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Science News and Current Event Archive (April, 2017)

Science news and current events from private research facilities, universities, government agencies and medical centers archive of articles from April, 2017.

Show All Years  •  2017  •  Show All Months (2017)  •  April

Week 13
Saturday April 1, 2017 (13)
Sunday April 2, 2017 (16)

Week 14
Monday April 3, 2017 (136)
Tuesday April 4, 2017 (124)
Wednesday April 5, 2017 (121)
Thursday April 6, 2017 (99)
Friday April 7, 2017 (39)
Saturday April 8, 2017 (2)
Sunday April 9, 2017 (14)

Week 15
Monday April 10, 2017 (119)
Tuesday April 11, 2017 (104)
Wednesday April 12, 2017 (110)
Thursday April 13, 2017 (82)
Friday April 14, 2017 (32)
Sunday April 16, 2017 (1)

Week 16
Monday April 17, 2017 (88)
Tuesday April 18, 2017 (88)
Wednesday April 19, 2017 (117)
Thursday April 20, 2017 (129)
Friday April 21, 2017 (57)
Saturday April 22, 2017 (16)
Sunday April 23, 2017 (10)

Week 17
Monday April 24, 2017 (128)
Tuesday April 25, 2017 (118)
Wednesday April 26, 2017 (101)
Thursday April 27, 2017 (110)
Friday April 28, 2017 (58)
Saturday April 29, 2017 (3)
Sunday April 30, 2017 (5)

