Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 24, 1997
Global Climate Change Recorded In Antarctic Marine Fossils
An ancient type of marine community typical of 450 million years ago has resurfaced in Antarctic fossils of near-modern age.

Reading Intervention Helps Children Overcome Speech Problems
Children with speech problems can significantly improve their language skills simply by hearing their parents read to them every day, according to a new study at Ohio University.

"Flatland" And Confined Superfluid Helium - USMP-4 Science From Flight Day 5
In 1884, mathematician Edward Abbott Abbott wrote a satire about an imaginary world, Flatland, where everything had only two dimensions.

Satisfying Sex After Prostate Surgery
Prostate cancer survivors need not kiss their sex lives goodbye, even if they do not qualify for the least invasive form of a prostatectomy.

Whitaker Awards $6.8 Million For Biomedical Engineering Education
The Whitaker Foundation has awarded $6.8 million in grants to improve biomedical engineering education at six universities in the United States and one in Canada.

Researchers In Himalayas Retrieve Highest Ice Core Ever Drilled
An expedition to a glacier atop the world's 14th highest peak in the Himalayan Mountains returned with ice cores containing climate records that could reach into the last glacial stage -- some 12,000 years ago.

Lack Of Pretrial Preparation May Discourage Rape Reportings, Study Finds
A new study by an Ohio University researcher suggests that most prosecutors offer little preparation to rape survivors who agree to testify in criminal proceedings, which can make the criminal justice process more traumatic for survivors and actually discourage women from reporting rapes.

Reanalysis Of International Data Finds Sharp Decline In Sperm Density
After an extensive review of data from 61 published studies, three California researchers have concluded that a decline in average sperm density reported in the U.S. and other Western countries may be even greater than previously estimated.

Study Confirms Deficit In Brainstem Of SIDS Victims
Researchers have discovered that some infants who have died of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) show abnormalities in not just one -- but two -- receptors located in an area of the brainstem thought to be involved in the control of breathing, carbon dioxide sensitivity, and blood pressure responses.

CDC And NIH Join In Testing Exposure Of Americans To Environmental Estrogens And Other Chemicals
NIH's National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Environmental Health have launched a study of blood and urne samples to determine the amount of exposure that Americans have to environmental estrogens.

Targeted Protein Toxin Effective Against Persistent Brain Tumors
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health have developed a new drug that can reduce the size of some persistent brain tumors without causing severe side effects.

Rural Drug Users Experience Barriers To Treatment, Study Shows
Five percent of rural adults who used illegal drugs during a recent one-year period sought treatment, according to an Ohio State University study.

Researchers Complete First Step In Creation Of Smaller Chemical Sensors
Ohio University scientists have developed a new method to store millions of data points in just 1 percent of the computer disk space presently required.

High-Fat Meal May Raise Risk Of Blood Clotting -- Increasing Heart Attack And Stroke Risk
A high-fat meal can spark a dramatic rise in a blood coagulation factor, which may increase the risk of death from heart disease and stroke, researchers report in this month's Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, a journal of the American Heart Association.

High Protein, Low Calorie Diet Helps Obese Surgical Patients
An Ohio State University study shows that high-protein, low-calorie diets may help obese hospital patients control blood sugar levels.

Herpes Virus Strain Identified As A Trigger In Multiple Sclerosis
A strain of reactivated herpes virus may be associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its own tissues.

MGH Study Finds Ace Inhibitors Underprescribed For Heart Failure
A new report from the Massachusetts General Hospital suggests that many patients with heart failure are not receiving the most up-to-date medications for their condition.

Stress Encourages Smokers To Consider Quitting, Study Shows
Smokers may be more likely to consider quitting when they are experiencing high levels of stress, according to a study at Ohio State University.
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