Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Lowering the national ozone standard would significantly reduce mortality and morbidity

July 18, 2012
Establishing a more stringent ozone standard in the U.S. would significantly reduce ozone-related premature mortality and morbidity, according to a new study published online July 18 in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

"Abundant evidence links exposure to ozone with adverse health effects, including impaired pulmonary function, asthma exacerbations, increased hospital and emergency room visits, and increased mortality, yet the current National Ambient Air Quality Standard of 75ppb is often exceeded," said lead author Jesse Berman, a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. "Our study shows that adhering to the current standard would result in a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality and, furthermore, that applying even more stringent ozone standards would result in even greater reductions."

The research was supported in part by an American Thoracic Society research contract to Mr. Berman.

Using national ozone monitoring data for 2005-07 and concentration-response data obtained or derived from the epidemiological literature, the authors applied health impact assessment methodology using the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP) to estimate the numbers of deaths and other adverse health outcomes that would have been avoided during this time period if the current eight-hour average ozone standard (75ppb) or lower standards had been met.

The researchers estimated that if the current ozone standard of 75ppb had been met, 1,410 to 2,480 ozone-related premature deaths would have been avoided during the study period. At a lower standard of 70ppb, 2,450 to 4,130 deaths would have been avoided, and at a standard of 60ppb, 5,210 to 7.990 deaths would have been avoided. At the 75ppb standard, acute respiratory symptoms would have been reduced by three million cases and school-loss days by one million cases annually. Even greater avoided mortalities and morbidities would have been achieved at 70ppb and 60 ppb standards.

"The EPA's Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee has recommended adoption of an ozone standard in the 60 to 70 ppb range," said Mr. Berman. "Our analysis shows that implementing such a lower standard would result in substantial public health benefits."

American Thoracic Society



More National Ozone Standard Current Events and National Ozone Standard News Articles

  President Obama directs EPA to withdraw proposal lowering national ozone standard.(ACA Issues In-Depth): An article from: JCT CoatingsTech
by Unavailable (Author)




  8-Hour ozone standard.(Mercatus Reports)(national ambient air quality standard ): An article from: Regulation
by Cato Institute (Publisher)


This digital document is an article from Regulation, published by Cato Institute on September 22, 2003. The length of the article is 481 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Digital Locker immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Citation Details
Title: 8-Hour ozone standard.(Mercatus Reports)(national ambient air quality standard )
Publication: Regulation (Refereed)
Date: September 22, 2003
Publisher: Cato Institute
Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Page: 4(2)

Distributed by Thomson Gale

Business Law (Barron's Business Review Series)

Business Law (Barron's Business Review Series)
by Robert W. Emerson J.D. (Author)


Titles in Barron's Business Review series are widely used as classroom supplements to college textbooks, and often serve as a main textbook in business brush-up programs. Business Law focuses on the importance of legal theory in the everyday business world, explaining such subjects as tort responsibility, government regulations, contracts, environmental law, product liability, consumer protection, and international law, among many other topics. Also discussed in detail are the legal aspects partnerships, franchises, and corporations, and special topics that include business crimes, property as a legal concept, intellectual property, and similar pertinent topics. A study aid labeled Key Terms appears at the beginning of each chapter, and You Should Remember summaries are strategically ...

  Comparison of the 1-hr and 8-hr National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone using Models-3.(Technical Paper): An article from: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
by Michelle Bell (Author), Hugh Ellis (Author)


This digital document is an article from Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, published by Air and Waste Management Association on December 1, 2003. The length of the article is 6693 words. The page length shown above is based on a typical 300-word page. The article is delivered in HTML format and is available in your Amazon.com Digital Locker immediately after purchase. You can view it with any web browser.

Citation Details
Title: Comparison of the 1-hr and 8-hr National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone using Models-3.(Technical Paper)
Author: Michelle Bell
Publication: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (Refereed)
Date: December 1, 2003
Publisher: Air and Waste Management Association
Volume: 53 Issue: 12 Page:...

  The National Shipbuilding Program. Preliminary Impact Analysis of Proposed Revisions of National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Ozone and Particulate Matter
by NATIONAL STEEL AND SHIPBUILDING CO SAN DIEGO CA (Author)




An Interactive History of the Clean Air Act: Scientific and Policy Perspectives

An Interactive History of the Clean Air Act: Scientific and Policy Perspectives
by Elsevier


The Clean Air Act of 1970 set out for the United States a basic, yet ambitious, objective to reduce pollution to levels that protect health and welfare. The Act set out state and federal regulations to limit emissions and the Environmental Protection Agency was established to help enforce the regulations. The Act has since had several amendments, notably in 1977 and 1990, and has successfully helped to increase air quality. This book reviews the history of the Clean Air Act of 1970 including the political, business, and scientific elements that went into establishing the Act, emphasizing the importance that scientific evidence played in shaping policy. The analysis then extends to examine the effects of the Act over the past forty years including the Environmental Protection Agency’s...

Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution

Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution
by Committee on Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction Benefits from Decreasing Tropospheric Ozone Exposure (Author), Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology (Author), Division on Earth and Life Studies (Author), National Research Council (Author)


In light of recent evidence on the relationship of ozone to mortality and questions about its implications for benefit analysis, the Environmental Protection Agency asked the National Research Council to establish a committee of experts to evaluate independently the contributions of recent epidemiologic studies to understanding the size of the ozone-mortality effect in the context of benefit analysis. The committee was also asked to assess methods for estimating how much a reduction in short-term exposure to ozone would reduce premature deaths, to assess methods for estimating associated increases in life expectancy, and to assess methods for estimating the monetary value of the reduced risk of premature death and increased life expectancy in the context of health-benefits analysis....

Macroeconomics and the Environment

Macroeconomics and the Environment
by INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND


Microeconomic policies, dealing with individual industries and economic sectors, have traditionally addressed environmental concerns, but increasingly the environment is being viewed in terms of the macro economy. To improve its understanding of the interrelationship between macroeconomics and the environment, the IMF held a seminar in May 1995 at which recognized experts from academic and research institutions, nongovernmental organizations, and staff from the World Bank and the IMF shared their views on how macroeconomic policies affect the environment and how environmental policies affect the macro economy. The present volume, edited by Ved P. Gandhi, contains the papers and proceedings of this seminar.

When Smoke Ran Like Water: Tales Of Environmental Deception And The Battle Against Pollution

When Smoke Ran Like Water: Tales Of Environmental Deception And The Battle Against Pollution
by Devra Davis (Author)


The National Book Award Finalist from a leading public-health expert, this is the unknown story of how environmental pollution has affected our health-past, present, and future

ISO 15011-2:2003, Health and safety in welding and allied processes - Laboratory method for sampling fume and gases generated by arc welding - Part 2: ... of emission rates of gases, except ozone

ISO 15011-2:2003, Health and safety in welding and allied processes - Laboratory method for sampling fume and gases generated by arc welding - Part 2: ... of emission rates of gases, except ozone
by ISO/TC 44/SC 9 (Author)


ISO 15011-2:2003 provides guidance on the determination of emission rates of gases generated by arc welding using a fume box technique. It describes the test principle, gives a possible fume box arrangement and considers methods for sampling and analysis.The following gases that can be produced during arc welding are covered:- carbon monoxide (CO);- carbon dioxide (CO2);- nitrogen oxide (NO);- nitrogen dioxide (NO2).The fume box described in this International Standard may also be used for the determination of organic gases produced in the arc welding of coated metals, e.g. primed, painted or plastic coated material. This title may contain less than 24 pages of technical content.

© 2014 BrightSurf.com