Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Driven to distraction

April 30, 2012
Anticipation of cell phone use may contribute to motor vehicle crashes

BOSTON - It's well-known that using a cell phone while driving can lead to motor vehicle crashes. New research - to be presented Sunday, April 29, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Boston - shows that even anticipating calls or messages may distract drivers, increasing the risk of a crash.

Jennifer M. Whitehill, PhD, postdoctoral fellow at Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center at the University of Washington, and her colleagues sought to determine whether compulsive cell phone use is associated with motor vehicle crashes. They enlisted undergraduate students to complete the Cell Phone Overuse Scale (CPOS), a 24-item instrument that assesses four aspects of problematic cell phone use: 1) frequent anticipation of calls/messages, 2) interference with normal activities (e.g., impacting friends/family), 3) a strong emotional reaction to the cell phone and 4) recognizing problem use.

The 384 students also took an online anonymous survey that included questions about driving history, prior crashes while operating a vehicle, and items assessing risk behaviors and psychological profile.

"Young drivers continue to use cell phones in the car, despite the known risk of crash. We were interested to explore how cell phone use contributes to distracted driving and to begin to understand the relationship between the driver and the phone," said senior author Beth E. Ebel, MD, MSc, MPH, FAAP, director of the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center and associate professor of pediatrics at University of Washington.

Results showed that for each 1 point increase on the CPOS, there was an approximately 1 percent increase in the number of previous motor vehicle crashes. Of the four dimensions of compulsive cell phone use, a higher level of call anticipation was significantly associated with prior crashes.

"We know it is important to prevent young drivers from taking their hands off the wheel and eyes off the road to use a cell phone," Dr. Whitehill said. "This study suggests that thinking about future cell phone calls and messages may be an additional source of distraction that could contribute to crashes."

American Academy of Pediatrics


Related Vehicle Crashes Current Events and Vehicle Crashes News Articles


Marijuana use involved in more fatal accidents in Colorado
The proportion of marijuana-positive drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes in Colorado has increased dramatically since the commercialization of medical marijuana in the middle of 2009, according to a study by University of Colorado School of Medicine researchers.

Underage college men discount dangers of driving after marijuana use
Underage male college students who report using marijuana in the month before they were surveyed had a high prevalence of driving under its influence and of riding with a marijuana-using driver, at a rate more than double that of driving or riding after alcohol use.

Distracted driving among teens threatens public health and safety
Motor vehicle crashes rank as the leading cause of teen deaths and in 2008, 16% of all distraction-related fatal automobile crashes involved drivers under 20 years of age.

Life expectancy gains elude overweight teens
Although people live longer today than they did 50 years ago, people who were overweight and obese as teenagers aren't experiencing the same gains as other segments of the population, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM).

Helicopters save lives
Patients transported to hospital by helicopter have a better chance of surviving traumatic injuries than those transported by ground ambulance despite having more severe injuries and needing more surgical interventions, states a study published in the Canadian Journal of Surgery.

Signs point to sharp rise in drugged driving fatalities
The prevalence of non-alcohol drugs detected in fatally injured drivers in the U.S. has been steadily rising and tripled from 1999 to 2010 for drivers who tested positive for marijuana -- the most commonly detected non-alcohol drug -- suggesting that drugged driving may be playing an increasing role in fatal motor vehicle crashes.

Johns Hopkins study: Traumatic spinal cord injuries on the rise in US
The number of serious traumatic spinal cord injuries is on the rise in the United States, and the leading cause no longer appears to be motor vehicle crashes, but falls, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

Study: Gunshot injuries in children are more severe, deadly, costly than any other injury source
A research team led by Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) and the University of California, Davis, reveals that childhood gunshot injuries, while uncommon, are more severe, require more major surgery, have greater mortality and higher per-patient costs than any other mechanism for childhood injury - particularly among adolescent males.

Studies show how critical sleep is to maintaining a healthy lifestyle
Three new studies show just how critical it is for adults to seek treatment for a sleep illness and aim for seven to nine hours of sleep each night in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

New study shows link between car crashes and adverse pregnancy outcomes
A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine indicates that motor vehicle crashes can be hazardous for pregnant women, especially if they are not wearing a seat belt when the accident occurs.
More Vehicle Crashes Current Events and Vehicle Crashes News Articles

Vehicle Crash Mechanics

Vehicle Crash Mechanics
by Matthew Huang (Author)


Governed by strict regulations and the intricate balance of complex interactions among variables, the application of mechanics to vehicle crashworthiness is not a simple task. It demands a solid understanding of the fundamentals, careful analysis, and practical knowledge of the tools and techniques of that analysis.

Vehicle Crash Mechanics sets forth the basic principles of engineering mechanics and applies them to the issue of crashworthiness. The author studies the three primary elements of crashworthiness: vehicle, occupant, and restraint. He illustrates their dynamic interactions through analytical models, experimental methods, and test data from actual crash tests. Parallel development of the analysis of actual test results and the interpretation of mathematical models related...

Simulation of Vehicle Accidents using PC-Crash

Simulation of Vehicle Accidents using PC-Crash
by DSD - Dr. Steffan Datentechnik GmbH, Linz, Austria


PC-Crash is a program for road vehicle accident simulation. The level
of complexity of mathematical models corresponds to the specific
nature of road accidents. The high numerical efficiency makes it
possible to investigate a broad field of solutions in real time, as well
as to assess the degree of results uncertainty.
The book provides the theoretical bases of the program with great
clarity together with examples which are a key to understanding the
interrelationships between the partial models and objects. Modelling
and assessment of input parameters are equally important, so the
problem has been treated with great thoroughness in the examples.
Attention was focused on the essential functions, which are also the
most difficult to...

