Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Honestly? Just sign here - first. Joint study by Rotman researcher shows signature placement curbs cheating

September 14, 2012

Honestly? Just sign here - first. Joint study by Rotman researcher shows signature placement curbs cheating

Toronto - Tax collectors and insurance agencies trying to boost honest reporting could improve compliance simply by asking people to sign their forms at the beginning instead of at the end.

That's because attesting to the truthfulness of the information before a form is filled out tends to activate people's moral sense, making it harder for them to fudge their numbers after, says a new paper.

"Based on our previous research we knew that an honour code is useful, but we were wondering how much the location mattered," says Nina Mazar, an assistant professor of marketing at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management. Prof. Mazar co-wrote the paper with Lisa L. Shu of the Kellogg School of Management, Francesca Gino and Max H. Bazerman of Harvard Business School, and Dan Ariely of the Fuqua School of Business.

Their conclusions were supported in three separate experiments. The largest, involving more than 13,000 U.S. auto insurance policy forms with over 20,000 cars, showed customers who signed at the beginning on average revealed a 2,428 miles higher usage (3907 km) than those who signed at the end - more than a 10% difference. The researchers calculated that added up to a $48 or more differential in the two groups of customers' annual insurance premium per car.

Previous research has shown that people can use various forms of self-deception to avoid facing up to their own dishonest behaviour. But if their self-awareness is triggered before they are presented with an opportunity to lie, they are less likely to do it. Asking people to sign an honour code afterwards comes "too late," says the paper.

Where the signature is placed likely won't make a difference to individuals who have no intention of being honest, says Prof. Mazar. But given that in the U.S. there is a $345-billion gap between what people should be paying in taxes and what they claim, it's "unlikely" the gap is caused "by a few bad apples," she says.

"There are so many temptations around us," says Prof. Mazar. "Sometimes we do give in."

The paper was published In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, one of the world's most-cited multidisciplinary scientific serials.

For the latest thinking on business, management and economics from the Rotman School of Management, visit www.rotman.utoronto.ca/FacultyAndResearch/NewThinking.aspx.

The Rotman School of Management at the University of Toronto is redesigning business education for the 21st century with a curriculum based on Integrative Thinking. Located in the world's most diverse city, the Rotman School fosters a new way to think that enables the design of creative business solutions. The School is currently raising $200 million to ensure Canada has the world-class business school it deserves. For more information, visit www.rotman.utoronto.ca.

Rotman School of Management


Related Cheating Current Events and Cheating News Articles


New research challenges Darwin, shows how a gene cheats Mendel's law of segregation
R2d2 is selfish. It is a true selfish gene. It propagates itself through generations but not for some evolutionary advantage. Quite the opposite.

Engineered gene drives and the future
Engineered gene drives, which have the potential to spread desirable genes throughout wild populations or to suppress harmful species, have received a lot of recent attention because of their potential to control organisms, such as mosquitoes that carry diseases such as Zika virus, malaria and dengue fever.

Exposure to violence makes you more likely to lie, cheat
Can watching a violent movie make you more likely to lie, cheat or steal? What about reading a violent book? While that may seem like a stretch, a new research study shows it may be the case.

Lazy microbes are key for soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration
The world's soils store on the order of 2500 gigatons of carbon, which is three times the amount in the atmosphere (or equivalent to 9170 gigatons of CO2). Yet the mechanisms behind this storage are not completely understood.

Study: Volkswagen's emissions cheat to cause 60 premature deaths in US
Volkswagen's use of software to evade emissions standards in more than 482,000 diesel vehicles sold in the U.S. will directly contribute to 60 premature deaths across the country, a new MIT-led study finds.

Women and men react differently to infidelity
If your partner has sex with someone else, it is considered infidelity - even if no emotions are involved. But it is also considered infidelity when your significant other develops a close personal relationship with someone else, even if there is no sex or physical intimacy involved.

Experts offer perspectives on cheating in mutually beneficial relationships
Mutualism, when two species both benefit from their relationship with each other, is important for the survival of many organisms.

Is it cyberbullying? Parents' views differ on how schools should respond
The digital age has given teens new platforms for cruelty: A social media prank intended to embarrass a classmate. Spreading online rumors about peers. Posting unflattering pictures of others.

