Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Decreased kidney function leads to decreased cognitive functioning

November 19, 2012
Decreased kidney function is associated with decreased cognitive functioning in areas such as global cognitive ability, abstract reasoning and verbal memory, according to a study led by Temple University. This is the first study describing change in multiple domains of cognitive functioning in order to determine which specific abilities are most affected in individuals with impaired renal function.

Researchers from Temple, University of Maine and University of Maryland examined longitudinal data, five years apart, from 590 people. They wanted to see how much kidney function had changed over that time period, and whether it was associated with how much cognitive functioning had changed. They were interested in the overall change, but also in specific abilities such as abstract reasoning and verbal memory.

"The brain and kidney are both organs that are affected by the cardiovascular systems," said the study's lead author, Adam Davey, associate professor of public health in Temple's College of Health Professions and Social Work. "They are both affected by things like blood pressure and hypertension, so it is natural to expect that changes in one organ are going to be linked with changes in another."

What the researchers found was the greater a person's decrease in renal functioning, the greater the decrease in overall cognitive functioning, particularly abstract reasoning and verbal memory.

"Those two tracked together, so this study provides us with evidence that the rate of cognitive decline is associated with deterioration in kidney function" said Davey.

Davey said that this information emphasizes two important points: the importance of diagnosing and managing chronic kidney disease and the extent of decrease in cognitive functioning.

"As we get older, our kidney function tends to decrease naturally, so if there's an extra issue involved in renal function like chronic kidney disease, we need to know about it as soon as possible," he said. "That is something that needs to be managed, just like you would manage hypertension."

Davey also noted that the decrease in cognitive functioning found in the study-when compared to people with dementia or cognitive impairment-is not so great that it would interfere with people being able to assist in their treatment of kidney disease.

"Patients are still going to be able to take their medicine on time and without assistance, as well as understand the information that their physician is sharing with them about their disease," he said.

Temple University


Related Kidney Function Current Events and Kidney Function News Articles


Diet high in red meat may make kidney disease worse
An estimated 26 million people in the United States have chronic kidney disease, which can lead to complete kidney failure. Once the kidneys fail, patients either need to undergo dialysis treatments three times a week or have a kidney transplant to remain alive. In 2013, more than 47,000 Americans died from kidney disease.

BU study finds occupational link in kidney disease epidemic in Central America
Sugarcane workers in northwestern Nicaragua experienced a decline in kidney function during the harvest, with field workers at greatest risk, suggesting that heat stress or other occupational factors may be playing a role in the high rates of chronic kidney disease in the region, a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health researchers shows.

Kidney function considerations are critical when assessing drugs in clinical trials
Kidney function can affect the potency and metabolism of drugs that are eliminated by the kidneys or other pathways, but little information is available on how to interpret the effects of kidney function on the benefits and risks of drugs in development.

Influenza and sepsis: Mayo expert describes warning signs of severe sepsis, septic shock
Sepsis can be a dangerous complication of almost any type of infection, including influenza, pneumonia and food poisoning; urinary tract infections; bloodstream infections from wounds; and abdominal infections.

Potential option for treating chronic kidney disease
People with chronic kidney disease often have an overactivation of the sympathetic nervous system, which contributes to increased risk for cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke.

Identifying the cellular origin of fibrosis
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) have identified what they believe to be the cells responsible for fibrosis, the buildup of scar tissue.

Penn study points to new therapeutic strategy in chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects at least one in four Americans who are older than 60 and can significantly shorten lifespan. Yet the few available drugs for CKD can only modestly delay the disease's progress towards kidney failure.

Biomarker could provide early warning of kidney disease in cats
Researchers from Oregon State University and other institutions have developed a new biomarker called "SDMA" that can provide earlier identification of chronic kidney disease in cats, which is one of the leading causes of their death.

Experts suggest single dose IV medication as first-choice treatment for Paget's disease
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the diagnosis and treatment of Paget's disease of the bone, a condition where one or more bones in the body become oversized and weak.

