Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 29, 1998
40% Of Developing World Infants Stunted
Almost 40 percent, or about 184 million, of the developing world's children under 5 outside of China have stunted growth, reports a Cornell University nutritionist and statistician.

Smart Filter Removes Sulfur, Refines Crude Oil
A new, inexpensive filter efficiently removes sulfur and other impurities from crude oil and serves as a miniature refinery to upgrade the crude, a University of Southern California researcher reports.

Cornell X-ray Containment Fusion Funded
Inertial confinement fusion research at Cornell University has received its first two direct infusions of funds from the U.S.

Pristine Interstellar Graphite-Bearing Assemblage Is Finally Found In Situ InUnequilibrated Chondritic Meteorite
An international group of Meteoritists at the Max Planck Institutes of Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg, and of Chemistry, Mainz, have used different techniques to find in situ interstellar graphite with its associated pristine mineral phases in an unequilibrated chondrite.

World's Top Urological Specialists Meet In San Diego To Hear Latest Scientific Information On Genitourinary Disease
More than 1,800 original research studies aimed at preventing, diagnosing, and treating adult and childhood diseases of the kidney, urethra, and genitals, plus dozens of state-of-the-art educational presentations, will highlight the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association at the San Diego Convention Center, San Diego, California, May 30 - June 4, 1998.

Researchers Discover Novel Gene Family Responsible For Pacemaker Activity In Brain And Heart
Normal functioning of the heart and the brain depends upon specialized cells that act as pacemakers.

Mice Free Of Anxiety By A Deficient Stress Hormone Receptor--A Hint For A NewTherapeutic Regimen In The Treatment Of Depression And Anxiety
Depressed patients show an altered stress hormone regulation and psychopathological symptoms.

Gene Therapy May Suppress Uterine Fibroids
Research from the University of Michigan Women's Health Program suggests that gene therapy may someday control a condition responsible for nearly half the 550,000 hysterectomies performed in the United States each year.

Childhood Deprivation Linked To Adult Stroke And Stomach Cancer Deaths
Inequalities in health start in the cradle. Children from poorer families carry a health disadvantage into adulthood, with greater morbidity and earlier mortality.

Researchers Investigate Atmospheric Sodium
Penn State researchers are analyzing data collected during a six minute rocket flight to better understand the ionosphere and how global change might effect that area of the atmosphere.

Researchers Demonstrate That COX-2 Inhibits Angiogenisis In Tumor Cells
Aspirin's preventive effects on colon cancer may result from its influence on the development of blood vessels needed for tumor growth.

Raymond Receives $113,000 NIH Grant To Support Cell Cycle Regulation Research
A $113,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health has been granted Williams College for the study of cell division regulation in yeast.

Scientists Use Gene Therapy To Correct Deafness In Mice
Scientists describe how they used transgenic technology to find the mutated gene responsible for deafness in shaker-2 mice.

UB Fertility Researchers Find They Can Predict Pregnancy By Assessing Two Sperm Abnormalities
Fertility researchers in the University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences have found a link between two sperm abnormalities and low pregnancy potential.

Products For Weight Loss Or Increased Energy Can Be Deadly, Warn Poison Control Experts
Consumers need to be extremely cautious about drinking or eating off-the-shelf products that promise weight loss, increased energy, or enhanced athletic performance, advise experts with the California Poison Control System (CPCS).

Clinical Cancer Research In The Coming Decade
One-Day Symposium to Address Clinical Cancer Research in the Coming Decade Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Wash., is hosting a one-day symposium on Friday, June 5, 1998, to address opportunities and challenges researchers will face over the next decade.

Tiniest Of Space Bodies To Get Close Examination
Space dust - the building blocks of stars and planets - is the center of attention in new NASA lab.

New Radiation Procedure Targets Liver Malignancies
Research from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center suggests patients with advanced liver cancer can tolerate high doses of radiation therapy---which will potentially improve their chances of survival.

Untreated Eye Disease Is A Major Problem In The Elderly
Most metropolitan areas of the UK do not have reliable data on the local incidence of eye disease and visual impairment and a study in north London of 1,500 patients aged 65 and over reveals serious levels of eye disease unknown to the local eye services and therefore untreated.

Poverty And Ill Health In Europe: A Complex Pattern
A population study across 11 European countries confirms that earlier mortality is linked to socio-economic status in each European country.

Sociologists Find Family-Friendly Benefits Aren't Shared Equally
Sociologists at the University of Cincinnati have released the second in a series of reports on the relationship between work and family structure.

USGS Responds to Amphibian Declines With Program In Great Smokey Mountains National Park
Frogs, toads, and salamanders are just a few of the 40 species of amphibians that U.S.

First TableTop Source Of Concentrated X-Rays Built
Researchers at the University of Michigan's Center for Ultrafast Optical Sciences have built the first table-top laser capable of generating a coherent beam of X-rays.

Physicists Studying The Melting Process Identify New Liquid Phase
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have shown that when a solid melts, it undergoes two phase changes, including a newly identified liquid phase that has some characteristics of a solid, but which is still technically a liquid.

1970s Shale Hills Watershed Study Finds New Life
A research project completed more than 20 years ago, may become the touchstone for understanding the small-scale hydrology of watersheds, according to a team of Penn State researchers.

Any PORT In A Storm
Two years ago, the PORTS system was launched. This year, during the International Year of the Ocean, the system was formally dedicated and is well on the way to helping avoid the storms and shallows that lead to collisions and groundings.

Cost Effective Prescribing For Duodenal Ulcers
The value of eradicating helicobacter pylori in duodenal ulcer disease is well established but small differences in the efficacy of antibiotic regimens can have a big influence on the comparative cost effectiveness of eradication strategies.

Short-Term Drought Prediction May Help Communities
The ability to predict drought one to several seasons in advance, may save water resource planners and farmers billions of dollars, according to a team of Penn State researchers.

Picking Up the Right Signals: Versatile Antenna May Become Part of the International Space Station
A unique antenna developed by the Georgia Tech Research Institute for the NASA-led International Space Station may soon keep astronauts safe and in touch as they prepare for challenging space walks.
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