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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf Archive (December 2018)

Science current events and science news from private research facilities, universities, government agencies and medical centers archive of articles from December, 2018.

Show All Years  •  2018  •  Show All Months (2018)  •  December

Week 48
Saturday December 1, 2018 (7)
Sunday December 2, 2018 (9)

Week 49
Monday December 3, 2018 (125)
Tuesday December 4, 2018 (120)
Wednesday December 5, 2018 (124)
Thursday December 6, 2018 (119)
Friday December 7, 2018 (52)
Sunday December 9, 2018 (5)

Week 50
Monday December 10, 2018 (115)
Tuesday December 11, 2018 (122)
Wednesday December 12, 2018 (127)
Thursday December 13, 2018 (126)
Friday December 14, 2018 (49)
Saturday December 15, 2018 (1)
Sunday December 16, 2018 (2)

Week 51
Monday December 17, 2018 (130)
Tuesday December 18, 2018 (115)
Wednesday December 19, 2018 (126)
Thursday December 20, 2018 (121)
Friday December 21, 2018 (78)
Saturday December 22, 2018 (3)

Week 52
Monday December 24, 2018 (14)
Wednesday December 26, 2018 (34)
Thursday December 27, 2018 (37)
Friday December 28, 2018 (20)

Week 01
Monday December 31, 2018 (20)


