Top Science News Articles this Month | Science Current Events
The top science news articles and science news articles and current events, scientific discoveries, studies and research from the past month
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Electronically controlled drugs could minimize side effects
Potential side effects of many of today's therapeutic drugs can be downright frightening - just listen carefully to a drug commercial on TV.
Cocaine may increase stroke risk within 24 hours of use
Cocaine greatly increases ischemic stroke risk in young adults within 24 hours of use, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2014.
America's natural gas system is leaky and in need of a fix, new study finds
The first thorough comparison of evidence for natural gas system leaks confirms that organizations including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have underestimated U.S. methane emissions generally, as well as those from the natural gas industry specifically.
Herbicides may not be sole cause of declining plant diversity
The increasing use of chemical herbicides is often blamed for the declining plant biodiversity in farms. However, other factors beyond herbicide exposure may be more important to species diversity, according to Penn State researchers.
Rebuilding the brain after stroke
Enhancing the brain's inherent ability to rebuild itself after a stroke with molecular components of stem cells holds enormous promise for treating the leading cause of long-term disability in adults.
Could action video games help people with dyslexia learn to read?
In addition to their trouble with reading, people with dyslexia also have greater difficulty than typical readers do when it comes to managing competing sensory cues, according to a study reported February 13 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication.
IBEX research shows influence of galactic magnetic field extends well beyond our solar system
In a report published today, new research suggests the enigmatic "ribbon" of energetic particles discovered at the edge of our solar system by NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) may be only a small sign of the vast influence of the galactic magnetic field.
Stanford, NOAA scientists discover mechanism of crude oil heart toxicity
Scientists from Stanford University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have discovered that crude oil interferes with fish heart cells. The toxic consequence is a slowed heart rate, reduced cardiac contractility and irregular heartbeats that can lead to cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death.
Superconductivity in Orbit: Scientists Find New Path to Loss-Free Electricity
Armed with just the right atomic arrangements, superconductors allow electricity to flow without loss and radically enhance energy generation, delivery, and storage.
Report Reveals Significant Increase in Overdoses Involving Heroin in Kentucky
A new report from the Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center (KIPRC) reveals the prevalence and charges associated with drug overdose in the Bluegrass state.
A promising new approach for treating leukemia discovered
A group of researchers at the Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC) of Université de Montréal discovered a promising new approach to treating leukemia by disarming a gene that is responsible for tumor progression.
Why dark chocolate is good for your heart
It might seem too good to be true, but dark chocolate is good for you and scientists now know why. Dark chocolate helps restore flexibility to arteries while also preventing white blood cells from sticking to the walls of blood vessels.
Genetic chip will help salmon farmers breed better fish
Atlantic salmon production could be boosted by a new technology that will help select the best fish for breeding.
Cancer researchers discover pre-leukemic stem cell at root of AML, relapse
Cancer researchers led by stem cell scientist Dr. John Dick have discovered a pre-leukemic stem cell that may be the first step in initiating disease and also the culprit that evades therapy and triggers relapse in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Mechanism discovered for how amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mutations damage nerve function
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists led a study showing that mutations in a gene responsible for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) disrupt the RNA transport system in nerve cells.
Study highlights indigenous response to natural disaster
When a tsunami struck American Samoa in 2009, indigenous institutions on the islands provided effective disaster relief that could help federal emergency managers in similar communities nationwide, according to a study from the University of Colorado Denver and the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
Crazy ants dominate fire ants by neutralizing their venom
Invasive "crazy ants" are rapidly displacing fire ants in areas across the southeastern U.S. by secreting a compound that neutralizes fire ant venom, according to a University of Texas at Austin study published this week in the journal Science Express.
Efficient treatment a step closer in the fight against cancer-causing herpes
Herpes virus proteins are more 'spaghetti-like' than previously thought, which provides a vital clue in the search for an efficient treatment against a type of herpes which causes a form of cancer known as Kaposi's sarcoma.
Cancer drugs hitch a ride on 'smart' gold nanoshells
Nanoparticles capable of delivering drugs to specifically targeted cancer cells have been created by a group of researchers from China.
Children living close to fast food outlets more likely to be overweight
Children living in areas surrounded by fast food outlets are more likely to be overweight or obese according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR).
Study of Fruit Fly MicroRNA Unravels Clues to Aging Process
Diseases like Alzheimer's and Huntington's are often associated with aging, but the biological link between the two is less certain. Researchers at Rutgers University-Camden are seeking insight into this connection by studying very small RNA molecules in the common fruit fly.
A global map of Jupiter's biggest moon
Using images from NASA's Voyager Mission (1979) and the orbital Galileo Mission (1995), researchers have created the first global geological map of Jupiter's largest moon, Ganymede.
University of Guelph study assesses environmental impact of Ontario corn production
Researchers at the University of Guelph examined the energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with corn production in Ontario. Their findings are published today in the Agricultural Institute of Canada's (AIC) Canadian Journal of Soil Science.
New study presents evidence that blood pressure should be measured in both arms
As heart disease continues to be one of the leading causes of death in the United States, practitioners and patients alike are looking for ways to cut risk factors and identify new clues to assist with early detection.
Pregabalin effectively treats restless leg syndrome with less risk of worsening symptoms
A report in the Feb. 13 New England Journal of Medicine confirms previous studies suggesting that long-term treatment with the type of drugs commonly prescribed to treat restless leg syndrome (RLS) can cause a serious worsening of the condition in some patients.
Harvard scientists find cell fate switch that decides liver, or pancreas?
Harvard stem cell scientists have a new theory for how stem cells decide whether to become liver or pancreatic cells during development.
