Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Obesity affects job prospects for women, study finds

May 01, 2012
Obese women are more likely to be discriminated against when applying for jobs and receive lower starting salaries than their non-overweight colleagues, a new study has found.

The study, led by The University of Manchester and Monash University, Melbourne, and published in the International Journal of Obesity, examined whether a recently developed measure of anti-fat prejudice, the universal measure of bias (UMB), predicted actual obesity job discrimination. The researchers also assessed whether people's insecurity with their own bodies (body image) and conservative personalities such as, authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation were related to obesity discrimination, as they are related to homophobia and racism.

Psychologist and lead researcher Dr Kerry O'Brien said the nature of the study was initially concealed from the participants to avoid biased results, and simply advertised as a study on whether some people are better at personnel selection than others.

"Participants viewed a series of resumes that had a small photo of the job applicant attached, and were asked to make ratings of the applicants suitability, starting salary, and employability," said Dr O'Brien. "We used pictures of women pre- and post-bariatric surgery, and varied whether participants saw either a resume, amongst many, that had a picture of an obese female (BMI 38-41) attached, or the same female but in a normal weight range (BMI 22-24) following bariatric surgery.

"We found that strong obesity discrimination was displayed across all job selection criteria, such as starting salary, leadership potential, and likelihood of selecting an obese candidate for the job."

The higher a participant's score on the measure of anti-fat prejudice, the more likely they were to discriminate against obese candidates, while those with a more authoritarian personality also displayed discrimination.

Dr O'Brien and co-authors Dr Janet Latner, from the University of Hawaii, and Dr Jackie Hunter, from Otago University, noted that one of the particularly interesting and new findings was that the participants' ratings of their own physical appearance (body image) and importance of physical appearance were also associated with obesity discrimination.

"The higher participants rated their own physical attractiveness and the importance of physical appearance, the greater the prejudice and discrimination," said Dr O'Brien. "One interpretation of this finding might be that we feel better about our own bodies if we compare ourselves and discriminate against 'fat' people, but we need to test this experimentally."

The study is the first to show a relationship between explicit self-report measures of obesity prejudice and obesity job discrimination. In addition, the results suggest that a belief in the superiority of some individuals over others is related to the perception that obese individuals deserve fewer privileges and opportunities than non-fat individuals.

Dr O'Brien added: "Our findings show that there is a clear need to address obesity discrimination, particularly against females who tend to bear the brunt of anti-fat prejudice. Prejudice reduction interventions and policies need to be developed. It's also becoming clear that the reasons for this prejudice appear to be related to our personalities, how we feel about ourselves, with attributions, such as, obese people are lazy, gluttonous etc merely acting as justifications for our prejudice."

University of Manchester


Related Obesity Current Events and Obesity News Articles


Fast-food consumption linked to lower test score gains in 8th graders
The amount of fast food children eat may be linked to how well they do in school, a new nationwide study suggests.

Study: An alternative for pain control after knee replacement surgery
It's estimated that more than half of adults in the United States diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis will undergo knee replacement surgery.

Latest evidence on using hormone replacement therapy for treating menopausal symptoms
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms, in particular for younger women at the onset of the menopause, suggests a new review published today (19 December) in The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist (TOG).

Islet cell transplantation restores type 1 diabetics' blood sugar defense mechanisms
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients who have developed low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) as a complication of insulin treatments over time are able to regain normal internal recognition of the condition after receiving pancreatic islet cell transplantation.

Not just for the holidays, mistletoe could fight obesity-related liver disease
Mistletoe hanging in doorways announces that the holidays are just around the corner. For some people, however, the symbolic plant might one day represent more than a kiss at Christmas time: It may mean better liver health.

Health Coaching Coupled with Gym Membership Works Best for Obese People with Serious Mental Illness
A health promotion program, called In SHAPE, specifically designed for people with serious mental illness, produced more fit participants and significant weight loss than a control group where participants only received a gym membership.

