Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 04, 1998
Anti-Angiogenesis: A New Weapon In Cancer Therapy
As reported this week, Dr. Judah Folkman's work in cutting off a tumor's blood supply seems critical to the removal of tumors and the prevention of metastases.

Ulcer-Causing Bacteria Also May Be Associated With Heart Disease
DALLAS, May 5 -- Infection by a particularly strong strain of bacteria normally associated with stomach ulcers could be a contributing factor to heart disease, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Pediatric Academic Societies Report Progress In Children's Health
Among research findings making news at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies in New Orleans May 1-5 are studies on the effects of cocaine exposure on unborn babies, school-based intervention for obese children, doula support during labor and delivery, and successful gene therapy.

Drugs Account For 80% Of Poisoning Deaths Nationwide, Which Have Increased 25% In The Last Ten Years
A study conducted by researchers from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)--which analyzed data on poisoning injury deaths--revealed that 80% of these deaths are drug- related.

Neurotransmitter-Induced Electrical Activity Identified As Key Regulator Of Synaptogenesis
Synaptic contacts are believed to provide the morphological basis for information processing in the brain.

Jellyfish Help To Make Sugar Smarter
A gene that causes jellyfish to glow in the dark is being used by Australian scientists as a marker gene in experiments to improve the quality of sugar and other crops.

Research Sheds Light On How Plants Regulate Distribution Of Nutrients
In humans, the heart is the mechanical pump that circulates the blood of life.

The First Rejection: Eggs Sequester Bits Of Sperm For Later Elimination
Portions of the tail of gigantic fruit fly sperm persist in the developing midgut of the embryo and are excreted soon after the larva hatches, reports Tim Karr, a developmental biologist at the University of Chicago, and colleagues in the May 7 issue of Proceedings of the Royal Society.

Guidebook Stresses Need To Plan Now To Cut Earthquake Losses
Unlike most authors, University of Illinois professor Robert Olshansky hopes his new book,

Interdisciplinary Method Offers New Way To Study Ribozymes
An interdisciplinary approach recently demonstrated by chemists at the University of Illinois has opened a new avenue for spectroscopic and kinetic studies of metal-binding sites in ribonucleic acid enzymes (ribozymes).

Molecular Box Holds Promising Future For Host-Guest Chemistry
In recent years, chemists have become increasingly interested in making tiny geometric shapes that can hold small molecules or individual atoms.

Adoption Subsidies Vary By County
Hard-to-place children who are adopted in New York State receive

Precursors To Red Blood Cells Form Earlier Than Previously Thought
The precursors of blood cells develop in the embryos of mammals sooner than previously thought, University of Rochester researchers have discovered.

Subsidies Affect Chances Of Adoption
Minority and handicapped children in the New York state foster care system who qualify for subsidies are twice as likely to get adopted as other children, according to a Cornell University study by Rosemary Avery.

Eating Less Fat At One Meal May Lead To Higher Fat Intake Later
A new study finds that people who eat low-fat or low- carbohydrate lunches compensate by eating more fat or carbohydrates at other meals.

Health Workers May Experience Costly Dislocation As Health Spending Growth Slows
The proportion of our Gross Domestic Product (GDP) devoted to health services, once expected to soar to one-fifth or even higher by the end of this century, has now held steady at 13.6% for four years in a row.An article appearing in the May/June 1998 issue of Public Health Reports analyses the effect this slowed rate of growth will have on health workers and local economies.

Rice Names Matthews Dean Of Natural Sciences
Rice University biochemistry professor Kathleen S. Matthews has been named dean of the Wiess School of Natural Sciences effective July 1, 1998, Rice President Malcolm Gillis and Provost David Auston announced today.

Government AIDS Treatment Policy Is Flawed
A University of Iowa medical school researcher says the current methods of funding AIDS treatments for low-income and uninsured persons is unfair to those suffering from other chronic diseases.

Enduring National Rivalries Tend To Culminate In War, Scholar Says
A new area of international-conflict studies is burgeoning across U.S.

Carnegie Foundation Report: Among Top U.S. Research Institutions, UD's Undergrad Efforts Earn High Marks
Though the recent Carnegie Foundation report found fault with many U.S. research universities--arguing that undergraduates are too often simply

Cyber Solace: Internet Support Groups Help Cancer Patients With Recovery, New UD Study Shows
Traditional support groups clearly help cancer survivors cope with their experiences, and Internet-based networks can offer many of the same benefits, says a University of Delaware professor who examined the content, advantages and pitfalls of

Results Of Hog-Stress Study May Lead To Better Management Methods
Environmental stresses slow the rate at which pigs grow to market maturity.

Scholars Rebut Author's Views On Gender Differences In Communication
With her latest book,

Web Site Offers Comprehensive Information On Mad Cow Disease
Looking to find the beef on Mad Cow Disease? The history of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), the latest scientific news, and the most recent governmental actions regarding the problem can be found on the World Wide Web at a site developed by University of Illinois researchers.

UB Researcher To Conduct First Study Of Possible Link Between Prostate Cancer And Estrogen Metabolism
The first investigation of the role of estrogen metabolism in the development of prostate cancer will begin at the University at Buffalo in October, funded by a $450,000 grant from the U.S.

Brand New Nuclear Science Wall Chart Ready For Schools
The Contemporary Physics Education Project, working with scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, have released a spectacular new wall chart for high schools that graphically illustrates fundamental principles, recent discoveries, and future directions in nuclear science.

Hawaiian Volcanoes Boost Australia's Bottom Line
Fiery Mt. Kilauea in Hawaii is helping to reveal major new nickel discoveries in Western Australia.

Birds Sing The 'Story Of Their Lives,' Theorize Duke Biologists
When male songbirds sing to attract mates, the quality of their song might directly portray their fitness, say Duke University biologists in advancing a new theory of how birdsong serves as a mating signal.
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