Light-induced degradation in amorphous silicon thin film solar cells: New insight into microscopic mechanism
Researchers at the Helmholtz Center Berlin (HZB) have taken a leap forward towards a deeper understanding of an undesired effect in thin film solar cells based on amorphous silicon - one that has puzzled the scientific community for the last 40 years.
Test for persistent Lyme infection using live ticks shown safe in clinical study
In a first-of-its-kind study for Lyme disease, researchers have used live, disease-free ticks to see if Lyme disease bacteria can be detected in people who continue to experience symptoms such as fatigue or arthritis after completing antibiotic therapy.
New therapy for personality disorders proven more effective than other major treatments
A large scale randomized control trial, just released in the American Journal of Psychiatry (the official journal of the American Psychiatric Association) shows Schema Therapy to be significantly more effective than two major alternative approaches to the treatment of a broad range of personality disorders (avoidant, obsessive compulsive, dependent, paranoid, histrionic, and narcissistic).
Why are some children more resilient to post-traumatic stress?
Children exhibit a range of responses to traumatic events such as natural disasters, with some suffering acute traumatic reactions that resolve over time and others experiencing long-term symptoms of post-traumatic stress.
Interactive map of human genetic history revealed
The interactive map, produced by researchers from Oxford University and UCL (University College London), details the histories of genetic mixing between each of the 95 populations across Europe, Africa, Asia and South America spanning the last four millennia.
UNC researchers discover new target for dengue virus vaccine
By re-engineering a tiny chain of amino acids in one type of dengue virus, Ralph Baric and Aravinda de Silva discover a new path toward solving the dengue vaccine dilemma.
Understanding the basic biology of bipolar disorder
Scientists know there is a strong genetic component to bipolar disorder, but they have had an extremely difficult time identifying the genes that cause it. So, in an effort to better understand the illness's genetic causes, researchers at UCLA tried a new approach.
Matchmaking this Valentine's Day: How it can bring you the most happiness
With Valentine's Day around the corner, you may be thinking of pairing up two friends for a date. If you follow your instinct to play Cupid, it'll pay off in happiness - not necessarily for the new couple, but definitely for you.
How do polar bears stay warm? Research finds an answer in their genes
In the winter, brown and black bears go into hibernation to conserve energy and keep warm.
Arctic biodiversity under serious threat from climate change according to new report
Unique and irreplaceable Arctic wildlife and landscapes are crucially at risk due to global warming caused by human activities according to the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA), a new report prepared by 253 scientists from 15 countries under the auspices of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), the biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council.
Daily Walk of Just 3km Can Reduce Risk of Hospitalization for Respiratory Problems
New research in Respirology shows that suffers of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can reduce their risk of being hospitalized with severe attacks, by maintaining an exercise regime of walking between three to six kilometers a day.
How memory and schizophrenia are connected
Many psychiatric disorders are accompanied by memory deficits. Basel scientists have now identified a network of genes that controls fundamental properties of neurons and is important for human brain activity, memory and the development of schizophrenia. Their results have been published in the online edition of the US journal Neuron.
Cancer doctors have opportunities to cut costs without risk to patients, experts say
In a review article published Feb. 14 in The Lancet Oncology, Johns Hopkins experts identify three major sources of high cancer costs and argue that cancer doctors can likely reduce them without harm to patients. The cost-cutting proposals call for changes in routine clinical practice involved in end-of-life care, medical imaging and drug pricing.
Air pollution increases risk for hypertension in pregnant women
Breathing the air outside their homes may be just as toxic to pregnant women -if not more so - as breathing in cigarette smoke, increasing a mom-to-be's risk of developing deadly complications such as preeclampsia, according to findings from a new University of Florida study.
Muscle loss ups mortality and sepsis risk in liver transplant candidates
Japanese researchers have determined that sarcopenia-a loss of skeletal muscle mass-increases risk of sepsis and mortality risk in patients undergoing live donor liver transplantation.
With Their Amazing Necks, Ants Don't Need "High Hopes" to Do Heavy Lifting
High hopes may help move a rubber tree plant (as the old song goes), but the real secret to the ant's legendary strength may lie in its tiny neck joint.
Common infections may increase risk for memory decline
Exposure to common infections is linked to memory and brain function - even if the infections never made you ill, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2014.
Discovery may help to explain mystery of 'missing' genetic risk
A new study could help to answer an important riddle in our understanding of genetics: why research to look for the genetic causes of common diseases has failed to explain more than a fraction of the heritable risk of developing them.
Vitamin B12 accelerates worm development
Everyday our cells take in nutrients from food and convert them into the building blocks that make life possible. However, it has been challenging to pinpoint exactly how a single nutrient or vitamin changes gene expression and physiology.
A key facilitator of mRNA editing, required for proper gene expression, uncovered by IU researchers
Molecular biologists from Indiana University are part of a team that has identified a protein that regulates the information present in a large number of messenger ribonucleic acid molecules that are important for carrying genetic information from DNA to protein synthesis.
New eye layer has possible link to glaucoma
A new layer in the human cornea - discovered by researchers at The University of Nottingham last year - plays a vital role in the structure of the tissue that controls the flow of fluid from the eye, research has shown.
Can-do plan gets women trimmer, healthier, and cuts hot flashes
A woman can beat middle-aged spread, her disease risks, and her hot flashes with the help of her healthcare provider. And even a short term program can spell success for women and fit into a busy provider's practice, shows a demonstration obesity-fighting and health risk reduction program detailed in an article just published online in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).
Protein switch dictates cellular fate: stem cell or neuron
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that a well-known protein has a new function: It acts in a biological circuit to determine whether an immature neural cell remains in a stem-like state or proceeds to become a functional neuron.
Prostate cancer advance could improve treatment options
Researchers at the University of East Anglia have made an important advance in understanding genetic changes associated with terminal prostate cancer.
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