Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Annals of Internal Medicine publishes new CDC recommendations on hepatitis C screening

August 17, 2012

Without other risk factors, all Americans born between 1945 and 1965 should have a one-time screening for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) according to new recommendations being published early online today in Annals of Internal Medicine, the flagship journal of the American College of Physicians. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also recommends that all persons identified with HCV should receive a brief alcohol screening and intervention and be referred to appropriate care and treatment services for HCV and related conditions.

Up to 3.9 million people in the United States are infected with HCV, a virus that can cause inflammation and permanent liver damage. The infection is most prevalent among people born from 1945 through 1965, and approximately 50 to 75 percent of those with HCV are unaware that they are infected. This is a problem because HCV progresses slowly, and the risk of serious complications increases as time passes.

The recommendation developers sought to identify testing strategies that would increase the proportion of HCV-infected persons who know their status. In particular, whether a testing strategy based on year of birth would identify persons living with HCV infection who have not been identified by risk-based testing. They conducted a systematic review of evidence published between 1995 and February 2012 to assess the prevalence of HCV and clinical outcomes. They found that the proportion of people born between 1945 and 1965 with HCV antibody was higher than that of the general population. Among that cohort, the recommendation authors found strong evidence that achieving sustained virologic response (SVR) was associated with reduced risk for death and liver cancer.

The CDC recommends that persons identified with HCV have a brief alcohol screening and intervention, as alcohol use has been shown to accelerate the progression of liver disease. The recommendation authors considered evidence from a systematic review of 22 randomized, controlled trials published since 2010 to determine the effects of a brief alcohol intervention versus no intervention on reduction of alcohol use. The research showed that patients who had a brief alcohol reduction intervention reduced their weekly alcohol consumption by an average of 38.42 grams compared with those who had no intervention.

Previously, the CDC recommended antibody screening only of individuals with health or lifestyle indicators suggesting potential infection. These indicators include a history of injecting drugs, having a blood transfusion before 1992, or being a chronic hemodialysis patient. Low case identification may result from the difficulty of implementing risk-based screening given the limited time of primary care visits and unease in discussing behavioral risks.

American College of Physicians


Related Hepatitis C Current Events and Hepatitis C News Articles


Large global range of prices for hepatitis C medicines raises concerns about affordability
The prices and affordability of recently developed and highly effective direct-acting antivirals for treating hepatitis C (HCV) vary greatly among countries worldwide.

Autism care improved, diagnosis time shortened by new MU program
Wait lists for a specialist to confirm an autism diagnosis can be agonizing and last months. As the prevalence of autism and autism spectrum disorders increase, so does the demand for a health care system that is fully equipped to respond to the complex needs associated with autism.

Could hepatitis C treatments help prevent virus transmission?
An international team of researchers has shed light on the potential impact of new drugs for hepatitis C virus (HCV).

Experimental drug against hepatitis C slows down Zika virus infection in mice
Virologists from KU Leuven, Belgium, have shown that an experimental antiviral drug against hepatitis C slows down the development of Zika in mice. The research team was led by Professor Johan Neyts from the Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy.

New study finds asthma patients rely heavily on rescue inhalers, difficult to diagnose
In a new national survey of asthma patients, Health Union, and its new online community Asthma.net, reveals that most were satisfied with the care they received; however, the most frequently used form of treatment, at 89%, is the rescue inhaler.

Alcohol accelerates liver damage in people living with hepatitis C
Drinking alcohol can increase the risk of illness and death from the hepatitis C virus. A new national household study of U.S. adults published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that many people living with hepatitis C report either former or current excessive alcohol use.

New treatment algorithm can predict benefit of treatment in end-stage liver disease
A new algorithm designed to help physician decision-making in End-Stage Liver Disease (ESLD), was able to accurately predict death in 96% of patients with ESLD.

CRI researchers link absence of protein to liver tissue regeneration
Scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) report that inactivating a certain protein-coding gene promotes liver tissue regeneration in mammals.

New national study finds Crohn's disease diagnosis difficult to obtain and life altering
In a new national survey of Crohn's disease patients, Health Union reveals that it was not uncommon for patients to see multiple healthcare professionals (HCPs), have numerous office visits, and endure multiple diagnostic tests before receiving a diagnosis.

