Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 15, 1998
Smoking's Effects On Pregnancy Not Mitigated By Prenatal Vitamins, UB Study Finds
Pregnant women who continue to smoke, thinking their prenatal vitamins will offset the known adverse effects of smoking on the developing fetus, are deluding themselves, a new study by University at Buffalo researchers shows.

Quirky Outburst Has MIT Researchers Hot On The Trail Of A Black Hole
An MIT physics professor leads a team of international researchers who have first dibs on a quirky outburst of x- rays seen April 1 -- the first possible new black hole detected by the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) since its launch in December 1995.

Starry Dream In Chile To Become High-Tech Telescope Reality
When officials in Cerro Pachon, Chile, ceremonially break ground for the new SOAR telescope Friday (April 17), a 12- year-old dream among research astronomers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will become a reality.

Researchers Discover How Ulcer Bug Becomes Antibiotic-Resistant
Scientists in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and St. Louis, Mo., have discovered why the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which causes peptic ulcer disease, is sensitive to metronidazole, a key component of the leading H. pylori therapy.

Breast Cancer Screening Exams Produce High Level Of False-Positive Results
Researchers at the University of Washington and Harvard University have determined that at least one woman in two will receive a false-positive result after having annual screening mammograms for a decade, and almost 20 percent of women will undergo a biopsy.

Forecaster Training Makes A Difference In Recent Tornadoes
Over the past year, forecasters in Alabama and Florida--where tornadoes have killed more than 75 people--honed their storm- prediction skills with two training modules released by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research on CD-ROM.

SOLAR Project To Help Science Teachers, Students SOAR To New Astronomical Heights
North Carolina public school students soon will SOAR to great heights in science, thanks to a new program that allows them to use the Morehead Observatory telescope at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and eventually, may give them access to the SOAR telescope now under development in Chile.

Study Questions Common Practice Of Steroid Administration To Induce Lung Development In Premature Infants
A new study conducted by researchers in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network suggests that the steroid dexamethasone, which is commonly prescribed to help premature infants get off mechanical ventilators, may have serious side effects.

Human Bone Disorder Reproduced In Mice
For the first time, scientists have re-created a unique human bone disease in a laboratory animal model.

Clot-Busters As Effective As Surgery To Clear Blockages In Legs
Clot-busting drugs can save the legs from arterial blockages as effectively as invasive surgery, physicians show in a large study published in the April 16 New England Journal of Medicine.

Astronomers Discover Unusual Star System With Possible Black Hole
An Ohio State astronomer is part of a team that identified a new and unusual binary star system in our galaxy.

Obscure Enzyme May Play Major Role In Heart Disease
A little-known enzyme may play a major role in preventing heart attack.

No Ode To Joy From Food Scientists Over New Edition
The new edition of Joy of Cooking (Plume, December 1997) misleads readers with inaccurate food Back Page column in the April 1998 issue of Food Technology.
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