Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 27, 1998
NSB Offers Recommendations On Future Of Federal Role In Graduate Education
The National Science Board (NSB) urges a reexamination of the federal/university partnership, and offers several recommendations for improvement, in a policy paper released today titled

Research Shows Homework Does Boost Academic Achievement; But Overemphasizing Grades And Performance May Lead To Cheating
The academic environment's influence on schoolchildren's attitudes about cheating and the value of homework are examined in two studies to be published in the March issue of the American Psychological Association's (APA) Journal of Educational Psychology.

One Third Of Schoolchildren With Asthma Are Undiagnosed
One third of young people with asthma are not diagnosed.

Communication Between Health Professionals - Human Factors Engineering Can Help Make Sense Of The Chaos
Gosbee argues that a human factors engineering (cognitive ergonomics) approach is necessary for solving the chaos he believes current healthcare communication systems to be in.

Uterine Environment Boosts Learning Ability In Mouse Offspring
A study conducted at The Jackson Laboratory and the University of Connecticut at Storrs suggests that the maternal uterine environment in mice can have an enhancing effect on learning ability in offspring across a broad range of behaviors.

Students Teaching Computers Teaching Students . . .
Students supplementing classroom learning with computer tutorials is nothing new, but now Temple University electrical engineering professor Brian P.

Studies Underscore Link Between Nutrition And Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers
What you eat may play a role in your risk of developing nonmelanoma skin cancers, according to a review of scientific literature dealing with the relationship between nutrition and these cancers conducted by a University at Buffalo dermatologist.

First Study To Take Bacteria Directly From Patients' Mouths Further Supports Possible Link Between Gum And Heart Disease
By taking bacteria samples directly from patients' mouths and exposing the samples to human blood platelets, researchers at Temple University Schools of Dentistry and Medicine have further confirmed a possible link between periodontal bacteria and heart disease.

New Understanding About Process of Learning and Memory
The discovery of a protein's role in the process of memory and learning could lead to the development of new treatments for people with Alzheimer's disease and learning disorders, according to a study in the Feb.

Research Trial To Test New Drug For Diabetic Neuropathy
A multi-center clinical research trial is underway to test a new drug to treat diabetic neuropathy, a common complication of diabetes that impairs nerve function in the lower extremities and can lead to foot ulcers and sometimes amputation.

Deaths Related To Intrapartum Asphyxia - Is There A Problem With Prevention?
In a related editorial in this week's BMJ, Spencer notes that more research needs to be conducted into recognition by fetal heart monitoring of problems with fetal oxygen supply, in an effort to ascertain whether the causes of fetal death around the time of delivery present themselves differently during the night.

UB Geographers Develop Computerized Pin-Maps that Use 911 Data to Chart Crime
A team of University at Buffalo students and researchers have developed computerized pin-maps for the Buffalo Police Department that could replace paper pin-maps, putting a far more sophisticated crime-analysis tool into the hands of beat officers.

Better Communication Between Healthcare Workers Is Needed
Healthcare seems to suffer from enormous inefficiencies because of poor communication infrastructure.

Wind Expert Cites Poor Building Practices In Connection With Storm Deaths And Destruction
National wind expert Dr. Peter Sparks, a professor of civil engineering and engineering mechanics at Clemson University, cites poor practices in connection with this week's tornado- related death and destruction.

Do Asthma Treatments Affect Childhood Growth?
The authors found that most children with asthma were of normal height and weight and had normal growth rates.

Do Deaths Of Babies From Birth Asphyxia Vary Depending On When They Are Born?
Deaths of babies from birth asphyxia seem to be more common at night and during months when annual leave is popular.

Pet-Owning Couples Are Closer, Interact More Than Pet-Less Couples, UB Study Shows
Couples who own cats or dogs have closer relationships, are more satisfied in marriage and respond better to stress than couples who do not, a new University at Buffalo study has shown.

Recovery From Mass Extinction Is Unexpectedly Diverse
A study by University of Chicago paleontologist David Jablonski shows that recoveries from mass extinctions differ widely from one geographical region to another, even though the extinction intensities and patterns are more or less the same everywhere.

New Study Shows Some 30 Percent Of U.S. Population Attends Church
Telephone surveys suggest that during an average week, about 40 percent of U.S. residents attend church, a figure at odds with head counts indicating only about half that many actually attend.

New Math, High-Tech Imaging Solving Old Riddle: How Does The Brain Operate When We Think?
Researchers from Johns Hopkins and Finland are showing that fancy mathematical footwork plus detailed magnetic resonance imaging pictures of the brain may add up to a better understanding of the experience of thinking.
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