Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 30, 1998
Rats With Damaged Spine Partially Recover In Weizmann Institute Study
An innovative treatment developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science partially reverses paralysis in rats with damaged spines according to a report in the July issue of NATURE MEDICINE.

Managed Care Programs Should Be Held To Higher Standards Than Those Proposed For Population At Large
In response to a research study that found that nationally established goals for population screening of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) were exceeded by a managed care organization, Kurland (Regional Director for New England of the Department of Health and Human Services) and Robbins (past president of the American Public Health Association and editor of Public Health Reports) write that that is not good enough.

UCSF Researcher Finds Risk Factors For HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men
A University of California San Francisco investigator has found a number of activities that significantly increase the risk of acquiring HIV among HIV-uninfected gay/bisexual men.

Nanoscale Electrochemistry - A Tool For Forming Structures Of Almost Atomic Dimensions
The deposition of nanometer-sized clusters and the local etching of a metal surface have been achieved by applying ultrashort voltage pulses in an electrochemical scanning tunneling microscope at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Berlin (Physical Review Letters 80, 5599 (1998)).

Lessons Offer Solutions For Future International Space Collaborations
As potential partnerships for space programs emerge and budget cutbacks continue, opportunities for international collaborations look both promising and daunting.

Powerful AIDS Drugs May Promote Heart Disease
Potent drug cocktails appear to increase two potentially harmful serum lipid levels that may put individuals at risk for heart disease, say Brown researchers in a study that also confirms changes in body fat distribution in some people.

Genetic Screening May Be Tool For Selecting Cancer Treatment, Research Suggests
Tumors caused by a specific mutation in the cancer gene BRCA2 may be targeted by screening methods to make chemotherapy more effective, reports the July 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Istitute.

Tiny Molecular Channels Key To Protecting Heart During Attack
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have come one step closer to understanding the chain of events that protects the heart against injury during a heart attack, paving the way for the development of a new class of drugs to treat people at risk.

Former Head Of The American Public Health Association Worries That Some Public Health Programs May Infringe On Civil Liberties
In the July/August issue of Public Health Reports, two public health studies designed to take advantage of the institutional gathering of individuals with high-risk behaviors are used as the focal point in a commentary by Eugene Feingold on the interaction between individual liberties and public health.

Did The Big Bang Come With Strings Attached?
The power of supercomputers at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) has enabled Julian Borrill of the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to model, in striking detail, a possible state of the universe only a hundred billionth of a trillionth of a trillionth of a second (10-35 second) after the Big Bang.

Daiichi Pharmaceutical Co. Donates $11 Million For UCSF Heart Disease And Cancer Research
After a successful five-year partnership with the University of California San Francisco, Tokyo-based Daiichi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. will expand that relationship through an $11 million grant to study heart disease and cancer.

HIV-1 Levels In Semen Don't Correspond To Viral Levels In Blood, Say Pitt Researchers In A Report At 12th World AIDS Conference
Findings presented on June 30 at the 12th World AIDS Conference by University of Pittsburgh researchers emphasize that testing HIV-1 levels in semen as well as targeting treatments to sites of seminal virus production may offer physicians a better way to monitor viral activity in HIV- infected patients and also stem transmission of the virus.

USGS And Arizona Game And Fish Begin Partnership To Study Western Yellow-Billed Cuckoo
The western yellow-billed cuckoo is the focal point of a new partnership between the U.S.

Fauci To Present New Insights Into HIV Latency At 12th World AIDS Conference
New data show that latent pools of infected cells are established very early in the course of HIV infection, even if a patient is treated expeditiously with highly active antiretroviral therapy.

Controlling Sexually Transmitted Disease May Not Lower HIV Infection Rates
A large clinical trial in an Ugandan population infected with HIV has shown that despite reductions in STDs, HIV incidence was not reduced by STD control measures.

Answers To Access, Adherence And Tolerance Of Protease Inhibitors
Gastrointestinal and other side effects cause many patients to discontinue protease in hibitors, a key ingredient of HIV drug cocktails, say Brown researchers who also found that women and minorities were less likely to receive this life- extending drug as part of their HIV treatment.

UCSF Researchers Seeing Increased Rates Of Unprotected Sex Among San Francisco Gay Men
Half of the young gay men who participated in a University of California San Francisco study were engaging in high-risk sex activities, many with a partner of differing or unknown HIV status.

Timing Of Breast Cancer Surgery Doesn't Appear To Influence Survival Anymore
Is it possible that young women with breast cancer live longer if the operation to remove the cancer is performed during the middle of the menstrual cycle rather than at the beginning?

New UCSF Clinical Cancer Facility Breaks Ground
A new clinical cancer center building located at UCSF/Mount Zion Medical Center will break ground on July 7.

Long-Term Study Looks At HIV Positive Men With Few Signs Of Disease Progression, 10-18 Years After Seroconversion
Although only half of HIV-infected individuals progress to AIDS after 10 years of HIV infection, long-term nonprogressors--individuals remaining disease-free with high CD4 counts more than 10 years after infection--are relatively uncommon.

Promising Results For Woman-Controlled Anti-HIV Product
In the race for woman-controlled anti-HIV products, one vaginal gel just cleared its first hurdle in Phase I trials demonstrating safety, according to a study by Brown researchers to be presented at the 12th World AIDS Conference and related events in Geneva.

San Francisco Study Looks At Individuals Who Seek Out HIV Post-Exposure Prevention
In the first study of its kind, a team of San Francisco AIDS specialists has conducted a systematic review of individuals who seek out Post-Exposure Prevention (PEP) treatment following a possible exposure to HIV.

HIV Patients Often Experience Viral "Breakthrough," But May Still Remain Healthy, San Francisco Study Finds
Fifty-five percent of HIV patients who had achieved undetectable levels of the virus with combination antiretroviral therapy are projected to experience a resurgence of the virus within one year, according to San Francisco AIDS specialists.

USGS To Map The Bottom Of Lake Tahoe
The fabled waters of Lake Tahoe may soon become clearer as U.S.

Emory Thymus Research Shows Promise For Diagnosis And Treatment In Some Pediatric AIDS Patients
Emory University research into the role of the thymus in HIV - particularly in children - has uncovered new knowledge that may lead to improved diagnosis, prognosis and possiblty treatment for some pediatric patients.
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