Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 20, 1998
Stress Of Breast Cancer Surgery, Diagnosis Weakens Immune System
In the largest study to date, Ohio State University researchers show that the stress women experience after breast cancer diagnosis and surgery can weaken their immune response, based on at least three different biochemical indicators.

Gene Found That Protects Against Heart Disease
A gene that appears to provide protection against coronary artery disease (CAD), the cause of heart attacks, has been identified by Japanese researchers, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

"D"istressed Personality Linked To Heart Attack Risk
People who are negative, insecure and distressed -- a

UMass Researchers Announce Birth Of Genetically Modified Cloned Calves
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts have announced the birth of two healthy calves created by combining cloning techniques with genetic engineering.

December 1997 Is Coldest Month On Record In The Stratosphere
Space-based measurements of the temperature of the Earth's lower stratosphere - a layer of the atmosphere from about 17 km to 22 km - indicate that December 1997 was the coldest month on record since measurements of this type were begun in 1979.

Researcher Says Schools Need To Expand Focus To Deal With Violence
Schools in violence-torn inner cities may need to expand their roles beyond the

Careful Honeybee Breeding Combats Tracheal Mite Pests
A study at Ohio State University has shown that selective breeding helps honeybees develop resistance to tracheal mites, pests that beekeepers normally control with insecticide.

Cellular 'Short Circuit' Causes Insulin Resistance
Weizmann Institute researchers have gained a new insight into the molecular basis of insulin resistance, a condition that can lead to diabetes.

UPCI Researchers Find Drug Improves Cancer-Fighting Ability Of Vitamin D
A steroid drug enhances the ability of a vitamin D analogue to kill cancer in animals while reducing a life-threatening buildup of blood calcium associated with this treatment, according to University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute researchers, who are now using a steroid with 1,25-D3 to treat advanced cancer in patients.

Water And Oil Do Mix In The Hunt For Energy
CSIRO scientists have achieved an advance in the hunt for hydrocarbons by devising a method for assessing which faults in host rocks can seal tight and hold oil or gas, and which ones will leak.

Lifting Patients Poses High Risk For Back Injuries, Study Shows
Caregivers in hospitals and nursing homes risk serious back injuries when lifting patients, according to a new study at Ohio State University.

Family Ties To Sudden Cardiac Arrest; Study Finds Risk Goes Up 50 Percent
Sudden cardiac arrest risk goes up 50 percent for individuals whose parent, brother or sister has had heart attack or sudden cardiac arrest, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

NSF Selects New York University To Operate Institute For Civil Infrastructure Systems
New York University (NYU) will establish and operate an Institute for Civil Infrastructure Systems (ICIS) through a five-million-dollar cooperative agreement with The National Science Foundation (NSF).

Targon And Duke Cancer Center Sign $3.75 Million Agreement To Produce Advanced Anti-Cancer Drugs
CYTOGEN Corporation and the Duke University Medical Center announce the formation of a research collaboration between Targon Corporation and the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Iron Deficiency Increases Likelihood Of Bone Fractures
A new study suggests that even mild iron deficiency may weaken bones and make them more likely to break.

Maillinckrodt Medical Licenses Invention For Concentration Of Rhenium Radioisotopes
Maillinckrodt Medical Inc. has licensed an invention from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory that could save more than 100,000 people from having additional heart surgery.
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