Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 10, 1997
Air Could Be The Secret To Faster Computers
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are creating and studying aerogels, substances so porous they are more air than solid material.

$3.5 Million Grant To Establish Unique Center
Researchers at Penn State have received a $3.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to establish the nation's only resource center for the development of ultrasonic transducer/array technology for medical diagnostic procedures.

Scientists Identify Strong Genetic Link To Allergies
Researchers have known for some time that allergies have a genetic link, but information about which genes are responsible has been limited.

Calm Alternative To Heated Debate On Crime Given By Operations Research, Says Rand Analyst
Emotional decisions about how to fight crime can be made with the help of operations research, mathematical modeling, and sensitivity analysis according to an article published by INFORMS and written by Dr.

AAAS Honors Pfiesteria Researcher With 1998 Scientific Freedom And Responsibility Award
Despite receiving anonymous death threats and being poisoned by the very microorganism that she was studying, JoAnn Burkholder refused to abandon what she considered her scientific duty.

Asian Industrial Smog: It's Increasingly Blowing In The Wind Across The U.S. West Coast
It seems that Americans are not entirely to blame for the chemical smog that hangs over cities along the U.S.

More Studies Needed To Determine Genetic Controls Of IL-4 Receptors In Asthma, According To National Jewish Medical And Research Center Physician
A National Jewish Medical and Research Center researcher who earlier reported genetic variations of interleukin-4 in people predisposed to asthma and allergies writes in tomorrow's edition of the New England Journal of Medicine that new research increasing understanding of the role of IL- 4 receptors in genetic predisposition to these diseases deserves continued exploration.

Good News About Quakes For Southern California
The Los Angeles basin's sediments seem to moderate the type of ground motion that threatens single-story and low- rise buildings in a severe earthquake, a new study of data from the 1994 magnitude-6.7 Northridge quake has revealed.

Autoimmunity Gene Discovered
Two international research teams have discovered a novel human gene which is directly involved in a mechanism of regulation of autoimmune response.

1997-1998 AAAS Awards For Scientific Achievement Announced
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) today named its 1997-1998 awards to honor scientists and engineers for their achievements.

Study Shows Earth Warming Since 1500, Most In Last 100 Years
A new 300-site survey of borehole temperatures spanning four continents and five centuries has confirmed what most scientists already believe---the Earth is getting warmer and the rate of warming has been accelerating rapidly since 1900.

Recent Abrupt Cold Event Could Shed Light On Future
About 8,200 years ago, the world climate suddenly got colder and stayed that way for a few hundred years before temperatures returned to normal, according to a team of paleoclimatologists.

UF Researchers Investigate Phenomenon Of Seizure-Alert Dogs
Determined to separate fact from fiction, University of Florida researchers are attempting to document the existence of seizure-alert dogs -- animals that purportedly can detect seizures about to strike their owners and warn them of the coming trouble.

In Gulliver's Garden: Tiny Tomatoes Speed Genetic Engineering Of Plants
Liliputian tomatoes adapted for research at the Weizmann Institute of Science may mean big news for genetic engineering: they are the key to a new method that makes it possible to quickly identify and use commercially valuable plant genes.

Got Milk Ads Are Working Well, Ag Economist Says
Got milk? Yes, you do. Those television commercials in which some poor dupe gets too little milk too late are working well.

Sediment Study 'Good News' For Quake-Prone Southern California
The Los Angeles basin's sediments seem to lessen the ground motion that threatens single-story and low-rise buildings in a severe earthquake, a new study of data from the 1994 Northridge quake has revealed.

Vegetation Burning By Ancient Aboriginals Linked To Today's Arid Australian Interior?
A University of Colorado researcher has proposed that the systematic burning of vegetation by Aboriginals beginning roughly 50,000 years ago may have changed the climate down under and triggered the desertification of Australia's interior.

Return To The Equator
A satellite named EQUATOR-S was launched from the Guiana Space Center on 2 December 1997 on an Ariane 4.

New Jupiter Findings: Oxygen At Callisto's Surface, Sulfur Dioxide Sources At Io
New data from a University of Colorado instrument on board the Glaileo spacecraft now at Jupiter indicates one of its four large moons, Callisto, has oxygen on its surface and another, Io, continues to emit hot volcanic gases

American Heart Association Urges Caution On New Diet Drug
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved Meridia (sibutramine), a new diet drug that has chemical properties similar, but not identical, to Redux and fen/phen (Pondimin).
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