Crash: A Novel

Crash: A Novel
by J. G. Ballard (Author)


In this hallucinatory novel, an automobile provides the hellish tableau in which Vaughan, a "TV scientist" turned "nightmare angel of the highways," experiments with erotic atrocities among auto crash victims, each more sinister than the last. James Ballard, his friend and fellow obsessive, tells the story of this twisted visionary as he careens rapidly toward his own demise in an internationally orchestrated car crash with Elizabeth Taylor.

A classic work of cutting-edge fiction, Crash explores both the disturbing implications and horrific possibilities of contemporary society's increasing dependence on technology as intermediary in human relations.


After the Crash: Psychological Assessment and Treatment of Survivors of Motor Vehicle Accidents

After the Crash: Psychological Assessment and Treatment of Survivors of Motor Vehicle Accidents
by Edward B. Blanchard (Author), Edward J. Hickling (Author)


Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) have been found to be the single leading cause of posttraumatic stress disorder in the general population. They are the most frequent, directly experienced trauma for men and the second most frequent trauma for women. This second edition, complete with charts, guides, case studies, and clinical advice, provides updates on the Albany MVA Project. It should appeal to a broad audience of practitioners, researchers, and physicians, attorneys who handle MVA survivor cases, and those interested in public safety issues.

Crash-Proof Your Kids: Make Your Teen a Safer, Smarter Driver

Crash-Proof Your Kids: Make Your Teen a Safer, Smarter Driver
by Timothy C. Smith (Author)


BEFORE YOU EVEN THINK ABOUT HANDING YOUR TEENS THE CAR KEYS, DO EVERYONE A BIG FAVOR: CRASHPROOF THEM!

Every year, six million sons and daughters will become first-time drivers. Fifty-eight percent of them will be involved in a car accident within a year of getting their license, and a significant portion of these crashes will be fatal. But here's the good news: research has shown that car crashes can be reduced by up to 30 percent when you, the parent, are actively involved in your teen's instruction and set certain limits.

In Crashproof Your Kids, certified driving instructor and dad Timothy Smith has combined the collective wisdom of numerous experts to develop the Crashproof Plan: a series of behind-the-wheel exercises designed to improve your teen's driving...

Crash Course: A Self-Healing Guide to Auto Accident Trauma and Recovery

Crash Course: A Self-Healing Guide to Auto Accident Trauma and Recovery
by Diane Poole Heller (Author), Laurence Heller (Author), Laurence S. Heller (Author), Peter Levine (Foreword)


Trauma following automobile accidents can persist for weeks, months, or longer. Symptoms include nervousness, sleep disorders, loss of appetite, and sexual dysfunction. In Crash Course, Diane Poole Heller and Laurence Heller take readers through a series of case histories and exercises to explain and treat the health problems and trauma brought on by car accidents.

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition

Eyewitness Reliability in Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Primer for Practitioners, Second Edition
by Patrick J. Robins (Author)


A necessity for anyone involved with eyewitness reports. How often have you worked on an accident investigation and found that eyewitness testimony contradicts the physical evidence found on the scene? What do you do when you have a witness stating that he saw the driver of a white truck passing him at 80 miles per hour, but the physical evidence suggests that the driver was traveling at 50 miles per hour? How can an eyewitness remember seeing a barn on the scene, when in fact there was no barn? Dr. Robins explains this and much more. Investigators, police officers, insurance adjusters, judges, plaintiffs' attorneys and defense attorneys alike should own this book. It explores, in layman's terms, the fallible aspects of eyewitness testimony. Discover how two witnesses can contradict each...

Attributions of responsibility for motor vehicle crashes [An article from: Accident Analysis and Prevention]

Attributions of responsibility for motor vehicle crashes [An article from: Accident Analysis and Prevention]
by A.E. Stewart (Author)


This digital document is a journal article from Accident Analysis and Prevention, published by Elsevier in 2005. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Media Library immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Description:
A sample of 321 motor vehicle crash survivors completed a survey in which they provided attribution ratings of the extent to which they were responsible for their crashes, other people (drivers) were responsible, or road/weather conditions were responsible. The attribution ratings were consistent with the predictions of defensive attribution theory (DAT; [Walster, E., 1966. Assignment of responsibility for an accident. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 3, 73-79]) in that people who experienced crashes of greater...

Traffic Enforcement and Crash Investigation

Traffic Enforcement and Crash Investigation
by Ross Olmos (Author)


The first of its kind, TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT AND CRASH INVESTIGATION, 1/e presents comprehensive traffic related material that new police officers need to know. From the history of traffic laws to future trends, it helps officers understand the basic elements of traffic enforcement and crash investigation. Beyond just a traffic law manual, it includes social and ethical issues and hot topics such as dealing with official misconduct, quotas, tolerances and officer discretion.  Its strong coverage of DUIs and up-to-date guidelines help prepare officers for one of their primary responsibilities: traffic enforcement, DUI enforcement and crash related investigations.

Reckless Disregard: Corporate Greed, Government Indifference, and the Kentucky School Bus Crash

Reckless Disregard: Corporate Greed, Government Indifference, and the Kentucky School Bus Crash
by James S. Kunen (Author)


The story of corporate negligence and drunk driving that led to deaths for twenty-seven children and adults in a Kentucky school bus reveals the family who refused to settle their lawsuit and helped change standards to protect all children. 25,000 first printing.

© 2014 BrightSurf.com