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The top science news articles and science news articles and current events, scientific discoveries, studies and research from the past month
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Study recommends ongoing assessment of impact of offshore wind farms on marine species
Offshore wind power is a valuable source of renewable energy that can help reduce carbon emissions.

New way to detox? 'Gold of Pleasure' oilseed boosts liver detoxification enzymes
University of Illinois scientists have found compounds that boost liver detoxification enzymes nearly fivefold, and they've found them in a pretty unlikely place-the crushed seeds left after oil extraction from an oilseed crop used in jet fuel.



Priorities for research on pharmaceutical and personal care products in the environment
In 2011 the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) held a workshop for 45 international experts to identify and prioritize the scientific research needed to understand the risks of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the environment.

Advanced X-ray, neutron beam imaging reveal workings of powerful biochemical switch PKA
A University of Utah-led study using X-rays and neutron beams has revealed the inner workings of a master switch that regulates basic cellular functions, but that also, when mutated, contributes to cancer, cardiovascular disease and other deadly disorders.

Yale Journal: How, When, and Why Industrial Ecology is Good for Business
Industrial ecology, a rapidly growing field focused on sustainable production and consumption, has contributed numerous important tools to modern environmental management - life cycle assessment; "industrial symbiosis," or the by-product exchange between neighboring facilities; "design for environment"; and the use of material flow analysis to track resource use in supply chains, companies, and economies.

Natural gas usage will have little effect on CO2 emissions, UCI-led study finds
Abundant supplies of natural gas will do little to reduce harmful U.S. emissions causing climate change, according to researchers at UC Irvine, Stanford University, and the nonprofit organization Near Zero.

Batteries included: A solar cell that stores its own power
Is it a solar cell? Or a rechargeable battery? Actually, the patent-pending device invented at The Ohio State University is both: the world's first solar battery.

UMN research pinpoints microRNA tied to colon cancer tumor growth
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified microRNAs that may cause colon polyps from turning cancerous. The finding could help physicians provide more specialized, and earlier, treatment before colon cancer develops.

Fly genome could help us improve health and our environment
The house fly might be a worldwide pest, but its genome will provide information that could improve our lives. From insights into pathogen immunity, to pest control and decomposing waste, the 691 Mb genome has been sequenced and analyzed by a global consortium of scientists, and is published in the open access journal Genome Biology.

Adenosine can melt 'love handles'
The number of overweight persons is greatly increasing worldwide - and as a result is the risk of suffering a heart attack, stroke, diabetes or Alzheimer's disease.

On the Road to Artificial Photosynthesis
The excessive atmospheric carbon dioxide that is driving global climate change could be harnessed into a renewable energy technology that would be a win for both the environment and the economy.

Rating the Planet's Oceans
The most comprehensive assessment conducted by the Ocean Health Index rates the Earth's oceans at 67 out of 100 in overall health.

Set of molecules found to link insulin resistance in the brain to diabetes
A key mechanism behind diabetes may start in the brain, with early signs of the disease detectable through rising levels of molecules not previously linked to insulin signaling, according to a study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai published today in the journal Cell Metabolism.

Mount Sinai Beth Israel Study Explores Drug Users' Opinions on Genetic Testing
Genomic medicine is rapidly developing, bringing with its advances promises of individualized genetic information to tailor and optimize prevention and treatment interventions.

Tropical disease prevalence in Latin America presents opportunity for US, Baker Institute expert says
Recently published prevalence estimates of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in five Latin American countries - Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Venezuela - could suggest a new direction for United States foreign policy in the region, according to a tropical-disease expert at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Moderate Levels of 'Free Radicals' Found Beneficial to Healing Wounds
Long assumed to be destructive to tissues and cells, "free radicals" generated by the cell's mitochondria-the energy producing structures in the cell-are actually beneficial to healing wounds.

Coping techniques help patients with COPD improve mentally, physically
Coaching patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to manage stress, practice relaxation and participate in light exercise can boost a patient's quality of life and can even improve physical symptoms, researchers at Duke Medicine report.

Smallest world record has 'endless possibilities' for bio-nanotechnology
Scientists from the University of Leeds have taken a crucial step forward in bio-nanotechnology, a field that uses biology to develop new tools for science, technology and medicine.

Australia's high survival rates shed doubt on global sepsis guidelines
New research suggests treatment in Australia and New Zealand for patients with sepsis is the best in the world.

Smallest-possible diamonds form ultra-thin nanothread
A team including Carnegie's Malcolm Guthrie and George Cody has, for the first time, discovered how to produce ultra-thin "diamond nanothreads" that promise extraordinary properties, including strength and stiffness greater than that of today's strongest nanotubes and polymer fibers.

The mathematics behind the Ebola epidemic
Researchers in the Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering at ETH Zurich have calculated new benchmark figures to precisely describe the Ebola epidemic in West Africa from a mathematical perspective. Their results may help health authorities to contain the epidemic.

The ideal age of sexual partners is different for men and women
New evolutionary psychology research shows gender differences in age preferences regarding sexual partners.

Water research tackles growing grassland threat: trees
Two Kansas State University biologists are studying streams to prevent tallgrass prairies from turning into shrublands and forests.

Researchers discover gene that can predict aggressive prostate cancer at diagnosis
Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have identified a biomarker living next door to the KLK3 gene that can predict which GS7 prostate cancer patients will have a more aggressive form of cancer.