Top Science Current Events and Science News from December 2018



Scientists enter unexplored territory in superconductivity search
Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors -- materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss -- have entered a new regime. (2018-12-06)
Ingestible capsule can be controlled wirelessly
MIT researchers have designed an ingestible capsule that can be controlled using Bluetooth wireless technology. (2018-12-13)
Delaying adjuvant chemo associated with worse outcomes for patients with triple-negative breast cancer
Patients with triple-negative breast cancer who delayed starting adjuvant chemotherapy for more than 30 days after surgery were at significantly higher risk for disease recurrence and death compared with those who started the treatment in the first 30 days after surgery, according to a retrospective study presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. (2018-12-05)
New device could help answer fundamental questions about quantum physics
Researchers have developed a new device that can measure and control a nanoparticle trapped in a laser beam with unprecedented sensitivity. (2018-12-13)
Genetic changes associated with physical activity reported
Machine learning used to improve understanding of sleep, physical (in)activity and their health consequences (2018-12-10)
Structure of electrolyte controls battery performance
The research team at the Department of Electrical and Electronic Information Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology has reported that adding water into electrolyte improves the function of vanadium oxide, which is one of positive electrode material in calcium-ion batteries. (2018-12-04)
A 3D imaging technique unlocks properties of perovskite crystals
A team of materials scientists from Penn State, Cornell and Argonne National Laboratory have, for the first time, visualized the 3D atomic and electron density structure of the most complex perovskite crystal structure system decoded to date. (2018-12-06)
Study reveals how Chinese travellers use technology abroad
Traditional cultural values and government policy influence how Chinese backpackers use technology while travelling, according to new research by the University of East Anglia (UEA). (2018-12-13)
New properties of sulfur atom discovered
2019 will be, as proclaimed by the UN, the 'International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements', in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of its creation. (2018-12-14)
Probiotics could help millions of patients suffering from bipolar disorder
About 3 million people in the US are diagnosed every year with bipolar disorder, a psychiatric condition characterized by dramatic shifts in mood from depression to mania. (2018-12-13)
A young star caught forming like a planet
Astronomers have captured one of the most detailed views of a young star taken to date, and revealed an unexpected companion in orbit around it. (2018-12-14)
How does diet during pregnancy impact allergies in offspring?
A small percentage of women said they consumed fewer allergens during pregnancy to stave off food allergies in their newborns, according to preliminary research Karen Robbins, M.D., presented during the American College of Asthma Allergy and Immunology 2018 Annual Scientific Meeting. (2018-12-14)
Exercise performed during adjuvant breast cancer treatment may improve cardio function
Women who underwent a supervised program of cardiovascular exercise during adjuvant breast cancer treatment experienced better cardiovascular function than those who were not part of the exercise program, according to results of the EBBA-II trial presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. (2018-12-07)
New tool delivers swifter picture of cognitive deficit
A new tool, developed by researchers from the University of Adelaide, will assist clinicians to assess people suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD). (2018-12-11)
Foxes in the city: Citizen science helps researchers to study urban wildlife
A team of researchers led by wildlife ecologist Theresa Walter analyzed over 1,100 fox sightings made by the public as part of the citizen science project StadtWildTiere (www.stadtwildtiere.at). (2018-12-14)
NIH scientists find that breast cancer protection from pregnancy starts decades later
In general, women who have had children have a lower risk of breast cancer compared to women who have never given birth. (2018-12-14)
Sugar-sweetened beverage pattern linked to higher kidney disease risk
In a study of African-American men and women with normal kidney function, a pattern of higher collective consumption of soda, sweetened fruit drinks, and water was associated with a higher risk of developing kidney disease. (2018-12-27)
Revealed by a multidisciplinary effort: History of maize domestication not what we thought
The domestication of maize, a process which began in what is now central Mexico nearly 9,000 years ago, was far more complex and nuanced than once previously thought, a new study finds. (2018-12-13)
Siblings of children with autism or ADHD are at elevated risk for both disorders
Later-born siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at elevated risk for both disorders, a new study led by Meghan Miller, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and at the UC Davis MIND Institute, has concluded. (2018-12-10)
A lung-inspired design turns water into fuel
Scientists at Stanford University have designed an electrocatalytic mechanism that works like a mammalian lung to convert water into fuel. (2018-12-20)
Cannabis-based compound may reduce seizures in children with epilepsy
Interest has been growing in the use of cannabinoids--the active chemicals in cannabis or marijuana-- for the treatment of epilepsy in children. (2018-12-05)
RNAIII (RIP) & Deriv. as potential tools for the treatment of S. aureus biofilm infections
S. aureus under the biofilm mode of growth is often related to several nosocomial infections, more frequently associated with indwelling medical devices (catheters, prostheses, portacaths or heart valves).The present paper will provide an overview on the activity and potential applications of RIP as biofilm inhibiting compound, useful in the management of S. aureus biofilm infections. (2018-12-14)
Reusable respirators are an effective and viable option for protecting health care personnel
Half-facepiece reusable elastomeric respirators are an effective and viable option for protecting health care workers from exposure to airborne transmissible contaminants or infectious agents -- for example, influenza virus -- during day-to-day work or with a sudden or rapid influx of patients, such as during a public health emergency, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2018-12-06)
Prostate cancer: New computer model enables researchers to predict course of disease
How does a normal cell turn into a deadly cancer? (2018-12-14)
An energy-efficient way to stay warm: Sew high-tech heating patches to your clothes
What if, instead of turning up the thermostat, you could warm up with high-tech, flexible patches sewn into your clothes -- while significantly reducing your electric bill and carbon footprint? (2018-12-13)
