Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Accelerated resolution therapy significantly reduces PTSD symptoms, researchers report

July 27, 2012
Researchers at the University of South Florida (USF) College of Nursing have shown that brief treatments with Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) substantially reduce symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) including, depression, anxiety, sleep dysfunction and other physical and psychological symptoms. The findings of this first study of ART appear in an on-line article published June 18, 2012 in the Journal Behavioral Sciences.

ART is being studied as an alternative to traditional PTSD treatments that use drugs or lengthy psychotherapy sessions. The talk therapy uses back-and-forth eye movements as the patient fluctuates between talking about a traumatic scene, and using the eye movements to help process that information to integrate the memories from traumatic events. The two major components of ART include minimizing or eliminating physiological response associated traumatic memories, and re-envisioning painful or disturbing experiences with a novel technique known as Voluntary Image Replacement.

For the initial study, USF researchers recruited 80 adult veterans and civilians, ages 21 to 60, in the Tampa Bay area. Before receiving ART, patients were tested for symptoms of PTSD and depression, with the vast majority testing positive, 80 percent for PTSD and 90 percent for depression. After the patients received ART-based psychotherapy, the research team reported a dramatic reversal in symptoms. In as few as one to four sessions, those showing symptoms had decreased to only 17 percent for PTSD and 28 percent for depression. Improvements were also seen in trauma-related growth and self-compassion in just one to four treatments.

"From this initial assessment, ART appears to be a brief, safe, and effective treatment for symptoms of PTSD," the report concludes.

"Early results are very promising," said principal investigator Kevin E. Kip, PhD, professor and executive director of the USF College of Nursing Research Center. "Most people who came in to be treated had very high scores for PTSD, and after treatment, the majority had very large reductions. The treatment also reduced other symptoms, like depression, as well as improved sleep."

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), PTSD has become an epidemic in the United States. Recent NIH statistics show more than 7.7 million American adults and as many as 31 percent of war veterans suffer from PTSD. They experience mild to extreme symptoms, often with greatly impaired quality of life and physical and psychological functioning.

ART is a particularly promising alternative to traditional PTSD treatments, because it uses no drugs, has no serious adverse effects, and can improve symptoms in -few therapy sessions. The compelling results achieved principally with civilians in the first study prompted the USF College of Nursing to seek and facilitate expansion of a second ongoing ART study funded by the U.S. Army. This expanded study encompasses active duty service members, veterans, and reservists across all branches of service at sites around the country.

"As part of RESTORE LIVES at USF, the innovative nursing research being conducted by Dr. Kip and his team demonstrates our commitment to the health and welfare of our nation's military, veterans and their families," said Dianne Morrison-Beedy, PhD, senior associate vice president of USF Health and dean of the College of Nursing. "We are energized that the Department of Defense has agreed to extend the scope of the current study funded by the U.S. Army. The results that the ART studies have shown so far are truly amazing, and offers new hope to those suffering from PTSD."

Earlier this month, the USF research team traveled to Las Vegas to conduct the first mobile ART study with military reservists.

"We are happy about our collaboration with USF College of Nursing," said Navy Lt. Cmdr. Raul Rojas, commanding officer for the Naval Operations Support Center (NOSC). "We're honored to be the first West Coast study site for the USF College of Nursing's ART study. "We hope our relationship will help get the word out to those who can benefit from the study."

ART is one of the five sub-studies of the USF College of Nursing's Research to Rehabilitate/Restore the Lives of Veterans, Service Members and their Families (RESTORE LIVES) grant funded and administered by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and the Telemedicine & Advanced Technology Research Center (TATRC) at Fort Detrick, MD.

"All the pieces are coming together, with published results on ART, effectiveness leading to Department of Defense approval to extend the scope of the study, and our first national study site in Las Vegas. It looks like we are closer to getting a more efficient evidence-based treatment into place that will actually eliminate the traumatic response to memories and bring relief to the troops and their families," said co-principal investigator Carrie Elk, PhD, assistant professor and military liaison at the USF College of Nursing.

University of South Florida (USF Health)


Related PTSD Current Events and PTSD News Articles


Study Links Domestic Abuse to Mental Health Problems in New Mothers
A new study shows that domestic abuse is closely linked to postpartum mental health problems, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in mothers.

One in 3 intensive care survivors develop depression that manifests as physical symptoms
A third of intensive care patients develop depression that typically manifests as physical, or somatic, symptoms such as weakness, appetite change, and fatigue, rather than psychological symptoms.

Can virtual reality-based therapy help veterans overcome posttraumatic stress disorder?
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among military veterans and together with the often-related anxiety, depression, and psychological and emotional impairment can dramatically affect quality of life.

9/11 linked to two heart disease culprits: Obstructive sleep apnea and PTSD
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai researchers have linked high levels of exposure to inhaled particulate matter by first responders at Ground Zero to the risk of obstructed sleep apnea and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), both conditions that may impact cardiovascular health.

Suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influence on behavior
Researchers part-funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that, contrary to what was previously assumed, suppressing unwanted memories reduces their unconscious influences on subsequent behaviour, and have shed light on how this process happens in the brain.

Returning vets face 'warring identities' distress
Soldiers returning home from war may find themselves engaged in an even tougher conflict. A paper published in Society and Mental Health examines the "warring identities" many veterans confront when transitioning from soldier to civilian life.

Experiential avoidance increases PTSD risk following child maltreatment
Child abuse is a reliable predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder, but not all maltreated children suffer from it, according to Chad Shenk, assistant professor of human development and family studies, Penn State, who examined why some maltreated children develop PTSD and some do not.

LSUHSC mental health care model reduced symptoms in those most affected by BP oil spill
A model of care developed by the Department of Psychiatry at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine to provide mental health services after the Deepwater Horizon Gulf Oil Spill reduced both mental health and general medical symptoms.

Suicidal ideation among US soldiers begins before enlistment
Nearly 60% of soldier suicide attempts can be traced to pre-enlistment mental disorders, which are much more common among nondeployed U.S. Army soldiers than demographically similar populations of civilians (25.1% vs. 11.6%), according to a major new study.

Military dads have to re-learn parenting after deployment
Fathers who returned after military service report having difficulty connecting with young children who sometimes don't remember them, according to a study released this week.
More PTSD Current Events and PTSD News Articles

The PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms

The PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms
by Mary Beth Williams PhD LCSW CTS (Author), Soili Poijula PhD (Author)


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an extremely debilitating anxiety condition that can occur after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal. Although many know that this mental health issue affects veterans of war, many may not know that it also affects victims of domestic violence, sexual violence, natural disasters, crime, car accidents and accidents in the workplace. No matter the cause of their illness, people with PTSD will often relive their traumatic experience in the form of flashbacks, memories, nightmares, and frightening thoughts. This is especially true when they are exposed to events or objects that remind them of their trauma. Left untreated, PTSD can lead to emotional numbness, insomnia, addiction, anxiety, depression, and even suicide.In The PTSD Workbook, Second...

Shock Waves: A Practical Guide to Living with a Loved One's PTSD

Shock Waves: A Practical Guide to Living with a Loved One's PTSD
by Cynthia Orange (Author)


In the United States, about 60 percent of men and 50 percent of women experience, witness, or are affected by a traumatic event in their lifetimes. Many of them (8 percent of men and 20 percent of women) may develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)—a life-altering anxiety disorder. Once connected mainly with veterans of war, PTSD is now being diagnosed in many situations that cause extreme trauma such as rape, physical attacks or abuse, accidents, terrorist incidents, or natural disasters.

What is not reflected in those statistics are the millions of family and friends who also suffer from the shock wave effects of a loved one's trauma. Feelings—for both trauma survivors and those who love them—can become intense and unpredictable. It is normal to experience fear,...

The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook: A Guide to Healing, Recovery, and Growth

The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook: A Guide to Healing, Recovery, and Growth
by Glenn Schiraldi (Author)


The Definitive Resource for Trauma Survivors, Their Loved Ones, and Helpers Trauma can take many forms, from witnessing a violent crime or surviving a natural disaster to living with the effects of abuse, rape, combat, or alcoholism. Deep emotional wounds may seem like they will never heal. However, with The Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook, Dr. Glenn Schiraldi offers a remarkable range of treatment alternatives and self-management techniques, showing survivors that the other side of pain is recovery and growth. Live your life more fully-without fear, pain, depression, or self-doubt Identify emotional triggers-and protect yourself from further harm Understand the link between PTSD and addiction-and how to break it Find the best treatments and techniques that are right for you...

Once a Warrior--Always a Warrior: Navigating the Transition from Combat to Home--Including Combat Stress, PTSD, and mTBI

Once a Warrior--Always a Warrior: Navigating the Transition from Combat to Home--Including Combat Stress, PTSD, and mTBI
by Charles W. Hoge M.D. (Author)


 The essential handbook for anyone who has ever returned from a war zone, and their spouse, partner, or family members. Being back home can be as difficult, if not more so, than the time spent serving in a combat zone. It’s with this truth that Colonel Charles W. Hoge, MD, a leading advocate for eliminating the stigma of mental health care, presents Once a Warrior—Always a Warrior, a groundbreaking resource with essential new insights for anyone who has ever returned home from a war zone. In clear practical language, Dr. Hoge explores the latest knowledge in combat stress, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), mTBI (mild traumatic brain injury), other physiological reactions to war, and their treatment options. Recognizing that warriors and family members both change during...

