Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 17, 1998
First Federal Obesity Clinical Guidelines Released
The first Federal guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults were released by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Stress Slows Healing Of Dental Wounds By 40 Percent
Stress can lengthen the time wounds take to heal by as much as 40 percent, and reduce by two-thirds the production of one cytokine integral to the healing process.

Bless You
Drugs can stop a virus

Golfers Should Resist Quick Return To Greens After Knee Surgery
Golfers recovering from knee surgery should cool their desire to return quickly to the golf course.

Crystal Structure Of Key HIV Protein Reveals New Treatment Targets
In a finding that unlocks new doors to devising drugs and vaccines against HIV, scientists have crystallized the core of gp120, the surface protein molecule that the virus uses to attach itself to immune system cells.

Research Uncovers Possible New Explanation For Sonoluminescence
An Ohio State University physicist may have uncovered the atomic process behind sonoluminescence,an effect in which ultrasonic waves break against the surface of a water bubble and heat the atoms inside until they glow.

Excess Thiamine May Help Tumor Growth, Research Shows
Vitamin B1, which is usually given in excess to many cancer patients, should be carefully regulated in people undergoing cancer therapy, new research shows.

Rewiring The Brain
A company in Massachusetts has discovered that a protein which helps broken bones and damaged kidneys to heal may speed the recovery of stroke patients by rewiring the circuitry around the damaged brain tissue.

Abstinence Reduces HIV For High-Risk Women - Even Those Who Relapse - Study Shows
Women's abstinence from high-risk sexual and needle-sharing behavior is effective in reducing the spread and cost of HIV, even if the women subsequently relapse, according to an article in this month's special edition of a journal published by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS).

Crystal Structure Of gp120 Reveals HIV In Action
In the long battle against AIDS, a philosophy of

Peptic Ulcers: Stress Does Matter, After All
With the discovery in the late 1980s that bacteria were involved in causing ulcers, many doctors dropped the notion that stress causes ulcers and declared them merely an infectious disease.

Potential Solutions For Gulf of Mexico's "Dead Zone" Explored
Researchers are studying ways to control the rush of nitrogen and other chemicals that flow into the Mississippi River watershed each spring and ultimately turn more than 7,000 square miles of the Gulf of Mexico into a

Edible Lily Plant Yields A Natural Pesticide
An edible lily plant, one of the most important vegetables grown in Hokkaido, Japan, is often threatened by a a fungus that develops lesions in the bulbs.

One In Four Elderly Cancer Patients Receives No Pain Medication
Research to be published in the June 17 issue of the Journal of American Medical Association indicates that daily pain is prevalent among nursing home residents with cancer and is often untreated, particularly among older and minority patients.
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