Stanford scientists show fMRI memory detectors can be easily fooled
For the past several years, Anthony Wagner has been developing a computer program that can read a person's brain scan data and surmise, with a high degree of certainty, whether that person is experiencing a memory.

Ambiguous situations make it easier to justify ethical transgressions
To maintain the idea that we are moral people, we tend to lie or cheat only to the extent that we can justify our transgressions.
More Cheating Current Events and Cheating News Articles

Not "Just Friends": Rebuilding Trust and Recovering Your Sanity After Infidelity

Not "Just Friends": Rebuilding Trust and Recovering Your Sanity After Infidelity
by Shirley P. Glass (Author), Jean Coppock Staeheli (Contributor)


One of the world’s leading experts on infidelity provides a step-by-step guide through the process of marital infidelity—from suspicion and revelation to healing, and provides profound, practical guidance to prevent cheating and, if it happens, recover and heal from it.

You’re right to be cautious when you hear these words: “I’m telling you, we’re just friends.”

Good people in good marriages are having affairs. The workplace and the Internet have become fertile breeding grounds for “friendships” that can slowly and insidiously turn into love affairs. Yet you can protect your relationship from emotional or sexual betrayal by recognizing the red flags that mark the stages of slipping into an improper, dangerous intimacy that can threaten your marriage.

Cheating and Marriage: When To Divorce

Cheating and Marriage: When To Divorce
by S. Levine (Author)


Should You Stay or Should You Go? Is it time to end your marriage and leave your cheating spouse? With Cheating and Marriage: When to Divorce, you'll learn what to do when things don't feel right in your relationship. It may be time to end the endless disagreements, abuse, and ignorance. Take a step back and weigh the pros and cons of your infidelity issues. Understand the reasons behind your spouse's cheating, accept them, and move on to something better! 7 Reasons to Buy This Book You're the only one making an effort to save your marriage Your marriage is taking a toll on your emotional, spiritual, and physical health You feel your relationship issues are getting out of hand Counseling sessions seem to be falling on deaf ears Your partner is growing more and more distant from...

Avoiding Commitment

Avoiding Commitment
by K.A. Linde (Author)


Jack and Lexi never had a typical relationship. After 2 years without speaking, she receives a phone call that changes everything. He unexpectedly asks her to convince the new girl, Bekah, that he's ready to commit. Jack is calling now after everything they had been through because there is another woman. She can't believe it.

Follow Lexi in this heart wrenching drama as she relives her past relationship, or lack thereof, with Jack, and not just in her own mind, but to his fiance-to-be. Throw in Bekah's hot brother who always seems to be in the right place at the right time, a past with more secrets to unravel than you can even imagine, and you get a recipe for disaster.

Find out what happens to Lexi as she travels to Atlanta to get the closure she so desperately desires...

How to Help Your Spouse Heal From Your Affair: A Compact Manual for the Unfaithful

How to Help Your Spouse Heal From Your Affair: A Compact Manual for the Unfaithful
by Linda J. MacDonald (Author)


Once an affair comes to light, many unfaithful persons "wake up" and want to save their marriages. Yet, they usually make terrible mistakes in their bungled attempts to win back their partners' trust. Linda J. MacDonald, an infidelity specialist for 23 years, has identified behaviors and attitudes that determine unfaithful persons' success or failure to mend their marriages after the wrecking ball of an affair. 

How to Help Your Spouse Heal from Your Affair offers practical advice for those who've strayed and want a second chance. It would take weeks of therapy to learn what Successful Rebuilders know: 
How to avoid the potholes that doom marriages after affairs Critical guidelines for the first hours after discovery 15 essential steps for repair after betrayal Skills to...

After the Affair: Healing the Pain and Rebuilding Trust When a Partner Has Been Unfaithful, 2nd Edition

After the Affair: Healing the Pain and Rebuilding Trust When a Partner Has Been Unfaithful, 2nd Edition
by Janis A. Spring (Author)


“Dr. Spring possesses a remarkable combination of clarity, wisdom, spirit, and heart. This is an extremely helpful and healing book—a gift to us all.”
—Harriet Lerner, Ph.D., author of The Dance of Anger“It is ‘must’ reading for any couple who has experienced the violation of trust as a result of an affair.”
—Harville Hendrix, Ph.D. A staggering number of couples in America—about 70 percent—have been affected by extramarital affairs. After the Affair is the only book to offer proven strategies for surviving the crisis and rebuilding the relationship. Written by Janis Abrahms Spring, Ph.D., a nationally known therapist and acknowledged expert on infidelity, this revised and updated version brings the groundbreaking classic into the 21st century, with a new...