Nanoparticle therapy that uses LDL and fish oil kills liver cancer cells
An experimental nanoparticle therapy that combines low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and fish oil preferentially kills primary liver cancer cells without harming healthy cells, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.
More Hepatitis C Current Events and Hepatitis C News Articles

Hepatitis C: A Complete Guide for Patients and Families (A Johns Hopkins Press Health Book)

Hepatitis C: A Complete Guide for Patients and Families (A Johns Hopkins Press Health Book)
by Paul J. Thuluvath (Author)


The liver is the body’s workhorse. It makes proteins and bile, processes fats, and detoxifies drugs and alcohol. The liver is a resilient organ, but it is susceptible to damage from a number of sources, including viral infections. Such infections cause inflammation of the liver, called hepatitis. This book is a comprehensive guide to hepatitis C, which affects about 3 percent of the world’s population―3 to 4 million people in the United States alone. Some people with acute hepatitis C infection will be cured without any treatment, but when hepatitis C becomes chronic it may cause cirrhosis, liver cancer, and death.Hepatitis C is transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person by sharing drug-injecting equipment, snorting cocaine, having sex, or getting a blood...

Hepatitis C Survival Secrets: With Critical Insights Your Doctor Won't Share

Hepatitis C Survival Secrets: With Critical Insights Your Doctor Won't Share
by Ralph Napolitano (Author)


Hepatitis C Survival Secrets can be of tremendous help to anyone with chronic Hepatitis C. The book is based on decades of ongoing research, including countless communications with other Hepatitis C survivors. The goal of the book is to present you with various treatment options that show real evidence for supporting, protecting and improving liver health and function. As a Hepatitis C survivor you need to learn about the many strategies and approaches available to manage your illness. Some people choose to take the conventional medical approach simply because it's covered by health insurance; others choose alternative medications because they believe they will be better off: and still others bury their heads in the sand and do ...

Hepatitis C Treatment: Spot The Symptoms Early And Get Rid Of Hepatitis C Forever (Hepatitis C Transmission, Hepatitis C Cure, Hepatitis C Symptoms , Preventing Hepatitis C)

Hepatitis C Treatment: Spot The Symptoms Early And Get Rid Of Hepatitis C Forever (Hepatitis C Transmission, Hepatitis C Cure, Hepatitis C Symptoms , Preventing Hepatitis C)


Hepatitis C Treatment
Spot The Symptoms Early And Get Rid Of Hepatitis C Forever !
Free Bonus Included - Get It At The End Of The Book!

You’re about to discover how to spot the symptoms of Hepatitis C and get the necessary treatment.
The majority of those with Hepatitis C are not usually aware of their condition. By the time they discover, it's usually late. This makes it difficult to successfully get rid of this disease. In this book, you will learn about the symptoms to look out for, types of treatments available and more useful information about Hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C is an infectious disease that is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The word hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Being the second most important organ in the body, an...

Hepatitis C Never Give Up HOPE

Hepatitis C Never Give Up HOPE
by Cindy Bowles (Author)


Love was to be shared between author Cindy Bowles and her husband Harold when he first saw her barrel racing at a rodeo. They soon became high school sweethearts and married young, going on to invest in the farming life and become parents to four children. However, their comfortable life took a disastrous turn when Harold became regularly fatigued and prone to angry outbursts. In her new autobiography, Hepatitis C, Never Give Up Hope; the cause of Harold's sickness was hepatitis C, which also fueled his diagnosis of Stage 4 cirrhosis. However, Cindy believed God could do the impossible and could be counted on for a miraculous recovery for Harold. Whether it was getting a needed liver transplant or daily strength to handle the ups and downs of the disease, her book reflects an...

Hepatitis C Treatment One Step at a Time: Inspiration and Practical Tips for Successful Treatment

Hepatitis C Treatment One Step at a Time: Inspiration and Practical Tips for Successful Treatment
by Lucinda Porter RN (Author), Diana Sylvestre MD (Foreword)


Hepatitis C Treatment One Step at a Time provides the practical advice and daily inspiration you need to help you successfully complete hepatitis C (HCV) treatment. Deciding to undergo HCV antiviral therapy is one of the bravest and most important steps toward health youÌll ever make. As a nurse in the HCV field and a patient who underwent three courses of HCV therapy, Lucinda K. Porter understands how physically and emotionally challenging this experience can be. In Hepatitis C Treatment One Step at a Time, she provides entries for each day of treatment, offering you a daily dose of relief, encouragement, and tips to help you stay on track. From dealing with fatigue and nausea to nosy co-workers and lab results, Porter shows you how to: Prepare mentally, physically, and...

