Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 25, 1998
Not Only Expert Panels But Practicing Physicians Should Contribute To Practice Guidelines
A Harvard Medical School study suggests that in certain cases, medical practice guidelines and the treatment recommended by practicing physicians may be two different things.

Montana And Other Scientists Report On Life In The Ice
Scientists at Montana State University-Bozeman, NASA and elsewhere have found microorganisms living six feet into the ice that covers Lake Bonney in the Antarctic Dry Valleys.

OHSU Scientists Begin Human Trials Of A Drug Aimed At The Underlying Cause Of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
For the first time, patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia will receive an investigational drug therapy aimed precisely at the molecules causing their cancer.

Pediatric Anesthesiologists Risk Halothane-Related Liver Injury
Some anesthesiologists may be accidentally inhaling too much of the potent anesthetic gas halothane when they tend to their patients, possibly putting themselves at high risk for liver injury, according to a study by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the National Institutes of Health.

UC-Russia Study Provides Closer Look At Russian Family Life
A joint study by the University of Cincinnati and Russian researchers provides an in-depth look at some of the financial and social issues facing Russian families today.

NASA Technology At The Heart Of Innovative Vehicle Tracking System
A NASA technology developed to help astronomers probe the depths of the universe is at work today helping municipalities and private businesses track the movements of vehicles in large fleet operations.

Seismologists Question Second Round Of India's Nuclear Bomb Tests, As Reported In The 26 June 1998 Science
In this week's issue of Science, a news story reports that U.S. experts are questioning some of India's claims concerning last month's series of nuclear tests.

Life In Antarctic Ice May Compare To Mars
Researchers announced today in the journal Science that bacterial colonies are thriving underneath ice on one of the coldest, driest deserts on Earth, in conditions that might compare to those on Mars or Europa, and may provide insights for life forms that could be found elsewhere in our solar system.

Feature: Biomaterials Are Transforming Medicine
How can doctors deliver drugs in ways less invasive and more controlled than an injection?

Ulcer Drug Linked To Birth Defects
Researchers at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children and several hospitals in Brazil have determined that a drug commonly used for the treatment and prevention of ulcers causes a significant birth defect if taken during pregnancy.

Who Needs Flowers? Transgenic Plants Sprout Embryos On Leaves
University of California, Davis, biologists have brought a seed-building gene to life in a plant's leaves instead of its blossoms, a novel feat that could lead to valuable innovations in food crops.

New Discovery Beneath Antarctic Ice Means Life On Other Planets Plausible
Some 15 feet under windswept lake ice in Antarctica -- the world's most inhospitable landscape -- scientists have discovered teeming microbe colonies that use sunlight filtering through the ice to activate and sustain life when the South Pole tilts toward the sun each year.

Better Access To Clean Needles May Reduce Spread Of HIV Infection
Rhode Island AIDS doctor fights strict state syringe laws, which he says are boosting HIV infection rates.

USGS Scientists Find New Invasive Fish Species In Florida
The Asian swamp eel, a non-native fish, has been found in canals, ditches, streams and ponds near Tampa and Miami, Fla.

Scientists At UNC-CH Find Aberdeen Pesticide Exposure, But Few Symptoms
One of the largest, most comprehensive studies ever done of the effects of pesticide exposure on the immune systems of people living near U.S. chemical manufacturing plants and dump sites offers bad news and good news to southern Moore County residents.

Wildlife Dying At The Doorsteps Of World's National Parks, Study Says
Hunting, collisions with automobiles and trucks, and diseases from domestic animals are killing grizzlies, tigers and other large predators at alarming rates when they leave the confines of national parks, according to a study by the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Cambridge University, and published in today's issue of the journal Science.

'Auditory Scene Analysis' Helps Find Mates
It's a problem faced by people joining noisy cocktail parties and midshipman fish seeking mates: How to cut through the racket and find Mr.

New Study Indicates Lightning Can Kill Without Leaving a Mark
New findings by a group of Colorado researchers indicates lightning could be the culprit in a number of unexplained fatal heart malfunctions in the outdoors in recent years, including some in the state's high mountains.

New Microbial Insecticide As Potent As Bt
By isolating and characterizing the biochemical properties of a new-found natural insecticide, scientists have taken an important step toward augmenting the sparse armamentarium of biological pest control.

Oak Ridge Physicists Discover New Proton-Emitting Thulium Isotope
Physicists from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have identified the shortest-lived proton emitter known--the 33rd isotope of thulium (Tm).

Discovery Of Plant-Like Metabolic Pathway In Common Parasites Supplies New Targets For Therapy
The parasites responsible for malaria, toxoplasmosis and several other diseases share a metabolic pathway essential for survival in plants but not found in mammals, making it an ideal treatment target.

UNESCO Launches 1998 World Science Report
UNESCO Director-General Federico Mayor presented the 1998 World Science Report - a comprehensive analysis of the science trends in the world today - to the National Academy of Sciences in Washington DC, USA, on June 25.

Genetic Defect Protects Against Smoking
People with a common genetic defect that reduces their ability to metabolize nicotine are less likely to become smokers and, if they do smoke, will smoke fewer cigarettes, according to a University of Toronto study being published in the June 25 issue of Nature.

Bob Ryan To Keynote Forum On Natural Hazards
Bob Ryan, chief meteorologist of WRC-TV in Washington, DC, will keynote an all-day conference on real time monitoring and warning of natural hazards, including tornadoes, floods, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions.

Excess Body Hair, Apple-Shape In Women May Indicate Increased Risk Of Breast Cancer
Women who display certain physical characteristics, such as abundant body hair, excessively oily skin and an apple-shaped physique, may have a greater risk of developing breast cancer than other women, researchers at the University at Buffalo have found.
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