Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 03, 1997
$3 Million From Defense Department Will Fund Next Phase Of UT Southwestern's Gulf War Syndrome Research
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has received $3 million from the Department of Defense for research that will led to testing and treatment for veterans suffering from what has been termed Gulf War syndrome.

Radiation Therapy Keeps Arteries Open After Angioplasty
Using low doses of radiation immediately after angioplasty can significantly reduce the risk that a heart patient's arteries will once again become too narrow in the future, a new study has found.

Radiation Therapy Effective In Treating Advanced Stages Of Melanoma
Radiation therapy prevents local relapses of melanoma (skin cancer) and also improves the quality of life of patients whose disease has spread, a new study in Germany has found.

Conference To Look At Technology's Effect On Families And Education
The computer, the Internet and other developing technologies are bringing changes to home and school life.

Further Proof That An Altered Rb-2/p130 Gene Leads To Lung Cancer
Cancer researchers at Jefferson Medical College are gathering further evidence that damage to a powerful tumor- suppressor gene may lead to lung cancer.

Demonstrations Work Better Than Videos At Showing Kids How To Interact
It's every parent's problem: how to get the kids to get along.

Revolutionary New Hobby-Eberly Telescope
The Hobby-Eberly Telescope, which contains the world's largest primary mirror and is one of the most powerful and most economical telescopes in its class, will opened for use on October 8.

Study Demonstrates The Benefits Of Mammography In Women Under 50
Women under 50 benefit from screening mammography as much as women over 50, a University of Chicago study reports.

Seed Implants Effectively Treat Prostate Cancer
Radioactive seed implants are a safe, effective way to treat prostate cancer with few side effects, a Michigan study reports.

Pretending Not Just Child's Play: Parents Can Have Important Role, Too
Years of research on early childhood have been dominated by thinking that children's pretending needs little help from adults.

Inspection System Detects Damaged Tires And Promotes Safety
Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a fast, low-cost inspection system for evaluating the structural integrity of new and used steel-belted-radial truck tires.

Radiation Therapy Helps Children Survive Cancer
An international study reports that children with some difficult to treat tumors can benefit from radiation therapy.

NSF Awards 28 Grants For Learning And Intelligent Systems
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a series of 28 new grants worth over $22.5 million for research in Learning and Intelligent Systems (LIS) -- a broad range of studies that could lead to rapid and radical advances in how humans learn and create.

Improved Solar Cell Efficiency In The Works
Berkeley Lab researcher Scott McHugo has used the Lab's Advanced Light Source to study iron, copper, and nickel impurities at dislocations in polycrystalline silicon, the basic commodity in the manufacture of commercial solar cells.

New Way To Drive Chemical Reactions: Collision Of Liquids At High Speed
When a liquid moves fast enough, gas bubbles form and collapse in a process called cavitation, heard in the babbling sounds of streams and rivers.

Scientists Find New Trigger For Nerve Cell Death
A paper in today's Science challenges a well-established idea about why nerve cells self-destruct when the brain or spinal cord is injured or becomes diseased.

Competitive Inhibition May Enhance Safety Of Minimally Processed Fruits And Vegetables
Lactic acid bacteria may improve the safety of minimally processed fruits and vegetables by inhibiting the growth of pathogens, according to an article in the Institute of Food Technologists' September 1997 issue of Food Technology.

Confident Committee Not Always Best At Solving Problem, Scholars Say
A decision made with beaming confidence by a committee may not necessarily be the best solution, University of Illinois researchers have found.

Common Drug-Capsule Coating Not As Inert As Previously Thought
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is widely used for drug encapsulation and as a protective surface coating for biomedical applications.

Research Earns Humboldt Award For Rochester's Shaul Mukamel
Shaul Mukamel, professor of chemistry at the University of Rochester, has received a 1997 Humboldt Research Award in recognition of his lifelong research contributions.

Brain-Activity Data Clarify Contradictions In Earlier Anxiety Research
Psychologists need not worry about years of confusing research regarding anxiety.
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