Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 20, 1998
University Of Cincinnati Biologists Find Evidence For Unusual DNA Repair InArchaea
University of Cincinnati biologists Dennis Grogan and Michelle Reilly will report on the unusual genetics and a possible mechanism for DNA repair in the archaea species Sulfolobus acidocaldarius Wednesday, May 20 during the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

Advisory: Nasal Spray Influenza Vaccine
Researcher Hunein F. Maassab, who developed the nasal spray influenza vaccine now under study by the vaccine manufacturer, said recent reports of the vaccine's protection against otitis media carry even more good news for children.

COGA Suggests Genetic Loci For P3 Brain Wave Abnormality
Drs. Henri Begleiter and Bernice Porjesz, Department of Psychiatry, State University of NY Health Science Center at Brooklyn, and colleagues in the six- university Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) identify in the May Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol.

Killing Fields: A Bacterial Pesticide May Threaten Human Life
Companies in North America want to spray crops with a bacterium that might cause a deadly lung infection in people with cystic fibrosis.

False Security: You Can't Always Believe The Results Of A Genetic Test
Many laboratories offering genetic tests for cystic fibrosis don't test for enough mutations to give reliable results, according to a new study.

Metrifonate, A New Alzheimer Drug, Helps Behavior Problems
A new drug for Alzheimer patients appears to control psychiatric and behavioral disturbances as well as mental performance.

When To Pick A Peck Of Pungent Peppers? When The Peck's At Its Peak
A new chemistry analysis confirms that the amount of hot flavor in the pepper is determined by how long the pepper has been growing before it is harvested.

Strongest Stellar Magnetic Field Yet Observed Confirms Existence Of 'Magnetars'
A neutron star located 40,000 light years from Earth is generating the most intense magnetic field yet observed in the Universe, according to an international team of astronomers led by scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.

Panel Members For Press Events At Spring Meeting
This release provides the names of participants in various press events planned for Spring Meeting in Boston, May 26-29.

Neurogenetics Lab Scan Suggests Genetic Linkage On Chromosomes 4 And 11
Washington, D.C. Jeffrey C. Long, Ph.D., David Goldman, M.D., and coworkers in the Laboratory of Neurogenetics, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biologocial Research, NIAAA, report in this month's Neuropsychiatric Genetics (Vol.

National Office Of Drug Safety Is Needed, Experts Say In JAMA
WINSTON-SALEM, NC - Three leading advocates of safer pharmaceuticals have called for a national office of drug safety to monitor the adverse effects of prescription drugs, which they say could be the fourth-leading cause of death in the United States.

New Retinal Surgery May Reverse Legal Blindness
An eye operation that moves the most light-sensitive part of the retina away from an underlying diseased area has saved sight in several people with a common, age-related eye disease.

American Heart Association Comment: Tirofiban -- The Platelet Receptor Blocker For Heart Attack
Two new studies in the New England Journal of Medicine on tirofiban (Aggrastat) show that the drug may be useful in the treatment of heart attack.

American Cancer Society Grant Extended For Wistar Study Of Molecular Changes Leading To Cancer
Wistar scientist, George C. Prendergast, Ph.D., has been awarded a 1-year extension on an ACS grant supporting research into the molecular changes that cause normal cells to become cancerous.

Mistaken Identity: A Family Of Galaxies Masquered As Stars In Our Own Back Yard
Galaxies so compact that astronomers mistook them for single stars in our own Milky Way have been found nearby, astronomers say.

COGA Genome Scan Suggests Linkage On Chromosomes 1,2,4, And 7
Washington, D.C. Theodore Reich, M.D., Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St.

New Test May Reduce Need For Some Prostate Cancer Biopsies
A new prostate specific antigen (PSA) test that measures the percentage of

"Magnetar" Discovery Solves 19-Year-Old Mystery: Dead Stars Have Active Afterlife With Starquakes And Bursts Of Gamma Rays
In the May 21 issue of Nature magazine, scientists tie together two rare, very peculiar classes of stars, and put the evolution of neutron stars and even galaxies in a new light, with the discovery of objects dubbed

Angiogenesis Research May Lead To Treatments
Research on this process not only may lead to improved cancer treatments, but also may offer new approaches to treating a wide range of other medical problems, says Peter Polverini, U-M professor of dentistry and pathology who has been doing research on angiogenesis for 20 years.

Kevin Krajick To Receive Sullivan Award For Science Writing
Kevin Krajick, a freelance writer, has been named winner of the 1998 Sullivan Award for Excellence in Science Journalism by the American Geophysical Union.

Cell Pathways Reports Extension Study Results Showing Ability Of FGN-1 To Prevent Formation Of Precancerous Colon Polyps
Patients with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis develop thousands of precancerous polyps and, if untreated, proceed to colon cancer.

Cancer Test May Offer High-Risk Groups Quick, Affordable Screening For Tumors
Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a new test that may allow doctors to regularly and quickly check for early cancers in patients at risk for developing cancer due to genetic or environmental factors.

Wistar Scientist Awarded US Army Prostate Cancer Research Program Grant
George C. Prendergast, a scientist in Wistar's Molecular Genetics Program, has been awarded a $491,000 US Army Prostate Cancer Research Program Grant for research into a possible new diagnostic marker for prostate cancer.
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