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The top science news articles and science news articles and current events, scientific discoveries, studies and research from the past month
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New study uses blizzard to measure wind turbine airflow
A first-of-its-kind study by researchers at the University of Minnesota (UMN) using snow during a Minnesota blizzard is giving researchers new insight into the airflow around large wind turbines.

3-D technology used to help California condors and other endangered species
A team including researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research has developed a novel methodology that, for the first time, combines 3-D and advanced range estimator technologies to provide highly detailed data on the range and movements of terrestrial, aquatic, and avian wildlife species.



Dogs exhibit jealous behavior
Dogs exhibit more jealous behaviors, like snapping or pushing their owner, when their owners displayed affectionate behaviors towards what appeared to be another dog compared to random objects.

Improving the cost and efficiency of renewable energy storage
A major challenge in renewable energy is storage. A common approach is a reaction that splits water into oxygen and hydrogen, and uses the hydrogen as a fuel to store energy.

Cancer: The roots of evil go deep in time
Every year around 450,000 people in Germany are diagnosed with cancer. Each one of them dreams of a victory in the battle against it.

Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun
Imagine a smog-free Los Angeles, where electric cars ply silent freeways, solar panels blanket rooftops and power plants run on heat from beneath the earth, from howling winds and from the blazing desert sun.

Scientists developed new technology for the diagnosis of cancer cells
The type of therapy a cancer patient receives, largely depends on the trained eye of a pathologist. Investigating diseased organs and tissues under the microscope is one of their tasks.

Fish oil supplements reduce incidence of cognitive decline, may improve memory function
Rhode Island Hospital researchers have completed a study that found regular use of fish oil supplements (FOS) was associated with a significant reduction in cognitive decline and brain atrophy in older adults.

Rosetta Off to Decipher a Comet's Secrets
"Hello World." Upon hearing that brief message, scientists at the European Space Agency (ESA) and followers around the world sent up a collective cheer. Rosetta - the ESA spacecraft currently on a 10-year mission to orbit and land on a comet - awoke in January after a three-year hibernation, and was ready to get to work.

HIV study leads to insights into deadly infection
Research led by the University of Adelaide has provided new insights into how the HIV virus greatly boosts its chances of spreading infection, and why HIV is so hard to combat.

No extra mutations in modified stem cells, study finds
The ability to switch out one gene for another in a line of living stem cells has only crossed from science fiction to reality within this decade.

Study shows greater potential for solar power
Concentrating solar power (CSP) could supply a large fraction of the power supply in a decarbonized energy system, shows a new study of the technology and its potential practical application.

For gastric bypass patients, percent of weight loss differs by race/ethnicity, study finds
Non-Hispanic white patients who underwent a gastric bypass procedure lost slightly more weight over a three-year period than Hispanic or black patients, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in the journal Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases.

A cure for HIV is a 'major scientific priority'
Huge advancements have taken place in HIV treatment and prevention over the past 10 years, but there is still no cure or vaccine.

Bowel cancer breakthrough may benefit thousands of patients
Researchers at Queen's University have made a significant breakthrough that may benefit patients with bowel cancer.

Lipoic acid helps restore, synchronize the "biological clock"
Researchers have discovered a possible explanation for the surprisingly large range of biological effects that are linked to a micronutrient called lipoic acid: It appears to reset and synchronize circadian rhythms, or the "biological clock" found in most life forms.

Another concern arises over groundwater contamination from fracking accidents
The oil and gas extraction method known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, could potentially contribute more pollutants to groundwater than past research has suggested, according to a new study in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology.

Researchers publish one of the longest longitudinal studies of cognition
Researchers at Kessler Foundation and the Cleveland Clinic have published one of the longest longitudinal studies of cognition in multiple sclerosis (MS).

In human evolution, changes in skin's barrier set Northern Europeans apart
The popular idea that Northern Europeans developed light skin to absorb more UV light so they could make more vitamin D - vital for healthy bones and immune function - is questioned by UC San Francisco researchers in a new study published online in the journal Evolutionary Biology.

Measuring the mass of 'massless' electrons
Individual electrons in graphene are massless, but when they move together, it's a different story.

Bizarre parasite from the Jurassic
Around 165 million years ago, a spectacular parasite was at home in the freshwater lakes of present-day Inner Mongolia (China): A fly larva with a thorax formed entirely like a sucking plate.

First pediatric autism study conducted entirely online
UC San Francisco researchers have completed the first Internet-based clinical trial for children with autism, establishing it as a viable and cost effective method of conducting high-quality and rapid clinical trials in this population.

Date Labeling Confusion Contributes to Food Waste New Scientific Review Paper Calls for Collaboration to Develop a Simple, Workable Solution
Date labeling variations on food products contribute to confusion and misunderstanding in the marketplace regarding how the dates on labels relate to food quality and safety, according to a scientific review paper in the July issue of Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety.

Hormone-disrupting activity of fracking chemicals worse than initially found
Many chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, can disrupt not only the human body's reproductive hormones but also the glucocorticoid and thyroid hormone receptors, which are necessary to maintain good health, a new study finds.

New theory turns cancer on its head
A new theory of how cancer works could lead to the next generation of treatments of the disease.

