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The top science news articles and science news articles and current events, scientific discoveries, studies and research from the past week.
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China looks to science and technology to fuel its economy
Maintaining stability in the face of rapid change and growth, and proactively partaking in cooperative global ties in science and technology fields will be key in helping China become an innovation-based economy, according to Denis Simon, vice provost for International Strategic Initiatives at Arizona State University.

Moth study suggests hidden climate change impacts
A 32-year study of subarctic forest moths in Finnish Lapland suggests that scientists may be underestimating the impacts of climate change on animals and plants because much of the harm is hidden from view.



La Brea Tar Pit fossil research shows climate change drove evolution of Ice Age predators
Concerns about climate change and its impact on the world around us are growing daily.

Identified epigenetic factors associated with an increased risk of developing cancer
In 10% of human tumors there is a family history of hereditary disease associated with mutations in identified genes.

BU researchers identify specific causes of brown fat cell 'whitening'
Boston University researchers have learned new information about the consequences of overeating high-calorie foods.

Beneficial organisms react differently to parasite drug
The substance ivermectin has been used for more than thirty years all over the world to combat parasites like roundworms, lice and mites in humans, livestock and pets.

HIV battle must focus on hard-hit streets
When it comes to HIV, geography can be destiny, argue authors of a new article in the American Journal of Public Health.

TGen study identifies growth factor receptors that may prompt the spread of lung cancer
Preventing lung cancers from metastasizing to other parts of the body could provide benefit for patients against the leading cause of cancer death.

Stanford scientists model a win-win situation: growing crops on photovoltaic farms
Growing agave and other carefully chosen plants amid photovoltaic panels could allow solar farms not only to collect sunlight for electricity but also to produce crops for biofuels, according to new computer models by Stanford scientists.

Reef fish arrived in two waves
The world's reefs are hotbeds of biological diversity, including over 4,500 species of fish. A new study shows that the ancestors of these fish colonized reefs in two distinct waves, before and after the mass extinction event about 66 million years ago that wiped out the dinosaurs.

Language Structure- You're Born with It
Humans are unique in their ability to acquire language. But how? A new study published in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences shows that we are in fact born with the basic fundamental knowledge of language, thus shedding light on the age-old linguistic "nature vs. nurture" debate.

ORNL study pegs fuel economy costs of common practices
People who pack their cars and drive like Clark Griswold in National Lampoon's "Vacation" pay a steep penalty when it comes to fuel economy, according to a report by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Making dams safer for fish around the world
Think of the pressure change you feel when an elevator zips you up multiple floors in a tall building. Imagine how you'd feel if that elevator carried you all the way up to the top of Mt. Everest - in the blink of an eye.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder May Reflect a Propensity for Bad Habits
Two new studies published this week in Biological Psychiatry shed light on the propensity for habit formation in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

Violence intervention program effective in Vanderbilt pilot study
Violent behavior and beliefs among middle school students can be reduced through the implementation of a targeted violence intervention program, according to a Vanderbilt study released in the Journal of Injury and Violence Research.

New prediction model to improve patient survival after paracetamol-related liver failure
In the UK paracetamol toxicity is the most common cause of ALF and has a high mortality rate. It is estimated that 150 to 200 deaths and 15 to 20 LTs occur as a result of poisoning each year in England and Wales.

Camels emit less methane than cows or sheep
Ruminant cows and sheep account for a major proportion of the methane produced around the world. Currently around 20 percent of global methane emissions stem from ruminants.

CU researchers unraveling what's behind the sniffles, hoping for a treatment
Scientists at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have shed light on one of the most common of ailments - the runny nose.

Skulls of red and giant pandas provide insight into coexistence
New research on the skulls of red pandas and giant pandas provides further explanation as to why the two species-which are not closely related but dine on the same food, bamboo, in the same geographic area-are able to coexist.

Recycling astronaut urine for energy and drinking water
On the less glamorous side of space exploration, there's the more practical problem of waste - in particular, what to do with astronaut pee.

Bone marrow stem cells show promise in stroke treatment, UCI team finds
Stem cells culled from bone marrow may prove beneficial in stroke recovery, scientists at UC Irvine's Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center have learned.

Researchers develop novel molecular blood group typing technique
Scientists in France have designed a new system for molecular blood group typing that offers blood banks the possibility of extensive screening of blood donors at a relatively low cost.

New data reveals positive outcomes for hepatitis C transplant patients
New research announced at the International Liver CongressTM 2014 today provides new hope for the notoriously difficult-to-treat population of liver transplant patients with recurring hepatitis C (HCV).

Expanding energy access key to solving global challenges
Giving the poor access to reliable modern energy offers a better route to address global challenges, climate and energy, scholars say in a new report, Our High-Energy Planet.

Special function of nestin+ neurons in medial septum-diagonal band of Broca in adult rats
Dr. Yuhong Zhao and co-workers from Sun Yat-sen University in China explored the projection of nestin+ neurons to the olfactory bulb and the time course of nestin+ neurons in the medial septum-diagonal band of Broca in adult rats during injury recovery after olfactory nerve transection.

