M. Whitehill, PhD, postdoctoral fellow at Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center at the University of Washington, and her colleagues sought to determine whether compulsive cell phone use is associated with motor vehicle crashes. They enlisted undergraduate students to complete the Cell Phone Overuse Scale (CPOS), a 24-item instrument that assesses four aspects of problematic cell phone use: 1) frequent anticipation of calls/messages, 2) interference with normal activities (e.g., impacting friends/family), 3) a strong emotional reaction to the cell phone and 4) recognizing problem use.

The 384 students also took an online anonymous survey that included questions about driving history, prior crashes while operating a vehicle, and items assessing risk behaviors and psychological profile.

"Young drivers continue to use cell phones in the car, despite the known risk of crash. We were interested to explore how cell phone use contributes to distracted driving and to begin to understand the relationship between the driver and the phone," said senior author Beth E. Ebel, MD, MSc, MPH, FAAP, director of the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and associate professor of pediatrics at University of Washington.

Results showed that for each 1 point increase on the CPOS, there was an approximately 1 percent increase in the number of previous motor vehicle crashes. Of the four dimensions of compulsive cell phone use, a higher level of call anticipation was significantly associated with prior crashes.

"We know it is important to prevent young drivers from taking their hands off the wheel and eyes off the road to use a cell phone," Dr. Whitehill said. "This study suggests that thinking about future cell phone calls and messages may be an additional source of distraction that could contribute to crashes."

American Academy of Pediatrics


Related Vehicle Crashes Current Events and Vehicle Crashes News Articles


Outsmarting smartphones: Technology reduces distracted driving among teens
Technology can bolster efforts by parents, lawmakers and insurance companies to reduce distracted driving among novice teen drivers, according to a study to be presented Monday, April 27 at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in San Diego.

Researchers see significant reduction in fatal car crashes after increase in alcohol taxes
Increasing state alcohol taxes could prevent thousands of deaths a year from car crashes, say University of Florida Health researchers, who found alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes decreased after taxes on beer, wine and spirits went up in Illinois.

Thinking of drinking and driving? What if your car won't let you?
If every new car made in the United States had a built-in blood alcohol level tester that prevented impaired drivers from driving the vehicle, how many lives could be saved, injuries prevented, and injury-related dollars left unspent?

Traffic fatalities spike during spring break
Come spring break, college students from all over the country travel to warmer climates for time off from school and to escape the cold weather.

Workplace suicide on the rise: Specific occupations pose higher risks than others
Suicide is responsible for more than 36,000 deaths in the United States and nearly 1 million deaths worldwide annually.

Perceptual training boosts contrast sensitivity for older adults
Older adults whose vision is affected by declining contrast sensitivity - which is a factor in the ability to detect and resolve details in low light - can improve their ability to see with perceptual learning training, according to researchers at the University of California, Riverside and Brown University.

Researchers provide insights for reducing drug overdoses through community education
Results from a new study show that participants in drug overdose education programs tend to be parents (mostly mothers) who provide financial support for their son/daughter, have daily contact with their loved one, have applied for court-mandated treatment and have witnessed an overdose.

Up in smoke or bottoms up: How policy could affect substance abuse
Half of young drivers who died in car crashes in American states such as California, Hawaii and West Virginia were under the influence of either alcohol or marijuana, or both.

Drinking age laws have a significant effect on collisions among young drivers
Minimum legal drinking age legislation in Canada can have a major impact on young drivers, according to a new study from the Northern Medical Program at the University of Northern British Columbia (UNBC). Drivers just older than the legal age had a significant increase in motor vehicle crashes compared to those immediately under the restriction.

Car crash survival rates increase with being younger, male and driving a big vehicle
Motor vehicle crashes are the most common cause of unintentional life lost around the world, with about 30,000 deaths occurring annually in the U.S. due to motor-vehicle crashes.
More Vehicle Crashes Current Events and Vehicle Crashes News Articles

Vehicle Crash Mechanics

Vehicle Crash Mechanics
by Matthew Huang (Author)


Governed by strict regulations and the intricate balance of complex interactions among variables, the application of mechanics to vehicle crashworthiness is not a simple task. It demands a solid understanding of the fundamentals, careful analysis, and practical knowledge of the tools and techniques of that analysis.

Vehicle Crash Mechanics sets forth the basic principles of engineering mechanics and applies them to the issue of crashworthiness. The author studies the three primary elements of crashworthiness: vehicle, occupant, and restraint. He illustrates their dynamic interactions through analytical models, experimental methods, and test data from actual crash tests. Parallel development of the analysis of actual test results and the interpretation of mathematical models related...

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition
by Patrick J. Robins (Author)


A necessity for anyone involved with eyewitness reports. How often have you worked on an accident investigation and found that eyewitness testimony contradicts the physical evidence found on the scene? What do you do when you have a witness stating that he saw the driver of a white truck passing him at 80 miles per hour, but the physical evidence suggests that the driver was traveling at 50 miles per hour? How can an eyewitness remember seeing a barn on the scene, when in fact there was no barn? Dr. Robins explains this and much more. Investigators, police officers, insurance adjusters, judges, plaintiffs' attorneys and defense attorneys alike should own this book. It explores, in layman's terms, the fallible aspects of eyewitness testimony. Discover how two witnesses can contradict each...

