Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 28, 1998
UCSF Researchers Identify Mutations In Gene Causing Hereditary Form Of Childhood Rickets
Last fall, researchers at UC San Francisco announced that they had identified an elusive gene critical for vitamin D metabolism.

Nanoscience Building Dedication Brings NSF's Lane To Rice
Neal Lane, director of the National Science Foundation and White House science adviser, will deliver a lecture,

Poison-Eating Bugs Strike Gold
Australian scientists have discovered indigenous microbes capable of devouring toxic effluent from gold extraction.

Homocysteine: A Possible Risk Factor For Alzheimer's Disease
Scientists at the Universities of Oxford and Bergen, in Norway, have found an association between pathologically- confirmed Alzheimer's disease and moderately elevated blood levels of the amino acid, homocysteine.

Lungs Suffer From Growing Up In A Household Of Smokers
More solid evidence shows that growing up in a home around smokers has an adverse impact on lung function.

New Tuberculosis Vaccine Candidate Developed: Improved Delivery Of Antigens By Current Vaccine BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guérin)
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology, Berlin and at the University Clinics of Ulm have developed a putative vaccine candidate against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis.

Having Religious Faith Can Speed Recovery From Depression In Older Patients
A new study on the health effects of religion among sick, older patients has shown that the stronger a person's religious faith, the faster he or she recovered from depression, especially if the patient was disabled or chronically ill, a Duke University researcher reports.

Invasive Weeds Pose Major Threat To American Landscape
A multi-agency committee on invasive weeds found that the march of non-native plants across the American landscape is so pervasive that the unique differences of regional plant communities are blurring.

Nose On A Chip Provides Low-Cost Chemical Detection
Microsensors able to sniff our mercury, natural gas, carbon monoxide and other chemicals are just a nose away from becoming a reality.

High-Altitude Cerebral Edema Likely Caused By Leaks In Blood-Brain Barrier
Research conducted at the University at Buffalo suggests the potentially lethal brain swelling known as high-altitude cerebral edema that has caused the death of climbers on Mount Everest and elsewhere is caused by a disruption in the blood- brain barrier.

Global Seismic Network Now Extends To The Deep Oceans
This month, scientists with the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) will install one of many planned Geophysical Ocean Bottom Observatories (GOBO), in which a permanent seismograph station will be established on the sea floor for monitoring earthquake activity.

Two Environmental Articles: Deformed Frogs & Dioxin In Old Soil
Deformed frogs in many different states and Canada might be due to natural degradation of pesticides.

New Program Designed To Help Smokers Get Anti-Smoking Messages To Their Kids
Health specialists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have launched a unique national program to help parents who smoke prevent or delay their children's first experiments with cigarettes.

MIT Team Creates New Battery Material
MIT researchers have predicted, produced and tested a promising new material for rechargeable batteries.

Homesteading The High Frontier: NASA/Marshall Scientists Explore How To Use Local Materials
Like the homesteaders who settled the Great American Plains, settlers on the Moon and Mars will have to use in-situ resources, instead of carry everything with them.

60 New Members Chosen By Academy
The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 60 new members and 15 foreign associates from 10 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.

Despite Odds, Little Known Grauer's Gorillas Persist In Central Africa
Not since George Schaller trekked through the remote jungles of Belgian Congo nearly 40 years ago have biologists known how many Grauer's gorillas lived in Central Africa.

Altered Neural Circuitry May Contribute To Disturbances In Cognitive Functions In Schizophrenia, Say Pitt Researchers
Study results published by University of Pittsburgh researchers in today's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences offer a strong biological explanation for why cognitive processes become disordered in patients with schizophrenia.

New Clue To apoE Function
Since 1992, scientists have known that people with a particular form of the protein apoE are at increased risk for developing Alzheimer's disease.

Scientists At The Scripps Research Institute And R.W. Johnson Pharmaceuticals Develop New Antibacterial Agents
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute have developed a series of new antibacterial compounds designed to target the biological mechanisms by which bacteria establish an infection in the host.

Bears Cubed: Virginia Tech Studies Three Bears, And Three Bears, And Three More Bears
Three sets of triplets were born this winter to mama bears denned in the safely tucked away bear barn on Virginia Tech¹s Blacksburg campus.
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