Researchers identify early sign of pancreatic cancer
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and other institutions have discovered a sign of the early development of pancreatic cancer - an upsurge in certain amino acids that occurs before the disease is diagnosed and symptoms appear.

Low birth rates can actually pay off in the US and other countries
As birth rates decline in countries that include parts of Europe and East Asia, threatening the economic slowdown associated with aging populations, a global study from the University of California, Berkeley, and the East-West Center in Hawaii suggests that in much of the world, it actually pays to have fewer children.

Evolutionary biology: It's not just for textbooks anymore
Solving global challenges in food security, emerging diseases and biodiversity loss requires evolutionary thinking, argues a new study published online in Science Express that was co-authored by Bruce Tabashnik of the University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

New evidence of ancient multicellular life sets evolutionary timeline back 60 million years
A Virginia Tech geobiologist with collaborators from the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found evidence in the fossil record that complex multicellularity appeared in living things about 600 million years ago - nearly 60 million years before skeletal animals appeared during a huge growth spurt of new life on Earth known as the Cambrian Explosion.

New research outlines promising therapies for small cell lung cancer
Two recently published studies by a research team at University Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center Seidman Cancer Center have the potential to advance treatments for small cell lung cell cancer (SCLC).

Discrepancies in access to new cancer drugs revealed
Access to potentially life-extending cancer drugs varies significantly in different regions of the world, two new studies show at the ESMO 2014 Congress in Madrid, Spain.

Playing tag with sugars in the cornfield
Sugars are usually known as energy storage units in plants and the insects that feed on them.

Protein 'map' could lead to potent new cancer drugs
Imperial chemists have gained fresh insights into how a disease-causing enzyme makes changes to proteins and how it can be stopped.

Managers can boost creativity by 'empowering leadership' and earning employees' trust
Managers can promote creativity in employees by "empowering leadership" and earning employees' trust, according to a new study by Rice University and American University.

If trees could talk
Permafrost thaw drives forest loss in Canada, while drought has killed trees in Panama, southern India and Borneo.

Scientists discover a 'good' fat that fights diabetes
Scientists at the Salk Institute and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in Boston have discovered a new class of molecules-produced in human and mouse fat-that protects against diabetes.

Window on the ocean's past
As a child in southern California, Ryan Rykaczewski spent a fair amount of time on his grandfather's boat, fishing with him off the Pacific coast near Los Angeles. At the time, he didn't think there was much rhyme or reason to their luck on the water.

Leaky, Star-Forming Galaxies Lead Johns Hopkins Researchers to Better Understand the Universe
By focusing on large, star-forming galaxies in the universe, researchers at Johns Hopkins University were able to measure its radiation leaks in an effort to better understand how the universe evolved as the first stars were formed.

Researchers discover solar energy-driven process makes tailings ponds reclamation instant
Cleaning up oil sands tailings has just gotten a lot greener thanks to a novel technique developed by University of Alberta civil engineering professors that uses solar energy to accelerate tailings pond reclamation efforts by industry.

A Heartbeat Away? Hybrid
Because heart cells cannot multiply and cardiac muscles contain few stem cells, heart tissue is unable to repair itself after a heart attack.

Stopping liver cancer in its tracks
A University of Tokyo research group has discovered that AIM (Apoptosis Inhibitor of Macrophage), a protein that plays a preventive role in obesity progression, can also prevent tumor development in mice liver cells.

Thermotolerant yeast can provide more climate-smart ethanol
With a simple mutation, yeast can grow in higher than normal temperatures. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology demonstrate this in an article to be published in the scientific journal Science.

River flow by design: environmental flows support ecosystem services in rivers natural and novel
Last spring, the Colorado River reached its delta for the first time in 16 years, flowing into Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of California after wetting 70 miles of long-dry channels through the Sonoran Desert.

Exploring the connection between empathy, neurohormones and aggression
Empathy is typically seen as eliciting warmth and compassion-a generally positive state that makes people do good things to others.

To help solve slums, innovators build jobs, food security into affordable housing blueprints
Building on the poverty relief success achieved through self-sustaining high-tech "smart villages," Malaysian innovators have created blueprints for an urban counterpart that combines affordable homes, food security and sustainable jobs, aiming to solve the growing global problem of squalid city slums.

Princeton scientists observe elusive particle that is its own antiparticle
Princeton University scientists have observed an exotic particle that behaves simultaneously like matter and antimatter, a feat of math and engineering that could yield powerful computers based on quantum mechanics.

Cryptogenic strokes may find explanation in the heart
More than half of the patients who have suffered a stroke with no well-defined aetiology have an enlarged left atrial appendage of the heart, according to a Finnish study.

Gastric bypass bests banding for weight loss, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cholesterol control
Gastric bypass surgery has better outcomes than gastric banding for long-term weight loss, controlling type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, and lowering cholesterol levels, according to a new review by UT Southwestern Medical Center surgeons of nearly 30 long-term studies comparing the two types of bariatric procedures.

A discovery could prevent the development of brain tumours in children
Scientists at the IRCM discovered a mechanism that promotes the progression of medulloblastoma, the most common brain tumour found in children.

How the ends of chromosomes are maintained for cancer cell immortality
Maintaining the ends of chromosomes, called telomeres, is a requisite feature of cells that are able to continuously divide and also a hallmark of human cancer.

Diet affects mix of intestinal bacteria and the risk of inflammatory bone disease
Diet-induced changes in the gut's bacterial ecosystem can alter susceptibility to an autoinflammatory bone disease by modifying the immune response, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists reported.

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