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Current Medical Research News

Medical research news and current events: The latest breaking medical research current events, news stories, discoveries, articles and studies.

How Zika infects the placenta

Zika virus can infect and replicate in immune cells from the placenta, without killing them, scientists have discovered. The finding may explain how the virus can pass through the placenta of a pregnant woman, on its way to infect developing brain cells in her fetus. (2016-05-31)

Metagenomics pathogen detection tool could change how infectious diseases are diagnosed

Scientists at the University of Utah, ARUP Laboratories, and IDbyDNA, Inc., have developed ultra-fast, meta-genomics analysis software called Taxonomer that dramatically improves the accuracy and speed of pathogen detection. (2016-05-27)

Anemia negatively affects recovery from traumatic brain injuries

Approximately half of patients hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries are anemic, according to recent studies, but anemia's effects on the recovery of these patients is not clear. (2016-05-26)

Progranulin and dementia -- a blood sample does not tell the full story!

Progranulin is a central protein in both neuronal survival and neurodegenerative diseases. It is thus not surprising that altered progranulin levels represent a universal theme shared across several common neurodegenerative diseases. (2016-05-26)

Vitamin A may help improve pancreatic cancer chemotherapy

Around 8,800 people in the UK are diagnosed with pancreatic cancer each year. It is known as the UK's deadliest cancer, with a survival rate of just 3 per cent. (2016-05-25)

Chemo, radiation, surgery combo boosts survival for pancreatic cancer patients

In roughly one-third of pancreatic cancer patients, tumors have grown around the pancreas to encompass critical blood vessels. (2016-05-25)

MD Anderson study uncovers early genetic changes in premalignant colorectal tissue

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered mutations that may fuel early cancer growth in precancerous colorectal tissue from high-risk patients. (2016-05-24)

Cutting-edge findings in cannabis research

New evidence for the clinical efficacy of cannabis therapy is presented in the latest issue of the Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology (JBCPP), a De Gruyter publication. The authors have studied cannabis therapy for many years at international research centers, examining its effects, potential applications, and risks. (2016-05-24)

Researchers shed light on pathway from virus to brain disease

Why people on immunosuppressant drugs for autoimmune conditions have a higher incidence of an often-fatal brain disease may be linked to a mutation in a common virus, according to researchers at Penn State College of Medicine. (2016-05-19)

Long-term survival achieved in metastatic melanoma with personalized vaccine

Two patients with melanoma that had spread to the liver survived for at least 8.5 and 12 years after resection of the hepatic tumor and treatment with patient-specific immunotherapeutic vaccines. (2016-05-11)

Further clues in the fight against Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

New findings regarding the pathology of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) are bringing Griffith University researchers closer to identifying the cause of this disabling illness. (2016-05-10)

Clinical trial underway for treatment of sleep apnea in adolescents with Down syndrome

An FDA-approved clinical trial is underway at Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Massachusetts General Hospital for Children to evaluate the use of a hypoglossal nerve stimulator -- a technology currently available to adults with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) that stimulates the upper airway to facilitate breathing during sleep -- in a select group of adolescent patients with Down syndrome and OSA. (2016-05-10)

Progress and promise of gene transfer and gene editing to cure beta-thalassemias

Promising results from the first clinical trials of globin gene transfer to treat beta-thalassemias-inherited forms of anemia-have eliminated the need for blood transfusions in some individuals. (2016-05-09)

New research from Yale and MIT describes bioreactor to support whole lung regeneration

An innovative mechanical system that mimics the ventilation and blood flow in the chest cavity, housed in a specialized, sterile bioreactor, can support the growth of engineered whole lungs at human scale. (2016-05-04)

A long-noncoding RNA regulates repair of DNA breaks in triple-negative breast cancer cells

The discovery of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has dramatically changed the understanding of the biology of diseases such as cancer. (2016-05-02)

Researchers discover potential treatment for sepsis and other responses to infection

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai say that tiny doses of a cancer drug may stop the raging, uncontrollable immune response to infection that leads to sepsis and kills up to 500,000 people a year in the U.S. (2016-05-02)

Delaying radiation therapy for women with very early breast cancer ups recurrence

Delaying radiation therapy too long after surgery significantly increases the risk of recurrent tumors in women treated for very early, or what is referred to as "stage 0," breast cancer, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. (2016-04-19)

Combination therapy may offer better outcomes for patients with retinoblastoma

Researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) have demonstrated that targeting survivin -- a protein that inhibits apoptosis or cell death -- enhances the effectiveness of chemotherapy in cells and mouse models of retinoblastoma (Rb), the most common malignant tumor of the eye in children. (2016-04-18)

Combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy assists low-grade glial brain tumors

Although grade 2 glial brain tumors (gliomas) constitute only 5 to 10 percent of all brain tumors, progressive neurologic symptoms and premature death result for nearly all patients diagnosed with this type of brain tumor. (2016-04-07)

Rhythm of oscillations in cerebral cortex, key to understanding Down syndrome

Cerebral activity is governed by a fine balance between neuronal excitation and inhibition. (2016-04-06)

Cancer research at Marshall University shows promise for combating deadly lung cancer

A study by researchers at Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine has found that blocking the blood supply of small cell lung cancer tumors may help reduce their growth and delay the regrowth process after treatment. Small cell lung cancer is considered the most lethal of all lung cancers. (2016-04-05)

Altered circadian rhythm worsens Parkinson's disease, Temple researchers show

Chronic lack of sleep and irregular sleep-wake cycles may be risk factors of Parkinson's disease, new work by researchers at the Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University (LKSOM) suggests. In an animal model, the researchers show that disturbances in circadian rhythm that exist before Parkinson's onset dramatically worsen motor and learning deficits brought on by the disease. (2016-04-05)

Uric acid, gout and kidney disease: The chicken or the egg?

The increasing prevalence of both gout and chronic kidney disease has led to a growing interest in the association between hyperuricemia (an abnormally high level of uric acid in the blood) and kidney disease. (2016-03-30)

For prostate cancer, more radiation may not improve survival

New technology has enabled doctors to administer higher doses of radiation to prostate cancer patients with fewer side effects. (2016-03-29)

Moffitt pathologists identify new potential target in ovarian serous cancer

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers discovered that patients with ovarian serous cancer and an overexpression of the HER4 protein are less likely to respond to chemotherapy and have a lower rate of survival. (2016-03-21)

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