One of the last strongholds for Western chimpanzees
When Liberia enters the news it is usually in the context of civil war, economic crisis, poverty or a disease outbreak such as the recent emergence of Ebola in West Africa.

Emerging research suggests a new paradigm for
An international team of scientists has reported the first experimental observation of the quantum critical point (QCP) in the extensively studied "unconventional superconductor" TiSe2, finding that it does not reside as predicted within the superconducting dome of the phase diagram, but rather at a full GPa higher in pressure.

Blocking DNA repair mechanisms could improve radiation therapy for brain cancer
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have demonstrated in both cancer cell lines and in mice that blocking critical DNA repair mechanisms could improve the effectiveness of radiation therapy for highly fatal brain tumors called glioblastomas.

Sunken logs create new worlds for seafloor animals
When it comes to food, most of the deep sea is a desert. Many seafloor animals feed on marine snow-the organic remnants of algae and animals that live in the sunlit surface waters, far above.

Can animals really help people in hospitals, aged care?
While many people have an opinion on whether animals can help to improve wellbeing and care for patients in hospitals, does anyone really know whether there are benefits both for the patients and the animals themselves?

Eating rice boosts diet quality, reduces body weight and improves markers for health
New research, partially funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the USA Rice Federation, shows that consumers can improve their diets simply by enjoying white or brown rice as part of their daily meals.

The Long Reach of Alzheimer's
To address the burgeoning demands of Alzheimer's disease that will affect generations, new policies will have to be adopted to acknowledge the complex and unique needs of people with dementia.

Vigilance for Kidney Problems Key for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
Rheumatoid arthritis patients are likelier than the average person to develop chronic kidney disease, and more severe inflammation in the first year of rheumatoid arthritis, corticosteroid use, high blood pressure and obesity are among the risk factors, new Mayo Clinic research shows.

Solute redistribution profiles during rapid solidification of undercooled ternary Co-Cu-Pb alloy
Researchers at the Department of Applied Physics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, in Xi'an, China, are engaged in revealing the mysteries of solidification process and the development of new materials using self-designed experimental instrument which can simulate the space environment such as containerless state.

Gusev Crater once held a lake after all, says ASU Mars scientist
If desert mirages occur on Mars, "Lake Gusev" belongs among them. This come-and-go body of ancient water has come and gone more than once, at least in the eyes of Mars scientists.

Love is a many-faceted thing
Regular churchgoers, married people or those who enjoy harmonious social ties are most satisfied with their love life.

Pharma firms turn attention to hearing loss
Hearing loss affects 36 million Americans to some degree, often leaving them feeling isolated, but it has received little attention from the pharmaceutical industry - until now.

Rethink education to fuel bioeconomy, says report
Microbes can be highly efficient, versatile and sophisticated manufacturing tools, and have the potential to form the basis of a vibrant economic sector.

What songbirds tell us about how we learn
When you throw a wild pitch or sing a flat note, it could be that your basal ganglia made you do it. This area in the middle of the brain is involved in motor control and learning.

One Kind of Supersymmetry Shown to Emerge Naturally
UC Santa Barbara physicist Tarun Grover has provided definitive mathematical evidence for supersymmetry in a condensed matter system.

Pioneering findings on the dual role of carbon dioxide in photosynthesis
Researchers at Umeå University have found that carbon dioxide, in its ionic form bicarbonate, has a regulating function in the splitting of water in photosynthesis.

The Motion of the Medium Matters for Self-assembling Particles, Penn Research Shows
By attaching short sequences of single-stranded DNA to nanoscale building blocks, researchers can design structures that can effectively build themselves.

Researchers discover how the kissing disease virus hijacks human cells
University of Montreal researchers have discovered how a component of the Epstein Barr (EBV) virus takes over our cells gene regulating machinery, allowing the virus to replicate itself.

Promising agents burst through 'superbug' defenses to fight antibiotic resistance
In the fight against "superbugs," scientists have discovered a class of agents that can make some of the most notorious strains vulnerable to the same antibiotics that they once handily shrugged off.

Unexpected results in cancer drug trial
Research from the University of Southampton has shown a drug, used in combination with chemotherapy to treat advanced colorectal cancer, is not effective in some settings, and indeed may result in more rapid cancer progression.

Increased time on Facebook could lead women to negative body images
The mediated version of what women should look like has always been under scrutiny, particularly looking at actresses and fashion models.

World ranking tracks birds' evolutionary distinctness
A team of international scientists, including a trio from Simon Fraser University, has published the world's first ranking of evolutionary distinct birds under threat of extinction.

Scientists reveal potential link between brain development and breast cancer gene
Scientists at the Salk Institute have uncovered details into a surprising-and crucial-link between brain development and a gene whose mutation is tied to breast and ovarian cancer.

Deep, integrated genomic analysis re-classifies lower-grade brain tumors
Comprehensive genomic analysis of low-grade brain tumors sorts them into three categories, one of which has the molecular hallmarks and shortened survival of glioblastoma multiforme, the most lethal of brain tumors, researchers reported at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2014.

New 'switch' could power quantum computing
Using a laser to place individual rubidium atoms near the surface of a lattice of light, scientists at MIT and Harvard University have developed a new method for connecting particles - one that could help in the development of powerful quantum computing systems.

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