Science Current Events | Science News | Brightsurf.com
 

Moffitt Cancer Center Researchers Identify Gene Variations in Lung Cancer Patients That May Help Predict an Individual's Treatment Response

August 09, 2013

TAMPA, Fla. - Researchers at the Moffitt Cancer Center have identified four inherited genetic variants in non-small cell lung cancer patients that can help predict survival and treatment response. Their findings could help lead to more personalized treatment options and improved outcomes for patients.

The researchers analyzed DNA sequence variations in 651 non-small cell lung cancer patients, paying close attention to 53 inflammation-related genes. They found that four of the top 15 variants associated with survival were located on one specific gene (TNFRSF10B). In the study, these variants increased the risk of death as much as 41 percent. The researchers also found that patients with these gene variations had a greater risk of death if their treatment plans included surgery without chemotherapy compared to patients who were treated with chemotherapy following surgery.

"There are few validated biomarkers that can predict survival or treatment response for patients with non-small cell lung cancer," said study lead author Matthew B. Schabath, Ph.D., assistant member of the Cancer Epidemiology Program at Moffitt. "Having a validated genetic biomarker based on inherited differences in our genes may allow physicians to determine the best treatments for an individual patient based on their unique genetics."

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States for both men and women. Additionally, non-small cell lung cancer represents more than 80 percent of lung cancer diagnoses.

"Non-small cell lung cancer has an extremely poor five-year survival rate. Only about 16 percent of all patients survive for five years and tragically, only about four percent of patients with late stage disease live longer than five years," explained Schabath. "Part of the difficulty in treating lung cancer is the genetic diversity of patients and their tumors. Using a personalized medicine approach to match the best treatment option to a patient based on his or her genetics will lead to better outcomes."

The researchers noted that there has been no published data examining the association of these four specific variants on cancer risk or outcome, although studies have reported associations with other gene variants in the same gene family as TNFRSF10B.

The study can be found in the July issue of Carcinogenesis.

The work was supported by funding from the State of Florida through the James & Esther King Biomedical Research Program (09KN-15), a National Institutes of Health SPORE grant (P50 CA119997), an American Cancer Society grant (93-032-13), and a grant from the National Cancer Institute (5 UC2 CA 148322-02).

Moffitt Cancer Center


Related Lung Cancer Current Events and Lung Cancer News Articles


Palliative, hospice care lacking among dying cancer patients, Stanford researcher finds
Medical societies, including the American Society of Clinical Oncology, recommend that patients with advanced cancer receive palliative care soon after diagnosis and receive hospice care for at least the last three days of their life.

Study reveals protein that dials immune responses up and down
Research led by scientists at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) has identified a new regulator of immune responses.

Living near a landfill could damage your health
According to research published today in the International Journal of Epidemiology, health is at risk for those who live within five kilometres of a landfill site.

Lung cancer survival rate increases by 73 percent if caught early
The UK Lung cancer screening trial (UKLS) has been successfully completed and demonstrated that patients with a high risk of developing lung cancer can be identified with early stage disease and have up to a 73% chance of surviving for five years or more.

Investigational CDK4/6 inhibitor abemaciclib is active against a range of cancer types
The investigational anticancer therapeutic abemaciclib, which targets CDK4 and CDK6, showed durable clinical activity when given as continuous single-agent therapy to patients with a variety of cancer types, including breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), glioblastoma, and melanoma, according to results from a phase I clinical trial.

Evidence of link between cancer & light therapy inconclusive but warrants consideration
Two new studies raise enough questions about a possible link between childhood cancer and light therapy for newborn jaundice that clinicians should exercise caution in prescribing the treatment for infants whose jaundice is likely to resolve on its own, a pediatric oncologist from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center argues in an editorial published today by the journal Pediatrics.

Researchers find blood marker that determines who will respond to colorectal cancer drug
Cancer researchers have identified a marker that shows up in a blood test that determines which patients with colorectal cancer that has spread would benefit from receiving the drug cetuximab.

Preliminary results comparing PD-L1 IHC diagnostic assays in lung cancer released
A pre-competitive consortia of pharmaceutical companies, diagnostic companies, and academic associations, including the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), announced phase I results of the "BLUEPRINT PD-L1 IHC ASSAY COMPARISON PROJECT" at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) on April 19.

