Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 24, 1998
Marine Snail Toxin Targeted At African Toad Eggs Reveals Novel Impact On The Regulation Of Serotonin
Researchers have known that the marine snail known as conus geographus uses a toxic venom to stun its prey into submission.

Australian Scientists In World-First Cell Discovery
A team of Australian scientists has achieved a world first by describing the structure of a vital receptor found on the surface of the body cells of all animals including humans.

Putting Down Your Roots: How Plants Know To Do It
The next time you pick up a bag of weed killer from The Home Depot, remember, a chemical company probably spent years of testing and millions of dollars making it safe.

Hilary Koprowski Endowed Professorship Established At The Wistar Institute
Giovanni Rovera, M.D., Director and CEO, and the Board of Managers announce the establishment of the Hilary Koprowski Endowed Professorship at The Wistar Institute.

Congestion In Skies Can Be Reduced 30 Percent, Study Shows
Airline congestion in the skies can be reduced by as much as 30 percent, according to an article in the current edition of a journal published by the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS).

Purdue Study: RNA 'Motor' Transports DNA In Virus
Long known as messengers and translaters for DNA, the hard- working family of RNA molecules may also serve as chauffers.

Fetal Growth Rate Affects Risk Of Heart Disease
The Department of Epidemiology and Population Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Universities of Uppsala and Stockholm in Sweden provide by far the most persuasive evidence yet of an association between size at birth and eventual death from heart disease.They suggest that it is in fact the rate at which the fetus grows rather than the ultimate size of the baby at birth that is the important determinant of the risk.

Advance Could Lead Eventually To Big Savings In Metal-Forming Industry
This news release describes a new NIST technique that uses intense X-rays to precisely define the deformities which occur when sheet metal is molded.

Security Code Helps Immune Cells Attack Foe And Spare Self
How do immune cells tailor their responses to invading microbes while ignoring the body's own cells?

October Workshop To Write Next Chapter In Publishing
This news item, which appeared in the July 20, 1998, NIST Update newsletter, alerts readers to the first-ever workshop on hand-held electronic books to be held in October 1998 at NIST's Gaithersburg, Maryland, headquarters.

NIST Machine To Aid In Making Better Artificial Joints
This news item, which appeared in the July 20, 1998, NIST Update newsletter, describes a new machine -- developed by NIST and four industry partners -- that simulates the stress and wear experienced by implanted artificial body parts in a week or less.

Concerns Raised Over Blood Product Given To Critically Ill Patients
A report by the Cochrane Injuries Group suggests that the administration of the blood product albumin to critically ill patients is likely to have caused thousands of deaths.

USGS Measures Coral Reef Recovery In Culebra, Puerto Rico
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently examined the coral reefs around Culebra, Puerto Rico.

Cancer Patients From Deprived Areas of South East England Aren't Receiving Optimum Treatment
Dr Allyson Pollock and Neil Vickers from St George's Hospital Medical School in London write that to reduce the sociodemographic differences in the treatment of patients with lung, bowel and breast cancers, more effective early diagnostic and referral procedures in primary care in deprived areas are required.

Scientists Begin To Tease Out A Hidden Star's Secrets
Peering deep inside obscuring cocoons of stardust, astronomers are beginning to witness the birthing secrets of an unusual star.
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