Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 18, 1996
UW Research May Lead To Contraceptive Gel To Prevent Chlamydia--The Most Prevalent Sexually Transmitted Disease
A University of Washington study may point the way to development of a contraceptive gel to prevent transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis, the most common cause of sexually transmitted disease.

Scientists Discover Smallest Frog
A new frog discovered in Cuba by scientists funded by the National Science Foundation is the smallest in the Northern Hemisphere, and is tied for the world record with the smallest frog in the Southern Hemisphere, says a biologist from Pennsylvania State University in a paper published in the December issue of the journal Copeia

Study: Media Unintentionally Distorting Hazards Of Child Vaccines, Causing Fear, Litigation, Danger
Media reports of injuries to children from vaccines designed to prevent diphtheria, pertussis, measles and other illnesses scare parents, increase costly litigation and prevent some infants from being immunized, thereby putting them in danger, according to a new study

1996 "Breakthrough Of The Year" From Science
In the 20 December 1996 issue of Science, the editors announce their pick for the top research breakthrough of 1996, plus nine runners-up.

Pinning Down The Position Of The Solar Dynamo
Stanford scientists report identifying the position of the solar dynamo, the layer where the magnetic fields that control the mysterious 11-year sunspot cycle and other large-scale events on the Sun's surface.

Legal Commission Approves Draft Declaration On Human Genome
Paris, 17 December - The legal commission of UNESCO's International Bioethics Committee (IBC) today approved a draft of the Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, which proclaims the set of some 100,000 genes that determine heredity to be a 'common heritage of humanity.'

Geologists Find Unusual Origins For Plateau On Pacific Sea Floor
Geologists at the University of Cincinnati will report on the unusual origins of part of the Pacific Ocean crust during the American Geophysical Union meeting Dec.

Lethal Italian Carbon Dioxide Springs Key To Atmospheric CO2 Levels
The often lethal carbon dioxide springs that dot central and south-central Italy, may hold the key to understanding current and ancient levels of this greenhouse gas, according to Penn State geoscientists.

Electronic House Call Makes Health Care As Accessible As Cable TV
The prototype for an electronic house call that could make health care as accessible as cable television has been developed and tested in a collaborative effort between two Georgia universities, the U.S.

Antihypertensive Therapy Reduces Strokes And Heart Attacks In Diabetics
Treatment with a low-dose diuretic to reduce high systolic blood pressure cuts strokes and heart attacks by a third in older patients with diabetes, according to results from a National Institutes of Health trial.

Ancient Sahara Was Wetter, Wilder Than Past Estimates
Writing in today's (Dec. 19) edition of the British journal Nature, UW-Madison climatologist John Kutzbach and colleagues report that the Sahara and Sahel regions of northern Africa were much wetter 12,000 to 5,000 years ago than earlier climate models predicted.

Dams And Rivers: Scientists Take A New Look Downstream
Dams provide many benefits but with those benefits come environmental consequences -- eroding river banks, changes in waterfowl habitat, concerns for safe recreational use, and the loss of river sand bars, according to a new report by the U.S.
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