Protein may predict response to immunotherapy in patients with metastatic melanoma
A protein called Bim may hold the clue to which patients may be successful on immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma, according to the results of a study by Mayo Clinic researchers led by senior author Haidong Dong, M.D., Ph.D., and published online in the May 5 edition of JCI Insight.

Cancer may drive health problems as people age
A new study indicates that cancer may have negative impacts on both the physical and mental health of individuals as they age.
More Lung Cancer Current Events and Lung Cancer News Articles

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Across the Continuum of Care

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Across the Continuum of Care
by Asante Communications, LLC


This Clinical Resource Tool is structured around consensus statements developed by the Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Working Group, a panel of oncologists with particular expertise in the multidimensional care of patients with advanced lung cancer. Using a modified Delphi process, the NSCLC Working Group has consolidated published evidence and expert clinical experience on critical issues pertaining to the comprehensive assessment of patients with advanced NSCLC, formulation of appropriate treatment regimens, implementation of maintenance therapy, and therapeutic alliances among pathologists, oncologists, and pulmonologists. The consensus statements and accompanying resources are intended as a practical companion to current guidelines, helping clinicians individualize best-practice...

You Can Beat Lung Cancer: Using Alternative/Integrative Interventions

You Can Beat Lung Cancer: Using Alternative/Integrative Interventions
by Carl O. Helvie (Author)


Can you overcome lung cancer without harsh chemicals, surgery and debilitation? Are alternative interventions effective? Why do conventional physicians not use them? Can you prevent cancer recurrences and live into old age without chronic diseases and prescribed medications? This book answers these and other questions.

This is one of the most comprehensive books available on alternative treatments for lung cancer. It explains the treatments used successfully by a health professional/cancer survivor of 36 years and by some of the leading medical and health practitioners currently in the field. G. Edward Griffin, Author of World Without Cancer, The Politics of Cancer Therapy, and other books and films. Recipient of the Telly Award for Excellence in Television Production. President of...

Bonnie J. Addario Navigating Lung Cancer 360 Degrees of Hope

Bonnie J. Addario Navigating Lung Cancer 360 Degrees of Hope
by Bonnie J. Addario (Author), MD, PhD, Shane P. Dormady (Author), RN, MSN, CPHQ, Eileen Johnson (Author), RN, MBA, Alicia Sable-Hunt (Author), Danielle Hicks (Editor), MD, Paul Hesketh (Editor), MD, Robert Sinha (Editor), MD, PhD, D. Ross Camidge (Editor), MD, Elizabeth A. David (Editor), MD, Lisa Boohar (Editor), MD, David R. Gandara (Editor), PhD, Guneet Walia (Editor), Inc., Sheila Von Driska?White Space (Editor)


Navigating Lung Cancer 360 Degrees of Hope is the most comprehensive guidebook for surviving lung cancer. Inside each latest edition you will get the most up-to-date navigation tools on the diagnosis process, lung cancer staging, treatment options, clinical trials, living with lung cancer, financing your care, hope for surviving lung cancer, and more. Written by survivor Bonnie J. Addario and the leading experts in lung cancer with one goal: to turn lung cancer into a manageable and survival disease.

Lung Cancer Causes, Symptoms,  Stages & Treatment Guide: Cure Lung Cancer With  A Positive Outlook

Lung Cancer Causes, Symptoms, Stages & Treatment Guide: Cure Lung Cancer With A Positive Outlook
by Danielle Dixon


This book contains proven steps and strategies on how to prevent, treat and fight cancer.

Cancer has long been closely associated with death, low quality of life, and financial difficulties. With all the complications it causes, lives it takes, and people it subjects to suffering, cancer is definitely a difficult disease.

Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths worldwide. Different risk factors have been attributed to its development- with genetics and environmental influences playing a major role. The diversity of its causes makes its treatment all the more difficult, which makes identification of causes essential to its management. The recognition of symptoms and diagnosis early in the course of the disease most frequently leads to good...

How to Survive Lung Cancer - A Practical 12-Step Plan

How to Survive Lung Cancer - A Practical 12-Step Plan
by Michael Lloyd (Author)


Written by a lung cancer survivor who understands what it takes to beat the odds, this book offers unparalleled hope and direction for anyone facing this illness. It is filled with specific exercises and techniques to promote healing and reverse side effects by taking a pro-active approach in helping to restore your mind, body and spirit to an optimum state of health. Endorsed by a Lung Cancer Specialist and Associate Professor at Harvard Medical School, this book combines what the doctors tell you with critical information they don't tell you. Visit www.SurviveLungCancer.com for chapter summaries.