A new stable and cost-cutting type of perovskite solar cell
Perovskite solar cells show tremendous promise in propelling solar power into the marketplace. The cells use a hole-transportation layer, which promotes the efficient movement of electrical current after exposure to sunlight.

Taking a short smartphone break improves employee well-being, research finds
Want to be more productive and happier during the workday? Try taking a short break to text a friend, play "Angry Birds" or check Facebook on your smartphone, according to Kansas State University research.

Postcards from the Photosynthetic Edge
A crucial piece of the puzzle behind nature's ability to split the water molecule during photosynthesis that could help advance the development of artificial photosynthesis for clean, green and renewable energy has been provided by an international collaboration of scientists led by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Virus kills triple negative breast cancer cells, tumor cells in mice
A virus not known to cause disease kills triple-negative breast cancer cells and killed tumors grown from these cells in mice, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Immune response may cause harm in brain injuries, disorders
Could the body's own immune system play a role in memory impairment and cognitive dysfunction associated with conditions like chronic epilepsy, Alzheimer's dementia and concussions? Cleveland Clinic researchers believe so, based on a study published online by PLOS ONE.

UF part of research team that finds equine influenza virus in camels
University of Florida researchers have found evidence that an influenza A virus can jump from horses to camels - and humans could be next.

Study identifies novel genomic changes in the most common type of lung cancer
Researchers from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network have identified novel mutations in a well-known cancer-causing pathway in lung adenocarcinoma, the most common subtype of lung cancer.

Energy Drinks Raise New Questions About Caffeine's Safety
Caffeine, which was extensively researched for possible links to birth defects in animals and cardiovascular disease in humans over 30 years ago and then exonerated, has become the focus of renewed concerns as caffeine-containing energy drinks have surged in popularity.

Losing Sleep Over Your Divorce? Your Blood Pressure Could Suffer
Those who experience persistent sleep problems after a divorce stand to suffer from more than just dark circles. They might also be at risk for potentially harmful increases in blood pressure, a new study finds.

Fruit fly immunity fails with fungus after (space)flight
Before you swat away the next fruit fly, consider instead just how similar its biological complexities are to our own.

Green planning needed to maintain city buildings
Green spaces in towns and cities need extra consideration as they may be damaging buildings in the area, according to new research from the Universities of Southampton and Surrey.

Studies provide important new information on genetic risk of sudden cardiac death
Two international research studies, both led by investigators affiliated with Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, have uncovered new information about genes that may increase the risk of serious cardiac arrhythmias.

Cancer is avoidable as you grow older. Here's how.
Is cancer an inevitable consequence of aging?

Experts cite 'misconceptions' on brain metastases
"Key historical misconceptions" are hindering progress in research and treatment for patients with cancer metastases to the brain, suggests a special article in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Scientists discover how plastic solar panels work
Scientists don't fully understand how 'plastic' solar panels work, which complicates the improvement of their cost efficiency, thereby blocking the wider use of the technology.

How social media invades the workplace
Managers are more negative about the use of social media for private purposes in the workplace compared to subordinates. Still, top managers are the ones who use private social media most during working hours.

New research study shows huge savings for health care
Recently published findings in Annals of Internal Medicine by Steven Lipshultz, M.D., Wayne State University professor and chair of pediatrics and pediatrician-in-chief at the Children's Hospital of Michigan, part of the Detroit Medical Center, and colleagues could help to reduce health care charges while also protecting childhood cancer survivors from heart ailments caused by drug therapy.

Satellites reveal possible catastrophic flooding months in advance, UCI finds
Data from NASA satellites can greatly improve predictions of how likely a river basin is to overflow months before it does, according to new findings by UC Irvine.

Frogs have developed rapid defences against the red swamp crayfish
The common frog is one of the amphibians with the highest distribution in the Iberian Peninsula.

Drug's effect on Alzheimer's may depend on severity of disease
A cancer drug that has shown promise against Alzheimer's disease in mice and has begun early clinical trials has yielded perplexing results in a novel mouse model of AD that mimics the genetics and pathology of the human disease more closely than any other animal model.

How repeatable is evolutionary history?
Writing about the weird soft-bodied fossils found in the Burgess Shale in the Canadian Rockies, paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould noted that of 25 initial body plans exhibited by the fossils, all but four were quickly eliminated.

Research Explains Action of Drug that May Slow Aging, Related Disease
Dietary restriction is one of the most-researched methods for slowing the aging process. Now, a new article published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences helps explain the action of a drug that appears to mimic that method - rapamycin.

Bee Foraging Chronically Impaired by Pesticide Exposure: Study
A study co-authored by a University of Guelph scientist that involved fitting bumblebees with tiny radio frequency tags shows long-term exposure to a neonicotinoid pesticide hampers bees' ability to forage for pollen.

Sleeve gastrectomy surgery improves diabetes control better than medical care
Adults with Type 2 diabetes achieve better blood glucose (sugar) control two years after undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy than do patients who receive standard medical diabetes care without this weight loss surgery, a new study finds.

Master regulator of key cancer gene found, offers new drug target
A key cancer-causing gene, responsible for up to 20 percent of cancers, may have a weak spot in its armor, according to new research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota.

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