Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 16, 1998
The Kyoto Protocol: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Depend On Future Of China
China's future energy import needs will dramatically affect the global environment and energy security, says Jon Erickson, assistant professor of economics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

Acupuncture: Does It Work And Is It Safe
Why is acupuncture in use in 87% of pain clinics in the UK when almost nothing is known about how it works or indeed if it works.

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Launches Innovative Therapeutics Development Centers
The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has just selected seven top cystic fibrosis care centers to be part of an innovative Therapeutics Development Center network.

Studying Earthquakes By Satellite
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is allowing geologists to measure the positions of markers thousands of miles apart to a precision of less than an inch and has suddenly become a powerful tool for earthquake studies around the world.

New Materials Show Promise For Coatings, Membranes, Drug Delivery
Purdue University researchers have developed a new class of materials that has a wide variety of potential applications, from a coating to repel liquids to a membrane that could be used in wastewater treatment and drug delivery.

IBM Honors Former Research Chief With Endowed Physics Prize
Today IBM honored a former director of IBM Research by endowing an annual award for outstanding achievements in the science and applications of new materials.

Oil Exploration: Researchers Invent New Way To See Underground
A researcher at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found a new way to use electromagnetic energy to create tomograms of subsurface resistivity.

Late Blight Battle Goes Online, Marking 150 Year Struggle Since Irish Potato Famine
APS plant pathologists take their latest battle against late blight online offering a clearinghouse of the most comprehensive information available at www.scisoc.org.

UD Environmental News: Pfiesteria Detectors To Be Described March 18
Two emerging technologies for rapidly detecting [I]Pfiesteria piscicida[/I] and its toxins--a

Emotional Support Vital For Elderly Women With Heart Failure
The absence of emotional support for elderly women hospitalized for heart failure places them at high risk for additional heart problems, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Most Youth Violence Prevention Programs Remain Untested
Violence by and to young people -- despite recent decreases, still among the most pressing health problems facing the nation's cities -- is being targeted by a variety of programs, yet little scientific evidence exists to assess what works and what doesn't, a scientist is warning.

Duke Experiment Shows Granular Particles Have Flashy Ways Of Relieving Tension
The grains of granular materials can abruptly concentrate stress by assembling themselves into brief but dramatic chains shaped much like jagged lightning bolts as they randomly push against each other within tightly compacted spaces, according to a Duke University physicist who has devised ways to observe this behavior.

Columbia Model Explains Earthquake Distribution; Research Shows Why Big Quake Accompanied By Many Smaller Ones
Two Columbia University scientists have devised a computer model that shows how during geologic deformation, earthquakes in a specific location and time period will occur in a pyramidal distribution, with one larger quake and a specific number of smaller ones in no particular order.

Getting At The Components Of Mechanotransduction: Genes Required For Vertebrate Sensory Hair Cell Function Identified
Although researchers know a great deal about the biophysics of hearing, not much is known about the molecular basis of inner ear and lateral line function.

MIT Physicists Achieve Advances In Manipulating Ultracold Matter
MIT physicists have accomplished two long-standing goals in the manipulation of Bose-Einstein condensates, a recently discovered form of ultracold matter.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Reduces Bad Cholesterol, Lp (a)
Hormone replacement therapy may help reduce a woman's risk of heart attack, by lowering blood levels of the most potentially destructive form of cholesterol, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Dog Blindness Gene May Help Humans
The genetic defect responsible for progressive rod-cone degeneration (prcd), a form of progressive retinal atrophy known to cause blindness in at least five breeds of dogs, appears to be the canine version of the gene defect producing RP17, one of the numerous forms of retinitis pigmentosa that cause blindness in human families, researchers at Cornell University and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center report.

New Study Finds Cholesterol-Lowering "Statins" Reduce Death Toll
Statins, the newest class of cholesterol- reducing drugs, dramatically lower the risk of dying from coronary heart disease and other causes, according to a study reported in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

In Close Elections, Small-State Voters Have Most Power, Columbia Statistician Tells Presidential Candidates
In close presidential elections, voters in small, politically moderate states such as Vermont and New Mexico are more likely to determine the outcome than voters in large states such as California, Texas or New York, according to a study by a Columbia University statistics professor and his colleagues.

IBM Researchers Awarded Buckley Prize
Two IBM Research scientists -- Dr. Chang C. Tsuei and Dr.
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