Handbook of Hepatitis C

Handbook of Hepatitis C
by Nicolas Goossens (Editor), Sophie Clément (Editor), Francesco Negro (Editor)


This book is a concise and up-to-date review of the clinical features, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with hepatitis C. Busy health care professionals who want a quick review of hepatitis C and new developments in treatment for hepatitis C will benefit from this succinct guide.
Hepatitis C virus primarily infects liver cells and can lead to chronic damage to the liver. Patients with hepatitis C infection often develop liver sequelae such as fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma if left untreated. It is estimated that 150 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus, and if eradication is to be achieved it is imperative to diagnose and treat such individuals.

Triumph Over Hepatitis C

Triumph Over Hepatitis C
by Lloyd Wright (Author), Annie Waterhouse (Illustrator)


This is the third edition, 2nd printing. This edition of Triumph Over Hepatitis C includes all new information updates. It is important for the reader to understand that HCV has not changed, the way to health has not changed. The only thing that has changed is Big Pharm's quest for your money and their complete disregard for your health.

Healing Hepatitis and Liver Disease Naturally: Detoxification. Liver gall bladder flush & Cleanse. Cure Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. Lower blood cholesterol and stop cirrhosis

Healing Hepatitis and Liver Disease Naturally: Detoxification. Liver gall bladder flush & Cleanse. Cure Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. Lower blood cholesterol and stop cirrhosis
by Peter Oyakhire (Author)


LIVE YOUR LIFE EXPECTANCY WITH CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE.

Studies show that all wellness traditions except western medicine offer detoxification and toxic waste management as a means of natural healing. Using the principles of natural healing and detoxification, Dr. Alexis Carrel, a Nobel Prize winner kept chicken heart alive for 38 years. He believed that cells could live indefinitely and that the secret of life is to feed nutrients to cells and to saturate the cells with Oxygen. If you can't get nutrients into the cells and you don't remove the toxins, the cells will be poisoned by their own waste products. He had found the secret to ageless body and timeless health.

Often overlooked is the pain associated with orthodox management of infective and degenerative liver diseases...

The First Year: Hepatitis C: An Essential Guide for the Newly Diagnosed

The First Year: Hepatitis C: An Essential Guide for the Newly Diagnosed
by Cara Bruce (Author), Lisa Montanarelli (Author), Teresa Wright (Foreword)


The fifth-year anniversary of the book ushers in a new phase of treatment and information, including protease inhibitors (which have been so successful in treating HIV), split-liver transplants, and prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines for HCV. Bruce and Montanarelli also offer updated information on medications that are toxic to the liver; Eastern and Western approaches to healing; nutrition guides; the types of hepatitis that have been identified and what is known; and living with coinfection (HCV and HIV, HBV, and HAV). Alarming statistics: Hepatitis C is the most common bloodborne virus: It has infected 300 million people worldwide (4.1 million in the U.S.) and kills 8,000 to 10,000 Americans each year. About 26,000 people in the U.S. are infected yearly. Chronic hepatitis C is the...

A Never Event: Exposing the Largest Outbreak of Hepatitis C in American Healthcare History

A Never Event: Exposing the Largest Outbreak of Hepatitis C in American Healthcare History
by Evelyn V. McKnight (Author), Travis T. Bennington (Author)


CANCER CLINIC CAUSES WORST HEPATITIS OUTBREAK IN US HISTORY

In the small farming community of Fremont, Nebraska, townspeople eagerly welcomed an acclaimed doctor as the first full-time oncologist at their new cancer treatment center—but the fanfare soon turned into a nightmare.
During chemotherapy treatments, 857 patients who were already waging the fights of their lives against cancer, were inexplicably exposed to the deadly, blood-borne hepatitis C virus. At least ninety-nine of them contracted the lethal illness. The horror was unprecedented—this was the largest healthcare-transmitted outbreak of hepatitis C in American history.
A Never Event—a term used to describe a preventable medical tragedy—is a searing story of recklessness, deception and betrayal....

© 2017 BrightSurf.com