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Science News Archive | Brightsurf | (2020)

Science news and current events archive from 2020

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Top Science Current Events and Science News from 2020


Moderate-to-high posttraumatic stress common after exposure to trauma, violence
Over 30 percent of injury survivors who are treated in hospital emergency departments will have moderate-to-severe symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some point in the first year following the initial incident, new research led by the Yale School of Public Health finds. (2020-03-06)
Sphingotec's endothelial function biomarker bio-ADM® improves risk stratification of sepsis patients at ICUs
New study data show that monitoring blood levels of sphingotec's endothelial function biomarker bio-ADM® on top of guideline parameter lactate improves risk stratification of sepsis patients admitted to intensive care units. (2020-03-05)
Visceral fat delivers signal to the brain that hurts cognition
Excessive weight around our middle gives our brain's resident immune cells heavy exposure to a signal that turns them against us, setting in motion a crescendo of inflammation that damages cognition, scientists say. (2020-03-03)
Polymers get caught up in love-hate chemistry of oil and water
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee achieved a rare look at the inner workings of polymer self-assembly at an oil-water interface to advance materials for neuromorphic computing and bio-inspired technologies. (2020-02-27)
Solar technology breakthrough at the University of Queensland
UQ researchers have set a world record for the conversion of solar energy to electricity via the use of tiny nanoparticles called 'quantum dots'. (2020-02-18)
When less is more: Designer slits make glasslike materials much stronger
By removing material via specially designed cuts in a glasslike material, researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark, and the University of Pennsylvania in the US have changed the mechanical properties of the material. (2020-02-15)
Prebiotics help mice fight melanoma by activating anti-tumor immunity
Scientists at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute have shown that two prebiotics, mucin and inulin, slowed the growth of melanoma in mice by boosting the immune system's ability to fight cancer. (2020-02-11)
Machine learning technique speeds up crystal structure determination
A computer-based method could make it less labor-intensive to determine the crystal structures of various materials and molecules, including alloys, proteins and pharmaceuticals. (2020-01-30)
Don't wait to get concussion care; early treatment may mean faster recovery
Early clinical treatment may significantly reduce recovery time following a concussion, according to new research led by the University of Pittsburgh Sports Medicine Concussion Program. (2020-01-06)
Veterans report health as their No. 1 worry
Health concerns are the most important readjustment challenge facing veterans in the first year after they leave military service. (2020-01-02)
Fast, accurate and non-destructive: the new method to analyze food quality
Researchers at the University of Cordoba's School of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering (ETSIAM) proved the effectiveness of NIRS technoloogy in analyzing vegetable quality, in farm fields and in the industry (2020-09-25)
How to bounce back from stretched out stretchable sensors
Elastic can stretch too far and that could be problematic in wearable sensors. (2020-09-24)
Flood risks: More accurate data due to COVID-19
Emerging use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) makes it possible to continuously measure shallow changes in elevation of Earth surface. (2020-09-23)
Red blood cell distribution width, mortality risk in hospitalized adults with SARS-CoV-2 infection
The potential use of red blood cell distribution width for risk stratification of patients with COVID-19 was looked at in this observational study. (2020-09-23)
KIST develops ambient vibration energy harvester with automatic resonance tuning mechanism
Korean researchers have developed an energy harvester that can generate electric power from ambient vibrations with diverse frequencies through a novel automatic resonance tuning mechanism. (2020-09-23)
Mayo study identifies barriers to physician adoption of federal Right to Try law
A new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute is the first to examine the opinions and experiences of clinical oncologists working at a major medical center on the Federal Right to Try (RTT) law. (2020-09-22)
The co-occurrence of cancer driver genes, key to precision medicine
Researchers from the Structural Bioinformatics and Network Biology Laboratory at IRB Barcelona develop a system to predict tumour response to different treatments. (2020-09-22)
Making sense of diabetes
Throughout her 38-year nursing career, Laurel Despins has progressed from a bedside nurse to a clinical nurse specialist and has worked in medical, surgical and cardiac intensive care units. (2020-09-21)
Scientists reveal details about the first cat infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Spain
The IRTA-CReSA coronavirus research team, alongside researchers from IrsiCaixa, the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) and veterinarians from a veterinary hospital near Barcelona publish in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) the results of postoperative analyzes of COVID-19 positive cat necropsy. (2020-09-21)
Studies investigate marine heatwaves, shifting ocean currents
Two new studies from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) investigate marine heatwaves and currents at the edge of the continental shelf, which impact regional ocean circulation and marine life. (2020-09-20)
Scientists advance understanding of blood-brain barrier health
in a study with potential impacts on a variety of neurological diseases, Virginia Tech researchers have provided the first experimental evidence from a living organism to show that an abundant, star-shaped brain cell known as an astrocyte is essential for blood-brain barrier health. (2020-09-21)
Reduction in insomnia symptoms associated with non-invasive neurotechnology
For people with chronic insomnia, a good night's sleep is elusive. (2020-09-17)
Changes in lung cancer treatment during COVID-19 pandemic
Changes in lung cancer treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic were evaluated in this study. (2020-09-17)
New Viking DNA research yields unexpected information about who they were
In the popular imagination, Vikings were fearsome blonde-haired warriors from Scandinavia who used longboats to carry out raids across Europe in a brief but bloody reign of terror. (2020-09-16)
NASA finds coldest cloud tops on hurricane Teddy's western side
NASA analyzed the cloud top temperatures in Hurricane Teddy using infrared light to determine the strength of the storm. (2020-09-16)