Analysis of Light Vehicle Crashes and Pre-Crash Scenarios Based on the 2000 General Estimates System

Analysis of Light Vehicle Crashes and Pre-Crash Scenarios Based on the 2000 General Estimates System
by Wassim G. Najm (Author), Basav Sen (Author), John D. Smith (Author), Brittany N. Campbell (Author), U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic safety Administration (Author)


This report analyzes the problem of light vehicle crashes in the U.S. to support the development and assessment of effective crash avoidance systems as part of the U.S.-DOT's Intelligent Vehicle Initiative. The analysis was conducted using data from the 2000 National Automotive Sampling/GES crash database of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Crash: A Novel

Crash: A Novel
by J. G. Ballard (Author)


In this hallucinatory novel, an automobile provides the hellish tableau in which Vaughan, a "TV scientist" turned "nightmare angel of the highways," experiments with erotic atrocities among auto crash victims, each more sinister than the last. James Ballard, his friend and fellow obsessive, tells the story of this twisted visionary as he careens rapidly toward his own demise in an internationally orchestrated car crash with Elizabeth Taylor.

A classic work of cutting-edge fiction, Crash explores both the disturbing implications and horrific possibilities of contemporary society's increasing dependence on technology as intermediary in human relations.


Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition
by Lawyers & Judges Publishing Company, Inc.


A necessity for anyone involved with eyewitness reports. Eyewitnesses, especially in testimony, can be a mess. Two witnesses can contradict one another over the same accident scene. Some acquire post-event misinformation. And human memory, always unreliable, plays a crucial role. Now you can be prepared with this book, exploring all the fallible aspects of eyewitness testimony. You will learn how a jury evaluates eyewitness testimony on the basis of witness confidence and personality. This book teaches you to counteract this by knowing what questions to ask your witnesses to get the most accurate information, where to undermine the eyewitness testimony against you, and how to avoid the pitfalls of eyewitness evidence. Dr. Robins cites case studies, research, and seminar demonstrations...

Vehicle Rescue and Extrication, 2e

Vehicle Rescue and Extrication, 2e
by Ronald Moore (Author)


Totally updated and revised, this book is crucial for fire, rescue, EMS and law enforcement personnel. It details the very latest in dealing with the challenges of vehicle rescue and extrication in today's environment. New information on vehicle technology and changes in vehicle fire fighting procedures are covered, as well as the most recent advances in extrication equipment. Case scenarios are used to offer readers a real-world example of crash scenes they're likely to encounter.The comprehensive scope of information ensures that students have everything they need in one easy-to-read text.Over 400 illustrations enhance the written text and better relay vital concepts.Utilizes case scenarios and algorithms to encourage problem solving and real-world application.Features a glossary of...

Vehicle Crash Mechanics

Vehicle Crash Mechanics
by CRC Press


Governed by strict regulations and the intricate balance of complex interactions among variables, the application of mechanics to vehicle crashworthiness is not a simple task. It demands a solid understanding of the fundamentals, careful analysis, and practical knowledge of the tools and techniques of that analysis.

Vehicle Crash Mechanics sets forth the basic principles of engineering mechanics and applies them to the issue of crashworthiness. The author studies the three primary elements of crashworthiness: vehicle, occupant, and restraint. He illustrates their dynamic interactions through analytical models, experimental methods, and test data from actual crash tests. Parallel development of the analysis of actual test results and the interpretation of mathematical models related...

After the Crash: Psychological Assessment and Treatment of Survivors of Motor Vehicle Accidents

After the Crash: Psychological Assessment and Treatment of Survivors of Motor Vehicle Accidents
by Edward B. Blanchard (Author), Edward J. Hickling (Author)


Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) have been found to be the single leading cause of posttraumatic stress disorder in the general population. They are the most frequent, directly experienced trauma for men and the second most frequent trauma for women. This second edition, complete with charts, guides, case studies, and clinical advice, provides updates on the Albany MVA Project. It should appeal to a broad audience of practitioners, researchers, and physicians, attorneys who handle MVA survivor cases, and those interested in public safety issues.

Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future

Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future
by Ashlee Vance (Author)


In Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future, veteran technology journalist Ashlee Vance provides the first inside look into the extraordinary life and times of Silicon Valley's most audacious entrepreneur. Written with exclusive access to Musk, his family and friends, the book traces the entrepreneur's journey from a rough upbringing in South Africa to the pinnacle of the global business world. Vance spent more than 30 hours in conversation with Musk and interviewed close to 300 people to tell the tumultuous stories of Musk's world-changing companies: PayPal, Tesla Motors, SpaceX and SolarCity, and to characterize a man who has renewed American industry and sparked new levels of innovation while making plenty of enemies along the way.
        Vance uses...

Urban-rural differences in motor vehicle crash fatality and hospitalization rates among children and youth [An article from: Accident Analysis and Prevention]

Urban-rural differences in motor vehicle crash fatality and hospitalization rates among children and youth [An article from: Accident Analysis and Prevention]
by L. Kmet (Author), C. Macarthur (Author)


This digital document is a journal article from Accident Analysis and Prevention, published by Elsevier in . The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Media Library immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Description:
This population-based study examined motor vehicle crash hospitalization rates and death rates among children and youth in rural and urban areas of the province of Alberta, Canada. Using police report data (1997-2002, inclusive), average annual motor vehicle crash hospitalization and death rates among those 0-19 years of age were calculated for rural and urban regions. Across all age and sex strata examined, both the hospitalization and the fatality rates were significantly higher in rural compared with...

© 2015 BrightSurf.com