Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 16, 1998
This Year, Earth Day Is All Wet
Almost three-quarters of the planet is covered by water, and that water's vital importance to daily life is the focus of this year's Earth Day, which comes during the International Year of the Ocean.

NIH AIDS Researcher Receives Immunology Award
William E. Paul, Chief, Laboratory of Immunology and former Director of AIDS Research at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Institutes of Health, has been awarded the 1998 Abbott Laboratories Award in Clinical and Diagnostic Immunology.

CDC Lab Chief Receives Award In Clinical Microbiology
Richard R. Facklam, Chief, Laboratory Section, Childhood and Vaccine Preventable Disease Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has been awarded the 1998 Becton Dickinson and Company Award in clinical microbiology.

NSF Scientist Receives Award In Research Training Of Minorities In Microbiology
Luther S. Williams, Assistant Director for Education and Human Resources, National Science Foundation, is the first recipient of the William A.

Washington University Professor Receives Young Investigator Award In Microbiology
Scott J. Hultgren, Associate Professor, Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St.

Satellite Images Show Chunk Of Broken Antarctic Ice Shelf
Recent satellite images collected by the University of Colorado at Boulder-based National Snow and Ice Data Center indicate a section of a large ice shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula has broken away.

Gravity-Sensing System In Inner Ear Will Be Studied On Neurolab Space Shuttle Flight
When the space shuttle mission begins this month, a group of researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St.

VUMC Researchers Part Of Neurolab Mission
Experiments designed by scientists from Vanderbilt University Medical Center and other institutions around the world are scheduled to depart on the space shuttle Columbia when it departs this week.

Evaluation Of The Two Types Of Cardiac Pacemakers Indicates Only Modest Differences In Value
Implanted cardiac pacemakers have been used to treat people with slow heart rates for more than two decades.

Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution And Novartis Pharma AG Sign AgreementFor Licensing And Development Of Anti-Cancer Compound, Discodermolide
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution has entered into an agreement to license its marine-derived, anti-cancer agent, Discodermolide, to Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland, on an exclusive worldwide basis.

Breast Cancer Screening: Paper: Overcoming '97 Policy Crisis; Too Many Montreal Centers Spurs Study
Maximizing the effectiveness of mammography is the subject of two papers, one on the difficulties of setting policy for women in their forties, the other on optimally locating screening centers in Montreal.

MIT Researcher Finds Evidence Of Ancient Climate Swings
A Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher has discovered that for at least the last 1.5 million years, the Earth has undergone rapid and dramatic climate changes similar to those observed in ice cores from more recent times.

From The Home Front To The River Front, USGS Updates Water-Quality Information
Two U.S. Geological Survey water-quality studies in the Lower Susquehanna and Potomac River Basins found high levels of nitrate and high counts of bacteria in ground water from wells used for household supply in several rural areas.

Reduced Nutrients Still Cause Problems In The Neuse And Tar-Pamlico Rivers
Concentrations of phosphorus and nitrogen have generally declined since 1980 in streams draining into the Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds in North Carolina but remain high enough to cause water-quality problems in the Neuse and Tar-Pamlico Rivers, according to the results of a 5-year investigation by the U.S.

Stanford Microbiologist Receives Lifetime Achievement Award
Charles Yanofsky, Professor of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, has been awarded the 1998 Abbott-American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Lifetime Achievement Award.

Human Genome Researchers Receive Biotech Award
David Botstein and Ronald Davis, both of Stanford University, and Eric Lander, of Whitehead Institute/ Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Center for Genome Research, have been awarded the 1998 Chiron Corporation Biotechnology Research Award.

Computer Software Grades Essays Just As Well As People, Profs Announce
New computer software can grade the content of essay exams just as well as people and could be a major boon in assessing student performance, researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder and New Mexico State University announced today.

Desert Researcher Receives Environmental Award
E. Imre Friedman, Director, Polar Desert Research Center, Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, has been awarded the 1998 Procter and Gamble Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Purdue Herbarium -- A Noah's Ark For Egyptian Plants
As Egyptians carve out more living space by irrigating the desert, Purdue University researchers are helping inventory and preserve plants that otherwise might be lost as the water flows in.

Agriculture and urban activities impact water quality in the South Platte River Basin
Although agriculture and urban activities have substantially affected water quality in several areas of the South Platte River Basin, concentrations of pesticides and volatile organic chemicals (VOCs), such as MTBE, are generally below levels of concern for human health, according to the results of a 5-year investigation of water quality by the U.S. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to