Breast cancer surgery type, quality of life among younger women
Researchers investigated differences in quality of life and other outcomes (including physical functioning, body image, sexual health, anxiety and depressive symptoms) by type of breast cancer surgery (such as mastectomy or breast conserving surgery) in women 40 and younger. (2020-09-16)
Should we mandate a COVID-19 vaccine for children?
This Viewpoint examines the evidence for vaccination of children against COVID-19. (2020-09-14)
Shedding light on coral reefs
New research published in the journal Coral Reefs generates the largest characterization of coral reef spectral data to date. (2020-09-11)
Humans, not climate, have driven rapidly rising mammal extinction rate
Human impact can explain ninety-six percent of all mammal species extinctions of the last hundred thousand years, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Science Advances. (2020-09-09)
Adding stem cells to educational intervention can significantly help kids with autism
Results of a clinical trial released in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine indicate that a combination of stem cell therapy and educational intervention can significantly help children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). (2020-09-09)
Russia's regions and their preferences for strong alcohol
HSE University economists analyzed two data sets for Russian regions in 2010-2016: the official statistics of the Russian Statistics Agency on alcohol sales and estimates of unregistered alcohol consumption modeled by the study's authors relying on the Ministry of Health's own methodology. (2020-09-08)
Association of mobile phone location data indications of travel, stay-at-home mandates with COVID-19 infection rates in US
Anonymous mobile phone location data were used to examine travel and home dwelling time patterns before and after enactment of stay-at-home orders in US states to examine associations between changes in mobility and the COVID-19 curve. (2020-09-08)
Study finds surprisingly little difference in hospitalization rates between children with COVID-19
As the fall approaches, pediatric hospitals will start seeing children with seasonal influenza A and B. (2020-09-08)
Could singing spread COVID-19?
If silence is golden, speech is silver - and singing the worst. (2020-09-07)
Vitamin D levels in the blood can predict future health risks and death
Free, circulating vitamin D levels in the blood may be a better predictor of future health risks in aging men, according to a study being presented at e-ECE 2020. (2020-09-07)
Poetry in motion: Engineers analyze the fluid physics of movement in marine snails
In a new interdisciplinary study that combines intellectual curiosity with awe, researchers show in detail that the swimming and sinking behaviors of tropical marine snails are influenced by body size and shell shape, as predicted from fluid physics theory. (2020-09-07)
The genetics of blood: A global perspective
To better understand the properties of blood cells, an international team led by UdeM's Guillaume Lettre has been examining variations in the DNA of 746,667 people worldwide. (2020-09-04)
NOAA-NASA satellite reveals burn scars from Elkhorn Fire in California
Imagery from the VIIRS instrument aboard NASA/NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite highlights the burn scars from the Elkhorn Fire in northern California on Sep. (2020-09-03)
IGC scientist awarded distinguished European Research Council Grant
The European Research Council (ERC) has announced the list of winners of the 2020 Starting Grants. (2020-09-03)
Making more of methane
Looking closely at the chemical process that transforms methane into useful products could help unveil more efficient ways to use natural gas. (2020-09-02)
Eat more to grow more arms...if you're a sea anemone
An international group of researchers, led by scientists from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg, have discovered that the number of tentacle arms a sea anemone grows depends on the amount of food it eats. (2020-09-02)
New EU rules could make total diet replacement products unviable from 2022, study warns
From October 2022, the European Union (EU) will impose new nutritional requirements for total diet replacement (TDR) products which could make them unviable to produce and sell, according to new research being presented at The European and International Congress on Obesity (ECOICO 2020), held online this year from 1-4 September. (2020-08-31)
People with less body response to stress task had more PTSD signs after COVID-19 began
People who did not have a large heart rate response to a stress task surprised researchers later -- after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic -- when they showed more symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder related to the crisis than others who also did the stress task and COVID-19 stress ratings. (2020-08-31)
Study: Portable, point-of-care COVID-19 test could bypass the lab
As COVID-19 continues to spread, bottlenecks in supplies and laboratory personnel have led to long waiting times for results in some areas. (2020-08-31)
Discovery of an ancient dog species may teach us about human vocalization
In a study published in PNAS, researchers used conservation biology and genomics to discover that the New Guinea singing dog, thought to be extinct for 50 years, still thrives. (2020-08-31)
New hydrogels for T-cell growth to be used in cancer immunotherapy
A team with the participation of researchers from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has designed new hydrogels that allow the culture of T-cells or T-lymphocytes, cells of the immune system that are used in cancer immunotherapy since they have the capacity to destroy tumor cells. (2020-08-31)
Can't be away from your phone? Study finds link to higher levels of obsession-compulsion
Feelings of panic when a person is away from their smartphone could be connected to general feelings of inadequacy and inferiority, a new study of young people in Portugal suggests. (2020-08-28)
A surprising protein player in diabetes
Conducted by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University and Riken Center of Integrative Medical Sciences, a study looking at pancreatic beta cells has found a link between a commonly found protein, a subset of switched-off genes and the development of diabetes. (2020-08-28)
Life expectancy gap between Black and white people in Washington, DC, analyzed
Heart disease, homicide and cancer are leading contributing factors to stark differences in life expectancy between Black people and white people in Washington, DC, according to a study published in Scientific Reports. (2020-08-27)
New study takes aim at advanced types of non-addictive pain therapies
A team of scientists from ASU's School of Molecular Sciences and the Biodesign Institute have recently published a study in Nature Communications that helps clarify the contributions to an ion channel's temperature - dependent activation. (2020-08-26)

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