Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 10, 1998
Inter-Element Recombination Between Retrotransposons May Be Strategy For Evolution Of Viruses Like HIV
Researchers at the University of Georgia have uncovered intriguing new clues about the evolution of retrotransposons in a genome - evidence that could serve as a model system for understanding why retroviral elements evolve so quickly.

UNC-CH Researchers Develop Promising Heart Research Tool
Because scientists and physicians don't know enough about the cause of sudden death during heart attacks, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a unique new laboratory tool that promises to provide some useful answers.

Scientists Identify New Gene That Controls Sleep/Wake Cycle
A newly discovered gene called double-time regulates the molecular cycles underlying circadian rhythms, scientists from The Rockefeller University report in two papers featured on the cover of the July 10 issue of Cell.

Denatured Proteins Rescued By Trio Of Chaperones
Researchers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the University of Chicago report in the July 10 issue of Cell that a powerful combination of heat shock proteins (Hsps) can return aggregated proteins, until now thought to be permanently entangled, to their functional, native states.

UF Study: Women Scientists And Engineers Face Delicate Balancing Act
Americans stand to lose some of their most talented women scientists and engineers because of the difficulties of juggling career and family responsibilities, a new nationwide study by the University of Florida suggests.

Priestly Gene Shared By Widely Dispersed Jews
New evidence has been found that links descendants of the Jewish priestly caste -- the Cohanim.

Scientists Excited About Miniature Cooking Pots
Montana State University virologist Mark Young and Temple University chemist Trevor Douglas have discovered that the protein cases that encapsulate viruses can be hijacked when empty and used as

Deliberate Self Harm Is An Overlooked Tragedy In The Developing World
Sri Lanka's high incidence of suicides (40 per 100,000 each year), especially in the young (two-thirds are under 30), is due to the toxicity of the poisons commonly used, rather than a real intent to die, find Dr Michael Eddleston et al from universities in Oxford and Colombo.

How To Improve Relationships Between Primary Care And Social Services
Looking at the benefits of collaboration between primary health and social services staff, Caroline Glendinning et al from the University of Manchester stress that, while basing a social worker or care manager in general practice can be beneficial to professionals and patients, planning services together can have longer term benefits.

Discrimination Against Gay And Lesbian Doctors Goes Against GMC's Guidance
Susan Bewley and David Harvey, co-chairs of the Gay and Lesbian Association of Doctors and Dentists, write that some gay and lesbian doctors in training in the NHS are still reluctant to be open about their sexuality for fear of discrimination by colleagues, despite General Medical Council guidance.

Adverse Drug Reactions Are Under Reported
General practitioners under-report to the Committee on Safety of Medicines suspected adverse reactions to newly marketed drugs, find Dr Richard Martin from the Drug Safety Research Unit at Southampton and colleagues from the School of Medicine at the University of Southampton.

Financial Strain Is Major Cause Of Psychiatric Illness
The prevalence of the most common mental disorders, anxiety and depression, has been shown to be consistently associated with financial strain and unemployment, independent of occupational social class, find Dr Scott Weich from the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine and Professor Glyn Lewis from the University of Wales.

Cosmic Rays Could Destroy--And Create-- Life
Jets of cosmic rays from colliding stars are among the theories proposed to explain the earth's great extinctions.
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