Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 1997
Many Older Adults Choose Life Over Death No Matter The Quality
Faced with terminal illness or a chronic health condition, a majority of older adults would choose to live, but one-third would let someone else decide their fate, according to a Purdue University study of end-of-life decisions.

Excess dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) Exon III seven repeat allele in opioid dependent subjects
Both twin studies in humans and studies on the pharmacogenetics of opioid addiction in rodents point to a role for heritability as a contributing factor in the development of drug dependence.

Major Downsizing Of The Physician Workforce Will Be Needed
Researchers at the Health Resources and Services Administration's Bureau of Health Professions estimate the specialty-specific reductions or downsizing of the physician workforce that would be required if the nation is to maintain the physician specialtyto population ratios that exist today--a third for specialists and one fifth for primary care physicians.

Time To B. Cereus About Hot Chocolate Vending Machines--Report Of An Outbreak
Health officials at the Minneapolis Department of Health report on an outbreak of food poisoning from contaminated machines that dispense hot chocolate.

Fire Truck Color Is A Life-or-Death Issue
Fire truck accidents are the second-largest cause of firefighter death.

Serotonin Transporter Is Linked To Autism
Previous research has indicated that genetic factors contribute to an individual's likelihood of developing autism.

No association between the serotonin transporter gene regulatory region polymorphism and the tridimensional personality questionaire (TPQ) of harm avoidance
The authors conducted a study of 120 normal adult male and female volunteers.

New Link To Alcohol-Related Liver Damage Identified
Alcoholics can develop severe liver damage after taking acetaminophen, a widely used analgesic, but how alcohol and acetaminophen act together in the liver to cause severe, sometimes fatal, damage is poorly understood.

Managed Care Affecting Generalist And Specialist Physician Income Differently
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago report that primary care physician's income grew more rapidly in states with the highest managed care growth compared to states with the lowest managed care growth.

Researchers Discover First Autism-Susceptibility Gene
Researchers have found the first link between a specific gene abnormality and autism, a common neurobiological disorder.

Promising Clockwork Clues Reported
Dartmouth Medical School geneticists decoding the biological clocks that pace the daily activities of plants and animals have discovered new clues to what makes cells tick.

Antique Method For Catching Salmon May Result In Win-Win Situation
As improbable as it sounds, an antique method to catch salmon may address ecological concerns while improving the economic situation of commercial fishermen.

Association of polymorphisms of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) and dopamine trapnsporter (DAT1) genes with schizoid/avoidant behaviors
In this study of 129 individuals, the authors found an association of the DRD2 A1 allele and Schizoid/Avoidant behaviors (SAB).
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