Complex PTSD: From Surviving to Thriving: A GUIDE AND MAP FOR RECOVERING FROM CHILDHOOD TRAUMA

Complex PTSD: From Surviving to Thriving: A GUIDE AND MAP FOR RECOVERING FROM CHILDHOOD TRAUMA
by Pete Walker (Author)


I have Complex PTSD [Cptsd] and wrote this book from the perspective of someone who has experienced a great reduction of symptoms over the years. I also wrote it from the viewpoint of someone who has discovered many silver linings in the long, windy, bumpy road of recovering from Cptsd. I felt encouraged to write this book because of thousands of e-mail responses to the articles on my website that repeatedly expressed gratitude for the helpfulness of my work. An often echoed comment sounded like this: At last someone gets it. I can see now that I am not bad, defective or crazy…or alone! The causes of Cptsd range from severe neglect to monstrous abuse. Many survivors grow up in houses that are not homes – in families that are as loveless as orphanages and sometimes as...

Overcoming Trauma and PTSD: A Workbook Integrating Skills from ACT, DBT, and CBT

Overcoming Trauma and PTSD: A Workbook Integrating Skills from ACT, DBT, and CBT
by Sheela Raja (Author), Susan M. Orsillo (Foreword)


If you’ve experienced a traumatic event, you may feel a wide range of emotions, such as anxiety, anger, fear, and depression. The truth is that there is no right or wrong way to react to trauma; but there are ways that you can heal from your experience, and uncover your own capacity for resilience, growth, and recovery. Overcoming Trauma and PTSD offers proven-effective treatments based in acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to help you overcome both the physical and emotional symptoms of trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This book will help you find relief from painful flashbacks, insomnia, or other symptoms you might be experiencing. Also included are worksheets, checklists, and...

The PTSD Cure - How To Overcome Post Traumatic Stress Disorder And Live A Happy, Fulfilling Life (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Stress Management, Anxiety, Phobias)

The PTSD Cure - How To Overcome Post Traumatic Stress Disorder And Live A Happy, Fulfilling Life (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Stress Management, Anxiety, Phobias)


A Proven, Step-By-Step Method To Curing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Once And For All

Discover how to overcome Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and be free of anxiety, depression, and be able to live a happy, fulfilling life!

The PTSD Cure is designed to help those suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder be able to overcome their condition through various methods. I've suffered from PTSD and was able to overcome it by studying and researching many doctors and experts on the subject. The truth is, thousands of people around the world have been able to overcome PTSD and live happy, amazing lives that is free from stress, anxiety and depression. This book contains all of the best principles that I've learned that has helped thousands of people recover and...

Mind-Body Workbook for PTSD: A 10-Week Program for Healing After Trauma

Mind-Body Workbook for PTSD: A 10-Week Program for Healing After Trauma
by Stanley H. Block (Author), Carolyn Bryant Block (Author)


It may not seem possible at first, but you can make a full recovery after trauma Many traumatic experiences naturally heal with time and become part of your past, like old scars. But when you have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), traumas flare up in your life again and again, causing stress and making it difficult to focus on the here and now. Months and even years may pass, but the memories don't fade and let you move on. A clinically proven therapeutic method called mind-body bridging can help you to finally heal and recover from these difficult experiences. Mind-Body Workbook for PTSD is a straightforward, self-guided mind-body bridging program that you can complete in ten weeks. You'll use your body to settle your mind, develop the skills you need to recover...

Seeking Safety: A Treatment Manual for PTSD and Substance Abuse (Guilford Substance Abuse)

Seeking Safety: A Treatment Manual for PTSD and Substance Abuse (Guilford Substance Abuse)
by Lisa M. Najavits (Author)


This manual presents the first empirically studied, integrative treatment approach developed specifically for PTSD and substance abuse. For persons with this prevalent and difficult-to-treat dual diagnosis, the most urgent clinical need is to establish safety--to work toward discontinuing substance use, letting go of dangerous relationships, and gaining control over such extreme symptoms as dissociation and self-harm. The manual is divided into 25 specific units or topics, addressing a range of different cognitive, behavioral, and interpersonal domains. Each topic provides highly practical tools and techniques to engage patients in treatment; teach "safe coping skills" that apply to both disorders; and restore ideals that have been lost, including respect, care, protection, and healing....

PTSD: What To Do About It When You Don't Know What To Do About It.

PTSD: What To Do About It When You Don't Know What To Do About It.


Post traumatic stress disorder is a horrible condition that is caused by experiencing an event that is so terrifying that you believe that you will die. Most people experience posttraumatic symptoms after such an event, but there are specific factors that lead to the "disorder" component of PTSD.

I should know. I have PTSD and when I started having symptoms, I had no idea what was going on. One day, I was going about my business and the next, I thought I might be headed for the padded cell. If you have PTSD, you know how that feels. It did not take long to identify what the problem was, but it took about 2 years to get my head back together. I really didn't know what to do about it, as most survivors don't. Through a lot of trial and error, I did pull myself out of having...

© 2014 BrightSurf.com