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer
by Jack A. Roth (Editor), Waun Ki Hong (Editor), Ritsuko U. Komaki (Editor)


The best and most concise single source for state-of-the-art diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer –newly revised, updated, and expanded.

Lung cancer has long been the number-one cause of death from cancer every year and the third most frequently diagnosed after breast and prostate cancers. In 2010, about 15% of all cancer diagnoses and 30% of all cancer deaths were due to lung cancer. Needless to say, there is a great need for more rapid advancements in diagnosis and treatment of this devastating disease. Here is the comprehensively revised, updated, and expanded edition of the well-established, evidence-based reference book that deals with the most recent advances in lung cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, research, and treatment for the clinician. Edited and...

Johns Hopkins Patients' Guide To Lung Cancer

Johns Hopkins Patients' Guide To Lung Cancer
by Justin F. Klamerus (Author), Julie R. Brahmer (Author), David S Ettinger (Author)


Johns Hopkins Patients' Guide to Lung Cancer is a concise, easy-to-follow “how to” guide that puts you on the path to wellness by explaining lung cancer treatment from start to finish. It guides you through the overwhelming maze of treatment decisions, simplifies the complicated schedule that lies ahead, and performs the task of putting together your plan of care in layman's terms. Empower yourself with accurate, understandable information that will give you the ability to confidently participate in the decision making about your care and treatment.

Cancer: Medicine: Proven Cancer Cures (Disease Lung Cancer Detox) (Juicing Cancer Alternative Therapy)

Cancer: Medicine: Proven Cancer Cures (Disease Lung Cancer Detox) (Juicing Cancer Alternative Therapy)


LIMITED TIME BONUS INCLUDED: Free Book

Cancer: Cancer Books Powerful and Proven Cancer Cures That You’ve Never Heard About

Today only, get this Amazon bestseller for just $2.99. Regularly priced at $4.99.
Read on your PC, Mac, smart phone, tablet or Kindle device.

The modern medical world isn't getting any closer to the cure for cancer, yet cancer is growing into a worldwide epidemic. There has been some potential cures that have solid research behind their effectiveness, yet they've been shut down my western medicine as possible cures. In fact, anyone that has supported these cures have been ridiculed by the majority of the medical profession.

Cancer is big business and the profits made from cancer treatment can be a big enough...

100 Questions  &  Answers About Lung Cancer (100 Questions and Answers)

100 Questions & Answers About Lung Cancer (100 Questions and Answers)
by Joan H. Schiller (Author), Amy Cipau (Author)


EMPOWER YOURSELF! No one with lung cancer needs to be alone in their fight against this disease. 100 Questions & Answers About Lung Cancer, Third Edition, guides patients and their families through diagnosis, treatment and survivorship. Providing both the doctor’s and patient’s point of view, this book is a complete guide to understanding treatment options, post-treatment quality of life, sources of support, and much more. Through 100 Questions & Answers About Lung Cancer, Third Edition, expert authors use their experiences with patients to provide support and hope to the tens of thousands of people coping with lung cancer.

Principles and Practice of Lung Cancer: The Official Reference Text of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC)

Principles and Practice of Lung Cancer: The Official Reference Text of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC)
by Harvey I. Pass MD (Editor), David P. Carbone MD PhD (Editor), David H. Johnson MD (Editor), John D. Minna MD (Editor), Giorgio V. Scagliotti MD (Editor), Andrew T. Turrisi III MD (Editor)


Thoroughly revised and updated, this Fourth Edition is the most comprehensive, current reference on lung cancer, with contributions from the world's foremost surgeons, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, pulmonologists, and basic scientists. Coverage includes complete information on combined modality treatments for small cell and non-small cell lung cancer and on complications of treatment and management of metastases. Emphasis is also given to early detection, screening, prevention, and new imaging techniques. This edition has expanded thoracic oncology chapters including thymus, mesothelioma, and mediastinal tumors, more detailed discussion of targeted agents, and state-of-the-art information on newer techniques in radiotherapy. Other highlights include more international...

© 2016 BrightSurf.com