Top Science News and Current Events from April 2017

Ice cave in Transylvania yields window into region's past
Ice cores drilled from a glacier in a cave in Transylvania offer new evidence of how Europe's winter weather and climate patterns fluctuated during the last 10,000 years, known as the Holocene period. (2017-04-27)
Analysis: Gender differences in depression appear at age 12
An analysis just published online has broken new ground by finding gender differences in both symptoms and diagnoses of depression appearing at age 12. (2017-04-27)
Bare bones: Making bones transparent
A new bone clearing technique is a breakthrough for testing osteoporosis drugs. (2017-04-26)
TGen-HonorHealth study: High rate of tumor shrinkage among pancreatic cancer patients
Adding cisplatin to standard gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel drug treatment provided a very high rate of tumor shrinkage for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer, according to the results of a pilot clinical trial conducted by the HonorHealth Research Institute and the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen). (2017-04-25)
Extinction risk for many species vastly underestimated, study suggests
A new study indicates that the number of plant and animal species at risk of extinction may be considerably higher than previously thought. (2017-04-25)
Chemotherapy drug may increase vulnerability to depression
A chemotherapy drug used to treat brain cancer may increase vulnerability to depression by stopping new brain cells from growing, according to a new King's College London study out today in Translational Psychiatry. (2017-04-25)
Growing body of evidence supports use of mind-body therapies in breast cancer treatment
In newly updated clinical guidelines from the Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO), researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues analyzed which integrative treatments are most effective and safe for patients with breast cancer. (2017-04-24)
By listening to optical 'noise,' researchers discover new way to track hidden objects
Researchers have developed a new solution to tracking objects hidden behind scattering media by analyzing the fluctuations in optical 'noise' created by their movement. (2017-04-20)
Children at greater risk for complications from brown recluse spider bites
Medical complications of brown recluse spider bites are uncommon but they can be severe, particularly in children, researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) reported today. (2017-04-19)
High-speed images capture archer fish's rocket-like launch
MIT engineers have detailed the hydrodynamics of the archer fish's rocket-like jumping behavior in a paper published in the Journal of Experimental Biology. (2017-04-19)
Researchers unlock an immunity 'black box'
Mapping the biological machinery of the inflammatory skin disease neutrophilic dermatosis offers multiple targets for treating inflammatory disorders. (2017-04-18)
Zinc supply affects cardiac health
In addition to essential metabolic functions, the level of zinc in the body also affects the heart muscle. (2017-04-18)
Nuclease-resistant hybrid nanoflowers
An eco-friendly method to synthesize DNA-copper nanoflowers with high load efficiencies, low cytotoxicity, and strong resistance against nucleases has been developed by Professor Hyun Gyu Park in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and his collaborators. (2017-04-13)
Defects in epithelial tissue organization -- A question of life or death
Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore at the National University of Singapore have discovered the primary mechanism driving the extrusion of dying cells from epithelial monolayers. (2017-04-13)
US streams carry surprisingly extensive mixture of pollutants
Many US waterways carry a variety of pollutants, but not much is known about the composition or health effects of these chemical combinations. (2017-04-12)
Precision chronology sheds new light on the origins of Mongolia's nomadic horse culture
According to new research, nomadic horse culture -- famously associated with Genghis Khan and his Mongol hordes -- can trace its roots back more than 3,000 years in the eastern Eurasian Steppes, in the territory of modern Mongolia. (2017-04-11)
Different breast cancer treatment options vary widely in their cost-effectiveness
A new study published today in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicates that different therapies for early-stage breast cancer have very different relative values. (2017-04-10)
DNA misspelling correction method is very accurate
IBS scientists prove that a gene editing technique used for substituting a single nucleotide in the genome is highly accurate. (2017-04-10)
Diamonds coupled using quantum physics
Researchers at TU Wien have succeeded in coupling the specific defects in two such diamonds with one another. (2017-04-10)
Performance of the RegCM4 regional climate model over China
The RegCM series of models are widely used throughout the world and in China. (2017-04-05)
Moderate changes in Indian diets could benefit both health and the environment
Moderate changes to typical Indian diets could help to 'future proof' the Indian food system against the predicted decline in availability of groundwater over the coming decades, according to new research. (2017-04-04)
New rice fights off drought
Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) have developed strains of rice that are resistant to drought in real-world situations. (2017-04-04)
Robot epigenetics: Adding complexity to embodied robot evolution
For the first time, researchers in the field of evolutionary robotics have used physically embodied robots to study epigenetic effects on robot evolution. (2017-04-03)
What do electrolytes actually do? (video)
Sports drink commercials love talking about them, but what are electrolytes and what happens if we don't have enough? (2017-04-25)
Earth's little garbage people? (video)
If you're enjoying some tasty food today you probably owe a little thanks to earthworms. (2017-04-19)
Gunshot injuries occur primarily in Miami-Dade's poor, black neighborhoods
Gunshot wound injuries in Miami-Dade County are clustered in predominantly poor, black neighborhoods, according to a new study from the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. (2017-04-18)
Study on impact of climate change on snowpack loss in Western US
An international team of scientists, including one from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, has found that up to 20 percent loss in the annual maximum amount of water contained in the Western United States' mountain snowpack in the last three decades is due to human influences. (2017-04-18)
