Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 03, 1997
New Land Mine Detectors May Help Fulfill Princess Diana's Dream
A revolutionary new land mine detection system, developed at the University of Florida originally for military use, is ready to be converted for a humanitarian effort to rid the world of leftover land mines lurking in former war areas.

MGH-Led Team Finds Gene For Crippling Neurologic Disorder
A research team led by investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital has identified and cloned the gene responsible for early-onset dystonia, a crippling, inherited neurological disorder that begins in childhood.

Gene Sequenced For Disabling Childhood Movement Disorder -- Early-Onset Torsion Dystonia Protein Found
Scientists have sequenced the gene responsible for early- onset torsion dystonia and have found a new class of proteins that may provide insight into all of the dystonia disorders.

Molecular Architecture Of Genetic-Engineering Enzyme Revealed For First Time By Penn Researchers
Scientists at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have determined the molecular structure of an important enzyme used in genetically engineering animal models for studies of human diseases.

Intel $6M Grant To Network Desktop Systems
Complex computing problems as different as modeling Earth's climate system or predicting effects of regulatory change in the dairy industry -- which once required supercomputers -- will run on a scalable distributed network of powerful desktop computers, thanks in part to a $6 million grant from Intel Corporation to Cornell University, part of Intel's three-year, $85 million

Pea Plant Stem Growth Gene Cloned
Plant scientists from Cornell University and the University of Tasmania, Australia, have successfully cloned one of history's first-studied genes -- the gene found for stem growth in peas, according to a report in the journal The Plant Cell.

Hubble Telescope Finds Vesta Crater
Proving that even minor planets can survive cosmic fender- benders, astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have discovered a large crater - with an estimated diameter at 285 miles and about 8 miles deep - on the asteroid Vesta.

New Class Of Polymeric Membranes Could Expand Gas Separation Applications Through Improved Thermal And Chemical Resistance
A new type of polymeric gas separation membrane able to operate at elevated temperatures and withstand harsh chemical environments could help expand the use of industrial separation processes.

Nitric Oxide Gas May Treat, Prevent Sickle Cell Crisis
A study based at the Massachusetts General Hospital suggests that inhaled nitric oxide gas might successfully treat sickle cell disease The new approach may prevent formation of the abnormal sickle cells that can lead to sickle cell crisis, a painful condition that currently is treated only with pain- killing drugs.

Calcium, Vitamin D Combo Reduces Bone Loss, Fracture Rate For Older People
Supplements of calcium and vitamin D can significantly reduce bone loss and the risk of fractures in older people, according to a new report from scientists at Tufts University funded by the NationalInstitute on Aging.

Electric Utility Deregulation May Bring Innovation
Consumers can expect

Scientists To Study Effects Of Global Warming On Wetlands
Researchers from Michigan Technological University, Notre Dame, and the University of Minnesota have embarked on a joint effort to determine how wetland ecosystems respond to global warming.

E. Coli Genome Reported: Milestone Of Modern Biology Emerges From Wisconsin Lab
A team of scientists headed by Frederick R. Blattner of the E. coli Genome Project in the Laboratory of Genetics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has determined the complete genome sequence of the E. coli bacterium, it was reported today (Sept.
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