How does prostate cancer form?
Prostate cancer affects more than 23,000 men this year in the USA however the individual genes that initiate prostate cancer formation are poorly understood.

Wild blueberries (bilberries) can help tackle the adverse effects of a high-fat diet
Eating bilberries diminishes the adverse effects of a high-fat diet, according to a recent study at the University of Eastern Finland.

Main reason for lifespan variability between races not cause of death
Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought.

Skipping meals increases children's obesity and cardiometabolic risk
Children who skip main meals are more likely to have excess body fat and an increased cardiometabolic risk already at the age of 6 to 8 years, according to a Finnish study.
More Obesity Current Events and Obesity News Articles

Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease

Fat Chance: Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease
by Robert H. Lustig (Author)


New York Times Bestseller

Robert Lustig’s 90-minute YouTube video “Sugar: The Bitter Truth”, has been viewed more than three million times. Now, in this much anticipated book, he documents the science and the politics that has led to the pandemic of chronic disease over the last 30 years.

In the late 1970s when the government mandated we get the fat out of our food, the food industry responded by pouring more sugar in. The result has been a perfect storm, disastrously altering our biochemistry and driving our eating habits out of our control.

To help us lose weight and recover our health, Lustig presents personal strategies to readjust the key hormones that regulate hunger, reward, and stress; and societal strategies to improve the health of the next...

A Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind the Obesity Epidemic â and How We Can End It

A Big Fat Crisis: The Hidden Forces Behind the Obesity Epidemic — and How We Can End It
by M.D. Deborah Cohen (Author)



Obesity is the public health crisis of the twenty-first century. Over 150 million Americans are overweight or obese, and across the globe an estimated 1.5 billion are affected. In A Big Fat Crisis, Dr. Deborah A. Cohen has created a major new work that will transform the conversation surrounding the modern weight crisis. Based on her own extensive research, as well as the latest insights from behavioral economics and cognitive science, Cohen reveals what drives the obesity epidemic and how we, as a nation, can overcome it.

Cohen argues that the massive increase in obesity is the product of two forces. One is the immutable aspect of human nature, namely the fundamental limits of self-control and the unconscious ways we are hard-wired to eat. And second is the completely...

Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity

Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity
by Robert Kushner (Author), Victor Lawrence (Author), Sudhesh Kumar (Author)


This accessible guide to obesity and its clinical management provides clear, didactic, clinically focused guidance for all healthcare professionals involved in the treatment and management of patients with obesity, thus acting as a repository of essential practical knowledge. It is an ideal practical guide for registrars and residents in endocrinology and metabolic disease, as well as all other health professionals who regularly manage obese patients, such as specialist obesity and diabetes nurses, dietitians, and general practitioners with an interest in obesity management.

Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials

Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials
by Michael G. Steelman (Editor), Eric Westman (Editor)


Addressing a growing epidemic in today’s world, Obesity: Evaluation and Treatment Essentials presents practical treatment protocols for obesity, including exercise, pharmacology, behavior modification, and dietary factors, from the point of view of the practicing physician. Encompassing a multidisciplinary audience of clinicians and researchers, this comprehensive resource is an invaluable, user-friendly tool for bariatric physicians and surgeons, endocrinologists, diabetologists, nutritionists, dieticians, and all those who treat obesity. Written by prominent members of the American Society of Bariatric Physicians, this text: Showcases successful treatment methods by including key points of various clinicians in each chapter Includes an up-to-date chapter on the pharmacology of...

Obesity: Why You're Fat And How You Can Fix It

Obesity: Why You're Fat And How You Can Fix It
by Pointed Publishing


How to Combat Obesity and Live the Full and Happy Life You Deserve
Want to lose weight, but don't know where to begin to make a big difference and FAST? This step-by-step REALISTIC plan will help you on your way. Surgery and drugs can certainly take you out of the overweight population, but with side effects that outweigh the benefits. Worse yet, the weight loss may only be temporary. When the weight returns it usually comes with extra so your last case is worse than the first.


What is the answer to the health and emotional problems that come with obesity? This step-by-step guide shows how it’s being solved without drugs or surgery, taking into account the role of behavior and genetics.