Cheating Lessons: Learning from Academic Dishonesty

Cheating Lessons: Learning from Academic Dishonesty
by James M. Lang (Author)


Nearly three-quarters of college students cheat during their undergraduate careers, a startling number attributed variously to the laziness of today's students, their lack of a moral compass, or the demands of a hypercompetitive society. For James Lang, cultural or sociological explanations like these are red herrings. His provocative new research indicates that students often cheat because their learning environments give them ample incentives to try--and that strategies which make cheating less worthwhile also improve student learning. Cheating Lessons is a practical guide to tackling academic dishonesty at its roots.Drawing on an array of findings from cognitive theory, Lang analyzes the specific, often hidden features of course design and daily classroom practice that create...

Inside Ashley Madison : True accounts from a busted husband

Inside Ashley Madison : True accounts from a busted husband


Curious about the infamous website Ashley Madison? Join the club. Since its inception in 2000, www.ashleymadison.com has lured millions of married and attached users in search of an affair with like minded seekers. Its made headlines when hackers exposed its user data base and put many would be cheaters on edge and yet it continues to thrive. Many have exposed the countless fake profiles and yet it survives. Why? Because many, like the author, find real people and engage in real affairs.
This book was written for those interested in Ashley Madison wether they intend to use it or expose someone they believe is using it. It gives a history of the site as well as a how to and an explanation of its services. the book details my experience from the first "toe in the water" to finally...

Out of the Doghouse: A Step-by-Step Relationship-Saving Guide for Men Caught Cheating

Out of the Doghouse: A Step-by-Step Relationship-Saving Guide for Men Caught Cheating
by Robert Weiss (Author)


Typically, men are good at creating rifts in relationships but terrible at mending them, especially after they've repeatedly betrayed their partner through sexual infidelity. For the most part, cheating men are both intimacy-challenged and empathy-challenged, and, as such, they lack the skills needed to overcome the damage wrought by their infidelity. Robert Weiss has spent over twenty years in the treatment of sex and intimacy issues, helping both cheating men and their betrayed spouses. In Out of the Doghouse he shares his expertise, illuminating the ways in which men can move beyond their usual feeble efforts to smooth things over. Sure, saying "I'm sorry" and trying to "buy forgiveness" with flowers and jewelry may temporarily calm the stormy seas, but these actions do nothing to...

Playing Fair: A Book about Cheating (Growing God's Kids)

Playing Fair: A Book about Cheating (Growing God's Kids)
by Carolyn Larsen (Author), Tim O'Connor (Illustrator)


Stories to Encourage Positive Behavior in Small Children

The preschool and kindergarten years are some of the most important formative years of a person's life. Habits and attitudes developed during these crucial years affect a child for the rest of his or her life. These years are also a challenging time for parents as their children test boundaries (and patience). How parents and children respond makes all the difference in the world.

The Growing God's Kids series is designed to help young children understand their feelings, develop godly ways to deal with temptations, and form positive attitudes and behaviors that will serve them well in the future. In Playing Fair, parents and children discover why playing fair is important.

Cheating Death (The Immortal Descendants Book 5)

Cheating Death (The Immortal Descendants Book 5)
by Corazon Entertainment


In this thrilling conclusion to The Immortal Descendants series, a life has ended, the future is lost, and a war has just begun.

An explosion has split Time and Archer has paid the ultimate price, leaving Saira heartbroken and desperate to repair the rupture. But the blast has trapped Saira in an alternate future where Mongers are cornered predators and Death is the ultimate judge. If Saira and her larcenous friend Ringo ever want to see Archer alive, they must pull off the impossible – alter history at a moment in time to which they cannot return. But saving Archer will restore a timeline where Mongers have complete control, mixed bloods are hunted prey, and the Descendant world is spiraling into chaos.

As Saira uses her Clocking skills to prevent her worst...

© 2017 BrightSurf.com