Aspirin or blood pressure medication before and after surgery does not reduce risk of AKI
In patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, neither aspirin nor clonidine (a medication primarily used to treat high blood pressure) taken before and after surgery reduced the risk of acute kidney injury, according to a study appearing in JAMA.
More Kidney Function Current Events and Kidney Function News Articles

Kidney Health Gourmet Diet Guide & Cookbook

Kidney Health Gourmet Diet Guide & Cookbook
by Nina Kolbe (Author)


Kidney Health Gourmet Diet Guide and Cookbook is a guide for patients diagnosed with chronic Kidney disease but are not on dialysis. With proper diet chronic kidney disease can be slowed and progression to end stage kidney disease and dialysis can be delayed and even prevented. This diet guide and cookbook is written by a Board Certified Renal Dietitian who has worked with kidney patients for over 20 years. Hot off the press research is used to guide people into promoting kidney health and preventing progression to dialysis. Stop and prevent kidney disease follow this kidney disease diet guide and cookbook. Third edition with over 200 recipes, American comfort food Latin, Asian, French, Italian recipes even have recipes for pizza. Supermarket guide for frozen prepared meals, canned...

The Vegetarian Diet for Kidney Disease: Preserving Kidney Function With Plant-based Eating

The Vegetarian Diet for Kidney Disease: Preserving Kidney Function With Plant-based Eating
by Joan Brookhyser Hogan (Author)


Joan Brookhyser Hogan is a registered dietition who has packed this new book "The Vegetarian Diet for Kidney Disease," with clearly stated, up-to-date information on the most effective methods for managing kidney disease. Her focus on vegetarian nutrition comes from a growing awareness of its value in wrestling kidney disease down to size, or, in the best-case scenario, stopping the progression of this destructive disease in it's tracks. When the author first became a dietition several decades ago, it was a different story. Plant proteins were then considered inferior to animal proteins, a belief based on the erroneous conclusion that plants contained high levels of certain minerals thought to cause complications in chronic kidney disease. Thanks, however, to ongoing research in the...

The Vegetarian Diet For Kidney Disease Treatment: Preserving Kidney Function With Plant Based Eating

The Vegetarian Diet For Kidney Disease Treatment: Preserving Kidney Function With Plant Based Eating
by Joan Brookhyser CSR (Author)


Whether you are currently a vegetarian or just searching for a safe diet to follow with kidney disease, this book is for you. Based on the author's 20 years of experience in nutrition counseling for chronic kidney disease, this book provides easy to follow guidelines for plant based eating, to help slow down kidney function decline while keeping you healthy. Nutrition guidelines for different levels of kidney function are outlined. In addition many other nutritional tips are provided for your disease management. Several recipes are included to add variety to your eating.

The All Natural Kidney Health and Kidney Function Restoration Program: Everything you need to know to improve your kidney health (Japanese Edition)

The All Natural Kidney Health and Kidney Function Restoration Program: Everything you need to know to improve your kidney health (Japanese Edition)


あなたが知る必要があるすべては、あなたの腎臓の健康を改善する透析を回避し、生活の質の向上を生きて

Not Enough: The Journey to Improve Overall Health and Kidney Function with Proper Diet Changes, Stem Celltreatments, Acupuncture,

Not Enough: The Journey to Improve Overall Health and Kidney Function with Proper Diet Changes, Stem Celltreatments, Acupuncture,
by Nancy Denton (Author)


This is a true story based on one man's desire/goal to not go on kidney dialysis. The story takes us through the world of chronic kidney disease, mainstream medicine's approaches to treatment and diet, and the need to look outside the box when there is Not Enough information and resources. His wife has been a Registered Nurse for 28 years and helps him wade through the research results of traditional and non-traditional approaches to treatments and diets for chronic kidney disease. We are led through medical tourism with stem cell and acupuncture treatments in Bangkok, Thailand. We get a glimpse into one couple's search to blend Eastern and Western medicine to accomplish Jim's goal of "beating the odds" when his kidney function plummeted to 16%. A look at purposeful, responsible...