Inability to perform basic activities delays mental health patients' discharge
Mental health patients who have difficulty performing daily living tasks are four times more likely to experience discharge delays than someone who can perform those tasks independently. (2018-12-13)
Can stem cells help a diseased heart heal itself? Researcher achieves important milestone
A team of Rutgers scientists have taken an important step toward the goal of making diseased hearts heal themselves -- a new model that would reduce the need for bypass surgery, heart transplants or artificial pumping devices. (2018-12-14)
Research shows biases against immigrants with non-anglicized names
Using variations of the 'trolley-dilemma' where people choose who to save or not save others in a hypothetical situation, social psychologists show that for certain groups, under certain conditions in a hypothetical scenario, having an anglicized name means you're more likely to be saved than if you kept your original Asian or Arab name. (2018-12-26)
Lifestyle intervention helped breast cancer survivors lose weight
Survivors of early-stage breast cancer who participated in a lifestyle intervention on healthy habits lost weight and experienced higher rates of disease-free survival if they completed the program, according to results presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. (2018-12-07)
Study shows magnesium optimizes vitamin D status
A randomized trial by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center researchers indicates that magnesium optimizes vitamin D status, raising it in people with deficient levels and lowering it in people with high levels. (2018-12-14)
Endothelial regenerative capacity and aging: Influence of diet, exercise and obesity
This review will discuss the effects of advancing age on endothelial health and vascular regenerative capacity, as well as the influence of diet, exercise, and obesity on these cells, the mechanistic links and the subsequent impact on cardiovascular health. (2018-12-27)
Stress in new mothers causes lasting health risks, depending on race, ethnicity, poverty
African-American women undergo more physical 'wear-and-tear' during the first year after giving birth than Latina and white women, a consequence that may have long-lasting health effects, according to a study of a diverse group of more than 2,400 low-income women. (2018-12-14)
Medical scientists describe optimal immune therapeutic strategies for liver cancer
KAIST medical scientists have presented a novel pathways involving T immune cell exhaustion, providing evidence and rationale for designing optimal strategies for immune checkpoint blockades in cancer patients. (2018-12-26)
Key to lifelong heart health is childhood intervention
Evolving evidence shows that heart healthy habits in adults are rooted in the environments we live in in early childhood, representing a window of opportunity in young children to focus on health promotion and potentially prevent disease in adulthood, according to a review paper published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2018-12-06)
What social stress in monkeys can tell us about human health
A new University of Washington-led study examines one key stress-inducing circumstance -- the effects of social hierarchy -- and how cells respond to the hormones that are released in response to that stress. (2018-12-11)
Historical genomes reveal recent changes in genetic health of eastern gorillas
The critically endangered Grauer's gorilla has recently lost genetic diversity and has experienced an increase in harmful mutations. (2018-12-27)
Online game trains players how to sort waste correctly
A simple online game can teach people to more accurately sort waste--with lasting results, a new UBC study has found. (2018-12-11)
Glutamate receptor affects the development of brain cells after birth
It had been previously assumed that this protein is only relevant in adults. (2018-12-06)
Large-scale study identifies shared genetic architecture for polycystic ovary syndrome diagnosis
An international consortium of researchers identify genetic underpinnings associated with PCOS to understand and better diagnose it. (2018-12-21)
Mayo-led study: Drug reduces hot flashes, improves breast cancer survivor quality of life
Research led by oncologists Roberto Leon-Ferre, M.D. and Charles Loprinzi, M.D. of Mayo Clinic has found that the drug oxybutynin helps to reduce the frequency and intensity of hot flashes in women who are unable to take hormone replacement therapy, including breast cancer survivors. (2018-12-07)
News releases about health, Earth science and social sciences make up EurekAlert!'s 2018 trending news list
Health news occupied six of the 10 most-viewed news releases on EurekAlert! in 2018. (2018-12-26)
New drug seeks receptors in sarcoma cells, attacks tumors in animal trials
A new compound that targets a receptor within sarcoma cancer cells shrank tumors and hampered their ability to spread in mice and pigs, a study from researchers at the University of Illinois reports. (2018-12-13)
Birth of a hybrid
Scientists from NUST MISIS and the Merzhanov Institute of Structural Macrokinetics & Materials Science have developed a new method for producing bulk MAX-phases -- layered materials which simultaneously possess the properties of metals and ceramics. (2018-12-14)
The role of lipid nanoparticles and its surface modification in reaching the brain
Nanomedicine is a field of science that employs materials in the nanometer scale.Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are the most common disorders worldwide, becoming a serious economic burden and public health problem.In this review, we have highlighted the potential of lipid nanoparticles in reaching the brain, a challenging task in modern medicine. (2018-12-14)
Breaking down AGEs: Insight into how lifestyle drives ER-positive breast cancer
Consumption of processed foods high in sugar and fat increase levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). (2018-12-27)
CAR-T cell update: Therapy improves outcomes for patients with B-cell lymphoma
An international phase-2 trial of a CAR-T cell therapy--to be published on-line Dec. (2018-12-01)
Drawing is better than writing for memory retention
Researchers from the University of Waterloo found that even if people weren't good at it, drawing, as a method to help retain new information, was better than re-writing notes, visualization exercises or passively looking at images. (2018-12-06)
Monitoring the environment with artificial intelligence
Microorganisms perform key functions in ecosystems and their diversity reflects the health of their environment. (2018-12-13)
Electronics of the future: A new energy-efficient mechanism using the Rashba effect
Scientists at Tokyo Tech proposed new quasi-1D materials for potential spintronic applications, an upcoming technology that exploits the spin of electrons. (2018-12-27)
Vitamin C may reduce harm to infants' lungs caused by smoking during pregnancy
Vitamin C may reduce the harm done to lungs in infants born to mothers who smoke during their pregnancy, according to a randomized, controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2018-12-07)

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