Termite gut holds a secret to breaking down plant biomass
In the Microbial Sciences Building at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the incredibly efficient eating habits of a fungus-cultivating termite are surprising even to those well acquainted with the insect's natural gift for turning wood to dust. (2017-04-17)
3-D-printed model of stenotic intracranial artery enables vessel-wall MRI standardization
A phantom of a stenotic artery 3-D-printed by the University of Massachusetts using imaging sequences from a patient at the Medical University of South Carolina is enabling a global collaborative of US, Canadian and Chinese researchers to standardize high-resolution MRI protocols for intracranial atherosclerotic disease, the number one cause of stroke worldwide. (2017-04-14)
Suppressing single protein greatly extends life span of mice with form of ALS, study shows
A study led by researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine has revealed a possible new therapeutic approach for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a progressive neurodegenerative disease. (2017-04-12)
Algal residue -- an alternative carbon resource for pharmaceuticals and polyesters
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology found that algal residue, the leftover material after extracting oil from algae for biofuel, can be used to produce key industrial chemicals. (2017-04-12)
Florida manatees likely to persist for at least 100 years -- US Geological Survey
Florida's manatee population is highly likely to endure for the next 100 years, a study by the US Geological Survey and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute has found. (2017-04-11)
Environmental DNA helps protect great crested newts
Research by the University of Kent has revealed how tiny amounts of DNA (eDNA) released into water by great crested newts can be used to monitor the species. (2017-04-11)
Two new species of orchids discovered in Okinawa
Two new species of parasitic plants have been discovered on the main island of Okinawa, Japan, and named Gastrodia nipponicoides and Gastrodia okinawensis. (2017-04-10)
Exploring association between reduced HPV infection and genetic variations in Western Asia
New research provides an insight into why cervical cancer is less common in certain regions of the world even though they may have limited screening and fewer or no prevention programs. (2017-04-10)
Food webs entangle humans in complex relationships with animals, crops and the environment
Reconstructed food webs from the Ancestral Puebloan southwestern United States show the complexity and interconnectedness of humans, other animals, crops and the environment, in an area of uncertain climate and resources, according to researchers, who think climate change and human decisions then, may shed light on future human choices. (2017-04-10)
Homing system delivers drugs to specific neurons
Biomedical engineers have developed a way to deliver drugs to specific types of neurons in the brain, providing an unprecedented ability to study neurological diseases while promising a more targeted way to treat them. (2017-04-06)
Physicists develop ultrathin superconducting film
Experimental physicists in the research group led by Professor Uwe Hartmann at Saarland University have developed a thin nanomaterial with superconducting properties. (2017-04-06)
UN-backed report: Record new renewable power capacity added worldwide at lower cost
As clean technology costs continue to fall, the world added record levels of renewable energy capacity in 2016, at an investment level 23 percent lower than 2015, new UN-backed research shows. (2017-04-06)
'Dose sparing' flu vaccine could boost productivity and vaccine availability
The currently licensed seasonal trivalent influenza vaccines contain 15 micrograms of viral hemagglutinin protein per strain for adults, and up to 60 micrograms for elderly individuals; however, due to recent shortages, reducing these doses would be highly desirable. (2017-04-05)
Sex obsession a killer for male snakes
Snake orgy research by an international team of scientists led from Sydney has confirmed a frenzied approach to the mating season is resulting in males ageing faster and dying earlier and in worse condition than their female counterparts, who prioritize body maintenance over short-term reproductive success. (2017-04-04)
Cow's milk interferes with absorption of thyroid supplement levothyroxine
Taking the common oral thyroid hormone medication levothyroxine with a glass of cow's milk significantly decreases the body's ability to absorb the drug, a preliminary study finds. (2017-04-01)
Study examines state of social, personality psychology research
University of Illinois at Chicago researchers conducted two studies to examine the state and quality of social and personality research and how practices have changed, if at all. (2017-04-28)
Bullies and their victims more likely to want plastic surgery
11.5 percent of bullying victims have extreme desire to have cosmetic surgery, as well as 3.4 percent of bullies and 8.8 percent of teenagers who both bully and are bullied -- compared with less than 1 percent of those who are unaffected by bullying. (2017-04-27)
Seabird parents compensate for struggling partners
For species where both parents work together to raise their offspring, cooperation is key -- it's as true for birds as it is for us! (2017-04-26)
Revolutionary method reveals impact of short circuits on battery safety
How lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries behave under short-circuit conditions can now be examined using a new approach developed by a UCL-led team to help improve reliability and safety. (2017-04-25)
Children conceived after fertility treatments are at increased risk for pediatric cancers
'The research concludes that the association between IVF and total pediatric neoplasms and malignancies is significant,' Prof. (2017-04-25)
A CSIC scientist discovers that wax worms eat plastic
A research scientist at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Federica Bertocchini, has discovered that wax worms (Galleria mellonella), which usually feed on honey and wax from the honeycombs of bees, are capable of degrading plastic. (2017-04-24)
NASA satellite animation shows Tropical Storm Arlene 'eaten' by weather system
An animation created by NASA using imagery from NOAA's GOES-East satellite shows the North Atlantic Ocean's first tropical storm of the season being (2017-04-22)
Totally bizarre facts about the star-nosed mole
In a new synthesis of anatomy research, scientists showcase the surprising, record-breaking and just plain weird adaptations of the star-nosed mole. (2017-04-23)

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