Your Genetic Code is NOT an Obesity “Death...

The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier

The Obesity Paradox: When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier
by Carl J. Lavie M.D. (Author)


Most of us think that longevity hinges on maintaining a normal Body Mass Index. But research conducted over the last decade hit the media in January with explosive news: Overweight and even moderately obese people with certain chronic diseases—from heart disease to cancer— often live longer and fare better than normalweight individuals with the same ailments.

In this groundbreaking book, Carl Lavie, MD, reveals the science behind the obesity paradox and shows us how to achieve maximum health rather than minimum weight. Lavie not only explains how extra fat provides additional fuel to help fight illness, he also argues that we’ve gotten so used to framing health issues in terms of obesity that we overlook other potential causes of disease. Picking up where the bestseller Fat...

Textbook of Obesity: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Influences

Textbook of Obesity: Biological, Psychological and Cultural Influences
by Sharon Akabas (Editor), Sally Ann Lederman (Editor), Barbara J. Moore (Editor)


Textbook of Obesity is designed to cover all of the essential elements concerning the etiology, prevention and treatment of obesity suitable for students in nutrition, dietetics and health science courses. Providing core knowledge for students is an essential and urgent requirement to ensure that those graduating will be properly equipped to deal with the high prevalence of overweight and obesity, currently affecting almost two-thirds of the population of the USA and with prevalence in much of the rest of the world rapidly catching up.This landmark text is organized into 5 parts comprising 27 chapters, each carefully written in a user-friendly style by experts in the area.  Part I helps the reader to understand the scope and complexity of the problem of obesity. Part II focuses on...

Obesity 101 (Psych 101)

Obesity 101 (Psych 101)
by Lauren Rossen PhD (Author), Eric Rossen PhD (Author)


"This resource is an exciting new book that features a balanced perspective about one of the most talked about topics of this time...it would be a great resource for those who are interested in joining the fight to eradicate obesity and obesity-related consequences."--Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior "Lauren and Eric Rossen offer a well articulated account of the growing obesity epidemic in today's society in an engaging, easily understood, and witty manner. This comprehensive volume should serve as an essential resource for researchers, clinicians, students, and the general public interested in the fundamental understanding, assessment, treatment, and prevention of obesity." Jason P. A. Gallant, Ph.D.
Chief Psychologist
Boys Town Central Florida Behavioral Health...

Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success (How to Lose 100 Pounds)

Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success (How to Lose 100 Pounds)
by PKS Publishing


Losing 100 pounds is NOT easy! This book is NOT filled with the latest promises and solutions for fast weight loss. You can find plenty of other books on those topics if you're not ready to give up the roller coaster ride just yet.

What you will find here is a blueprint of tips and ideas for getting started...an outline of sorts for designing a plan that will work for YOU.

This is a quick read from a real woman who is on a journey to lose 100+ pounds. These ideas helped her to FINALLY start a weight loss plan that actually became fun and inspiring. This blueprint can help you too.

If you're ready to lose the weight and change your life, whether it's 100 pounds or 20 pounds, then "Creating YOUR Plan for Weight Loss Success" is for you!

Handbook of Obesity, Two-Volume Set

Handbook of Obesity, Two-Volume Set
by George A. Bray (Editor), Claude Bouchard (Editor)


This 2 volume set comprises of the 3rd edition of Volume 1 and the 4th edition of Volume 2, both published in 2014. In recent years, we’ve developed a much better grasp of the biological and other factors associated with the development of obesity. New clinical trials, discoveries related to drug use, and greater understanding of the benefits of weight loss in obese patients have expanded the field of research in this area. Reflecting our evolving understanding of causes and consequences, the two-volume set Handbook of Obesity explores every facet of this disease from cause to cure. Volume One: Epidemiology, Etiology, and Physiopathology provides comprehensive coverage of the biological, behavioral, and environmental determinants of this critical illness. This new edition is divided...

© 2014 BrightSurf.com