Coping with Kidney Disease: A 12-Step Treatment Program to Help You Avoid Dialysis

Coping with Kidney Disease: A 12-Step Treatment Program to Help You Avoid Dialysis
by Mackenzie Walser (Author), Betsy Thorpe (Author)


A revolutionary program that can indefinitely postpone the need for dialysis

If you've been diagnosed with kidney failure, this book could save your life. If you suffer from diabetes, hypertension, obesity, or any of a host of conditions that put you at risk for kidney disease, you owe it to yourself to read what is in this book. If you are among the 60,000 North Americans who go on dialysis each year, the information in this book could substantially improve your quality of life.

In Coping with Kidney Disease, a leading expert tells you, in plain English, what you need to know to:
* Understand kidney failure
* Recognize early warning signs of kidney failure
* Get a proper diagnosis
* Talk with your doctors about it
* Confidently...

The Kidney: Structure and Function in Health and Disease

The Kidney: Structure and Function in Health and Disease
by Homer W. Smith (Author)


The complex function of the kidney in man and other vertebrates would suggest that this organ has an extraordinarily complex structure.

Not Enough: The Journey To Improve Overall Health And Kidney Function With Proper Diet Changes, Stem CellTreatments, Acupuncture, And The Desire To Avoid Dialysis

Not Enough: The Journey To Improve Overall Health And Kidney Function With Proper Diet Changes, Stem CellTreatments, Acupuncture, And The Desire To Avoid Dialysis
by Outskirts Press, Inc.


This is a true story based on one man’s desire/goal to not go on kidney dialysis. The story takes us through the world of chronic kidney disease, mainstream medicine’s approaches to treatment and diet, and the need to look outside the box when there is Not Enough information and resources. His wife has been a Registered Nurse for 28 years and helps him wade through the research results of traditional and non-traditional approaches to treatments and diets for chronic kidney disease. We are led through medical tourism with stem cell and acupuncture treatments in Bangkok, Thailand. We get a glimpse into one couple’s search to blend Eastern and Western medicine to accomplish Jim’s goal of “beating the odds” when his kidney function plummeted to 16%. A look at purposeful,...

A Simple Guide to Urinary Excretion and Kidney Function (A Simple Guide to Medical Conditions)

A Simple Guide to Urinary Excretion and Kidney Function (A Simple Guide to Medical Conditions)


The urinary system is an important body system to eliminate waste from the body.

The urinary system is made up of:

1. Kidneys

2. Ureters

3. Bladder

4. Urethra

The normal urinary system has two main functions:

1. Filter the blood so that its waste material is discharged through the outside though the kidneys and its distributing system of ureters, bladder and urethra.

2. Maintain water balance, acid base equilibrium of body fluids and proper amount of salts in the body.

The Kidneys:

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist.

They are located near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine.

Every...

The Kidney Friendly Diet Cookbook: Recipes For A PreDialysis Kidney Disease Lifestyle

The Kidney Friendly Diet Cookbook: Recipes For A PreDialysis Kidney Disease Lifestyle
by Mathea Ford (Author)


Need To Cook For Pre-Dialysis Kidney Disease? Yes, there is a difference between renal diets. If you are NOT on dialysis, this is for you!Created by a veteran Registered Dietitian, "The Kidney Friendly Diet Cookbook: Recipes For A Predialysis Kidney Disease Lifestyle" has all the necessary tools in a ckd cookbook that you need for low sodium, low phosphorus and low potassium recipes based on your predialysis kidney disease.
Need To Understand The Restrictions?Predialysis kidney disease patients have different restrictions than those of dialysis patients. This chronic kidney disease cookbook focuses on those with predialysis kidney disease and provides nutritional information for every recipe.
Need To Restrict Certain Minerals like potassium and sodium?If your medical...

© 2015 BrightSurf.com